Samuel Barclay Beckett was an Irish novelist, short story writer, theatre director and literary translator. A resident of Paris for most of his adult life, he wrote in both English. Beckett's work offers a bleak, tragi-comic outlook on human existence coupled with black comedy and gallows humour, became minimalist in his career, he is considered one of the last modernist writers, one of the key figures in what Martin Esslin called the "Theatre of the Absurd". Beckett was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his writing, which—in new forms for the novel and drama—in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation." He was elected Saoi of Aosdána in 1984. Samuel Beckett was born in Dublin on Good Friday, 13 April 1906, to William Frank Beckett, a quantity surveyor and descendant of the Huguenots, Maria Jones Roe, a nurse, when both were 35, they had married in 1901. Beckett had Frank Edward Beckett. At the age of five, Beckett attended a local playschool in Dublin, where he started to learn music, moved to Earlsfort House School in Dublin city centre near Harcourt Street.
The Becketts were members of the Anglican Church of Ireland. The family home, Cooldrinagh in the Dublin suburb of Foxrock, was a large house and garden complete with tennis court built in 1903 by Samuel's father, William; the house and garden, together with the surrounding countryside where he went walking with his father, the nearby Leopardstown Racecourse, the Foxrock railway station and Harcourt Street station at the city terminus of the line, all feature in his prose and plays. In 1919/1920, Beckett went to Portora Royal School in County Fermanagh, he left three years in 1923. A natural athlete, Beckett excelled at cricket as a left-handed batsman and a left-arm medium-pace bowler, he was to play for Dublin University and played two first-class games against Northamptonshire. As a result, he became the only Nobel literature laureate to have played first-class cricket. Beckett studied French and English at Trinity College Dublin from 1923 to 1927, he was elected a Scholar in Modern Languages in 1926.
Beckett graduated with a BA and, after teaching at Campbell College in Belfast, took up the post of lecteur d'anglais at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris from November 1928 to 1930. While there, he was introduced to renowned Irish author James Joyce by Thomas MacGreevy, a poet and close confidant of Beckett who worked there; this meeting had a profound effect on the young man. Beckett assisted Joyce in various ways, one of, research towards the book that became Finnegans Wake. In 1929, Beckett published his first work, a critical essay entitled "Dante... Bruno. Vico.. Joyce"; the essay defends Joyce's work and method, chiefly from allegations of wanton obscurity and dimness, was Beckett's contribution to Our Exagmination Round His Factification for Incamination of Work in Progress. Beckett's close relationship with Joyce and his family cooled, when he rejected the advances of Joyce's daughter Lucia owing to her progressing schizophrenia. Beckett's first short story, "Assumption", was published in Jolas's periodical transition.
The next year he won a small literary prize for his hastily composed poem "Whoroscope", which draws on a biography of René Descartes that Beckett happened to be reading when he was encouraged to submit. In 1930, Beckett returned to Trinity College as a lecturer. In November 1930, he presented a paper in French to the Modern Languages Society of Trinity on the Toulouse poet Jean du Chas, founder of a movement called le Concentrisme, it was a literary parody, for Beckett had in fact invented the poet and his movement that claimed to be "at odds with all, clear and distinct in Descartes". Beckett insisted that he had not intended to fool his audience; when Beckett resigned from Trinity at the end of 1931, his brief academic career was at an end. He commemorated it with the poem "Gnome", inspired by his reading of Johann Wolfgang Goethe's Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and published in The Dublin Magazine in 1934: Spend the years of learning squanderingCourage for the years of wanderingThrough a world politely turningFrom the loutishness of learning Beckett travelled throughout Europe.
