Santiago de Querétaro, known as Querétaro, is the capital and largest city of the state of Querétaro, located in central Mexico. It is part of the macroregion of Bajío, it is located 213 kilometers northwest of Mexico City, 63 kilometers southeast of San Miguel de Allende and 200 kilometers south of San Luis Potosí. The city of Querétaro is divided into seven boroughs: Josefa Vergara y Hernández, Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Centro Histórico, Cayetano Rubio, Santa Rosa Jáuregui, Félix Osores Sotomayor and Epigmenio González. In 1996, the historic center of Querétaro was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO. Querétaro has been recognized as the metro area with the best quality of life and as the safest city in Mexico and as the most dynamic in Latin America, it is a strong business and economic centre and a vigorous service city, experiencing an ongoing social and economic revitalization. Querétaro has seen an outstanding economic development since the mid-1990s. Querétaro metropolitan area has the 2nd highest GDP per capita among Mexico's metropolitan areas with 20,000 USD after Monterrey.
The city is the fastest-growing in the country, basing its economy on IT and data centers, logistics services, aircraft manufacturing and maintenance, call centers, the automotive and machinery industries, the production of chemicals and food products. The region of Querétaro has a growing vineyards agriculture and hosts the famous wine producer from Spain Freixenet. Wine production in Querétaro is now the second largest in Mexico after that of the Baja California region. All this has caused the city and the metropolitan area to attract many migrants from other parts of Mexico. Querétaro is the host for major corporations such as Bombardier Aerospace, Kellogg's, Samsung Electronics, Colgate-Palmolive, Harman International Industries, General Electric, Tetra Pak, Siemens Mexico, New Holland, Faurecia, ABC Group, Autoliv, TRW Automotive, Valeo, Procter & Gamble, Nestlé, Pilgrim's Pride, Santander Bank's call center for Latin America, Mabe Mexico, Scania, Kostal, Dana, Dow Chemical, Alpha Hilex, Saint-Gobain, Flex-N-Gate, ThyssenKrupp, among others.
In the Otomi language, it is referred to as "Maxei" or "Ndamaxei", which means ball game and the grand ball game respectively. In the Purépecha language it is referred to as "Créttaro", meaning place of crags, referring to the rocky hills of La Cañada. In the Mendocino Codex the town is called Tlaxco, from the Nahuatl for ball game. However, Querétaro most comes from k'eri ireta rho, meaning place of the great people since during Aztec times about 15,000 people lived here. Querétaro has an Aztec glyph to represent it. In 1655, it received a coat of arms from the Spanish Crown; the word Querétaro was voted by 33,000 participants as "the most beautiful word in the Spanish language", before being approved by the Instituto Cervantes. In Pre-Columbian terminology, Querétaro means "the island of the blue salamanders." Other scholars suggest that it can mean "place of the reptiles" or "place of the giant rocks." The area was settled around A. D. 200 by Mesoamerican groups moving north, archeological sites here show Teotihuacan influences.
From the Classic Period, there were two population centers in this area called Ranas. The mountain now known as El Cerrito was a ceremonial center, but was abandoned for unknown reasons. In the pre-Hispanic period, the area was populated by the Otomi, who had become sedentary urban dwellers with sophisticated politics by the time of the Aztec Empire, who referred to them as the Tlacetilli Otomi or "Otomi Nation/State"; this area was under control of the Otomi dominion of Xilotepeque in the 1440s, which in turn was subject to the Aztec Empire of Mexihco-Tenochtitlan. Under the reign of Ahuizotl in the late 15th century, the Aztecs administered the area directly, considering it a bulwark against the Chichimeca lands to the north; the Otomi were the most populous ethnicity in Xilotepec although there were other groups Chichimeca as well. These two groups are still found here today. During the pre-Hispanic and colonial times, the Otomi were organized into familial clan like groups with defined territories, living in stone, wood or adobe dwellings.
