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Samurai Champloo

Samurai Champloo, stylized as SAMURAI CHAMPLOO, is a Japanese anime series developed by Manglobe. It featured a production team led by director Shinichirō Watanabe, character designer Kazuto Nakazawa and mechanical designer Mahiro Maeda. Samurai Champloo was Watanabe's first directorial effort for an anime television series after the critically acclaimed Cowboy Bebop, it was first broadcast in Japan on Fuji TV on May 20, 2004, ran for twenty-six episodes until its conclusion on March 19, 2005. Samurai Champloo is set in an alternate version of Edo-era Japan with an anachronistic, predominantly hip hop, setting, it follows an impudent and freedom-loving vagrant swordsman. Samurai Champloo has many similarities to Shinichirō Watanabe's other work Cowboy Bebop. Both series are critically acclaimed, focus on mixing genres, follow an episodic narrative design, use contemporary music. Samurai Champloo was dubbed in the English language and licensed by Geneon Entertainment for releases in North America.

Funimation began licensing the series. It was licensed for English releases in the United Kingdom by MVM Films, in Australia and New Zealand by Madman Entertainment. A young woman named Fuu is working as a waitress in a tea shop when she is abused by a band of samurai, she is saved by a mysterious rogue named a young rōnin named Jin. Mugen attacks Jin; the pair begin fighting one another and inadvertently cause the death of Shibui Tomonoshina, the magistrate's son. For this crime, they are to be executed. With help from Fuu, they are able to escape execution. In return, Fuu asks them to travel with her to find "the samurai who smells of sunflowers". According to the director, the series is set during the Edo period sixty years after the end of the Sengoku period. Samurai Champloo employs a blend of historical Edo-period backdrops with modern styles and references; the show relies on factual events such as the Shimabara Rebellion. The content and accuracy of the historical content is distorted via artistic license.

Samurai Champloo contains many scenes and episodes relating to historical occurrences in Japan's Edo period. In episode 5, Fuu is kidnapped by the famous ukiyo-e painter Hishikawa Moronobu, a figure prominent in the Edo period's art scene. Episode 23 pits the main characters in a baseball game against Alexander Cartwright and a team of American baseball players trying to declare war on Japan; as for Western influences, the opening of the show as well as many of the soundtracks are influenced by hip hop. In episode 5, Vincent van Gogh is referenced at the end in relation to Hishikawa Moronobu's ukiyo-e paintings. A hip hop singer uses break dance throughout. In episode 18, graffiti tagging, a culturally Western art form, is performed by characters as an artistic expression and form of writing; the ending of the episode has Mugen writing his name on the roof of Hiroshima Castle, the palace of the daimyō in Edo Japan. Fuu: A spirited 15-year-old girl, Fuu asks Mugen and Jin to help her find a sparsely described man she calls "the samurai who smells of sunflowers".

Her father left her mother for an unknown reason. Without her father around to support them and her mother led a difficult life until her mother died of illness. After a not-so-successful stint as a teahouse waitress/dancer she saves Mugen and Jin from execution and recruits them as her bodyguards. A flying squirrel named "Momo" accompanies her, inhabiting her kimono and leaping out to her rescue, her name, Fuu, is the character for "wind". In the title cards, her totem is Sunflowers. Mugen: A brash vagabond from the penal colony of the Ryukyu Islands, Mugen is a 19-year-old wanderer with a wildly unconventional fighting style. Rude, vulgar, conceited and psychotic, he is something of an antihero, he has a tendency to pick fights for petty reasons. It is implied in a few episodes that he is a womanizer, with his libido sometimes getting the better of him, he carries an exotic sai-handled sword on his back. In Japanese, the word mugen means "infinite", he was a former pirate. In the title cards, his totem is the rooster.

