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Salon des Refusés

The Salon des Refusés, French for "exhibition of rejects", is an exhibition of works rejected by the jury of the official Paris Salon, but the term is most famously used to refer to the Salon des Refusés of 1863. Today by extension, salon des refusés refers to any exhibition of works rejected from a juried art show; the Paris Salon, sponsored by the French government and the Academy of Fine Arts, took place annually, was a showcase of the best academic art. A medal from the Salon was assurance of a successful artistic career. Since the 18th century, the paintings were classified following a specific hierarchy; the jury, headed by the Comte de Nieuwerkerke, the head of the Academy of Fine Arts, was conservative. Much intrigue went on to get acceptance, to be given a good place in the galleries. In 1851, Gustave Courbet managed to get one painting into the Salon, Enterrement á Ornans, in 1852 his Baigneuses was accepted, scandalizing critics and the public, who expected romanticized nudes in classical settings, but in 1855 the Salon refused all of Courbet's paintings.

As early as the 1830s, Paris art galleries mounted small-scale, private exhibitions of works rejected by the Salon jurors. Courbet was obliged to organize his own exhibit, called Le Realism, at a private gallery. Private exhibits attracted far less attention from the press and patrons, limited the access of the artists to a small public. In 1863 the Salon jury refused two thirds of the paintings presented, including the works of Gustave Courbet, Édouard Manet, Camille Pissarro and Johan Jongkind; the rejected artists and their friends protested, the protests reached Emperor Napoleon III. The Emperor's tastes in art were traditional, his office issued a statement: "Numerous complaints have come to the Emperor on the subject of the works of art which were refused by the jury of the Exposition. His Majesty, wishing to let the public judge the legitimacy of these complaints, has decided that the works of art which were refused should be displayed in another part of the Palace of Industry."More than a thousand visitors a day visited the Salon des Refusés.

The journalist Émile Zola reported that visitors pushed to get into the crowded galleries where the refused paintings were hung, the rooms were full of the laughter of the spectators. Critics and the public ridiculed the refusés, which included such now-famous paintings as Édouard Manet's Déjeuner sur l'herbe and James McNeill Whistler's Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl. But the critical attention legitimized the emerging avant-garde in painting; the Impressionists exhibited their works outside the traditional Salon beginning in 1874. Subsequent Salons des Refusés were mounted in Paris in 1874, 1875, 1886, by which time the popularity of the Paris Salon had declined for those who were more interested in Impressionism. Rejected by the Salon jury of 1863, Manet seized the opportunity to exhibit Déjeuner sur l'herbe and two other paintings in the 1863 Salon des Refusés. Déjeuner sur l'herbe depicts the juxtaposition of a female nude and a scantily dressed female bather in the background, on a picnic with two dressed men in a rural setting.

The painting sparked public notoriety and stirred up controversy and has remained controversial to this day. Odilon Redon, for example, did not like it. There is a discussion of it, from this point in Proust's Remembrance of Things Past. One interpretation of the work is that it depicts the rampant prostitution in the Bois de Boulogne, a large park at the western outskirts of Paris, at the time; this prostitution was common knowledge in Paris, but was considered a taboo subject unsuitable for a painting. Indeed, the Bois de Boulogne is to this day known as a pick-up place for prostitutes and illicit sexual activity after dark, just as it had been in the 19th century. Émile Zola comments about Déjeuner sur l'herbe: The Luncheon on the Grass is the greatest work of Édouard Manet, one in which he realizes the dream of all painters: to place figures of natural grandeur in a landscape. We know the power. There are some leaves, some tree trunks, and, in the background, a river in which a chemise-wearing woman bathes.

This nude woman has scandalized the public. My God! What indecency: a woman without the slightest covering between two clothed men! That has never been seen, and this belief is a gross error, for in the Louvre there are more than fifty paintings in which are found mixes of persons clothed and nude. But no one goes to the Louvre to be scandalized; the crowd has kept itself moreover from judging The Luncheon on the Grass like a veritable work of art should be judged. Painters Édouard Manet, an analytic painter, do not have this preoccupation with the subject which torments the crowd above all.