They were sedentary farmers, who fought, but unlike the Aztecs, did not make warfare a large part of their culture. The foundation of the Spanish city of Santiago de Querétaro is pegged to 25 July 1531 when Spaniard Hernán Pérez Bocanegra y Córdoba arrived with the allied Otomi leader Conín, the administrative head of the Otomi peoples living in Aztec controlled territory. On this date, the Spanish and their Nahuan allies were battling the local insurgent Otomi and Chichimecas at a hill now known as Sangremal and, called Ynlotepeque and considered sacred in pre-Hispanic times. Chronicles of this event, such as that written by Friar Isidro Félix de Espinoza, state that the Chichimeca were at the point of winning when a total eclipse of the sun occurred; this scared the Chichimeca and the Spanish claimed to have seen an image of Saint James riding a white horse carrying a rose-colored cross. This event caused the Chichimeca to surrender; this event is. A stone cross imitating the one the Spanish saw was erected on the hill, accompanied by a church and monastery.
Spanish dominion, however and was definitively not won th
Santiago Tianguistenco just called Tianguistenco, is a city and municipality located in Mexico State about thirty km south of the state capital of Toluca. It is located in the southwest part of the Valley of Toluca at the edge of the Ajusco mountain range that separates it from Mexico City; the name Tianguistenco is from Nahuatl and means “at the edge of the tianguis,”, a traditional Aztec market. The section of the city where the industrial park is still bears this name; the area was known as having one of the richest and best-stocked markets in the Toluca Valley. Today, it is still home to a large permanent municipal market as well as a weekly tianguis that covers much of the historic center. In addition to the commerce, the municipality is home to a major industrial site that produces commercial trucks; the municipality is home to a community called Gualupita, famous for its wool items, Santiago Tilapa, which as a patron festival known in Mexico State and the Atenco Hacienda where bullfighting in Mexico got its start.
No archeological finds in this area date before the Postclassic period. However, Olmec era finds in neighboring Almoloya del Río indicate that there was human inhabitants here at least as early as 1300 BCE. Evidence of Teotihuacan settlement or influence was found in the same area. Most of the archeological finds are concentrated on what used to be the shores of a lake in this area and the Tetépetl Mountain. In the municipality proper, the remains of a population center called Teotenanco appear between 1050 and 1260 C. E. with constructions reminiscent of Teotihuacan. In the center is a ceremonial precinct, the center of a local theocracy; the earliest known ethnic group here is the Matlatzincas. This area, along with the rest of the Toluca Valley, was conquered by Axayacatl and brought into the Aztec Empire in the 1470s; when the Aztec Empire fell in 1521, the lands around Tenochtitlan-Mexico City were divided up into encomiendas. Around 1523, the territory of Tianguistenco was part of the encomienda of Xalatlaco and Atlapulco, which were controlled by Leonel de Cervantes.
The encomiendo remained in the family until 1617. It became a minor province of Matlazingo. For much of the rest of the colonial period, the area would be a dependency of a number of political entities such as Metepec and Tenango del Valle, with parts of the current municipality such as the communities of Coatepec and Huhutitlán belonging to Malinalco. Many of the indigenous villages were governed under a system called the Republica de Naturales, which gave a certain amount of autonomy; this republic was initiated in the first half of the 17th century with records indicating that Tomás de Alarcón as governor of Tianguistenco. However, by 1778, this lateral governing system was abolished by the viceroy. Economically, the most important center for much of the colonial period was the Purisima Concepcion Hacienda, established by Hernán Cortés himself on part of his lands as the Marques of the Valley of Oaxaca, it remained in Cortés family hands. However, the rest of the lands that make up the current municipality switch hands among a number of political and economic entities over the colonial period.
By the second half of the 18th century, the town of Tianguistenco had grown in size and importance to merit a customs house that covered the areas of San Nicolás Coatepec, San Lorenzo Huehuetitlán, San Pedro Tlaltizapán, San Bartolomé Capulhuac and Santa María Coaxusco. The town became the center for mail service in the area around the same time; the parish church was begun in 1756. During the Mexican War of Independence, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla passed through here in 1810 with his army. In 1812, guerillas were operating in the nearby Ajusco Mountains under Manuel Gonzalez and Ignacio López Rayón was stationed here for a time. Most of the fighting seen here were incursions by guerrillas in the mountain areas; the first municipal government under the Cadiz Constitution was formed here in 1820 with the town of Tianguistenco as the seat. This government would recognize Mexican Independence in 1821. In 1825, this municipality was reorganized as part of the State of Mexico; this municipality included the communities of de Xalatlaco, San Pedro Tlaltizapán, Santiago Tilapa, La Magdalena Los Reyes, Santa Cruz Atizapán, Almoloya del Río, San Pedro Techuchulco and Santa María Guadalupe Yancuictlalpan.
