Saint Veronica known as Berenike, was a woman of Jerusalem in the first century of the Common Era according to extra-biblical Christian sacred tradition. A celebrated saint in many pious Christian countries, the 17th-century Acta Sanctorum published by the Bollandists listed her feast under July 12, but the German Jesuit scholar Joseph Braun cited her commemoration in Festi Marianni on 13 January. According to Church tradition, Veronica was moved with sympathy when she saw Jesus carrying his cross to Golgotha and gave him her veil that he might wipe his forehead. Jesus accepted the offering, held it to his face, handed it back to her—the image of his face miraculously impressed upon it; this piece of cloth became known as the Veil of Veronica. The story of Veronica is celebrated in the sixth Station of the Cross in many Anglican, Lutheran and Western Orthodox churches. There is no reference to her veil in the canonical gospels; the closest is the miracle of the unnamed woman, healed by touching the hem of Jesus’s garment.
The apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus gives her name as Beronike. The name Veronica is a Latinisation of this ancient Macedonian name; the story was elaborated in the 11th century by adding that Christ gave her a portrait of himself on a cloth, with which she cured the Emperor Tiberius. The linking of this with the bearing of the cross in the Passion only occurs around 1380, in the internationally popular book Meditations on the life of Christ; some academic sources suggest a different origin for the legend of St. Veronica: that the cloth bearing an image of Jesus' face was known in Latin as the vera icon, that this name for the relic was misinterpreted as the name of a saint; the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913 writes: The belief in the existence of authentic images of Christ is connected with the old legend of King Abgar of Edessa and the apocryphal writing known as the "Mors Pilati". To distinguish at Rome the oldest and best known of these images it was called the vera icon, which in the common tongue soon became "Veronica."
It is thus designated in several medieval texts mentioned by the Bollandists, Matthew of Westminster speaks of the imprint of the image of the Savior, called Veronica: "Effigies Domenici vultus quae Veronica nuncupatur" - "effigy of the face of the Lord, called a Veronica". By degrees, popular imagination mistook this word for the name of a person and attached thereto several legends which vary according to the country; the reference to Abgar is related to a similar legend in the Eastern Church, the Image of Edessa or Mandylion. The Encyclopædia Britannica says this about the legend: Eusebius in his Historia Ecclesiastica tells how at Caesarea Philippi lived the woman whom Christ healed of an issue of blood. Legend was not long in providing the woman of the Gospel with a name. In the West she was identified with Martha of Bethany; the fanciful derivation of the name Veronica from the words Vera Icon "true image" dates back to the "Otia Imperialia" of Gervase of Tilbury, who says: "Est ergo Veronica pictura Domini vera" Veronica was mentioned in the reported visions of Jesus by Marie of St Peter, a Carmelite nun who lived in Tours and started the devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus.
In 1844, Sister Marie reported that in a vision, she saw Veronica wiping away the spit and mud from the face of Jesus with her veil on the way to Calvary. She said that sacrilegious and blasphemous acts today are adding to the spit and mud that Veronica wiped away that day. According to Marie of St Peter, in her visions, Jesus told her that he desired devotion to His Holy Face in reparation for sacrilege and blasphemy. Acts of Reparation to Jesus Christ are thus compared to Veronica wiping the face of Jesus; the Devotion to the Holy Face of Jesus was approved by Pope Leo XIII in 1885. Veronica is commemorated on 12 July. Saint Veronica is the patron of the French mulquiniers whose representations they celebrated biannually as in many pious Christian countries, she is the patron saint of photographers. In Volume 5 of her work, The Poem of the Man-God, Italian writer and alleged mystic Maria Valtorta depicts Veronica as Nike, who offered the linen cloth to Christ, it is stated earlier in the same volume that "The one we call Veronica and whom Jesus called Nike..." suggesting that Nike has been mistakenly referred to as Veronica throughout history.