Zoya (singer)

Zoya is an American singer, songwriter and music business entrepreneur. She has gained recognition from heavyweights AR Rahman and The Chainsmokers while touring on festival bills and as a support act for the likes of Natty, Lucy Rose, Madame Gandhi, Submotion Orchestra, Bloc Party, Clean Bandit, Martin Garrix. Zoya was born in New Delhi, India in April 1993. At 6 months old, she moved with her family to Newport Beach, California where she spent her childhood; as a teenager she attended Orange County School of the Arts in the Visual Arts and Commercial Voice Conservatory. She began writing and performing original material in local bars and coffeehouses up and down the California coast. Upon graduating from OCSA in 2011, Zoya began attending Berklee College of Music in Boston, MA, she continued to write and perform original music while attending class as a full-time student in the Music Business Program. In 2013, she released Letters To Toska EP and began booking her own gigs across the East Coast and California, performing at famous music clubs like Rockwood Music Hall and Whisky A Go-Go.

She opened for Storyman, Ryan Scott, at the first literature event presented by the Indo-American Arts Council featuring author, Salman Rushdie. In 2014, she released her visual EP, "Lasya", via YouTube and opened for singer-songwriter, which landed her a supporting slot on Kawehi's Evolution Tour the same year. In the summer of 2015 Zoya released her full-length album The Girl. In October 2015, eight producers collaborated with Zoya to compile an electronic remix album entitled, Zoya: Plugged In in which all proceeds from the album were donated to organizations providing electricity to rural schools in Udaipur, India. At the end of 2015, Zoya began touring and performing shows all across India performing at festivals and presented songwriting classes at various contemporary music schools. "As someone wielding both a music business degree and a microphone, there isn't a thing does without integrity, that comes through in her work: whimsical and experimental, but never for a second vapid. There's a message in every line she pens—sometimes about herself, sometimes about the world.."

Boxx Magazine "Her vocal abilities had us hooked and post her latest release titled ‘What's Done is Done’, our obsession with her has intensified times one thousand." – Pepsi MTV Indies"Name to know: ZOYA MOHAN. She's always in the driver's seat...she's scanning for new sounds... she works the spotlight" – ELLE India Letters To Toska Lasya The Girl Who Used To Live in My Room Zoya: Plugged In Natural Disaster The Kingdom Afterglow Bad Girls Dream Ft. Jack Harlow Here Worth It In 2015, proceeds from Zoya's remix album Zoya: Plugged In, were donated to the "Electronic Music for Electricity" Campaign, a fund created to install electricity in government and non-government schools in rural India; the album features eight remixes, all created by different producers, from Zoya's albums The Girl Who Used To Live In My Room & Letters To Toska. The campaign aimed to raise funds for schools in need of electricity in order to provide a better educational environment for children in rural India

Karel Roden

Karel Roden is a Czech actor, popularly known for his roles in Hellboy and The Bourne Supremacy, his voice work in Grand Theft Auto IV. Roden followed his grandfather into acting. Roden first graduated from the Comprehensive Art Secondary School for Ceramics before being admitted to the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Roden's feature film career began simultaneous with his theatre work in 1984 as Honza, a medical student in the 2nd part of a trilogy entitled "How the poets are losing their illusions", a lighthearted, comic look at life through the lives of young university students. Roden's Honza appeared in the final installation of the trilogy, "How poets are enjoying their lives". Other comic turns include Roden's Captain Tuma in "What Kind of Soldier", a humoristic look at life as a soldier in the socialist Czech army, the character Dragan in the action-thriller Dead Fish with Gary Oldman and Terence Stamp. In the comedy crime-thriller Shut Up and Shoot Me, Roden plays the hen-pecked husband hired to assassinate a grieving widow.

During the 1990s, he spent some time in London, which improved his English and gave him necessary exposure and access to the international scene. Hence, since being outside of Czechoslovakia he has become known for his character actor roles which began in 2001 when Roden secured his first major role in the American psychological thriller, 15 Minutes, where he played the criminal Emil Slovak partnered with Oleg Taktarov opposite NYPD cop Flemming played by Robert De Niro; this was followed by a similar role, as the lawyer Carter Kounen, in the service of a vampire clan, in the movie Blade II in 2002. This was followed by what became a series of type-cast roles including the action movie Bulletproof Monk, where he plays the Nazi megalomaniac Strucker; this was no doubt due to his heavy accent and distinct features, which bring him close to the stereo-typed Hollywood villain, although his voice was dubbed over by another actor in Blade II. This understates, the plethora of characters he has portrayed throughout his career in Czechoslovakia.

