Samuel Johnson referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, literary critic, biographer and lexicographer. Religiously, he was a devout Anglican, politically a committed Tory; the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography describes Johnson as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is the subject of James Boswell's The Life of Samuel Johnson, described by Walter Jackson Bate as "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature". Born in Lichfield, Johnson attended Pembroke College, for just over a year, but a lack of funds forced him to leave. After working as a teacher, he moved to London, where he began to write for The Gentleman's Magazine, his early works include the biography Life of Mr Richard Savage, the poems London and The Vanity of Human Wishes, the play Irene. After nine years of work, Johnson's A Dictionary of the English Language was published in 1755.
It had a far-reaching effect on Modern English and has been acclaimed as "one of the greatest single achievements of scholarship". This work brought success; until the completion of the Oxford English Dictionary 150 years Johnson's was the pre-eminent British dictionary. His works included essays, an influential annotated edition of The Plays of William Shakespeare, the read tale The History of Rasselas, Prince of Abissinia. In 1763, he befriended James Boswell, with whom he travelled to Scotland. Towards the end of his life, he produced the massive and influential Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets, a collection of biographies and evaluations of 17th- and 18th-century poets. Johnson was a robust man, his odd gestures and tics were disconcerting to some on first meeting him. Boswell's Life, along with other biographies, documented Johnson's behaviour and mannerisms in such detail that they have informed the posthumous diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, a condition not defined or diagnosed in the 18th century.
After a series of illnesses, he died on the evening of 13 December 1784, was buried in Westminster Abbey. In the years following his death, Johnson began to be recognised as having had a lasting effect on literary criticism, he was claimed by some to be the only great critic of English literature. Samuel Johnson was born on 18 September 1709, to a bookseller; the birth took place in the family home above his father's bookshop in Staffordshire. His mother was 40; this was considered an unusually late pregnancy, so precautions were taken, a "man-midwife" and surgeon of "great reputation" named George Hector was brought in to assist. The infant Johnson did not cry, there were concerns for his health, his aunt exclaimed that "she would not have picked such a poor creature up in the street". The family feared that Johnson would not survive, summoned the vicar of St Mary's to perform a baptism. Two godfathers were chosen, Samuel Swynfen, a physician and graduate of Pembroke College and Richard Wakefield, a lawyer and Lichfield town clerk.
Johnson's health improved and he was put to wet-nurse with Joan Marklew. Some time he contracted scrofula, known at the time as the "King's Evil" because it was thought royalty could cure it. Sir John Floyer, former physician to King Charles II, recommended that the young Johnson should receive the "royal touch", he did so from Queen Anne on 30 March 1712. However, the ritual proved ineffective, an operation was performed that left him with permanent scars across his face and body. With the birth of Johnson's brother, Nathaniel, a few months their father was unable to pay the debts he had accrued over the years, the family was no longer able to maintain its standard of living. Johnson displayed signs of great intelligence as a child, his parents, to his disgust, would show off his "newly acquired accomplishments", his education began at the age of three, was provided by his mother, who had him memorise and recite passages from the Book of Common Prayer. When Samuel turned four, he was sent to a nearby school, and, at the age of six he was sent to a retired shoemaker to continue his education.
A year Johnson went to Lichfield Grammar School, where he excelled in Latin. During this time, Johnson started to exhibit the tics that would influence how people viewed him in his years, which formed the basis for a posthumous diagnosis of Tourette syndrome, he was promoted to the upper school at the age of nine. During this time, he befriended Edmund Hector, nephew of his "man-midwife" George Hector, John Taylor, with whom he remained in contact for the rest of his life. At the age of 16, Johnson stayed with the Fords, at Pedmore, Worcestershire. There he became a close friend of Cornelius Ford, who employed his knowledge of the classics to tutor Johnson while he was not attending school. Ford was a successful, well-connected academic, notorious alcoholic whose excesses contributed to his death six years later. After spending six months with his cousins, Johnson returned to Lichfield, but Mr Hunter, the headmaster, "angered by the impertinence of this long absence", refused to allow Johnson to continue at the school.
Unable to return to Lichfield Grammar School, Johnson enrolled at the King Edward VI grammar school at Stourbridge. As the school was located near Pedmore, Johnson was able to spend more time with the Fords, he began to write poems and verse translations. However, he s
Events from the year 1792 in Ireland. 20 January – Dublin Corporation, as part of the general debate on Catholic Emancipation, approves by majority vote a resolution to King George III of the United Kingdom stating:We feel ourselves peculiarly called upon to stand forward in the crisis to pray your majesty to preserve the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland inviolate...11–14 July – Belfast Harp Festival brings together and records the work of most of the remaining traditional players of the clàrsach. It is organised by Dr. James McDonnell, Robert Bradshaw and Henry Joy McCracken and Edward Bunting is one of three musicians to transcribe the music. 3–8 December – Catholic convention in Dublin, during which, at the motion of Christopher Dillon Bellew, it is resolved that the petition in favour of emancipation should be presented directly to the King. December – eleven people are drowned near the eighth lock of the Grand Canal when an overloaded barge capsizes. 14 December – the Society of United Irishmen circulates a pamphlet Address to the Volunteers, written by physician and poet William Drennan, which the authorities consider to be seditious.
