Salinas is a city in Monterey County, United States. With a population of 156,259, Salinas is the most populous city in Monterey County, as well as its county seat. Salinas is an urban area located just outside the southern portion of the Greater Bay Area and 10 miles southeast of the mouth of the Salinas River; the city is located at the mouth of the Salinas Valley eight miles from the Pacific Ocean, it has a climate more influenced by the ocean than the interior. Salinas serves as the main business and industrial center of the region; the marine climate is ideal for the floral industry, grape vineyards, vegetable growers. Salinas is known as the "Salad Bowl of the World" for its vibrant agriculture industry, it was the hometown of writer and Nobel laureate John Steinbeck, who set many of his stories in the Salinas Valley and Monterey. The land occupied by the city of Salinas is thought to have been settled by Native Americans known as the Esselen prior to 200 AD. Between 200 and 500 AD, they were displaced by the Rumsen group of Ohlone speaking people.
The Rumsen-Ohlone remained as the inhabitants of the area for another 1,200 years, in the 1700s, were the group of native inhabitants contacted and recorded by the first Spanish explorers of the Salinas area. Upon the arrival of the Spanish, large Spanish land grants were issued for the Catholic Missions and as bonuses to soldiers. On after Mexican independence, smaller land grants continued to be issued for ranchos where cattle were grazed. One of the many land grants was the Rancho Las Salinas land grant, part of which included the area of modern-day Salinas; as a result of the many new cattle ranches, a thriving trade developed in cattle hide shipments, shipping out of the Port of Monterey. In 1848 California became a part of the United States of America; this transition followed several years of battles in the Salinas area with John Fremont flying the American flag on the highest peak of the Gabilan Mountains and claiming California for the United States. Before the transition to American administration, Monterey had been the capital of California.
For a short while after the transition, California was ruled by martial law. On September 9, 1850, California was admitted to the Union and became a State, celebrated as California Admission Day. In the 1850s a junction of two main stage coach routes was located 18 miles east of Monterey and along the big bend of what is locally referred to as the Alisal Slough. In 1854, six years after becoming a part of the United States, a group of American settlers living in the vicinity of this route-junction opened a post office at the junction, naming their town "Salinas," a reference to the original "Rancho Las Salinas" name for the area, which in turn was named in Spanish for the salt marshes of the area around the central Salinas slough, drained. Soon thereafter, in 1856, a traveler's inn called the Halfway House was opened at that junction in Salinas.. The streets of Salinas were laid out in 1867, the town was incorporated in 1874; the conversion of grazing land to crops and the coming of the rail road in 1868 to transport goods and people was a major turning point in the history and economic advancement of Salinas.
Dry farming of wheat and other grains as well as potatoes and mustard seed was common in the 1800s. Chinese labor drained thousands of acres of swampland to become productive farmland, as much early farm labor was done by Chinese immigrants, Salinas boasted the second largest Chinatown in the state smaller than San Francisco. Irrigation changed farming in Salinas to row crops of root vegetables and sugar beets. Many major vegetable producers placed their headquarters in Salinas. Driven by the profitable agricultural industry, Salinas had the highest per capita income of any city in the United States in 1924. During World War II, the Salinas Rodeo Grounds was one of the locations used as a temporary detention camp for citizens and immigrant residents of Japanese ancestry, before they were relocated to more permanent and remote facilities. One of seventeen such sites overseen by the Wartime Civilian Control Administration, the Salinas Assembly Center was built after President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal and confinement of Japanese Americans living on the West Coast.
The camp opened on April 27, 1942 and held a total of 3,608 people before closing two months on July 4. Following World War II major urban and suburban development converted much farmland to city; the city experienced two strong growth spurts in the 1950s and 1960s, again in the 1990s and early 2000s. Aerial photographic interpretation indicate such major conversion of cropland to urban uses over the time period 1956 to 1968, while the city annexed the adjacent communities of Alisal and Santa Rita during this time; the Harden Ranch and Williams Ranch neighborhoods constituting much of the city's North-East were built exclusively between 1990 and 2004. Salinas was the birthplace of writer and Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck; the historic downtown, known as Oldtown Salinas, features much fine Victorian architecture, is home to the National Steinbeck Center, the Steinbeck House and the John Steinbeck Library. Major development took place in the 1990s, with the construction of Creekbridge, Williams Ranch, Harden Ranch.
Traditionally an Anglophonic European American settlement, Salinas became home to a si
Pterostylis daintreana known as Daintree's greenhood, is a species of orchid endemic to eastern Australia. The non-flowering plants have a rosette of leaves on short stalks but flowering plants have up to ten flowers with rosettes on the side of the flowering spike; the flowers are translucent white with long, downcurved lateral sepals. Pterostylis daintreana is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and when not flowering, a rosette of between three and ten egg-shaped to heart-shaped leaves 6–24 mm long and 4–13 mm wide. Flowering plants have a one or two rosettes on the side of the flowering stem 100–300 mm high with between three and ten flowers and three to five stem leaves; the flowers are translucent white with dark green markings. The dorsal sepal and petals are fused; the dorsal sepal has a thread-like tip 3–4 mm long. The lateral sepals are joined near their bases curve downwards with narrow ends 7–8 mm long and parallel to each other; the labellum is 2 mm wide and dark brown with two large side lobes.
Flowering occurs from January to July. Pterostylis daintreana was first formally described in 1873 by George Bentham, assisted by Ferdinand von Mueller, from a specimen collected by Richard Daintree near Sydney; the description was published in Flora Australiensis. The specific epithet honours the collector of the type specimen. Daintree's greenhood grows on the coast and tablelands of New South Wales and southern Queensland among small shrubs or on mossy rocks
Ricky Little is a Scottish footballer who plays for Arbroath in the Scottish Championship. Little began his youth career on the books of the Ayr United youth squad and Ardrossan Winton Rovers, he captained Scotland schoolboys under-18s in season 2006–07; when he moved into the senior game, he featured on the subs bench for the Partick Thistle first team several times to cover for injury under Ian McCall. Little was sent on a month's loan to Queen's Park on 17 September 2008, as he was too old to play for the Firhill side's under 19 side. Little joined up with Queen's Park again on loan for two months in November 2009. Following his release from the Jags in Jan 2010, Little rejoined Queen's Park permanently until the end of the season, he signed a new contract with Queens Park at the beginning of season 2010–11 and was nominated for PFA Scotland Scottish Third Division Player of the Year at the end of a season that saw him named club captain. After spending three years at Queen's Park, in June 2013, Arbroath manager Paul Sheerin signed Little to replace Stuart Malcolm who signed for Forfar Athletic.
Shortly after joining the club, he suffered an injury in a Scottish Challenge Cup match against Stenhousemuir, which kept him out for six months. On 2 May 2015, Little scored from his own half as Arbroath beat Berwick Rangers 5–0, he would go on to become a mainstay of the Arbroath defence, which saw him once again named in the PFA Scotland Team of the Year for Scottish League One in 2015–16. He was part of the squads that won the 2016–17 Scottish League Two and 2018–19 Scottish League One titles; as of match played 18 January 2020 ArbroathScottish League Two: 2016–17 Scottish League One: 2018–19 Scottish League One Player of the Month: November 2018 PFA Scotland Scottish Third Division Team of the Year: 2011–12, 2012–13 PFA Scotland Scottish League Two Team of the Year: 2015–16, 2016–17 PFA Scotland Scottish League One Team of the Year: 2018–19 Ricky Little at Soccerbase