The first of these to break away and form its own municipality was Capulhuac in 1827, with the community of Tlaltizapán joining Capulhuac shortly thereafter. Almoloya del Río, Santa Cruz Atizapán, San Mateo Texcalyacac and San Pedro Techuchulco were separated by the state legislature in 1847 to form the municipality of Almoloya del Rio. Santa María de la Asunción Xalatlaco separated in 1872; the community of Tianguistenco was declared a town in 1878 with the formal name of Tianguistenco de Galeana. San Nicolás Coatepec and San Lorenzo Huehuetitlán were added to the municipality in 1857 and 1863 with Tlaltizapán returning in 1891. During the Reform War, the town and the Purisima Concepcion Hacienda were sacked in 1857. Many here supported the Conservative cause forming the Puente Brigade; this brigade fought in a number of battles including the occupation of Lerma. The municipal palace was begun in 1903 and completed in 1910; the inauguration of the palace formed part of the Centennial celebrations here.
During the Mexican Revolution, the town supported Francisco I. Madero against Porfirio Díaz. However, Emiliano Zapata soon grew unsatisfied with Madero and the Liberation Army of the South began to fight anew; the town became Zapatista. Genovevo de la O and federal forces f
Rubén Blades Bellido de Luna, known professionally as Rubén Blades, is a Panamanian singer, actor, musician and politician, performing musically most in the Afro-Cuban and Latin jazz genres. As a songwriter, Blades brought the lyrical sophistication of Central American nueva canción and Cuban nueva trova as well as experimental tempos and politically inspired Nuyorican salsa to his music, creating "thinking persons' dance music". Blades has written dozens of hit songs, including "Pedro Navaja", "El Cantante", "Patria", which many Panamanians consider their second national anthem, he has won eight Grammy Awards and five Latin Grammy Awards. His acting career began in 1983, has continued, sometimes with several-year breaks to focus on other projects, he has prominent roles in films such as Crossover Dreams, The Milagro Beanfield War, Predator 2, Color of Night, Safe House, The Counselor and Hands of Stone, along with three Emmy Award nominations for his performances in The Josephine Baker Story, Crazy from the Heart and The Maldonado Miracle.
Since 2015, he has portrayed Daniel Salazar, a main character on the TV series Fear the Walking Dead. He is an icon in Panama and is much admired throughout Latin America and Spain, managed to attract 17% of the vote in his failed attempt to win the Panamanian presidency in 1994. In September 2004, he was appointed minister of tourism by Panamanian president Martín Torrijos for a five-year term, he holds a Bachelor of Arts' Law degree from the University of Panama and an LL. M in International Law from Harvard University, he is married to singer Luba Mason. Blades was born in Panama, he is the son of Cuban musician and actress Anoland Díaz, Colombian Rubén Darío Blades, Sr. an athlete and graduate of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics in Washington, D. C, his mother's great-uncle, Juan Bellido de Luna, was active in the Cuban revolutionary movement against Spain and was a writer and publisher in New York City. Blades's paternal grandfather, Rubén Blades, was an English-speaking native of St. Lucia who came to Panama as an accountant.
His family is uncertain how the Blades family ended up in St. Lucia, but when his grandfather moved to Panama, he lived in the Panamanian Bocas del Toro Province. Ruben Blades thought that his grandfather had come to Panama to work on the Panama Canal, as he tells in the song "West Indian Man" on the album Amor y Control, he explains the source and the pronunciation of his family surname, of English origin, in his web show Show De Ruben Blades. In Blades's early days, he was a vocalist in Los Salvajes del Ritmo and a songwriter and guest singer with a professional Latin music conjunto, Bush y sus Magníficos, his strongest influence of the day was the Joe Cuba sextet and Cheo Feliciano, whose singing style he copied to the point of imitating his voice tone and vocal range. Blades earned degrees in political science and law at the Universidad Nacional de Panama and performed legal work at the Bank of Panama as a law student. After graduating in 1974, he moved to the U. S. and stayed with his exiled parents in Miami, before moving to New York City.
