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Sammy Sosa

Samuel Kelvin Peralta Sosa is a Dominican American former professional baseball right fielder who played in Major League Baseball for 19 seasons with the Chicago Cubs. After playing for the Texas Rangers and Chicago White Sox, Sosa joined the Cubs in 1992 and became regarded as one of the game's best hitters. Sosa hit his 400th home run in his 1,354th game and his 5,273rd at-bat, reaching this milestone quicker than any player in National League history, he is one of nine players in MLB history to hit 600 career home runs. In 1998, Sosa and Mark McGwire achieved national fame for their home run-hitting prowess in pursuit of Roger Maris' home run record. With the Cubs, Sosa became a 7-time All-Star while holding numerous team records, he finished his career with stints with the Baltimore Orioles and the Rangers for a second time. With the Rangers, Sosa hit his 600th career home run to become the fifth player in MLB history to reach the milestone. Sosa is second all-time in home runs among foreign-born MLB players and is one of only three National League players since 1900 to reach 160 RBIs in a season.

He is the only player to have hit 60 or more home runs in a single season three times. In a 2005 congressional hearing, Sosa—through his attorney—denied having used performance-enhancing drugs during his playing career. Sosa was born in the Dominican Republic. Though born in a Batey community in Consuelo, his registered birthplace is San Pedro de Macorís, "the largest town nearby". Sosa is known to family and friends as "Mikey", his maternal grandmother, who had suggested his birth name of Samuel came up with his nickname: " heard the name on a soap opera she liked and decided from that moment on he would be Mikey." He is of Haitian descent. Sosa made his major league debut on June 16, 1989, with the Texas Rangers, wearing #17 and leading off as the starting left fielder, he hit his first career home run off Roger Clemens. On July 29, 1989, the Rangers traded Sosa with Wilson Álvarez and Scott Fletcher to the Chicago White Sox for Harold Baines and Fred Manrique. In 1990, Sosa batted.233 with 15 home runs, 70 runs batted in, 10 triples, 32 stolen bases.

He struck out 150 times, fourth most in the American League. Sosa started the 1991 season by driving in 5 runs. However, he would slump for the rest of the year and ended up batting.203 with 10 home runs and 33 runs batted in. The White Sox traded Sosa and Ken Patterson to the Chicago Cubs for outfielder George Bell before the 1992 season. Sosa batted.260 with 25 RBIs in his first season with the Cubs. Although not spectacular numbers, it showed. In 1993, Sosa batted.261 with 33 home runs with 93 RBIs. He showed his speed by stealing 38 bases, he became the Cubs' first 30-30 player in their history. Sosa continued to hit for power and speed in 1994 but he improved his batting average, he ended up batting.300 with 25 home runs, 70 RBIs, 22 stolen bases. Sosa was named to his first All-Star team in 1995. In 144 games, he batted.268 with 119 RBIs. Sosa continued his success with the Cubs in 1996 as he batted.273 with 100 RBIs. However, the next year, Sosa struggled. Despite hitting 36 home runs with 119 RBIs, Sosa batted just.251.

He struggled to get on base and led the league in strikeouts with 174. After years as a respected power/speed threat with a rocket arm in right field, he emerged during the 1998 season as one of baseball's greatest, it was in this season that both Sosa and Mark McGwire were involved in the "home run record chase", when both players' prowess for hitting home runs drew national attention as they attempted to pass Roger Maris' single season home run mark of 61 home runs that had stood since 1961. For the early months of the year, Sosa trailed McGwire being as many as 16 homers behind at one point in May, but as the chase progressed, Sosa would rally and tie McGwire with 46 home runs each on August 10, after a couple months of straggling within a few homers for the lead. However, the moment was short lived as McGwire would pull away and reach 62 home runs to break the record first on September 8, but once again Sosa would excitingly heat up the race by tying McGwire once again at 62 on September 13.

Eleven days with two games left to play in the season, the two were tied at 66 home runs each. Sosa would end the season with 66 after playing both games without a home run, just behind McGwire's 70 after hitting two home runs in each of the last two games. However, Sammy had become the first Major League batter to hit 66 home runs in a season, it was during that season, that Cubs announcer Chip Caray nicknamed him "Slammin' Sammy", a nickname that spread. In addition, Sammy produced career highs in batting average and slugging percentage, at.308 and.647 respectively. Sosa led the league in RBIs and runs scored. In 1998, Sosa's 416 total bases were the most in a single season since Stan Musial's 429 in 1948. Sosa's performance in the month of June, during which Sosa belted 20 home runs, knocked in 47 runs, posted an.842 slugging percentage, was one of the greatest offensive outbursts in major league history. Sosa won the National League Most Valuable Player Award for leading the Cubs into the playoffs in 1998, earning every first-place vote except for the two cast by St. Louis writers, who voted for McGwire.