Jin: Jin is a 20-year-old reserved rōnin who carries himself in the conventionally stoic manner of a samurai of the Tokugawa era. Using his waist-strung daishō, he fights in the traditional kenjutsu style of a samurai trained in a prominent, sanctioned dojo, he is pursued by several members of his dojo. He wears an available but uncommon accessory in Edo-era Japan. Spectacles, called "Dutch glass merchandise" at the time, were imported from the Netherlands early in the Tokugawa period and became more available as the 17th century progressed, his pair of glasses is purely ornamental, as Mugen found out after getting a chance to peer through them. Although pictured in advertisements as smoking a kiseru

Karl Amundson

Karl Albert Byron Amundson was a Swedish Air Force major general and military attaché. He was the first Swedish Chief of the Air Force. Amundson was born in Grythyttehed, Sweden, the son of colonel Johan Albert Amundson and Alma Helena Albertina Godtknecht. Amundson became second lieutenant at the Fortification in 1894, was promoted to captain in 1904, he was a teacher at the Artillery and Engineering College from 1906 to 1910 and at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1910 to 1912. From 1911 to 1915 he was the Swedish military attaché in Paris and from 1912 to 1918 the one in Brussels, where he followed on the French side the operations during the World War I, the beginning and the end. Amundson was promoted in 1915 to major and was elected the same year as a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences, he was commander of the Field Telegraph Corps from 1915 to 1920 and 1924 to 1925 and Arméns flygväsende in 1915. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1918 and was the commander of the Svea Engineer Corps from 1920 to 1924 and was promoted to colonel in 1924 commander of Arméns flygväsende.

He was promoted to major general in 1925 and was Chief of the Swedish Air Force from 1925 to 1931. Amundson was in Paris during the year 1900 along with August Saloman to study balloons and aeronautics on the behalf of the Swedish Coastal Artillery and the Swedish Army. In December the same year he took part in the founding of a Swedish Aeronautic Society – or SAS – where he was the chairman from 1906 to 1911 and again 1930 to 1932, he was one of the first Swedish ballooner and was one of the leaders of the international air races in Gothenburg in 1923. Amundson became vice president of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale in 1924. Amundson was a member of the Defense Committee in 1916 and studied in the German and Belgian armies, in part during the war and at the fronts and in the Spanish Army, he was the Swedish representative at the aeronautic conferences in Paris, Berlin, Rome and Kristiania. He was chairman of the Swedish delegation for the Scandinavian Airline Convention from 1919 to 1921, chairman of the Air Commission from 1919 to 1921 and chairman of the Airport Advisory Board from 1920 to 1921.

Amundson was a member of the Air Traffic Commission from 1919 to 1921, member of the Society of Idun and vice president of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. He was one of the founders of the Royal Swedish Aero Club, Swedish Military Sports Association and Solna Rifle Club, he was a board member of the Sweden's Central Association for the Promotion of Sport, the Royal Swedish Aero Club, the Royal Automobile Club and more. In 1903 he was married the daughter of wholesaler Seth Millberg and his wift, they had three daughters. 1894 – Underlöjtnant 1904 – Captain 1915 – Major 1918 – Lieutenant Colonel 1924 – Colonel 1925 – Major General

SpaceHub Southeast

SpaceHub Southeast is a not for profit organization based in Atlanta, GA. The organization sends experiments to the upper atmosphere via high altitude weather balloon on a semi-regular basis. Most notably, the organization's STEM outreach program allows students and the general public to send experiments to the upper atmosphere free of charge. SpaceHub Southeast was cofounded in Atlanta, Georgia, in 2012 by Beau Martin and Meryl Mccurry with the mission to provide access to the upper atmosphere to the general public. PongSat stands for ping-pong satellite and consists of any experiment that can be contained within a ping-pong ball. Projects range from things as simple as a marshmallow to programmed circuit boards. Not all PongSats are scientific, some are purely artistic; the program does have restrictions: Anything that sticks out of a PongSat must be pre-approved No volatile chemicals No combustion reactions etc. May not be heavier than 3 oz. Any device that emits a radio signal must be pre-approved Space Hub Southeast and ZPM Espresso partnered in 2013 to send the first whole bean espresso coffee into space.

