Golden Gate Park
Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, United States, is a large urban park consisting of 1,017 acres of public grounds. It is administered by the San Francisco Recreation & Parks Department, configured as a rectangle, it is similar in shape but 20 percent larger than Central Park in New York, to which it is often compared. It is over three miles long east to west, and about half a mile north to south, in the 1860s, San Franciscans began to feel the need for a spacious public park similar to Central Park, which was taking shape in New York City. Golden Gate Park was carved out of unpromising sand and shore dunes that were known as the Outside Lands, conceived ostensibly for recreation, the underlying purpose of the park was housing development and the westward expansion of the city. The tireless field engineer William Hammond Hall prepared a survey and topographic map of the site in 1870. He was named Californias first state engineer and developed a flood control system for the Sacramento Valley.
The park drew its name from nearby Golden Gate Strait, the plan and planting were developed by Hall and his assistant, John McLaren, who had apprenticed in Scotland, home of many of the 19th-century’s best professional gardeners. John McLaren, when asked by the Park Commission if he could make Golden Gate Park one of the beauty spots of the world, replied saying With your aid gentleman, and God be willing, that I shall do. He promised that hed go out into the country and walk along a stream until he found a farm, and that hed come back to the garden and recreate what nature had done. In 1876, the plan was almost replaced by one for a racetrack, favored by the Big Four millionaires, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, Collis P. Huntington and it was Gus Mooney who claimed land adjacent to the park on Ocean Beach. Many of Mooneys friends staked claims and built shanties on the beach to sell refreshments to the patrons of the park, Hall resigned, and the remaining park commissioners followed. In 1882 Governor George C.
Perkins appointed Frank M. Pixley founder, Pixley was adamant that the Mooneys shanties be eliminated, and he found support with the San Francisco Police for park security. Pixley favored Stanfords company by granting a lease on the route that closed the park on three sides to competition. The original plan, was back on track by 1886, Hall selected McLaren as his successor in 1887. The first stage of the development centered on planting trees in order to stabilize the dunes that covered three-quarters of the park’s area. By 1875, about 60,000 trees, mostly Eucalyptus globulus, Monterey pine, by 1879, that figure more than doubled to 155,000 trees over 1,000 acres. Later, McLaren scoured the world for trees, by correspondence and he lived in McLaren Lodge in Golden Gate Park until he died in 1943, aged 96. In 1903, a pair of Dutch-style windmills were built at the western end of the park
Eugen Bertolt Friedrich Brecht was a German poet and theatre director of the 20th century. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht was born in February 1898 in Augsburg, Brechts mother was a devout Protestant and his father a Catholic. The modest house where he was born is preserved as a Brecht Museum. His father worked for a mill, becoming its managing director in 1914. Thanks to his mothers influence, Brecht knew the Bible, a familiarity that would have an effect on his writing. From her, came the image of the self-denying woman that recurs in his drama. Brechts home life was comfortably middle class, despite what his occasional attempt to claim peasant origins implied, at school in Augsburg he met Caspar Neher, with whom he formed a lifelong creative partnership. Neher designed many of the sets for Brechts dramas and helped to forge the distinctive visual iconography of their epic theatre, when Brecht was 16, the First World War broke out. Initially enthusiastic, Brecht soon changed his mind on seeing his classmates swallowed by the army and his expulsion was only prevented through the intervention of his religion teacher.
On his fathers recommendation, Brecht sought a loophole by registering for a course at Munich University. There he studied drama with Arthur Kutscher, who inspired in the young Brecht an admiration for the iconoclastic dramatist, from July 1916, Brechts newspaper articles began appearing under the new name Bert Brecht. Brecht was drafted into service in the autumn of 1918, only to be posted back to Augsburg as a medical orderly in a military VD clinic. In July 1919, Brecht and Paula Banholzer had a son, some time in either 1920 or 1921, Brecht took a small part in the political cabaret of the Munich comedian Karl Valentin. Brechts diaries for the few years record numerous visits to see Valentin perform. Brecht compared Valentin to Charlie Chaplin, for his virtually complete rejection of mimicry and he did short sketches in which he played refractory employees, orchestral musicians or photographers, who hated their employers and made them look ridiculous. The employer was played by his partner, Liesl Karlstadt, a popular woman comedian who used to pad herself out, anyone can be creative, he quipped, its rewriting other people thats a challenge.