He and McGwire shared Sports Illustrated magazine's 1998 "Sportsman of the Year" award. Sosa was honored with a ticker-tape parade in his honor in New York City, he was invited to be a guest at US President Bill Clinton's 1999 State of the Union Address. 1998 was the

Gmina Solec-Zdrój

Gmina Solec-Zdrój is a rural gmina in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland. Its seat is the village of Solec-Zdrój, which lies 17 kilometres south-east of Busko-Zdrój and 61 km south of the regional capital Kielce; the gmina covers an area of 84.9 square kilometres, as of 2006 its total population is 4,987. The gmina contains part of the protected area called Szaniec Landscape Park. Gmina Solec-Zdrój contains the villages and settlements of Chinków, Kików, Ludwinów, Magierów, Piasek Mały, Solec-Zdrój, Strażnik, Sułkowice, Świniary, Wełnin, Włosnowice, Zagaje Kikowskie, Zagajów, Zagajów-Kolonia, Zagórzany, Zborów, Zielonki and Żuków. Gmina Solec-Zdrój is bordered by the gminas of Busko-Zdrój, Nowy Pacanów and Stopnica. Polish official population figures 2006

Aquaporin 1

Aquaporin 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the AQP1 gene. AQP1 is a expressed water channel, whose physiological function has been most characterized in the kidney, it is found in the basolateral and apical plasma membranes of the proximal tubules, the descending limb of the loop of Henle, in the descending portion of the vasa recta. Additionally, it is found in red blood cells, vascular endothelium, the gastrointestinal tract, sweat glands, lungs, it is not regulated by vasopressin. Aquaporins are a family of small integral membrane proteins related to the major intrinsic protein; this gene encodes an aquaporin which functions as a molecular water channel protein as a non-selective cation channel. It is a homotetramer with 6 bilayer spanning N-glycosylation sites; the protein physically is abundant in erythrocytes and renal tubes. The gene encoding this aquaporin is a possible candidate for disorders involving imbalance in ocular fluid movement. Aquaporin Colton antigen system Aquaporin+1 at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings Gallery of Aquaporin Simulations Human AQP1 genome location and AQP1 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser.

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain

Lev Bulat

'Lev Petrovich Bulat, a Russian physicist, was born on April 11, 1947, Ukraine. He died on June 12, 2016, age 69, less than two weeks after attending an international conference. In 1988 he received a D. Sc in Physics and Mathematics, from Leningrad Polytechnical Institute, with the thesis: "Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors under Large Temperature Gradients". Expert in transport properties of semiconductors, physics of nanostructures, thermoelectric phenomena, direct energy conversion, thermoelectric cooling. Professor of electrical and electronic engineering in Saint Petersburg State University of Low Temperatures and Food Engineering, Russia. 2009. A diploma of the International Thermoelectric Academy, Ukraine 2009. A grant of EERSS Program. Singapore. 2008. A grant of the Russian Federal Agency on Sciences and Innovation 2007. A grant of EERSS Program. Singapore. 2006. The Certificate of Honor, the Ministry of Education and Sciences, Russian Federation. 1996 - 2009. Eleven grants of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research.

2005. A grant of SSHN. 2004, 2007. Two grants of CONACYT. 2003–2004. A grant of the Ministry of Education, Russian Federation. 1997? A grant of KOSEF 1997. A grant of the McArthour Foundation. 1997–2000. A holder of a personal grant of the Russian Academy of Science as an outstanding scientist. 1997. Two grants of the Material Research Society. 1993–1994. Three grants of the International Science Foundation, USA. SOCIETIES AND ORGANIZATIONS 2004; the Board of the International Thermoelectric Academy 2003. The Board of the International Academy of Refrigeration 2002. Active Member of the International Thermoelectric Academy 1999. Honorary Member of the International Biographical Center's Advisory Council, England. Http:// 1998. A member of the Euroscience Society. Https:// 1997. A member of the Branch on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion of the Science Council for the Problem "Direct Energy Conversion", the Russian Academy of Sciences.

1997. Active Member of the International Academy of Refrigeration. Http:// 1996. Head of the Section for Alternative Methods of Refrigeration of the International Academy of Refrigeration. Https:// 1996. The Board of the Russian Thermoelectric Society. 1991. The Materials Research Society, USA. Http:// 1990. The International Thermoelectric Society. Http:// 1989. The Branch on Thermoelectric Materials Research of the Science Council on the Problem "Solid State Physics", the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. 1982. The Branch on Thermoelectric and Photoelectric Energy Conversion of the Science Council on the Problem "Methods of Direct Energy Conversion", the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. L. Bulat is the author of 200 scientific papers and 5 patents. 1. Bulat L. P. Yang Y. S. Thermoelectric Energy Conversion with Application to Solar Energy. Seoul, Jungin I&D Co. Ltd, Korea, 2006, 80 p. 2. Afanasyeva N. A. Bulat L.

