The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco, California. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. Founded in 1883 as the New York Gothams, renamed three years the New York Giants, the team moved to San Francisco in 1958; as one of the longest-established and most successful professional baseball teams, the franchise has won the most games of any team in the history of American baseball. The team was the first major league team based in New York City, most memorably playing at the legendary Polo Grounds, they have won 23 NL pennants and have played in 20 World Series competitions – both NL records. The Giants' eight World Series championships rank fifth overall; the Giants have played in the World Series 20 times – 14 times in New York, six in San Francisco – but boycotted the event in 1904. Playing as the New York Giants, they won 14 pennants and five World Series championships behind managers such as John McGraw and Bill Terry and players such as Christy Mathewson, Carl Hubbell, Mel Ott, Bobby Thomson, Willie Mays.
The Giants' franchise has the most Hall of Fame players in all of professional baseball. The Giants' rivalry with the Los Angeles Dodgers is one of the longest-standing and biggest rivalries in American sports; the teams began their rivalry as the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers before both franchises moved west for the 1958 season. The Giants have won six National League pennants and three World Series championships since relocating to San Francisco; those three championships came in 2010, 2012, most in 2014, when they defeated the Kansas City Royals four games to three. The Giants were the only major professional sports team based in the City and County of San Francisco, following the San Francisco 49ers' relocation to Santa Clara in 2014 until they were joined by the Golden State Warriors when they moved to the Chase Center in 2019. From 1883 to 2019, the Giants' overall win–loss record was 11,165–9,687; the Giants originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the 1957 season.
During most of their 75 seasons in New York City, the Giants played home games at various incarnations of the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan. Numerous inductees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum played for the New York Giants, including John McGraw, Mel Ott, Bill Terry, Willie Mays, Monte Irvin, Travis Jackson. During the club's tenure in New York, they produced five of the franchise's eight World Series wins and 17 of its 23 National League pennants. Famous moments in the Giants' New York history include the 1922 World Series, in which the Giants swept the Yankees in four games, the 1951 home run by New York Giants outfielder and third baseman Bobby Thomson known as the "Shot Heard'Round the World", the defensive feat by Mays during Game 1 of the 1954 World Series known as "the Catch"; the Giants had intense rivalries with their fellow New York teams, the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers. The Giants faced the Yankees in six World Series and played the league rival Dodgers multiple times per season.
Games between any two of these three teams were known collectively as the Subway Series. The Dodgers-Giants rivalry continues, as both teams moved to California after the 1957 season, with the Dodgers relocating to Los Angeles; the New York Giants of the National Football League are named after the team. The Giants, along with their rival Los Angeles Dodgers, became the first Major League Baseball teams to play on the west coast. On April 15, 1958, the Giants played their first game in San Francisco, defeating the former Brooklyn and now Los Angeles Dodgers, 8–0; the Giants played for two seasons at Seals Stadium before moving to Candlestick Park in 1960. The Giants played at Candlestick Park until 1999, before opening Pacific Bell Park in 2000, where the Giants play; the Giants were unable to sustain success in their first 50 years in San Francisco. They made nine playoff appearances and won three NL pennants between 1958 and 2009; the Giants lost the 1962 World Series in seven games to the New York Yankees.
The Giants were swept in the 1989 World Series by their cross-town rival Oakland Athletics, a series best known for the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake causing a 10-day delay between Games 2 and 3. The Giants lost the 2002 World Series to the Anaheim Angels. One of the team's biggest highlights during this time was the 2001 season, in which OF Barry Bonds hit 73 home runs, breaking the record for most home runs in a season. In 2007, Bonds would surpass Hank Aaron's career record of 755 home runs. Bonds finished his career with 762 home runs, still the MLB record; the Giants won three World Series championships in 2010, 2012, 2014, giving the team eight total World Series titles, including the five won as the New York Giants. Players inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum as San Francisco Giants include 1B Orlando Cepeda P Juan Marichal, 1B Willie McCovey, P Gaylord Perry; the Giants' rivalry with the Los Angeles Dodgers dates back to when the two teams were based in New York, as does their rivalry with the New York Yankees.