Brecht completed his second play, Drums in the Night. Between November 1921 and April 1922 Brecht made acquaintance with many people in the Berlin cultural scene
Independence Day (United States)
It declared that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America, and were no longer part of the British Empire. Independence Day is the National Day of the United States, Congress debated and revised the wording of the Declaration, finally approving it two days on July 4. A day earlier, John Adams had written to his wife Abigail, The second day of July,1776, I am apt to believe that it will be celebrated by succeeding generations as the great anniversary festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of deliverance, by acts of devotion to God Almighty. It ought to be solemnized with pomp and parade, with shows, sports, bells, adamss prediction was off by two days. Most historians have concluded that the Declaration was signed nearly a month after its adoption, on August 2,1776, although not a signer of the Declaration of Independence, James Monroe, another Founding Father who was elected as President, died on July 4,1831. He was the third President in a row who died on the anniversary of independence, calvin Coolidge, the 30th President, was born on July 4,1872, so far he is the only U. S.
President to have been born on Independence Day. In 1777 thirteen gunshots were fired in salute, once at morning and once again as evening fell, on July 4 in Bristol, ships in port were decked with red and blue bunting. In 1778, from his headquarters at Ross Hall, near New Brunswick, New Jersey, General George Washington marked July 4 with a ration of rum for his soldiers. Across the Atlantic Ocean, ambassadors John Adams and Benjamin Franklin held a dinner for their fellow Americans in Paris, in 1779, July 4 fell on a Sunday. The holiday was celebrated on Monday, July 5, in 1781 the Massachusetts General Court became the first state legislature to recognize July 4 as a state celebration. In 1783, Moravians in Salem, North Carolina, held a celebration of July 4 with a music program assembled by Johann Friedrich Peter. This work was titled The Psalm of Joy and this is recognized as the first recorded celebration and is still celebrated there today. In 1870 the U. S. Congress made Independence Day an unpaid holiday for federal employees, in 1938 Congress changed Independence Day to a paid federal holiday.
Independence Day is a holiday marked by patriotic displays. Similar to other summer-themed events, Independence Day celebrations often take place outdoors, Independence Day is a federal holiday, so all non-essential federal institutions are closed on that day. Many politicians make it a point on day to appear at a public event to praise the nations heritage, history, society. Families often celebrate Independence Day by hosting or attending a picnic or barbecue, many take advantage of the day off and, in some years, decorations are generally colored red and blue, the colors of the American flag
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush
A mime or mime artist is a person who uses mime as a theatrical medium or as a performance art, involving miming, or the acting out a story through body motions, without use of speech. In earlier times, in English, such a performer would typically be referred to as a mummer, miming is to be distinguished from silent comedy, in which the artist is a seamless character in a film or sketch. The performance of mime originates at its earliest in Ancient Greece, in Medieval Europe, early forms of mime such as mummer plays and dumbshows evolved. In early nineteenth century Paris, Jean-Gaspard Deburau solidified the many attributes that we have come to know in modern times—the silent figure in whiteface, Jacques Copeau, strongly influenced by Commedia dellarte and Japanese Noh theatre, used masks in the training of his actors. Jacques Lecoq contributed significantly to the development of mime and physical theatre with his training methods, the twentieth century brought a new medium into widespread usage, the motion picture.
The restrictions of early motion picture technology meant that stories had to be told with minimal dialogue and this often demanded a highly stylized form of physical acting largely derived from the stage. Thus, mime played an important role in films prior to advent of talkies, the mimetic style of film acting was used to great effect in German Expressionist film. Indeed, Chaplin may be the best-documented mime in history, like Chaplin before him, would mime out the movements of every single character in his films and ask his actors to repeat them. Mime has been performed on stage, with Marcel Marceau and his character Bip being the most famous, Mime is a popular art form in street theatre and busking. Traditionally, these sorts of performances involve the actor/actress wearing tight black, contemporary mimes often perform without whiteface. Similarly, while traditional mimes have been silent, contemporary mimes, while refraining from speaking. Mime acts are often comical, but some can be very serious, canadian author Michael Jacots first novel, The Last Butterfly, tells the story of a mime artist in Nazi-occupied Europe who is forced by his oppressors to perform for a team of Red Cross observers.
Nobel laureate Heinrich Bölls The Clown relates the downfall of a mime artist, Hans Schneir, jacob Appels Pushcart short-listed story, depicts the tragedy of a landlord whose marriage slowly collapses after he rents a spare apartment to an intrusive mime artist. The first recorded mime was Telestēs in the play Seven Against Thebes by Aeschylus, tragic mime was developed by Puladēs of Kilikia, comic mime was developed by Bathullos of Alexandria. The Roman emperor Trajan banished mime artists, Caligula favored them, nero himself acted as a mime. Recitation and even percussive footwork sometimes accompany the performance, the Natya Shastra, an ancient treatise on theatre by Bharata Muni, mentions silent performance, or mukabhinaya. In Kathakali, stories from Indian epics are told with facial expressions, hand signals, performances are accompanied by songs narrating the story while the actors act out the scene, followed by actor detailing without background support of narrative song. Butoh, though referred to as a dance form, has been adopted by various theatre practitioners as well
The Living Theatre
The Living Theatre is an American theatre company founded in 1947 and based in New York City. It is the oldest experimental theatre group in the United States, for most of its history it was led by its founders, actress Judith Malina and painter/poet Julian Beck, after Becks death in 1985, company member Hanon Reznikov became co-director with Malina. After Malinas death in 2015, her responsibilities were taken over by the anarchist company, the Living Theatre and its founders were the subject of the 1983 documentary Signals Through The Flames. One of their first major productions was Pablo Picassos Desire Caught By the Tail, other productions were Many Loves by William Carlos Williams. Their work during this period shared some aspects of style and content with Beat generation writers, during the 1950s, the American composer Alan Hovhaness worked closely with the Living Theatre, composing music for its productions. In 1959, their production of The Connection attracted national attention for its portrayal of drug addiction.