Andy Harlow said. His first professional job in America as a singer was with La Magnifica Orchestra led by trumpeter Tony Pabon; the band's songs included "Descarga Caliente" and "De Panama a New York", which were recorded by Alegre Records in 1970. He returned to Panama and finished his degree. Blades began his career in New York writing songs while working in the mailroom at Fania Records, he was perceived as a talented songwriter. The mailroom job was a good opportunity to stay close to the company until the right opportunity came along. Soon Blades was working with salseros Ray Larry Harlow. Shortly thereafter, Blades started collaborating with bandleader Willie Colón, they recorded several albums together and participated in albums by plena singer Mon Rivera and the Fania All Stars. Blades's first notable hit was a song on the 1977 album Metiendo Mano that he had composed in 1968: "Pablo Pueblo", a meditation about a working-class father who returns to his home after a long day at work; the song became his unofficial campaign song when he ran for president of Panama.
The Colón and Blades recording on the same album of Tite Curet Alonso's composition, "Plantación Adentro", which dealt with the brutal treatment of Indian natives in Latin America's colonial times, was an enormous hit in various Caribbean countries. He wrote and performed several songs with the Fania All Stars and as a guest on other artists' releases, including the hits "Paula C", written about a girlfriend at the time; the latter two songs feature piano solos by Puerto Rican pianist Papo Lucca. In 1978, Blades wrote the song "El Cantante". Lavoe recorded it that same year, it became both a big hit and Lavoe's signature song. (The film El Cantante, starring Marc Anthony told a fictionalized version of this story, in which
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Las Vegas Valley
The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U. S. state of Nevada. The state's largest urban agglomeration, it is the heart of the Las Vegas–Paradise-Henderson, NV MSA; the Valley is defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a 600 sq mi basin area surrounded by mountains to the north, south and west of the metropolitan area. The Valley is home to the three largest incorporated cities in Nevada: Las Vegas and North Las Vegas. Five unincorporated towns governed by the Clark County government are part of the Las Vegas Township and constitute the largest community in the state of Nevada; the names Las Vegas and Vegas are interchangeably used to indicate the Valley, the Strip, the city, as a brand by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to denominate the region. The Valley is affectionately known as the "ninth island" by Hawaii natives and Las Vegans alike, in part due to the large number of people from Hawaii who live in and travel to Las Vegas. Since the 1990s the Las Vegas Valley has seen rapid growth, tripling its population of 741,459 in 1990 to 2,227,053 estimated in 2018.
The Las Vegas Valley remains one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States, in its short history has established a diverse presence in international business, urban development and entertainment, as well as one of the most iconic and most visited tourist destinations in the world. In 2014, a record breaking 41 million visited the Las Vegas area, producing a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion; the first reported non-Native American visitor to the Las Vegas Valley was the Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. Las Vegas was named by Mexicans in the Antonio Armijo party, including Rivera, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. In the 19th century, areas of the valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas, or meadows, hence the name Las Vegas; the area was settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and became the site of a United States Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U.
S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has been identified as a gaming center as well as a resort destination targeting adults. Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley; the ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies, limit growth of the valley in terms of geographic area. Businessman Howard Hughes arrived in the late 1960s and purchased many casino hotels, as well as television and radio stations in the area. Legitimate corporations began to purchase casino hotels as well, the mob was run out by the federal government over the next several years; the constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom, now leveling off; the Las Vegas area remains one of the world's top entertainment destinations. The valley is contained in the Las Vegas Valley landform.