Marcus J. Thornton is a former American professional basketball player who last played for Giorgio Tesi Group Pistoia of the Italian Serie A. Playing for Westlake High School, Thornton averaged 24 points, 12 rebounds, 3.5 blocked shots, 3 assists & 1.5 steals per game during his senior season. For the totality of his high school career, he had over 1,500 points. During his time at Westlake, the school made the state Class 5A championship final four for three consecutive years, reaching the final in 2010. A 2010 Mr. Georgia Basketball selection by the Atlanta Tip Off Club in 2010, he added Parade All-American Fourth Team, ESPN RISE All-American honours. Thornton committed to Clemson in November 2009 but when Oliver Purnell resigned in April 2010, he requested and was granted an unconditional release. Over interest from a number of programs, the Georgia native committed to Georgia, playing in the Southeastern Conference of the NCAA Division I, in May 2010. During his freshman season he participated in 32 games, averaging 9.4 minutes with 1.5 points and 1.9 rebounds.
For his sophomore season, he started in 18 of the 25 games he played in during an injury impacted season, posting 3 points and 4.8 rebounds in more than 22 minutes per game. He was granted a medical redshirt during what would have been his junior season after appearing in just nine games in 2012-13 before having arthroscopic knee surgery in December 2012. For his full junior season the next year, he had 8.3 points, a team-high 6.1 rebounds and 1.3 blocks in 26 minutes per game as a starter. In his senior season he led the Bulldogs in scoring & rebounding with 12.3 and 7.3 in over 29 minutes per game. He scored nearly half of his career points during that season, with 7 of his 10 double-doubles, including one during his final college game in the 2015 NCAA Tournament loss against Michigan State. In July 2015, Thornton signed his first professional contract, a one-year deal with Italian side Pistoia Basket 2000. On October 12, 2016, he parted ways with Pistoia. In March 2017, Thornton began working as a commercial real estate broker with Atlanta-based T.
Dallas Smith & Company
The Gudbrandsdalslågen is a river which flows through the valley of Gudbrandsdal in Norway. The Gudbrandsdalslågen begins in the lake Lesjaskogsvatnet, which lies in Lesja municipality in Innlandet. Lesjavatn is the only lake in Norway. In the southeast at Lesjaverk village the lake serves as the headwaters for the Gudbrandsdalslågen, while in the northwest at Lesjaskog village, Lesjavatn is the headwaters for the Rauma river; the Gudbrandsdalslågen flows through the Gudbrandsdal. Western tributaries of the Gudbrandsdalslågen include the Gausa River flowing through the Gausdal valley, the Otta River flowing through the Ottadalen valley, the Vinstra River flowing through Vinstradalen, the Sjoa River, flowing through the Heidal valley; the eastern rivers, Ula, Frya and Mesna are shorter and drop precipitously from the heights of the Rondane. Although placid for extended stretches of its 200-kilometre path, the Gudbrandsdalslågen drops through the Rosten Gorge in Sel. Between the municipalities of Ringebu and Øyer the river widens out and creates the large so-called "riverlake," Losna).
The Gudbrandsdalslågen terminates in the lake of Mjøsa at Lillehammer. It is the largest river flowing into this lake; the Vorma joins the Glomma River at Nes. Norwegian rivers crest in the spring as the snow melts; the Gudbrandsdalslågen, draining higher elevations and being glacier fed crests than the Glomma river, which drains the east valleys. In the rare year when both crest at the same time, their confluence at Nes is the site of great floods; the most famous simultaneous crest of the Gudbrandsdalslågen and Glomma resulted in the flood of 20–23 July 1789, with crests over 50 feet above mean level at Lake Øyer below Nes and extensive damage, including 68 casualties. Lågen is the finite form of låg'water; the meaning is just'the river', this term must have replaced an old name, now forgotten and unknown. East Norway and its Frontier by Frank Noel Stagg, George Allen and Unvin, Ltd. 1956. Adventure Roads in Norway by Erling Welle-Strand, Nortrabooks, 1996. ISBN 82-90103-71-9 Scandinavia, An Introductory Geography by Brian Fullerton & Alan Williams, Praeger Publishers, 1972.
Populated places on the Gudbrandsdalslågen river