Belfast Reading Society becomes the Belfast Society for Promoting Knowledge to become the Linen Hall Library. Beamish and Crawford's'Cork Porter Brewery' is established when William Beamish and William Crawford purchase an existing brewery on a site in Cramer's Lane used for brewing since at least the 17th century. 30 January – John Henry Hopkins, first bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Vermont and eighth Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. 23 April – Thomas Romney Robinson and physicist. 30 June – William Hamilton Maxwell, novelist. 26 September – William Hobson, officer in the British Royal Navy, first Governor-General of New Zealand and co-author of Treaty of Waitangi. Full date unknown William Burke and his accomplice William Hare. Thomas Deane, architect. Thomas Colley Grattan, writer. James Arthur O'Connor, landscape painter. William Guy Wall, landscape painter. 18 February – George Browne, soldier of fortune, field-marshal in the Russian army. 10 October – Denis Daly, landowner, MP and Mayor of Galway
Markus Anthony Howard is an American college basketball player for the Marquette Golden Eagles of the Big East Conference. Howard began his high school career at Perry High School in Arizona; as a freshman, he started in the backcourt with his brother and averaged 23 points per game, leading his team to the state semifinals. He committed to Arizona State following his freshman season. After a sophomore season where he averaged 32.4 points per game, Howard decommitted from Arizona State and reopened up his recruitment. For his junior season, Howard transferred to national basketball power Findlay Prep in Henderson, Nevada. During his junior season at Findlay Prep, where he led the team in scoring, Howard announced that he would reclassify to the class of 2016 and signed with Marquette; as a freshman, Howard entered the starting lineup and averaged 13.2 points per game and led the country in three-point shooting at 54.7%. He was named to the 2017 Big East Conference All-Freshman team; as a sophomore, Howard became one of college basketball's top scorers.
On the season, Howard was named second-team All-Big East. He finished the season with the NCAA’s second-best free throw percentage. Going into his junior season of 2018–19, Howard earned national preseason recognition, appearing on the watch lists for the Wooden Award, the Naismith Award and the Bob Cousy Award for top point guard. Howard was selected preseason first-team All-Big East. In Marquette’s non-conference schedule, Howard recorded two 45-point games, against ranked teams Kansas State and Buffalo. In the Buffalo win, Howard scored 40 of his total in the second half, he scored a career-high 53 points in an overtime win over Creighton on January 9, 2019, breaking a Big East single-game record. Howard became Marquette's all-time leading scorer when he contributed 38 points in an 88-53 victory against Loyola in the team’s season opener of his senior year, he was named Big East player of the week on November 11, 2019. On November 29, Howard scored 51 points in a 101-79 win over USC, he became the third player to score 50 points in a game in three straight seasons, joining Wayman Tisdale and Pete Maravich.
In addition, since he scored 40 points in the previous match, he joined Maravich, Johnny Neumann, Bob Pettit as the only players in major conferences to score 40 points on back-to-back days. Howard sat out a game against Jacksonville on December 4 with a concussion. On February 12, 2020, Howard scored 24 points and had five rebounds and two assists in a 72-71 loss to Villanova, he became the Big East's all-time leading scorer in league games, surpassing Lawrence Moten's 1,405 points. At the conclusion of the regular season, Howard was unanimously selected to the First Team All-Big East. Howard has represented the United States in FIBA play on two occasions. In 2015, he was a member of the gold medal-winning US team in the 2015 FIBA Americas Under-16 Championship. Howard won a gold medal at the 2016 FIBA Under-17 World Championship in Zaragoza, Spain. In the U17 tournament, Howard averaged 2.6 assists per game. Howard's older brother Jordan Howard played college basketball for Central Arkansas and was the 2018 Southland Conference Player of the Year.
The brothers were teammates for one season at Perry High. He is of Puerto Rican descent. Howard is public about his Christian faith. Howard explained the reason why he wears number 0 by saying, “First and foremost, I’m a Christian before anything else. I’m a son, so I want to be sure that my number meant something and it represented something, it represents that without my relationship with Christ, I feel like I am not the person that I’m meant to be.“ In 2018, Howard started a Fellowship of Christian Athletes club at Marquette. List of NCAA Division I men's basketball season scoring leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball season 3-point field goal leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career scoring leaders List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career 3-point scoring leaders Marquette Golden Eagles bio College stats @ basketball-reference.com USA Basketball bio