In the early 1960s the Living Theatre was host to avant-garde minimalist performances by artists including Simone Forti, Judith defended Julian at the IRS hearing dressed like Portia from The Merchant of Venice. For the rest of the 1960s, the group toured chiefly in Europe and they produced more politically and formally radical work carrying an anarchist and pacifist message, with the company members creating plays collectively and often living together. Major works from this period included the adaptations Antigone and Frankenstein, and Paradise Now, the group returned to the U. S. in 1968 to tour Paradise Now, Antigone and Smaller Pieces, and Frankenstein. He added, Our work had always striven to stress the sacredness of life, in 1971 they toured in Brazil, where they were imprisoned for several months, deported. The Living Theatre has toured throughout the world, often in non-traditional venues such as streets. It has greatly influenced other American experimental theatre companies, notably The Open Theater and Bread, the Living Theatres productions have won four Obie Awards, The Connection, The Brig, and Frankenstein.
Though its prominence and resources have diminished considerably in recent decades, The Living Theatre continues to produce new plays in New York City, the Clinton Street theater is the companys first permanent home since the closing of The Living Theatre on Third Street at Avenue C in 1993. The re-staging, directed by Judith Malina won Obie Awards for Direction, in October 2006, the company opened a revival of Mysteries and Smaller Pieces, the 1964 collective creation that defined the interactive and Artaudian style for which the company became famous. In late 2007 / early 2008 the company founder Judith Malina performed in Maudie and Jane, in April 2008 Hanon Reznikov suffered a stroke. In 2010, the company presented Red Noir and directed by Judith Malina, in 2011, the company presented Korach, by Judith Malina, and a revival of Seven Meditations on Political Sado-Masochism, directed by Judith Malina and Tom Walker. Also in 2011, the company created The Plot Is The Revolution, starring Judith Malina and Silvia Calderoni, in 2012, the company presented The History of the World and directed by Judith Malina.
In 2013, the company presented Here We Are, the company vacated its Clinton St. space
Jerry Lamon Falwell Sr. was an American Southern Baptist pastor and conservative activist. He was the pastor of the Thomas Road Baptist Church. He founded Lynchburg Christian Academy in 1967 and Liberty University in 1971, Falwell and his twin brother Gene were born in the Fairview Heights region of Lynchburg, the sons of Helen Virginia and Carey Hezekiah Falwell. His father was an entrepreneur and one-time bootlegger who was agnostic and his grandfather was a staunch atheist. Jerry Falwell married the former Macel Pate on April 12,1958, the couple had sons Jerry Jr. and Jonathan and a daughter Jeannie. He graduated from Brookville High School in Lynchburg, and from the then-unaccredited Baptist Bible College in Springfield, in 1956, at age 22, Falwell founded the Thomas Road Baptist Church, originally located at 701 Thomas Road in Lynchburg, with 35 members. The church went on to become a megachurch, in 1956, he began the Old Time Gospel Hour, a nationally syndicated radio and television ministry.
When Falwell died, his son Jonathan became heir to his fathers ministry, at this time, the weekly programs name was changed to Thomas Road Live. Liberty Christian Academy is a Christian school in Lynchburg which was described in 1966 by the Lynchburg News as a school for white students. The Lynchburg Christian Academy opened in 1967 by Falwell as a segregation academy, in 1971, Jerry Falwell founded Liberty University, which says that it is the largest Christian university in the world. Liberty University offers over 350 accredited programs of study, with approximately 13,000 residential students and 90,000 online, by 1975, the Internal Revenue Service moved to revoke the tax-exempt status of Bob Jones University, which forbade interracial dating. In some states its easier to open a massage parlor than to open a Christian school, what brought Falwell and other white evangelicals into common cause with political conservatives was a ruling issued in 1978 by the IRS. This ruling stripped tax-exempt status from private schools formed in the South in reaction to the Brown v.