His movie roles to date include 15 Minutes, Blade II, Bulletproof Monk, The Bourne Supremacy, as Grigori Rasputin in Hellboy, Running Scared, Largo Winch, RocknRolla, Orphan. He played the Russian movie critic Emil Dachevsky in the film Mr. Bean's Holiday, he played Noble Thurzo in Bathory, co-production movie filmed by Slovak director Juraj Jakubisko, A Lonely Place to Die and a role as the Czech mobster Karel Benes in the TV series McMafia. For his main character in Guard No. 47, Karel Roden received the Czech Lion Award for Best Actor in Leading Role. 8 years he received the same award for the portrayal of Jan Masaryk in A Prominent Patient. He received Alfréd Radok Award in 1998 for performing Bruno in Le Cocu Magnifique by Fernand Crommelynck. Other notable role was Don Juan in Faust, he appeared in two plays with his brother Marian. He was a member of the prestigious Prague National Theatre. At the moment he can be found at Theatre Studio DVA in several performances. Roden has voiced Mikhail Faustin and Wade "The Fix" Johnson in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV.

Biography, including list of roles Karel Roden on IMDb Karel Roden – Juraj Thurzo

Unfulfilled Christian religious predictions

This article lists unfulfilled Christian religious predictions that failed to come about in the specified time frame, listed by religious group. Adventism has its roots in the teachings of a Baptist preacher by the name of William Miller, he first predicted the Second Advent of Jesus Christ would occur before March 21, 1844. When this date passed a new date was predicted, April 18, 1844. Again the date passed and another Millerite, Samuel S. Snow, derived the date of October 22, 1844; the non-fulfillment of these predictions has been named the Millerite Great Disappointment. Certain Anabaptists of the early 16th century believed that the Millennium would occur in 1533. Another source reports: "When the prophecy failed, the Anabaptists became more zealous and claimed that two witnesses had come in the form of Jan Matthys and Jan Bockelson. Münster became a frightening dictatorship under Bockelson's control. Although all Lutherans and Catholics were expelled from that city, the millennium never came."

In volume II of The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, author Leroy Edwin Froom tells us about a prominent Anglican prelate, who made a relevant prediction: "Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York and Primate of England was born in Lancashire... Sandys says,'Now, as we know not the day and time, so let us be assured that this coming of the Lord is near, he is not slack. That it is at hand, it may be gathered out of the Scriptures in diverse places; the signs mentioned by Christ in the Gospel which should be the foreshewers of this terrible day, are all fulfilled.'" During World War I, The Weekly Evangel, an official publication of the Assemblies of God, carried this prediction: "We are not yet in the Armageddon struggle proper, but at its commencement, it may be, if students of prophecy read the signs aright, that Christ will come before the present war closes, before Armageddon... The war preliminary to Armageddon, it seems, has commenced." Other editions speculated that the end would come no than 1934 or 1935.

The founder of the Calvary Chapel system, Chuck Smith, published the book End Times in 1979. On the jacket of his book, Smith is called a "well known Bible scholar and prophecy teacher." In this book he wrote: As we look at the world scene today, it would appear that the coming of the Lord is very, close. Yet, we do not know, it could be. If I understand Scripture Jesus taught us that the generation which sees the'budding of the fig tree', the birth of the nation Israel, will be the generation that sees the Lord's return. Since a generation of judgment is forty years and the tribulation lasts seven years, I believe the Lord could come back for his church anytime before the tribulation starts, which would mean anytime before 1981. However, it is possible that Jesus is dating the beginning of the generation from 1967, when Jerusalem was again under Israeli control for the first time since 587 BC. We don't know for sure which year marks the beginning of the last generation; this same viewpoint was published by the popular pastor Hal Lindsey in his published book The Late Great Planet Earth.

The Scottish cleric Edward Irving was the forerunner of the Catholic Apostolic Church. In 1828 he wrote a work headed The Last Days: A Discourse on the Evil Character of These Our Times, Proving Them to be the'Perilous Times' and the'Last Days', he believed that the world had entered the "last days" I conclude, that the last days... will begin to run from the time of God's appearing for his ancient people, gathering them together to the work of destroying all Antichristian nations, of evangelising the world, of governing it during the Millennium... The times and fullness of the times, so mentioned in the New Testament, I consider as referring to the great period numbered by times... Now if this reasoning be correct, as there can be little doubt that the one thousand two hundred and sixty days concluded in the year 1792, the thirty additional days in the year 1823, we are entered upon the last days, the ordinary life of a man will carry many of us to the end of them. If this be so, it gives to the subject with which we have introduced this year's ministry a great importance indeed.

