Salluit

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Salluit
ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ
Northern village municipality
Looking east, October 2008
Looking east, October 2008
Salluit is located in Quebec
Salluit
Salluit
Coordinates (64, rue Aqqutituqaq[1]): 62°12′N 75°39′W / 62.200°N 75.650°W / 62.200; -75.650Coordinates: 62°12′N 75°39′W / 62.200°N 75.650°W / 62.200; -75.650[2]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Nord-du-Québec
TE Kativik
Constituted December 29, 1979
Government[1]
 • Mayor Paulusie Savaidjuk
 • MP Romeo Saganish
 • Provincial MP Jean Boucher
Area[1][3][4]
 • Total 14.70 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
 • Land 14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
 • Population Centre 0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Elevation (at airport)[5] 227 m (745 ft)
Population (2016)[3][4]
 • Total 1,483
 • Density 101.1/km2 (262/sq mi)
 • Change (2011–16) Increase10.1%
 • Population Centre 1,075
 • Population Centre density 2,694.9/km2 (6,980/sq mi)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s) J0M 1S0
Area code(s) 819
Website nvsalluit.ca

Salluit (Inuktitut: ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ, "the thin ones" (French: les plus minces))[6] is the second northernmost Inuit community in Quebec, Canada, located on Sugluk Inlet close to the Hudson Strait and was formerly known as Sugluk. Its population was 1,483 in the Canada 2016 Census and the population centre had 1,075 people.[3][4] It is not accessible by road, but by air through Salluit Airport.

Salluit means "The Thin Ones" in Inuktitut, referring to a time when local inhabitants were facing starvation as a result of a lack of wildlife.

History[edit]

In 1925, an independent trader opened a trading post on the site of present-day Salluit. Not to be outdone, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) quickly established its own post on the far shore of Sugluk Inlet but relocated it soon after to Deception Bay, about 53.5 km (33.2 mi) to the east. In 1930, the HBC built a store at present-day Salluit and closed its post at Deception Bay in 1932. The golden years of fur trading came to an end around 1936 when the price of pelts collapsed.

In 1930 a Catholic mission was established, closing some twenty years later, but followed by an Anglican mission in 1955. The Government of Canada opened a day school in 1957. As more public services were being delivered, Inuit settled around the small village. The first residential houses were built in 1959 and ten years later a co-operative store was established by its residents. Salluit legally became a municipality in 1979.

Since 1996, the police services in Salluit are provided by the Kativik Regional Police Force[7].

Looking north, July 2001
Beluga butchered on the beach, 7 July 2001

Education[edit]

The Kativik School Board operates the Ikusik School.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Geographic code 99135 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  2. ^ Reference number 92768 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2499135) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census Salluit [Population centre]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  5. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 19 July 2018 to 0901Z 13 September 2018.
  6. ^ http://www.nunavik-tourism.com/Salluit.aspx
  7. ^ KRPF. "General Information". Home. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
  8. ^ "Our Schools." Kativik School Board. Retrieved on September 23, 2017.
  9. ^ Sean Coughlan, "Teacher from Canadian Inuit school wins $1m global prize", Education, BBC News, 19 March 2017.
  10. ^ Video Varkey Foundation winner of the Global Teacher Prize 2017
  11. ^ Merlin John, "Top teacher fights for Canada's indigenous people", Business, BBC News, 26 July 2017.