Selma Lagerlöf in Christ Legends expands the legend by making Veronica a former servant of the Roman emperor Tiberius, named Faustina, who travels to Jerusalem in search of the Prophet of Nazareth, after learning that he once cured a young woman of leprosy. She travels on behalf of Tiberius, now himself stricken, hoping to bring him a cure and redemption from his evil ways. Faustina arrives on the day of the Crucifixion, the rest is legend. Mel Gibson's film The Passion of the Christ included an episode of Veronica wiping Jesus's face, although she is not referred to by name in the film. Anne Catherine Emmerich, one of the inspirational sources to the cited movie, depicts a long description of the Veronica episode and she identifies the true name of Veronica as Seraphia; the mos
The von Graefe knife was a tool used to make corneal incisions in cataract surgery. Use of the knife demanded a high level of skill and mastery, was supplanted by modifications of cataract surgery through the Kelman phacoemulsification technique that emphasized a small incision; until the acceptability of the keratome-and-scissors method after the early 1940s, an essential part of cataract surgery was mastery of the von Graefe knife. With increased popularity of sutures—especially pre-placed scleral groove sutures, it became difficult for the occasional surgeon to develop the skill required to make an acceptable von Graefe incision. If the surgeon was not ambidextrous, the use of the von Graefe knife might be more difficult with the non-dominant hand. With his right hand, he introduced the knife into the anterior chamber of the right eye at 9, he would perforate the limbal area at 3. An upward sweep was made to complete the incision. Most there was no conjunctival flap. However, some skilled eye surgeons formed a conjunctival flap as they were completing the upward sweep.
The ambidextrous von Graefe surgeon would switch to his left hand so that he could enter the left eye at 3 and exit at 9. If he used his dominant right hand for the left eye, the nose became an impediment when he attempted to enter the eye at 9 and attempted to counter perforate at 3. Poor results could have been prevented by the use of post-placed sutures. In the early years of cataract surgery, suitable sutures and needles were not in the armamentarium of many cataract surgeons. In the 1980s, with the ever-increasing popularity of the Kelman phacoemulsification technique that emphasized a small incision and extra-capsular cataract extraction, the keratome-and-scissors, large incision surgery technique combined with intracapsular cataract extraction became obsolete, although the use of the von Graefe knife still continued in India. Sutures had limited if any use in routine cataract surgery for the high-volume most experienced and skilled eye surgeons in the world, their experience and skill resulted in the outstanding rural cataract camps so common in India.
Formally trained Indian ophthalmologists were and are among the deftest in the use of the von Graefe knife. Ultraviolet-rich India with its vast rural and underclass population afflicted with nutritional eye diseases combined with a multitude of public health problems was and still is the “Land of Eye Disease and Eye Surgery“. Few Western ophthalmologists have the daily volume of eye pathology and eye surgery that faces their Indian counterparts, it is possible for an eye to recover from an intracapsular cataract operation that entailed a 170 to 180 degree superior corneal or limbal incision without the closure of the incisional wound by means of sutures. Recovery was dependent on the quality of a well-made von Graefe knife incision with a well-honed and well-maintained knife. Unlike keratome-and-scissors incision, a well-performed von Graefe knife maneuver produced a corneal or limbal incision with well-opposed edges that resulted in rapid healing and a scar, invisible to the naked eye. However, a poorly made von Graefe knife.
Dr. Charles Kelman’s revolutionary modifications of cataract surgery through phacoemulsification eliminated the use of the von Graefe knife—a bête noire for many earlier aspirants seeking to be skilled cataract surgeons. Instruments used in general surgery A photograph and catalogue description of a classic von Graefe cataract knife Google Google Prof. Derrick Vail’s experiences in India Photographs of some results of von Graefe knife cataract surgery; the photographs are to be found in the University of Iowa Eye Atlas After the Search form of The University of Iowa Eye Atlas appears, type "von Graefe" in the "Diagnosis" space. Click "Run Query". Several appropriate photographs should appear
The Seattle Mariners are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Seattle, Washington. They play in the American League West division; the first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, given to the player, expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Mariners have used 15 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 41 seasons; the 15 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 13 losses and 13 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game. Félix Hernández has the Mariners' record for most Opening Day starts with eleven, recording a record of 7–2. Randy Johnson has the most starts in the former home ballpark of the Mariners, the Kingdome, compiling an Opening Day record of 2–0 in 6 starts. Jamie Moyer has the most starts in Safeco Field, the Mariners' current home ballpark, has an Opening Day record of 1–2.