He spent some time in London, where in 1931 he published Proust, his critical study of French author Marcel Proust. Two years following his father's death, he began two years' treatment with Tavistock Clinic psychoanalyst Dr. Wilfred Bion. Aspects of it became evident in Beckett's works, such as Watt and Waiting for Godot. In 1932, he wrote his first novel, Dream of Fair to Middling Women, but after many rejections from publishers decided to abandon it. Despite his inability to get it published, the novel served as a source for many of Beckett's early poems, as well as for his first full-length book, the 1933 short-story collection More Pricks Than Kicks. Beckett published essays and reviews, including "Recent Irish Poetry" and "Humanistic Quietism", a review of his friend Thomas MacGreevy's Poems, they focused on the work of MacGreevy, Brian Coffey, Denis Devlin and Blanaid Salkeld, despite their slender achievements at the time, comparing them favourably with their Celtic Revival contemporaries and invoking Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, an
Suraj is a 1966 swashbuckler Ruritanian romance Hindi film produced by S. Krishnamurthy and T. Govindarajan and directed by T. Prakash Rao; the film stars Vyjayanthimala and Rajendra Kumar in the lead with Ajit, Johnny Walker, Lalita Pawar, Neetu Singh, Gajanan Jagirdar, David Abraham Cheulkar, Mukri and Niranjan Sharma in the supporting roles. The film's music was composed by Shankar Jaikishan, with the lyrics penned by Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri. Vikram Singh is the Maharaja of Pratap Nagar and is impressed with his Senapati Sangram Singh for years of loyal service, he decides to make him a Maharaja and agrees to marry his daughter, with his son, Pratap. Years Vikram sends his now grown-up Anuradha to visit the coronation of Rajkumar Pratap Singh and approve of him as her husband, she sets off without any escort with just her maid-servant, for company. Shortly thereafter, Vikram is informed that Kalavati has been abducted by a bandit named Suraj Singh, he accordingly rushes over to Sangram's and this is where he discovers to his shock that Kalavati is posing as Anuradha, it is his daughter, abducted by Suraj.
When Suraj is arrested and lodged in a dungeon, preparations are set forth for the coronation of Pratap and his subsequently marriage with Anuradha. Vyjayanthimala as Princess Anuradha Singh Rajendra Kumar as Suraj Singh Ajit as Prince Pratap Singh Mumtaz as Kalavati Johnny Walker as Bhola Bharathi as Geeta Singh Lalita Pawar as Maharani Neetu Singh as Young Geeta Singh Gajanan Jagirdar as Ram Singh David Abraham Cheulkar as Maharaja Vikram Singh Agha as Kotwal Bhakti Charan / Bhagat Ram Mukri as Anokhe Mallika as Madhuri Niranjan Sharma as Maharaja Sangram Singh Moolchand as Musicians Head Keshavlal as Pratap Singh's Man The film's music was composed by Shankar Jaikishan in their one of the last successful albums; the lyrics were penned by Hasrat Jaipuri. The album featured the debut of singer Sharda with the chartbuster song "Titli Udi Ud Jo Chali", which became the song that she was most remembered for; the soundtrack was listed by Planet Bollywood as number 86 on their list of 100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks.
The song "Baharon Phool Barsao" topped the Binaca Geetmala annual list of 1966 charts. The song "Titli Udi Ud Jo Chali" was listed at No. 21. At the end of its theatrical run, the film grossed around ₹50,000,000 with a net of ₹25,000,000, thus becoming the second highest grossing film of 1966 with a verdict of super-hit at Box Office India. According to IBOS.com, the film had grossed at about 40.0 million and, adjusted to inflation, the gross is ₹ 5042.9 million. The film was one of the last box office hits of Rajendra Kumar, regarded as Bollywood's silver jubilee actor. Vyjayanthimala and Rajendra Kumar had worked in many successful films such as Aas Ka Panchhi and Zindagi. Suraj on IMDb
Horwich and Blackrod First Independents is a local political party to represent the views of the towns of Horwich and Blackrod in the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, Greater Manchester, England. The party, formed from two local community groups, received confirmation of its official party status from the Electoral Commission on 8 February 2019, it does not operate a whip. In the 2019 Bolton Council election, the party won two seats to Bolton Council, and following the 2019 town council elections, the party has eleven seats on Horwich Town Council. Horwich and Blackrod First Independents on Facebook