P. Electrical and electronic engineering. St. Petersburg State University of Refrigeration and Food Engineering: 2006, St. Petersburg, Russia, 185 p. 3. Timofeevskiy L. S. Bulat L. P. et al. Heat and design calculation of refrigeration machines, heat pumps and heat-transformers. Part 1. Calculation of cycles and thermal properties of working substances. SPbUR&FE: 2006, St. Petersburg Russia, 456 p. 4. Thermoelectric Refrigeration. Bulat L. P. Vedernikov M. V. Vyalov A. P. et al. Ed. by L. P. Bulat. St. Petersburg State University of Refrigeration and Food Engineering: 2002, St. Petersburg, Russia, 147 p. 5. Bulat L. P. Buzin E. V. Thermoelectric cooling systems. St. Petersburg State University of Refrigeration and Food Engineering: 2001, St. Petersburg, Russia, 42 p. 6. Anatychuk L. I. and Bulat L. P. Semiconductors under extreme temperature conditions. “Nauka”, St. Petersburg, 2001, Russia, 224 p. 7. Bulat L. P. Transport Phenomena in Semiconductors under Large Temperature Gradients. LPI, Leningrad, 1987, 300 p. 8. Bulat L.

P. and Tomchuk P. M. Solution of kinetic equation under condition of strong heterogeneity. Kiev, Institute of Physics, 1987. 9. Bulat L. P. Demchishin E. I. Snarsky A. A. and Tomchuk P. M. Non-linear effective kinetic coefficients in heterogeneous media. Kiev, Institute of Physics, 1984. Bulat L. P. et al. The Bearing Unit // Patent # SU 1765567. Priority from 08.02.89. Published 30.09.92. USSR. Anatychuk L. I. Bulat L. P. and Jatsjuk V. G. Thermoelement // Patent # SU 1630577. Priority from 20.01.88. USSR. Bulat L. P. and Gutsal D. D; the Linear Motor // Patent # SU 1394348. Priority from 23.07.85. Published 07.05.88. USSR. Bulat L. P. and Demchishin E. I; the Method of Generating Transverse Thermoelectric Power in Single Crystals of High Symmetry // Patent # SU 1484215. Priority from 12.01.87. USSR. Bulat L. P. and Gutsal D. D; the Heat Flux Sensor // Patent # SU 1545103. Priority from 10.11.87. Published 23.02.90. USSR

Afghanistan–Pakistan skirmishes

Since 1949, a series of occasional armed skirmishes and firefights have occurred along the Durand Line between the Afghan National Security Forces and the Pakistan Armed Forces. The latest hostilities, which are ongoing, began with the overthrow of the Taliban government; the Diplomat claims that the presence of terrorists belonging to Tehrik-i-Taliban on Afghan soil is the reason for sporadic shelling of Afghan territory by Pakistan security forces. Tehrik-i-Taliban militants use Afghan soil to stage attacks against Pakistani security forces. In February 2019, Afghan officials wrote to United Nation Security Council regarding consistent violation of Afghan territory by Pakistani security forces. Afghan officials claim that from 2012 to 2017, 82 Afghan people have been killed and 183 were injured as result of Pakistani security forces attacks. However, it is important to note that, Afghan locals often clash with Pakistan security forces alongside the Afghan security forces, the reason for high Afghan civilian casualties.

Hostilities existed between Afghanistan and the newly independent Pakistan since 1947, when Afghanistan became the only country to vote against the admission of Pakistan to the United Nations. Afghanistan advocated the independence of Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to form Pashtunistan, although the region's predominant Pashtun population had voted overwhelmingly in favor of Pakistan in the referendum held in July 1947. 99.02% votes were cast in favor of Pakistan. Afghan nationalists pressed for an independent state to be called Pashtunistan but the idea became unpopular; the Balochistan province of Pakistan was included in the Greater Pastunistan definition to gain access to the Arabian sea in case Pakistan failed as a state, as Afghanistan had expected. The International border between the British Raj and Afghanistan was established after the 1893 Durand Line Agreement between British Mortimer Durand of the British Empire and Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan for fixing the limit of their respective spheres of influence.

The single-page agreement, which contains seven short articles, was signed by Durand and Khan, agreeing not to exercise political interference beyond the frontier line between Afghanistan and what was the British Indian Empire. The Durand Line was reaffirmed as the International Border between Afghanistan and British Raj in the 1919 Anglo-Afghan War after the Afghan tactical defeat; the Afghans undertook to stop interference on the British side of the line in the subsequent Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 in Rawalpindi. Pakistan inherited the Durand Line agreement after its independence in 1947, but the Afghan Government has always refused to accept the Durand Line Agreement. Afghanistan has several times tried to seize Pakistan's western provinces of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa; the Afghan Prime Minister, Muhammad Hashim, said "if an independent Pashtunistan cannot be set up, the frontier province should join Afghanistan. Our neighbor Pakistan will realize that our country, with its population and trade, needs an outlet to the sea, essential", in an interview with the Statesman.