Charles Taze Russell, the first president of the Watch Tower Society, calculated 1874 as the year of Christ's Second Coming, taught that Christ was invisibly present and ruling from the heavens since that year. Russell proclaimed Christ's invisible return in 1874, the resurrection of the saints in 1875, predicted the end of the "harvest" and the Rapture of the saints to heaven for 1878, the final end of "the day of wrath" in 1914. 1874 was considered the end of the beginning of judgment by Christ. A 1917 Watch Tower Society publication predicted that in 1918, God would begin to destroy churches and millions of their members. J. F. Rutherford, who succeeded Russell as president of the Watch Tower Society, predicted that the Millennium would begin in 1925, that biblical figures such as Abraham, Isaac and David would be resurrected as "princes"; the Watch Tower Society bought property and built a house, Beth Sarim, in California for their return. From 1966, statements in Jehovah's Witness publications raised strong expectations that Armageddon could arrive in 1975.

In 1974 Witnesses were commended for selling their homes and property to "finish out the rest of their days in this old system" in full-time preaching. In 1976 The Watchtower advised those, "disappointed" by unfulfilled expectations for 1975 to adjust

Vernon Secondary School

Vernon Secondary is a public high school in Vernon, British Columbia, Canada. It is part of School District 22 Vernon. A panther is the school mascot and the institution's recreational teams are thus named accordingly; the school's adopted colors are Navy Blue and Red with the secondary color being White. The school's motto is "Pride on the Hill", referring to the hill. VSS is known for having one of woodworks programs in the Okanagan Valley. VSS was Vernon Senior Secondary School and hosted only grades 11-12, but was changed to include grades 8-12 thus becoming Vernon Secondary School; the school was built in 1968, the new school was rebuilt and opened on January 7, 2013. The $38 million state-of-the-art school is situated on the lower field of the old school's property; the school is a carbon neutral building with a natural light design, water flow reductions, a ground source heat exchanger and geothermal field. During earlier decades of Vernon Senior Secondary School's history, the school included students in grades 11 and 12 only.

Through those decades, all the grade 11 and 12 public school students who resided in the greater Vernon area attended this school. During those decades, the greater Vernon area's public junior high schools all served grades 8, 9, 10 students; the area's elementary schools served grades 1 through 7 students and provided kindergarten. VSS is the host school of the outdoor school program EarthQuest. Since 1982 Grade 11 students from all high schools of SD22 have had the opportunity to enroll in EarthQuest. Based in nearby Kalamalka Provincial Park, students attend VSS during the winter months. VSS and its cafeteria program has partnered with Camosun College to offer students Professional Cook Training Level 1 through the ACE-IT Apprenticeship program program. Vernon Secondary runs on a two semester arrangement, the first semester starting from September to January and the second running from February until June. Vernon Secondary school has 4 block scedual classes per term these 4 blocks are categorized as ABC and D.

Each week the order changes from ABCD, DCBA, BADC and CDAB. Daniel Powter, Singer Samantha Sewell, Model VSS Official Webpage

Te Anau

Te Anau is a town in the Southland region of the South Island of New Zealand. It is on the eastern shore of Lake Te Anau in Fiordland. Lake Te Anau is the largest lake in the South Island and within New Zealand second only to Lake Taupo; the 2013 census recorded the town's population as 1,911. The town has a wide range of accommodation, with over 4,000 beds available in summer. Tourism and farming are the predominant economic activities in the area. Lying as it does at the borders of Fiordland National Park, it is the gateway to a wilderness area famed for tramping and spectacular scenery. Many tourists come to Te Anau to visit the famous nearby fiords Doubtful Sound; the town is used as a base for those undertaking the Milford Track and the Kepler Track, the latter being a 4-day loop from Te Anau. Visitors to the area partake in activities such as kayaking, jet boat riding and hunting, farm tours and seaplane/helicopter sightseeing. In 2014, readers of New Zealand's Wilderness magazine voted Te Anau as the best location in New Zealand for tramping opportunities.

Rising on the west side of Lake Te Anau, the Kepler and Murchison mountain ranges are evident from most of Te Anau. Many species of bird life are found locally, notably the endangered Takahe which can be found at the Fiordland Wildlife Park; the Department of Conservation office in Te Anau is active in protecting endangered native birdsTe Anau hosts the Kepler Challenge in early December each year. Te Anau is connected by highway with Invercargill to the southeast, Queenstown to the northeast, Gore to the east, Manapouri to the south, it is at the beginning of the Milford Road, the section of State Highway 94 that leads to Milford Sound, which lies 120 kilometres to the north. A local attraction is the Te Ana-au Caves across Lake Te Anau from the town; the caves include an underground glowworm grotto, which can be viewed from a punt during daily guided tours. Te Anau has two schools. Destination Fiordland- the Regional Tourism Organisation for the Fiordland region FiordlandNZ.com Historic images of Te Anau from the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa