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Kara-Tur

Kara-Tur is a fantasy world created by David Cook which first appeared in the Oriental Adventures rulebook for the first edition of the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game in 1986. Kara-Tur's cultures and peoples are fantasy analogues of medieval China, Japan, the Ryukyu Islands and other regions of East Asia. In 1987, Kara-Tur was placed on the same fictional world as the Forgotten Realms campaign setting; the fantasy setting known as Kara-Tur was described in the original 1985 Oriental Adventures book. A reviewer for White Dwarf called the long background section of Kara-Tur in the book, a "bonus". Kara-Tur is described in the "Province Book" from the 1986 Swords of the Daimyo module; the 1987 Forgotten Realms Campaign Set left the eastern half of its continent reserved for the future publication of Kara-Tur. According to Jim Bambra, "While drawing on Japan for inspiration contains elements of medieval China and Korea."Originally intended as a western part of the continent of Oerik, the first description of Kara-Tur, in the Oriental Adventures rulebook, made no attempt to link it with another D&D game-world.

The first map of Kara-Tur appeared in the adventure module OA1: Swords of the Daimyo, where the setting was still world-neutral. In 1987, when TSR published the first Forgotten Realms boxed set, Kara-Tur was described as the easternmost end of the continent of Faerûn. In 1988, TSR released a boxed set, Kara-Tur: The Eastern Realms, describing the region in greater detail, with two 96-page books and maps. In 1989 a printing of Trail Maps for Kara-Tur appeared. In 1990 the maps were again included in The Forgotten Realms Atlas; that year TSR converted the monsters of Kara-Tur to second edition Advanced Dungeons & Dragons rules as part of the Monstrous Compendium series. After 1990, TSR ceased publishing new material related to Kara-Tur; the setting was, however referred to by other TSR products such as Spelljammer and Ravenloft. After the release of Third Edition Dungeons & Dragons, Wizards of the Coast published a new version of Oriental Adventures; the default world of this new rulebook was the setting for AEG's Legend of the Five Rings.

The setting of Kara-Tur still exists on Abeir-Toril and is mentioned in Forgotten Realms supplements. Characters and artifacts from Kara-Tur sometimes show up in Faerûn, but beyond that there is little interaction between the continents. In 2005, AEG dropped the D20 version of Legend of the Five Rings; the 2015 release of Sword Coast Adventurer's Guide, a supplement, introduced Kara-Tur to the fifth edition of Dungeons & Dragons. There is a brief description of the land along with references throughout the book to its culture and how certain classes or backgrounds might fit in there. Ten distinct nations and regions described in the set include: Shou Lung: Imperial China T'u Lung: Historical dissident states based in South China during eras of political disunity Wa: Feudal Japan Kozakura: Japan/Ryukyu Islands Northern Wastes: Historical non-Sinic tribal societies of Manchuria or Northeast China Tabot: Tibet Koryo: Korea The Island Kingdoms: Pre-colonial Hindu-influenced civilizations of Indonesia and the Philippines.

The Plain of Horses: Historical Mongolia. This region is the Kara-Tur portion of the Hordelands known as the Endless Wastes; the Jungle Lands of Malatra: Pre-colonial civilizations of Indochina as well as the hill tribes inspired by their real-life Southeast Asian counterparts. The vast human empire of Shou Lung is undoubtedly the most powerful nation on the face of Abeir-Toril; the empire was started by a simple peasant known as Nung Fu, invested with the Emblems of Authority by the semi-legendary Nine Travelers. The Empire of Shou Lung has the longest history in Kara-Tur second only to the Empire of Wa, it has had six dynasties so far starting with Li Dynasty, Ho Dynasty, Hai Dynasty, Kao Dynasty, La Dynasty and the Kuo Dynasty. With an immense population, vast territory, a central government managed by an efficient and honest bureaucracy, the Shou could, with a great deal of effort, come to dominate the planet; that they do not is due to cultural rather than military or economic factors. The Shou have been expansionists in the past, but the current emperor finds more pleasure in knowledge and culture than military conquest.