In 1949, Pakistan Air Force bombed the Afghan sponsored militant camps in border areas including an Afghan village to curb an unrest led by Ipi Faqir propagating independent Pashtunistan. Border clashes were reported in 1949–50 for the first time. On 30 September 1950, Pakistan claimed that Afghan troops and tribesmen had crossed into Pakistan's Balochistan, but the low-scale invasion was repelled after six days of fighting; the Afghan government denied its involvement and claimed that they were pro-Pashtunistan Pashtun tribesmen. Tensions soared with the Pakistani One Unit program, both countries withdrew ambassadors and diplomatic staff in 1955; the Pakistani Embassy in Kabul and consulates in Kandhar and Jalalabad were attacked by mobs. In 1960, major skirmishes broke with the Afghan Forces massing out on the Afghan side of the border with tanks; these skirmishes saw the Pakistan Air Force bombarding Afghan forces. This bombardment led to a brief hiatus in the skirmishes. On 6 September 1961, Kabul formally severed diplomatic relations with Pakistan.

In 1950 the House of Commons of the United Kingdom held its view on the Afghan-Pakistan dispute over the Durand Line by stating:His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom has seen with regret the disagreements between the Governments of Pakistan and Afghanistan about the status of the territories on the North West Frontier. It is His Majesty's Government's view that Pakistan is in international law the inheritor of the rights and duties of the old Government of India and of his Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom in these territories and that the Durand Line is the international frontier. At the 1956 SEATO Ministerial Council Meeting held at Karachi, capital of Pakistan at the time, it was stated:The members of the Council declared that their governments recognised that the sovereignty of Pakistan extends up to the Durand Line, the international boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan, it was affirmed that the Treaty area referred to in Articles IV and VIII of the Treaty includes the area up to that Line.

The Afghan government, having secured a treaty in December 1978 that allowed them to call on Soviet forces requested the introduction of troops in Afghanistan in the spring and summer of 1979. The 1979 Soviet–Afghan War forced millions of Afghans to take refuge inside Pakistan. Pakistani officials feared that the Soviet Union began some kind of military show down and that Pakistan or at least its Balochistan province was next on the Soviet agenda. During the early 1980s, multi-national mujahideen forces (consisting of about 100,000 fighters from fort

Rajadamnern Stadium

Rajadamnern Boxing Stadium spelled Ratchadamnoen, is a sporting arena in Bangkok, Thailand. Along with Lumpinee Boxing Stadium, Rajadamnern is one of the two main stadiums for modern muay Thai; the stadium has its own ranking championship titles up to middleweight. Muay thai contests are held on Mondays, Wednesdays and Sundays; the fights start around 18:30. Ticket prices range from 1,000 to 2,000 baht. In 1941, the Prime Minister of Thailand, Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram gave orders to build a national boxing stadium on Rajadamnern Avenue. Impresse Italiane All' Estero-Oriente won the construction rights, the 258,900 baht project foundation stone was laid on 1 March 1941. Due to the lack of construction supplies during the World War II, the project was halted until August 1945; when construction resumed, it took only four months to complete it. The first boxing match was held on 23 December 1945. Tickets were priced at between 300 baht. Pramote Puengsoonthorn became the first stadium manager and remained in the post until his retirement in 1947.

The original stadium was open-air. Six years in 1951 a concrete roof was added, making it weather-proof. After seven years of government ownership, the stadium was losing money, on 24 May 1953, Chalerm Cheosakul, the stadium manager at the time, asked permission from the Crown Property Bureau to run the stadium and founded the "Rajadamnern Co, Ltd." Rajadamnern Co. Ltd. operates it to this day, it has become one of the chief boxing stadiums of muay Thai in Thailand. Chuwattana Muay Thai & Boxing camp is the official promoter for Rajadamnern Stadium, licensed by the Thailand Boxing Commission. Gambling takes place at the second level; the betting is done by hand-signals, as in a stock exchange trading floor. Such signs are misunderstood by one side and additional fights may erupt outside the ring between gamblers; the security service at Rajadamnern Stadium is managed by armed military police. Foreigners occupy the expensive ringside seats, while gamblers and aficionados prefer the second or third ring of seats upstairs.

Sak Kaoponlek Kozo Takeda Toshio Fujiwara Kaoklai Kaennorsing Apidej Sit Hrun Saiyok Pumpanmuang Malaipet Yok Galaxy Kongnapa Watcharawit Michael Simpson Lakhin Wassandasit Jean-Charles Skarbowsky Tappaya Sit Or Official website Rajadamnern Stadium Rankings