Mark Langston has the worst winning percentage as the Opening Day starting pitcher with a record of 0–3, all of which were pitched on the road. Overall, the Mariners' starters have a record of 7–4 at the Kingdome on Opening Day, compared to a 4–3 record at Safeco Field, making their combined home record 11–7, their away record 6–6; the Mariners went on to play in the American League Division Series playoff games in 1995, 1997, 2000, 2001. Randy Johnson, Jeff Fassero, Jamie Moyer, Freddy García were the Opening Day starting pitchers those years, had a combined Opening Day record of 2–1
Colton Dunn is an American comedian, actor and producer. He is best known for portraying Garrett on the NBC workplace comedy Superstore and for his work on Comedy Central sketch comedy series Key & Peele, where he served as writer, an occasional performer throughout its five-season run. Dunn played Herman in Lazer Team and its sequel. Born in 1977 in Normal, Dunn moved to St. Paul, with his mother, when he was a toddler. While attending St. Paul Central High School, he was involved in theater and joined an improv comedy group. Dunn moved to New York in 1998, while there, worked for Late Night with Conan O'Brien, he moved to Los Angeles in 2004. Prior to working on Key & Peele, Dunn was a writer and performer on madTV, from 2005 to 2009, he has appeared in Parks and Recreation, Nick Swardson's Pretend Time, Game Shop, Burning Love, a small part on College Humor's "If Google Was a Guy" and co-stars in Superstore on NBC. Dunn hosted the comedy variety show RT-ES, produced by Rooster Teeth Productions, co-starred in their sci-fi action comedy Lazer Team in 2016.
He is an alumnus of the improvisational comedy group Boom Chicago and has performed and taught at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre since 1999. Dunn has received two Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series for his work on Key & Peele. Colton Dunn on Twitter Colton Dunn on IMDb
Charlotte Bolette Sophie, Baroness Wedell-Wedellsborg was one of four women mathematicians to attend the inaugural International Congress of Mathematicians, held in Zurich in 1897. Wedell was from Denmark, the daughter of Vilhelm Ferdinand, Baron Wedell-Wedellsborg and Louise Marie Sophie, Countess Schulin, the granddaughter of Johan Sigismund Schulin. At the time of the Congress, in 1897, she had just completed a doctorate at the University of Lausanne in Switzerland, with Adolf Hurwitz as an unofficial mentor; the subject of her dissertation was the application of elliptic functions to the construction of the Malfatti circles. At the congress, Wedell was listed as being affiliated with the University of Göttingen; the other three women at the congress were Iginia Massarini, Vera von Schiff, Charlotte Scott. None were speakers. Wedell married engineer Eugène Tomasini in Copenhagen in 1898.
Om Shivpuri was an Indian theatre actor-director and character actor in Hindi films. A National School of Drama, New Delhi alumnus, Om Shivpuri became the first chief of the National School of Drama Repertory Company and one of its actors. Born in Jaipur, Om Shivpuri started his career by working at Jaipur Radio Station, where Sudha Shivpuri was working at the time, they joined National School of Drama, New Delhi and were trained under theatre doyen Ebrahim Alkazi. After graduating in 1964, they joined the newly formed, NSD Repertory Company as actors. Om Shivpuri was the first chief of the NSD Repertory Company and remained so till 1976, when Manohar Singh followed him. Meanwhile, Om Shivpuri and Sudha Shivpuri got married in 1968 and started their own theatre group, which went on to become one of Delhi pioneering important theatre groups of its era and produced many plays with him as a director, the most important being Aadhe Adhure, a classic Hindi play written by Mohan Rakesh. Adalat Jari Hai, Hindi version of Vijay Tendulkar's Marathi play Shantata!
Court Chalu Aahe, with his wife Sudha Shivpuri in the lead role. Om Shivpuri started his film career in 1971 with Mani Kaul’s Ashadh Ka Ek Din, soon followed by Gulzar’s Koshish in 1972, he shifted to Bombay in 1974. In a career spanning over two decades he acted in over 175 Hindi films playing roles as varied as villains to supporting cast, his wife Sudha Shivpuri was a noted TV actor and most known for her role as Baa in the TV serial Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi. Om Shivpuri has a daughter, Ritu Shivpuri, a Hindi film actress and had a son, Vineet. Om Shivpuri died in 1990 of a heart attack. Several of his films were released after his death. Rajasthan Sangeet Natak Akademi organises a drama festival every year, in the memory of Om Shivpuri; the Om Shivpuri Memorial Drama Festival is a five-day festival. Theatre in India Om Shivpuri on IMDb