The partnership resulted in special balloon launch carrying one pound of whole bean coffee to the upper stratosphere, brewed and consumed. ZPM commented that the espresso lacked flavor; the Westminster Schools has served as the launch venue for the PongSat launches since 2012. TinyCircuits produced the'TinyDuino' Board, "an Arduino compatible board in an ultra compact package". Space Hub Southeast has worked with TinyCircuits in making these board available for free to select PongSat students; the Space Hub Southeast TinyDuino Scholarship provides students with the opportunity to apply for a TinyCircuits TinyDuino, free of charge. Since 2013 Omnilink has provided Space Hub Southeast with an OM210™ system that they use to track the high altitude payload; the device is durable and has been unaffected by the harsh environment. Space Hub Southeast has been featured on Omnilink's home page

Mori Arinori

Viscount Mori Arinori was a Meiji period Japanese statesman and founder of Japan's modern educational system. Mori was born in the Satsuma domain from a samurai family, educated in the Kaisenjo School for Western Learning run by the Satsuma domain. In 1865, he was sent as a student to University College London in Great Britain, where he studied western techniques in mathematics and naval surveying, he returned to Japan just after the start of the Meiji Restoration and took on a number of governmental positions within the new Meiji government. He was the first Japanese ambassador to the United States, from 1871-1873. During his stay in the United States, he became interested in western methods of education and western social institutions. On his return to Japan, he organized Japan's first modern intellectual society. Mori was a member of the Meiji Enlightenment movement, advocated freedom of religion, secular education, equal rights for women, international law, most drastically, the abandonment of the Japanese language in favor of English.

In 1875, he established the predecessor of Hitotsubashi University. Thereafter, he successively served as ambassador to Qing Dynasty China, Senior Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, ambassador to Great Britain, member of Sanjiin and Education Ministry official, he was recruited by Itō Hirobumi to join the first cabinet as Minister of Education and continued in the same post under the Kuroda administration from 1886 to 1889. During this period, he enacted the "Mori Reforms" of Japan's education system, which included six years of compulsory, co-educational schooling, the creation of high schools for training of a select elite. Under his leadership, the central ministry took greater control over school curriculum and emphasized Neo-Confucian morality and national loyalty in the lower schools while allowing some intellectual freedom in higher education, he has been denounced by post-World War II liberals as a reactionary, responsible for Japanese elitist and statist educational system, while he was condemned by his contemporaries as a radical who imposed unwanted westernization on Japanese society at the expense of Japanese culture and tradition, for example.

He advocated the use of English. He was a suspected Christian. Mori was stabbed by an ultranationalist on the day of promulgation of the Meiji Constitution in 1889, died the next day; the assassin was outraged by Mori's alleged failure to follow religious protocol during his visit to Ise Shrine two years earlier. Selected portions of his writings may be found in W. R. Braisted's book Meiroku Zasshi: Journal of the Japanese Enlightenment. Mori appears as a minor character in the alternate history novel The Difference Engine, by William Gibson and Bruce Sterling, as an enthusiast of modernity and a protégé of Laurence Oliphant. Japanese students in Britain Anglo-Japanese relations Yūrei zaka Cobbing, Andrew; the Japanese Discovery of Victorian Britain. RoutledgeCurzon, London, 1998. ISBN 1-873410-81-6 Hall, Ivan Parker. Mori Arinori. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1973. ISBN 0-674-58730-8. "Mori Arinori, 1847–89: From Diplomat to Statesman", Chapter One, Britain & Japan: Biographical Portraits Volume 4, by Andrew Cobbing, Japan Library 2002.

ISBN 1-903350-14-X Smith, Patrick. Japan: A Reinterpretation. New York: Pantheon, 1997. ISBN 0-679-42231-5. Pp. 75–106. Media related to Mori Arinori at Wikimedia Commons Mori, Arinori | Portraits of Modern Japanese Historical Figures


Benzofluorene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with mutagenic activity. It is a component of coal tar, cigarette smoke and smog and thought to be a major contributor to its carcinogenic properties; the mutagenicity of benzofluorene is attributed to formation of metabolites that are reactive and capable of forming DNA adducts. According to the KEGG it is a group 3 carcinogen. Other names for benzofluorene are 7H-benzofluorene, 3,4-benzofluorene, NSC 89264; the structure of benzofluorene is depicted in the infobox on the right. It is an aromatic fluorene-derived molecule with an extra benzene ring; this benzene ring is attached to carbon 4 of the fluorene-derived molecule. The 3D structure of benzofluorene is depicted in the infobox on the right as well, it is flat, because it consists of 3 aromatic rings. Only the 2 hydrogen atoms on the 5 ring are oriented into the 3D plane. Benzofluorene occurs in tar, but can be manually synthesized in a four step process, depicted in the picture below; the starting product is 1-indanone.

This is brominated in a substitution reaction to 3-bromoindanone using the reagent N-bromosuccinimide. This substance is dehydrobrominated to 2H-inden-1-one using the reagent triethylamine. Benzofluorenone-9 is generated by self-condensation of 2H-inden-1-one; the final step is reduction of this compound with generating benzofluorene. In general PAH carcinogenesis involves activation by the enzyme P-450 to diol epoxide metabolites with an epoxide ring in the bay or fjord region; these diol epoxide metabolites are capable of forming DNA adducts. While benzofluorene does not have a bay or fjord region it does undergo a similar transformation with a pseudo-bay region that reacts instead; the type of cytochrome P 450 involved is thought to be CYP1A1. The biotransformation is depicted in the image below. First benzofluorene is transformed into trans-3,4-dihydrodiol; this substance is transformed by CYP1A1 into the carcinogenic metabolites anti-diolepoxide and syn-diolepoxide. Benzofluorene and PAHs in general are absorbed via ingestion and dermal contact.

Depending on the vehicle in which the PAHs are located, the percentages of absorption can differ. Ingestion of benzofluorene makes it a potent lung tumorigen In particular, benzofluorene is better absorbed in the lungs. Once it is absorbed, benzofluorene circulates in the blood and is metabolized; the distribution of PAHs depends on their lipophilicity and benzofluorene can cross the cell membrane, because of this lipophilicity. This has been proven for similar substances like fluorene and fluoranthene, but has yet to be investigated for benzofluorene. Benzofluorene is metabolized by the CYP enzymes in the liver. There is evidence that a larger number of metabolites are formed in the lungs, which might explain why benzofluorene is such a potent lung tumorigen, it is possible that benzofluorene may have a unique mechanism of activation or transportation, which explains why the lungs are targeted. The initial steps of the metabolism, the phase I biotransformation, are described above. For many PAHs it has been proven that they are conjugated, in phase II, with either glucuronide, sulfate or glutathione.

More research on this topic is necessary for benzofluorene. Glucuronide and sulfate conjugates of PAH metabolites are excreted in the bile and urine. Glutathione conjugates are further metabolized to mercapturic acids in the kidney and are excreted in the urine; the hydroxylated metabolites of the PAHs are excreted in human urine both as free hydroxylated metabolites and as hydroxylated metabolites conjugated to glucuronic acid and sulfate. The carcinogenic metabolites of benzofluorene bind to DNA which involves the opening of the epoxide ring in benzofluorene anti- and syn-diolepoxide; the benzofluorene metabolites bind in a yet unknown fashion to the DNA. When a DNA adduct forms at a site critical to the regulation of cell differentiation or growth it can cause cancer. If an aberration in the DNA is not well repaired by the NER, a mutation will occur during cell replication. In addition, it is known that the cells affected most appear to be those with rapid replication, such as bone marrow and lung tissue, whereas tissues with slower turnover rate like the liver are less susceptible.

Exposure to benzofluorene in vivo leads to the induction of lung tumors where it acts as a DNA adductor. Lung tumors arise after topical application in mice with coal tar, but when it is ingested. Next to its involvement in lung tumors and its metabolites are expected to be involved in the formation of different tumors; the formation of DNA adducts in human breast tumors and colon adenocarcinoma by these metabolites has been shown in vitro. These adducts and the ones that were observed in lung tumors of mice were similar, which strengthens the hypothesis that human cells are capable of forming the mutagenic metabolites. Benzofluorene belongs to a group of compounds called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. PAHs and their derivatives are ubiquitous in the environment and they are produced in several industrial and combustion processes. Workers in industries or trades using or producing coal, crude oil or coal products are at highest risk for PAH exposure. In general, the PAHs are formed during these industrial processes by incomplete combustion or pyrolysis of organic matter.

The higher the temperature the more PAHs are formed. Some of these PAHs, such as benzofluorene

Veronica Portillo

Veronica Portillo is an American reality television personality and co-creator of the 2000s College Dropout T-shirt line. Portillo is of Cuban descent, she was a student at UC Berkeley when she made her first appearance on MTV on Road Rules on its Semester at Sea season, Portillo gained notoriety for her conflicts and friendships with her fellow roadies as they traveled around the world as part of Semester at Sea. In 2018, part of the cast attended a 20-year reunion cruise. In 2007 Portillo was invited back to participate in Road Rules: Viewers' Revenge, she was the first castmember nominated to the elimination pit, subsequently, the first to be sent back to the Pit Crew. On the third week, she was nominated back to the pit, where she lost the challenge "Shuttle Puzzle" to Tori Hall, causing her to go back to the Pit Crew, she ended up losing for a third time. Portillo was a member of team Road Rules. On this season she memorably landed on the bullseye in a solo skydiving mission that helped her team secure the final mission prize.

Veronica was once again a member of team Road Rules, alongside castmate Yes Duffy. However their good performance scared the Inner Circle. Veronica conquered a spot in the Inner Circle twice. Despite not having the lowest score, she was voted out in episode ten by the Inner Circle led by Emily Bailey. In this Challenge, Portillo was close with teammates Rachel Robinson and Tina Barta, her team considered sending her in elimination, but she managed to win the Lifeshield twice, securing a spot in the final and winning her second season. Portillo became more of a team leader during this season, winning the LifeSaver four times and being the only girl from the Road Rules team not to face elimination. Tension arose between her and Katie Doyle, since Portillo saw Doyle as the weak link and tried to get rid of her, but in the end they both competed in the final and won. Portillo was part of the women team, she stepped up once for the role of team captain and was part of the Inner Circle that controversially voted out Cynthia Roberts before being voted off in episode 10.

She was part of The Bad Asses team, alongside her allies Rachel Robinson and Tina Barta, rivals Beth Stolarczyk and Tonya Cooley. Despite making it to the end and winning her first elimination round, her team lost to their opponents, The Good Guys. After taking a break from the show, Portillo returned as part of the Champions Team. In the fourth episode after a long verbal battle with teammate Tonya Cooley, Veronica was struck by Cooley, struggling with alcoholism and had anger towards Portillo due to Portillo's treatment of Cooley during past seasons including her crafty and antagonistic methods of game play during the show's early seasons; this resulted in Tonya's disqualification from The Ruins. Not experiencing her previous success on the show, Portillo was eliminated in the sixth episode by KellyAnne Judd from The Real World: Sydney, her attempts at forming an alliance with Evan Starkman were rejected. Portillo competed on the 2017 miniseries The Challenge: Champs vs. Pros for the charity Planned Parenthood, for which she raised 1.000 $.

However she was sent in elimination and lost against Ashley Mitchell from Real World: Ex-Plosion. Portillo returned to the main show eight years after her prior season to compete in the thirtieth season of The Challenge, where she became friend with Jemmye Carroll. Despite her long break she won an elimination against fellow veteran Aneesa Ferreira and orchestrated Leroy Garrett's elimination before being voted out in episode 14. Portillo participated in the next installment of The Challenge, but had to face "mercenary" and former rival Aneesa Ferreira. During their elimination Veronica couldn't continue, she was partnered with CT, who called her weak on XXX: Dirty 30. Despite the two veterans' legendary legacy, they couldn't work together and were eliminated in episode 5. In 2019, Portillo appeared on a special mini Challenge at Universal Orlando alongside other champions and hosted by Devyn Simone from The Real World: Brooklyn, she was paired with Darrell Taylor from Road Rules: Campus Crawl and competed against Derrick Kosinksi from Road Rules: X-Treme and Emily Schroom from The Real World: D.

C. as well as Tori Hall and Alton Williams from The Real World: Las Vegas. The special aired on May 2019, during the season finale of War of the Worlds. In 2012 Portillo announced her pregnancy on social media. Adrian Portillo, Veronica's older brother, died on February 23, 2016, he was 40 years old. On XXX: Dirty 30, Aneesa Ferreira revealed that Portillo and Rachel Robinson dated for three years after Ferreira and Robinson broke up; the two first met on Battle of the Sexes. Portillo appeared in the May 2002 issue of Playboy, Real Nude in the Real World alongside Beth Stolarczyk from The Real World: Los Angeles, Flora Alekseyeun from The Real World: Miami, Jisela Delgado from Road Rules: The Quest. Veronica Portillo on IMDb