The Evening Independent was St. Petersburg, Florida's first daily newspaper; the sister evening newspaper of the St. Petersburg Times, it was launched as a weekly newspaper in March 1906 under the ownership of Willis B. Powell. In November 1907, it became a daily paper as the St. Petersburg Evening Independent; the newspaper was best known for its "Sunshine Offer", first enacted in 1910 by Major Lew Brown. From 1910 until the paper folded in 1986, the Evening Independent made good on its offer 296 times; the Evening Independent was acquired by the Times in 1962, when its previous owner, the Thomson newspaper chain, threatened to close it down. Roy Thomson had bought the Independent so he would have a place to moor his yacht; the Evening Independent was merged into the Times in November 1986 as part of the Times's "City Times and Independent" section. Every issue of the Evening Independent, along with the Times, is available for viewing on Google News Archive
Sports Car Club of America
The Sports Car Club of America is an American automobile club and sanctioning body supporting road racing and autocross in the United States. Formed in 1944, it runs many programs for both amateur and professional racers; the SCCA traces its roots to the Automobile Racing Club of America. ARCA was founded in 1933 by brothers Miles and Sam Collier, dissolved in 1941 at the outbreak of World War II; the SCCA was formed in 1944 as an enthusiast group. The SCCA began sanctioning road racing in 1948 with the inaugural Watkins Glen Grand Prix. Cameron Argetsinger, an SCCA member and local enthusiast who would become Director of Pro Racing and Executive Director of the SCCA, helped organize the event for the SCCA. In 1951, the SCCA National Sports Car Championship was formed from existing marquee events around the nation, including Watkins Glen, Pebble Beach, Elkhart Lake. Many early SCCA events were held on disused air force bases, organized with the help of Air Force General Curtis LeMay, a renowned enthusiast of sports car racing.
LeMay loaned out facilities of Strategic Air Command bases for the SCCA's use. By 1962, the SCCA was tasked with managing the U. S. World Sportscar Championship rounds at Daytona, Sebring and Watkins Glen; the club was involved in the Formula 1 U. S. Grand Prix. SCCA Executive Director John Bishop helped to create the United States Road Racing Championship series for Group 7 sports cars to recover races, taken by rival USAC Road Racing Championship. Bishop was instrumental in founding the SCCA Trans-Am Series and the SCCA/CASC Can-Am series. In 1969, tension and infighting over Pro Racing's autonomy caused Bishop to resign and help form the International Motor Sports Association; the SCCA began sanctioning professional racing. In 1963, the United States Road Racing Championship was formed. In 1966 the Canadian-American Challenge Cup was created for Group 7 open-top sportscars; the Trans-Am Series for pony cars began in 1966. Today, Trans-Am uses GT-1 class regulations. A professional series for open-wheel racing cars was introduced in 1967 as the SCCA Grand Prix Championship.
This series was held under various names through to the 1976 SCCA/USAC Formula 5000 Championship. Current SCCA-sanctioned series include Trans Am, the Pirelli World Challenge for GT and touring cars, the Global MX-5 Cup, F2000 Championship Series, F1600 Championship Series and the Atlantic Championship Series. SCCA Pro Racing has sanctioned professional series for some amateur classes such as Spec Racer Ford Pro and Formula Enterprises Pro. SCCA Pro Racing sanctioned the Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup during its time; the Club Racing program is a road racing division where drivers race on either dedicated race tracks or on temporary street circuits. Competitors require a national racing license. Both modified production cars and designed-from-scratch "formula" and "sports racer" cars can be used in Club Racing. Most of the participants in the Club Racing program are unpaid amateurs, but some go on to professional racing careers; the club is the source for race workers in all specialties. The annual national championship for Club Racing is called the SCCA National Championship Runoffs and has been held at Riverside International Raceway, Daytona International Speedway, Road Atlanta, Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course, Heartland Park Topeka, Road America, Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
In 2018, the Runoffs will go back west to Sonoma Raceway. In 2019, the race will be held at Virginia International Raceway a track where the race has never been held, it was announced on June 15, 2018 that the Runoffs would go back to Road America in the year 2020. The current SCCA record holder is Jerry Hansen, with twenty-seven national championships; the eight classes of the formula group are Formula Atlantic, Formula 1000, Formula SCCA, Formula Continental, Formula Mazda, Formula F, Formula 500 and Formula Vee The autocross program is branded as "Solo". Up to four cars at a time run on a course laid out with traffic cones on a large paved surface, such as a parking lot or airport runway, without interfering with one another. Competitions are held at the regional and national levels; each division crowns a divisional champion in each class, determined at a single event. A national champion in each class is determined at the national championship held in September. In 2009, Solo Nationals moved to the Lincoln Airpark in Nebraska.