This includes the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, Henderson, the unincorporated towns of Summerlin South, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Enterprise and Whitney. The valley is technically located within the larger metropolitan area, as the metropolitan area covers all of Clark County including parts that do not fall within the valley; the government of Clark County has an "Urban Planning Area" of Las Vegas. This definition is a rectangular area, about 20 mi from east to west and 30 miles from north to south. Notable exclusions from the "Urban Planning Area" include Red Rock, Blue Diamond, Mount Charleston; the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department is the largest police department in the valley and the state and exercises jurisdiction in the entire county. There are 3,000 police officers that cover the city of Las Vegas; the department does not exercise primary jurisdiction in areas with separate police forces such as North Las Vegas, Boulder City, Nellis Air Force Base and the Paiute reservation.
The Las Vegas Valley lies in the Mojave Desert. The surrounding land is desert with mountains in the distance; the Las Vegas Valley lies in a high-altitude portion of the Mojave Desert, with a subtropical hot-desert climate. The Valley averages less than 5 in of rain annually. Daily daytime summer temperatures in July and August range from 100 °F to 110 °F, while nights range from 72 °F to 80 °F. Low humidity, tempers the effect of these temperatures, though dehydration, heat exhaustion, sun stroke can occur after a limited time outdoors in the summer; the interiors of automobiles prove deadly to small children and pets during the summer and surfaces exposed to the sun can cause first- and second-degree burns to unprotected skin. July and August can be marked by "monsoon season", when moist winds from the Gulf of California soak much of the Southwestern United States. While not only raising humidity levels, these winds develop into dramatic desert thunderstorms that can sometimes cause flash flooding.
Winters in the Las Vegas Valley are chilly, but sunny. Winter highs in December and January range from 52 °F to 60 °F, while nighttime lows range from 34 °F to 42 °F (
The Ring magazine Fighter of the Year
The Ring magazine was established in 1922 and has named a Fighter of the Year since 1928, which this list covers. The award, selected by the magazine editors, is based on a boxer's performance in the ring. 1928 – Gene Tunney 1929 – Tommy Loughran 1930 – Max Schmeling 1931 – Tommy Loughran 1932 – Jack Sharkey 1933 – no award was given 1934 – Tony Canzoneri and Barney Ross 1935 – Barney Ross 1936 – Joe Louis 1937 – Henry Armstrong 1938 – Joe Louis 1939 – Joe Louis 1940 – Billy Conn 1941 – Joe Louis 1942 – Sugar Ray Robinson 1943 – Fred Apostoli 1944 – Beau Jack 1945 – Willie Pep 1946 – Tony Zale 1947 – Gus Lesnevich 1948 – Ike Williams 1949 – Ezzard Charles 1950 – Ezzard Charles 1951 – Sugar Ray Robinson 1952 – Rocky Marciano 1953 – Bobo Olson 1954 – Rocky Marciano 1955 – Rocky Marciano 1956 – Floyd Patterson 1957 – Carmen Basilio 1958 – Ingemar Johansson 1959 – Ingemar Johansson 1960 – Floyd Patterson 1961 – Joe Brown 1962 – Dick Tiger 1963 – Muhammad Ali 1964 – Emile Griffith 1965 – Dick Tiger 1966 – Muhammad Ali 1967 – Joe Frazier 1968 – Nino Benvenuti 1969 – José Nápoles 1970 – Joe Frazier 1971 – Joe Frazier 1972 – Muhammad Ali and Carlos Monzón 1973 – George Foreman 1974 – Muhammad Ali 1975 – Muhammad Ali 1976 – George Foreman 1977 – Carlos Zarate 1978 – Muhammad Ali 1979 – Sugar Ray Leonard 1980 – Thomas Hearns 1981 – Sugar Ray Leonard and Salvador Sánchez 1982 – Larry Holmes 1983 – Marvin Hagler 1984 – Thomas Hearns 1985 – Marvin Hagler and Donald Curry 1986 – Mike Tyson 1987 – Evander Holyfield 1988 – Mike Tyson 1989 – Pernell Whitaker 1990 – Julio César Chávez 1991 – James Toney 1992 – Riddick Bowe 1993 – Michael Carbajal 1994 – Roy Jones Jr. 1995 – Oscar De La Hoya 1996 – Evander Holyfield 1997 – Evander Holyfield 1998 – Floyd Mayweather Jr. 1999 – Paulie Ayala 2000 – Félix Trinidad 2001 – Bernard Hopkins 2002 – Vernon Forrest 2003 – James Toney 2004 – Glen Johnson 2005 – Ricky Hatton 2006 – Manny Pacquiao 2007 – Floyd Mayweather Jr. 2008 – Manny Pacquiao 2009 – Manny Pacquiao 2010 – Sergio Martínez 2011 – Andre Ward 2012 – Juan Manuel Márquez 2013 – Adonis Stevenson 2014 – Sergey Kovalev 2015 – Tyson Fury 2016 – Carl Frampton 2017 – Vasyl Lomachenko 2018 – Oleksandr Usyk Sugar Ray Robinson Award, a similar award by the Boxing Writers Association of America Best Boxer ESPY Award and its successor, the Best Fighter ESPY Award Official website