This tendency has been reinforced by the recent Tuigan Horde invasion of 1359–1360 D. R. which devastated many of the northwestern provinces, decimated the armed forces, left the upper ranks of the Mandarinate in a leaderless shambles. During this time, large numbers of Shou refugees fled westwards across the Golden Way trade route to the Unapproachable East in Faerûn and settled in the Thesk region; the nation is thus still recovering from the upheavals. So, while this nation controls the largest military spelljammer fleet in Realmspace, those vessels are employed in a defensive role, rooting out pirates and acting as a counter to the spelljammer fleets of Wa and the Elven Imperial Fleet; the official head of the government is the Celestial Emperor, but in practice everyday affairs of state are handled by the Chancellor, who executes the Emperor's decrees, oversees the bureaucracy and controls the information that reaches the emperor's ears. The current Emperor is Kai Tsao Shou Chin; the Wu Jens are the Emperor's official court wizards, who advises the Emperor's policies with divinations and

Schauren

Schauren is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde Herrstein-Rhaunen; the municipality lies in the Hunsrück at the edge of the Idar Forest. The municipal area is 64.4% wooded. Schauren borders in the north on the municipality of Hellertshausen, in the northeast on the municipality of Asbach, in the southeast on the municipality of Kempfeld, in the southwest on the municipality of Bruchweiler and in the northwest on the municipality of Morbach which, unlike all the others, is not in the Birkenfeld district, but rather in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district. Belonging to Schauren are the outlying homesteads of Aschiedermühle and Schaurenermühle. In 1275, Schauren had its first documentary mention. In 1279, it was called Schuren. So, Schauren existed long before its first documentary mention; as with most villages on the slopes of the Idar Forest, several prehistoric graves unearthed within Schauren's limits bear witness to early settlers here as far back as the early Celtic Iron Age.

In 1351, the village was held by the Waldgraves of Kyrburg. By 1515, Schauren was still obliged to pay other levies to the Waldgraves and Rhinegraves. In 1816, in the wake of Napoleon’s downfall and the Congress of Vienna, French rule ended and Schauren found itself in the Kingdom of Prussia. Schauren has its industrial history; the village fields’ meagre yields spurred many men to find other work when industrialization began to make itself felt. There were ironworks of “Hammerbirkenfeld” and Asbach. There was slate mining; the Aschiedermühle, now an outlying homestead, was an actual mill at one time and contributed to the local economy. The council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the honorary mayor as chairwoman. Schauren's mayor is Susanne Müller; the German blazon reads: In schräg geteiltem Schild vorne in Schwarz ein goldenes Gefäß, hinten in Gold ein blaubewehrter und -gezungter Löwe. The municipality's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per bend sable a vase Or and Or a lion rampant gules armed and langued azure.

The German blazon does not mention the lion's tincture, but going by the image used in this article, it is gules. The charge on the dexter side, the vase, recalls an important archaeological find in Schauren, a 38.5 cm-tall vessel unearthed at a grave from late La Tène times. The lion on the sinister side is a reference to the village's former allegiance to the Waldgraviate-Rhinegraviate; the following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments: Evangelical parish church, Hauptstraße 21 – aisleless church with ridge turret, 1767. South of the village runs Bundesstraße 422, to the north runs Bundesstraße 327, known as the Hunsrückhöhenstraße; the nearest railway stations are in Idar-Oberstein. Idar-Oberstein's station, as a Regional-Express and Regionalbahn stop, is linked by way of the Nahe Valley Railway to the Saarland and the Frankfurt Rhine Main Region; the Rhein-Nahe-Express running the Mainz-Saarbrücken route serves the station hourly. Every other one of these trains goes through to the main railway station in Frankfurt with a stop at Frankfurt Airport.

Fast trains on the Frankfurt-Paris route had a stop at Idar-Oberstein. Kirn station, too, is on the Nahe Valley Railway. Furthermore, Frankfurt-Hahn Airport lies 23 km to the north. Of Schauren's once many gemstone businesses, only a few have survived the current far-reaching shift in economic structure that this craft has been undergoing. Schauren in the collective municipality’s webpages