Individual national-level events called "Championship Tours" and "Match Tours" are held throughout the racing season. The SCCA holds national-level events in an alternate format called "ProSolo". In ProSolo, two cars compete at the same time on mirror-image courses with drag racing-style starts, complete with reaction and 60-foot times. Class winners and other qualifiers compete in a handicapped elimination round called the "Challenge". Points are awarded in both class and Challenge competition, an annual champion is crowned each September at
Motorsport or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which involve the use of motorised vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing, includes off-road racing such as motocross. Four- wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile; the Union Internationale Motonautique governs powerboat racing while the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale governs air sports. In 1894, a French newspaper organised a race from Paris to Rouen and back, starting city to city racing. In 1900, the Gordon Bennett Cup was established. Closed circuit racing arose. Brooklands was the first dedicated motor racing track in the United Kingdom. Following World War I, European countries organised Grand Prix races over closed courses. In the United States, dirt track racing became popular.
After World War II, the Grand Prix circuit became more formally organised. In the United States, stock car racing and drag racing became established. Motorsports became divided by types of motor vehicles into racing events, their appropriate organisations. Motor racing is the subset of motorsport activities which involve competitors racing against each other; the Red Bull RB8, the 2012 Formula One World Championship winning car Formula racing is a set of classes of motor vehicles, with their wheels outside, not contained by, any bodywork of their vehicle. These have been globally classified as specific'Formula' series - the most common being Formula One, many others include the likes of Formula 3, Formula Ford, Formula Renault and Formula Palmer Audi. However, in North America, the IndyCar series is their pinnacle open-wheeled racing series. More new open-wheeled series have been created, originating in Europe, which omit the'Formula' moniker, such as GP2 and GP3. Former ` Formula' series include Formula Two.
Formula One is a class of single-seat and open-wheel grand prix closed course racing, governed by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, organized by the owned company Formula One Group. The formula regulations contain a strict set of rules which govern vehicle power and size. Formula E is a class of open-wheel auto racing; the series was conceived in 2012, the inaugural championship started in Beijing on 13 September 2014. The series is sanctioned by the FIA and races a spec chassis/battery combination with manufacturers allowed to develop their own electric power-trains; the series has gained significant traction in recent years. A series originated on June 1909 in Portland, Oregon at its first race. Shortly after, Indianapolis Motor Speedway opened in 1909 and held races that ranged from 50-200 miles, its premier race is the Indianapolis 500 which began on May 11th, 1911 and a tradition was born. Today, Indycar operates a full schedule with over 40 different drivers; the current schedule includes 14 tracks over the course of 17 races per season.
Josef Newgarden was crowned current champion of the Indycar Series at Sonoma Raceway on September 17th, 2017 in Sonoma, California. Enclosed wheel racing is a set of classes of vehicles, where the wheels are enclosed inside the bodywork of the vehicle, similar to a North American'stock car'. Sports car racing is a set of classes of vehicles, over a closed course track, including sports cars, specialised racing types; the premiere race is the 24 Hours of Le Mans which takes place annually in France during the month of June. Sports car racing rules and specifications differentiate in North America from established international sanctioning bodies. Stock car racing is a set of vehicles that race over a speedway track, organized by NASCAR. While once stock cars, the vehicles are now purpose built, but resemble the body design and shape of production cars. Bootleggers throughout the Carolinas are credited for the origins of NASCAR due to the resistance during the prohibition. Many of the vehicles were modified to increase top speed and handling, to provide the bootleggers with an advantage toward the vehicles local law enforcement would use in the area.
An important part to the modifications of stock cars, was to increase the performance of the vehicle while maintaining the same exterior look giving it the name Stock car racing. Many legends in NASCAR originated as bootleggers in the Great Smoky Mountains of North Carolina like Junior Johnson. Organized oval racing began on Daytona Beach in Florida as a hobby but gained interest from all over the country; as oval racing became larger and larger, a group gathered in hopes to form a sanctioning body for the sport. NASCAR was organized in 1947. Daytona Beach and Road Course was founded where land speed records were set on the beach, including part of A1A; the highlight of the stock car calendar is the season-opening Daytona 500 nicknamed'The Great American Race', held at Daytona International Speedway in Daytona Beach, Florida. NASCAR has now held over 2,500 sanctioned events over the course of 70 seasons. Richard Petty is known as the king of NASCAR with over 200 recorded wins in the series and has competed in 1,184 races in his career.
Touring car racing is a set of vehicles, modified street cars, that race over closed purpose built race tracks and street courses. Off-Road Racing is a group
World War II
World War II known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries; the major participants threw their entire economic and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China, it included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, the only use of nuclear weapons in war. Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937, though neither side had declared war on the other. World War II is said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and the United Kingdom.
From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Finland and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history; this Eastern Front trapped most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States as well as European colonies in the Pacific. Following an immediate U. S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers declared war on the U.
S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories; the Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in Central China, South China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands; the war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945.
Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional atomic bombings, the Soviet entry into the war against Japan and its invasion of Manchuria, Japan announced its intention to surrender on 15 August 1945, cementing total victory in Asia for the Allies. Tribunals were set up by fiat by the Allies and war crimes trials were conducted in the wake of the war both against the Germans and the Japanese. World War II changed the political social structure of the globe; the United Nations was established to foster international co-operation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the nearly half-century long Cold War. In the wake of European devastation, the influence of its great powers waned, triggering the decolonisation of Africa and Asia.
Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved towards economic expansion. Political integration in Europe, emerged as an effort to end pre-war enmities and create a common identity; the start of the war in Europe is held to be 1 September 1939, beginning with the German invasion of Poland. The dates for the beginning of war in the Pacific include the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War on 7 July 1937, or the Japanese invasion of Manchuria on 19 September 1931. Others follow the British historian A. J. P. Taylor, who held that the Sino-Japanese War and war in Europe and its colonies occurred and the two wars merged in 1941; this article uses the conventional dating. Other starting dates sometimes used for World War II include the Italian invasion of Abyssinia on 3 October 1935; the British historian Antony Beevor views the beginning of World War II as the Battles of Khalkhin Gol fought between Japan and the fo
Ferrari 166 S
See the 166 Inter GT carThe Ferrari 166 S was an evolution of Ferrari's 125 S sports race car that became a sports car for the street in the form of the 166 Inter. Only 39 Ferrari 166 S were produced, soon followed by the production of the 166 Mille Miglia, made in much larger numbers from 1949 to 1952; the 166 MM was an updated 166 S and went on to score many of Ferrari’s early international victories, making the manufacturer a serious competitor in the racing industry. The 166 shared its Aurelio Lampredi-designed tube frame and double wishbone/live axle suspension with the 125. Like the 125, the wheelbase was 2420 mm long. 39 examples were produced from its introduction at the Turin Motor Show in 1948 to its retirement in 1950, when it was replaced by the 2.3 L 195 S. The first 166 Inter was designed by Carlo Anderloni. 166 S competition models were coachbuilt by Carrozzeria Allemano. The 1.5 L Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine of the 125 was changed, with single overhead camshafts specified and a larger 2.0 L displacement.
This was achieved to 60 by 58.8 mm respectively. Output was 110 to 140 hp at 6,000 rpm with one to three carburettors. Motor Trend Classic named the 166 MM Barchetta as number six in their list of the ten "Greatest Ferraris of all time". Nine 166 Spider Corsas and three 166 Sports were built; the oldest Ferrari car with an undisputed pedigree still in existence is VIN#002C, a Model 166 Spider Corsa, a 159 and is owned and driven by James Glickenhaus. #0052M, a 1950 166 MM Touring Barchetta was uncovered in a barn and was shown in public for the first time since 1959 in the August 2006 issue of Cavallino magazine. Ferrari 166 racing cars won Mille Miglia in both 1948 and 1949, driven by Clemente Biondetti and Giuseppe Navone the first year and Biondetti and Ettore Salani the next. In 1949 the 166 won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the hands of Luigi Chinetti and Lord Selsdon, the Targa Florio, with Clemente Biondetti and Igor Troubetzkoy, making it the only car to win all three races; the same year, another 166 won the 1949 Spa 24 Hours.
A 166 chassis, this time with the bigger 195 engine, won the Mille Miglia again in 1950 with drivers Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara. Ascerbi, Leonardo. Ferrari: A Complete Guide to All Models. Motorbooks. ISBN 0-7603-2550-2. Buckley, Martin. World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7
Collier County, Florida
Collier County is a county in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 321,520, its county seat is East Naples, where the county offices were moved from Everglades City in 1962. Collier County comprises the Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL Combined Statistical Area. Collier County was created in 1923 from Lee County, it was named for Barron Collier, a New York City advertising mogul and real estate developer who had moved to Southwest Florida and established himself as a prominent landowner. He agreed to build the Tamiami Trail for what was Lee County in exchange for favorable consideration with the state legislature to have a county named for him. After Collier County was named, Collier was quoted as saying: "When I first came here on holiday with Juliet, I never expected that I would buy a whole region of it, nor did I expect to pay for the new Tamiami Trail, or half the things I've done.
But I didn't expect to have a whole county named after me." According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,305 square miles, of which 1,998 square miles is land and 307 square miles is water, it is the largest county in fourth-largest by total area. The entire southeastern portion of the county lies within the Big Cypress National Preserve; the northernmost portion of Everglades National Park extends into the southern coastal part of the county. Collier County is located at the southern end of Florida's Gulf Coast, bounded by: Hendry County - north Broward County - east Miami-Dade County - southeast Monroe County - south Lee County - northwest Big Cypress National Preserve Everglades National Park Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge Everglades Airpark Immokalee Airport Marco Island Airport Naples Municipal Airport Dade-Collier Training and Transition Airport Interstate 75 U. S. Route 41 State Road 29 State Road 84 State Road 951 As of the census of 2000, there were 251,377 people, 102,973 households, 71,257 families residing in the county.
The population density was 124 people per square mile. There were 144,536 housing units at an average density of 71 per square mile; as of 2000, 86.06% of the population was White, 4.54% was Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.19% from other races, 2.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino individuals accounted for 19.61%. Languages spoken: 75.3% spoke English, 17.8% Spanish, 2.3% French Creole and 1.2% German as their first language. In 2000 there were 102,973 households out of which 22.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.79. The county's population distribution by age was spread out but older than the U. S. as a whole, with 19.90% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 24.50% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 44.1 years. For every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,289, the median income for a family was $54,816. Males had a median income of $32,639 versus $26,371 for females; the per capita income for the county was $31,195. About 6.60% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 4.30% of those age 65 or over. The county continues to experience significant growth and is becoming diverse; as of the 2010 census, the county's population had increased to 321,520, an increase of 27.9% over the 2000 census. As of 2012, the United States Census estimates the county's population at 332,427, an increase of 3.4% since the 2010 census. As of the 2010 census, 83.85% of the population was non-Hispanic whites, 25.9% was Latino or Hispanic, 6.6% was African-American and 1.1% was Asian. As of the 2010 census, the greatest source of population growth in the county since the 2000 census came from the Latino or Hispanic population which grew from 49,296 to 83,177.
In terms of ancestry, 37.9% were English, 9.9% were Irish, 9.1% were "American", 3.2% were Italian and 3.1% were German. The county's public schools are operated by the District School Board of Collier County; the Collier County Public Library system consists of ten locations servicing the entire county. All locations offer public internet stations, photocopying, free Wi-Fi, 24/7 dropboxes for book and video returns. According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans compose a majority of registered voters in Collier County, it is one of the handful of counties where independents outnumber Democrats among registrants. The county is part of a long-established Republican stronghold in southwestern coastal Florida: the last Democrat to win the county being Adlai Stevenson II in 1952. All voter information is as of June 22, 2018 and provided by Collier County Supervisor of Elections Office: Everglades City Marco Island Naples Ave Maria East Naples North Naples Ochopee Collier is located in the center of Florida's invasive snake epidemic.
A three-month effort at the beginning of 2016 netted over one ton of captured snakes, including
Briggs Swift Cunningham II was an American entrepreneur and sportsman, who raced automobiles and yachts. Born into a wealthy family, he became a racing car constructor and team owner as well as a sports car manufacturer and automobile collector, he skippered the first victorious 12-metre yacht Columbia in the 1958 America's Cup race, invented the cunningham downhaul to increase the speed of racing sailboats. He was featured on the April 26, 1954 cover of Time magazine, with three of his Cunningham racing cars; the caption reads: Road Racer Briggs Cunningham: Horsepower, Sportsmanship. He became an early member of the Road Racing Drivers Club, an invitation-only club formed to honor notable road racing drivers; the October 2003 Road & Track magazine article, "Briggs Swift Cunningham—A Life Well Spent", states that "by building and sailing his own ships, building and racing his own cars, Briggs Cunningham epitomized the definition of the American sportsman." He was inducted into the America's Cup Hall of Fame in 1993, the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1997, named to the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2003.
