SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Salute

A salute is a gesture or other action used to display respect. Salutes are associated with armed forces, but other organizations and civilians use salutes. In military traditions of various times and places, there have been numerous methods of performing salutes, using hand gestures, cannon or rifle shots, hoisting of flags, removal of headgear, or other means of showing respect or deference. In the Commonwealth of Nations, only commissioned officers are saluted, the salute is to the commission they carry from their respective commanders-in-chief representing the Monarch, not the officers themselves. Hand salutes are carried out by bringing the right hand to the head in some way, the precise manner varying between different countries; the British Army's salute is identical to the French salute, with the palm facing outward. The customary salute in the Polish Armed Forces is the two-fingers salute, a variation of the British military salute with only two fingers extended. In the Russian military, the right hand, palm down, is brought to the right temple but not quite, touching.

In the Hellenic Army salute, the palm is facing down and the fingers point to the coat of arms. In the United States Navy, United States Marine Corps, United States Coast Guard, United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps, Colombian Army and Ecuadorian Army, as well as in all branches of the French Armed Forces, Spanish Armed Forces, British Armed Forces, Canadian Forces, Danish Armed Forces, Hellenic Armed Forces, Italian Armed Forces, Norwegian Armed Forces, Polish Armed Forces, Irish Defence Forces, Australian Defence Force, South African National Defence Force, Swedish Defence Forces, Finnish Defence Forces, Turkish Armed Forces, Portuguese Armed Forces and Russian and all former Soviet republic forces, hand salutes are only given when a cover is worn. If there is a reason not to salute with the right hand, due for example to performing an activity that should not be interrupted, or injury, an equivalent left-hand salute is sometimes performed. A right-handed boatswain's mate piping an officer aboard may salute with their left hand.

When the presence of enemy snipers is suspected, military salutes are forbidden, since the enemy may use them to recognize officers as valuable targets. According to some modern military manuals, the modern Western salute originated in France when knights greeted each other to show friendly intentions by raising their visors to show their faces, using a salute. Others note that the raising of one's visor was a way to identify oneself saying "This is who I am, I am not afraid." Medieval visors were, to this end, equipped with a protruding spike that allowed the visor to be raised using a saluting motion. The US Army Quartermaster School provides another explanation of the origin of the hand salute: that it was a long-established military courtesy for subordinates to remove their headgear in the presence of superiors; as late as the American Revolution, a British Army soldier saluted by removing his hat. With the advent of cumbersome headgear in the 18th and 19th centuries, the act of removing one's hat was converted into the simpler gesture of grasping or touching the visor and issuing a courteous salutation.

As early as 1745, a British order book stated that: "The men are ordered not to pull off their hats when they pass an officer, or to speak to them, but only to clap up their hands to their hats and bow as they pass." Over time, it became conventionalized into something resembling the modern hand salute. In the Austrian Army the practice of making a hand salute replaced that of removing the headdress in 1790, although officers wearing cocked hats continued to remove them when greeting superiors until 1868; the naval salute, with the palm downwards is said to have evolved because the palms of naval ratings deckhands, were dirty through working with lines and was deemed insulting to present a dirty palm to an officer. During the Napoleonic Wars, British crews saluted officers by touching a clenched fist to the brow as though grasping a hat-brim between fingers and thumb; when carrying a sword, still done on ceremonial occasions, European military forces and their cultural descendants use a two-step gesture.

The sword is first raised, in the right hand, to the level of and close to the front of the neck. The blade is inclined up 30 degrees from the vertical; the sword is slashed downward to a position with the point close to the ground in front of the right foot. The blade is inclined forward with the true edge to the left; this gesture originated in the Crusades. The hilt of a sword formed a cross with the blade, so if a crucifix was not available, a Crusader could kiss the hilt of his sword when praying, before entering battle, for oaths and vows, so on; the lowering of the point to the ground is a traditional act of submission. In fencing, the fencers salute each other before putting their masks on to begin a bout. There are several methods of doing this, but the most common is to bring the sword in front of the face so that the blade is pointing up in front of the nose; the fencers salute the referee and the audience. When armed with a rifle, two methods are available; the usual method is called "present arms".

The hands hold the stock close to the positions they would have if the rifle were being fired, though the trigger is not touched. Less formal salutes include the "order arms salute" and the "shoulder a

Dowarabazar Upazila

Dowarabazar is an Upazila of Sunamganj District in the Division of Sylhet, Bangladesh. Dowarabazar is located at 25.0500°N 91.5667°E / 25.0500. It has 27112 households and total area 324.19 km² and bounded by the Indian state of Meghalaya and border on the north, Chhatak Upazila on the south and east, Sunamganj Sadar Upazila on the west. Main rivers are Jadukata etc.. As of the 2011 Bangladesh census, Dowarabazar has a population of 157240. Males constitute 50.74% of the population, females 49.26%. This Upazila's eighteen up population is 76530. Dowarabazar has 9 Unions/Wards, 166 Mauzas/Mahallas, 294 villages. Dowarabazar Model Govt Primary School, Dowarabazar High School and Dowarabazar Degree College is situated in Dowarabazar town. Dewan Mohammad Azraf, author, politician and philosopher Kafil Uddin, Baul musician Kakon Bibi, Bangladeshi freedom fighter, Bir Protik Abdul Majid, Bangladeshi freedom fighter, Bir Protik Abdul halim, Bangladeshi freedom fighter, Bir Protik Upazilas of Bangladesh Districts of Bangladesh Divisions of Bangladesh

2006–07 Montenegrin First Handball League

The 2006–07 Montenegrin First Handball League was first season of the Montenegrin First League of Men's Handball, Montenegro's premier handball league. First season of Montenegrin Handball League was established two months after the Montenegrin independence; as the National Handball Federation of Montenegro proposed, First league in its first season has eight participants. Among them were two clubs which played in 2005/06 First League of Serbia and Montenegro and six teams which participated in the second level. Following the propositions of the new competition, league had two parts. During the first, there was 14 weeks, after that, First League was split into two parts. Four best clubs participated in the TOP4 league for champion, the last four played in relegation league. During the first part of the season, all members played 14 games. Four best placed teams - Lovćen, Berane and Mornar continued season in the TOP4 league for champion. Other teams were playing league for relegation. Table of the first part of the season: At the final phase, RK Lovćen Cetinje won the first champions trophy in the independent Montenegro.

In the TOP4 League, Lovćen won all six matches, including two hardest games against Berane. In the relegation league, RK Boka won the crucial matches against Cepelin, so the club from Cetinje was relegated to the Second league. Promotion to the EHF Cup 2007/08: Lovćen Cetinje, Sutjeska Nikšić Promotion to the EHF Cup Winners' Cup 2007/08: Berane Promotion to the EHF Challenge Cup 2007/08: Mornar Bar, Mojkovac Relegation to the Second League 2007/08: Cepelin Cetinje Promotion to the First league 2007/08: Budućnost Podgorica