Juan Laporte known as Juan La Porte is a former boxer, born in Guayama, Puerto Rico. In 1982, La Porte won the vacant WBC featherweight title, forcing undefeated Colombian Mario "Martillo" Miranda to quit on his stool. Throughout his 22 year-long career, La Porte fought some of the greatest fighters of each decade, including Hall of Fame members Salvador Sanchez, Eusebio Pedroza, Azumah Nelson, Wilfredo Gomez, Barry McGuigan, Kostya Tszyu & Julio Cesar Chavez Sr, he retired in 1999 with a record of 40-11, with many of his losses being competitive, sometimes controversial, affairs. Juan Laporte won the 1976 112 lb New York Golden Gloves Sub-Novice Championship, he defeated Long Island's Ricky Brown in the finals. Laporte was defeated by Joseph Nieto of the Police Athletic Leagues Lynch Center in the 1977 118 lb Open Championship. Laporte trained at the Lunar Boys Club in New York, he had an amateur record of 29-6, according to the March 1983 Ring Magazine. Juan Laporte moved to New York at a young age, where he grew up into a pretty well known contender, but one that many boxing critics didn't consider to be material to become a world champion earlier in his career.
Laporte built a number of wins, combined with 1 loss, including a 7-round knockout of Jean Lapointe. But he still was an unknown when given his first chance at a world championship on December 1980 in San Antonio, Texas, he met legendary Mexican world. Laporte made Sanchez won a handful of rounds, he lost to Sanchez by a 15-round unanimous decision. Laporte fought future world champion Rocky Lockridge in 1981 at Las Vegas, scoring a second-round knockout to become the United States Featherweight champion. Given a second title shot, this time by the WBA, Laporte met the legendary World featherweight champion Eusebio Pedroza in 1982, losing a close and controversial split decision; the fight was so close that WBC president José Sulaimán decided to give Laporte a rematch vs Sanchez for the World Boxing Council's world title. This rematch wasn't going to happen, because Sanchez died in a car accident the morning of August 12, in Mexico City; the WBC decided to put Laporte vs. Colombian Mario Miranda for the vacant world title in a fight held at the Madison Square Garden.
Laporte dropped Miranda in the eighth round and Miranda quit on his stool before the start of the 11th. Juan Laporte, the tough kid from New York who couldn't figure to become a world champ versus the legendary champions of the day, had become a world champion. Laporte defended his title twice, vs. Ruben Castillo and Johnny De La Rosa, both 12 rounds decision wins lost it to another Puerto Rican world champion, the legendary Wilfredo Gómez. In 1985, he went to Ireland, where he lost a ten-round decision to future world champion Barry McGuigan. In 1986, Laporte fought Julio César Chávez at the Madison Square Garden, many thought Laporte deserved the 12-round decision that night, but he lost a unanimous decision in a contest for Chavez's WBC world Jr. Lightweight title, his career went on and off after that day, in 1989, his son died in a drowning accident. Laporte buried his title belt along with his son. Upon hearing this, Sulaiman sent him a new world title belt to show him support and respect from the boxing community.
Laporte lost another disputed decision, this time to former world Jr Welterweight champion Billy Costello in 1999 and finally retired from boxing. He has retired to his native country Puerto Rico and dedicates his time to train children of all ages in his spare time. List of featherweight boxing champions List of Puerto Rican boxing world champions List of Puerto Ricans French immigration to Puerto Rico Professional boxing record for Juan Laporte from BoxRec