Cunningham died in Las Vegas, of complications from Alzheimer's disease, at the age of 96. In 1931 Cunningham was a crew member on the Dorade. In 1958 he skippered the first victorious 12-metre yacht Columbia in the first post war America's Cup race, he invented the eponymous Cunningham used to control a sailboat's luff tension and improve sail shape. Introduced to motorsports as a youngster when his uncle took him to road races just after the first world war, Cunningham began international racing in 1930 with his Yale College friends Miles and Samuel Collier, who in 1933 founded the Automobile Racing Club of America, he continued in competition for 36 years. By 1940 he was building sports cars for others to race, his first race as a driver was with his Bu-Merc, a modified Buick chassis with Buick engine and Mercedes-Benz SSK body, at Watkins Glen shortly after World War Two. Some of his other hybrids involved Cadillacs and Fords. Cunningham was one of the first to purchase a Ferrari Tipo 166 Corsa Spyder, raced along with other marques he constructed or owned.
In 1950 Briggs Cunningham entered two Cadillac cars for Le Mans, one a stock-appearing Cadillac Series 61 Coupé, the other a special-bodied sports car dubbed "Le Monstre." They finished 10th and 11th overall. On December 31, 1950 Cunningham participated in the 6-hour Sam Collier Memorial Race, the first automobile race held on the Sebring Airport race track, won by a Crosley HotShot. Cunningham finished 3rd in class and 17th overall in his Aston Martin DB2 Vantage LML/50/21, the first produced. 1955 was last year for the Cunningham marque of cars. The Internal Revenue Service rules of the time allowed such prototype low volume manufacturers 5 years to reach profitability before classifying the business as a non-deductible hobby. By 1956 Team Cunningham, which fielded other marques, was described as a dominant force in SCCA sports car racing — a distinction the team retained for the next decade; the team traveled in a caravan with tractor trailer vans that contained the automobiles and equipment, set up in the pits to serve every mechanical or personal need of the team.
This contrasted with the typical arrival into the pits of a single race car on a trailer, was described as "impressive" by driver Lake Underwood. The team's chief mechanic was Alfred Momo. Cunningham concentrated on competition automobiles. A few, adapted for street use, were personal vehicles. In 1952, Cunningham introduced the Continental C3 road car; this model established his bona fides as a car manufacturer with the race organisers at Le Mans and elsewhere, justifying his entries of prototype sports-racing cars. Production began in his West Palm Beach plant where his team of mechanics installed 331-cubic-inch Chrysler hemi V-8s in Cunningham C-2R racing chassis; these were shipped to Turin, Italy to be fitted with aluminum and steel bodies by coachbuilder Vignale, after which they were returned to the Florida plant for completion. There were 25 Continental C3s produced: five convertibles, they sold for $8,000 to $12,000. Notable owners included a member of the Du Pont family. In 2017, Jay Leno completed an extensive restoration on a C3.
All 25 cars still exist. Cunningham's announcement in 1951 of his intention to build an American contender for outright victory at the Le Mans race caused a stir on both continents, his team was a favorite with the Le Mans fans, the announcement demonstrated his commitment to fielding a winning team of American drivers and automobiles. One of the cars, the Chrysler-powered Cunningham C2-R built by The B. S. Cunningham Company of West Palm Beach and driven by Phil Walters and John Fitch, finished 18th out of 60 starters; the other, driven by George Rand and Fred Wacker Jr. failed to finish. In 1952, the C4-R of Briggs Cunningham and Bill Spear finished fourth overall at Le Mans. A C4-R won the 1953 Sebring 12 Hours. At Le Mans and Fitch finished first in class and third overall with a C5-R, the two other Team Cunningham cars finished seventh and tenth, they returned to take third and fifth place in 1954. These years were to be the high point of achievement for Cunningham-built cars at Le Mans. With victory unattained, the effort was described as a "gallant failure" by American journalist Ozzie Lyons.
In 1954, a C4-R driven by Briggs Cunningham and Sherwood Johnston finished sixth in the Reims 12 Hour sports car race, behin