Board of Education mandate to desegregate public schools. Falwell had founded one of schools in Lynchburg, though he and other white evangelicals insisted that their schools were Christian academies. In one fell swoop, writes political scientist Corey Robin, the heirs of slaveholders became the descendants of persecuted Baptists, in this controversy, the Religious Right found its voice and its power. It found common cause with political conservatives. S, President Jimmy Carters intervention against Christian schools by. trying to deny them tax-exempt status on the basis of so-called de facto segregation. The Moral Majority became one of the largest political groups for evangelical Christians in the United States during the 1980s. According to Jimmy Carter, that autumn a group headed by Jerry Falwell purchased $10 million in commercials on radio and TV to brand me as a traitor to the South
Wally Bill Hedrick was a seminal American artist in the 1950s California counterculture and educator who came to prominence in the early 1960s. Hedrick’s contributions to art include pioneering artworks in psychedelic art, mechanical kinetic sculpture, junk/assemblage sculpture, Pop Art. Later in his life, he was a forerunner in Happenings, Conceptual Art, Bad Painting, Neo-Expressionism. Wally Hedrick was known as an “idea artist” long before the label “conceptual art” entered the art world, Hedrick visited California School of Fine Arts in 1946. During this period, he joined Progressive Art Workers with David Simpson, John Stanley, the Progressive Art Workers was a social club which functioned as a co-operative through which the group the members were able to exhibit their works. At this time, Vesuvio Cafe in San Franciscos North Beach district hired Hedrick as a painter to work while a jazz combo performed. He made these paintings and while he would paint the musicians would play along with him and he would go like this and they would go doodoo doop.
It was very popular in North Beach, the guy would make four or five paintings in an evening. Hedrick made a break with the conventions of art training and art—making. There were three directions an artist could take at that time, Hedrick says, Abstract-Expressionism, and this third thing, which was out of the surrealist and Dada tradition. Hedrick began working out a form of personalized Dada, which led perhaps to his most influential contribution to the course of Bay Area art, the puns not only became titles. but appeared in the painting itself. Hedricks mature artistic career began with paintings of popular imagery—American flags, television cabinets, John Coplans included Hedricks use of popular imagery in 1951 in his timeline of the antecedents to Pop Art. Hedrick began painting flags in the 1950s, before New Yorks Jasper Johns did, soon after, Hedrick -- ever the anti-careerist -- painted many of those flags black to protest the Vietnam War. In the early 1950s, Vesuvio Cafe, a popular Beat hangout, employed Hedrick to sit in the window dressed in full beard and sandals and create improvisational drawings and paintings.
Hedricks figure, helped ushered in the Beat lifestyle which ballooned in the 1950s, Hedrick once confided to his student Jerry Garcia that he and his friends were the real Beat Generation. At the time, Hedrick was one of the first San Francisco Artists in the early 1950s to work almost exclusively with metal and he began welding in 1952, and these efforts are considered the first kinetic / junk assemblages. Hedrick made assemblages and sculptures from beer cans, broken radio and television sets, what interests me, he said later, is to take garbage and make it into art, kind of ironic art. He painted over the surfaces with layers of impasto and gesso which incorporated the work into the aesthetic of action painting
Tartuffe, or The Impostor, or The Hypocrite, first performed in 1664, is one of the most famous theatrical comedies by Molière. The characters of Tartuffe and Orgon are considered among the greatest classical theatre roles, while the king had little personal interest in suppressing the play, he did so because, as stated in the official account of the fête. As a result of Molières play, contemporary French and English both use the word tartuffe to designate a hypocrite who ostensibly and exaggeratedly feigns virtue, especially religious virtue, the play is written entirely in 1,962 twelve-syllable lines of rhyming couplets. Orgons family is up in arms because Orgon and his mother have fallen under the influence of Tartuffe, Tartuffe pretends to be pious and to speak with divine authority, and Orgon and his mother no longer take any action without first consulting him. Tartuffes antics do not fool the rest of the family or their friends, Orgon raises the stakes when he announces that he will marry Tartuffe to his daughter Mariane.
Mariane, of course, feels very upset at this news, in an effort to show Orgon how awful Tartuffe really is, the family devises a scheme to trap Tartuffe into confessing to Elmire his desire for her. As a pious man and a guest, he should have no feelings for the lady of the house. Tartuffe is at first shocked but recovers very well, un malheureux pécheur tout plein diniquité. Orgon is convinced that Damis was lying and banishes him from the house, Tartuffe even gets Orgon to order that, to teach Damis a lesson, Tartuffe should be around Elmire more than ever. As a gift to Tartuffe and further punishment to Damis and the rest of his family, in a scene, Elmire takes up the charge again and challenges Orgon to be witness to a meeting between herself and Tartuffe. Orgon, ever easily convinced, decides to hide under a table in the same room and he overhears, of course, Elmire resisting Tartuffes very forward advances. When Tartuffe has incriminated himself beyond all help and is close to violating Elmire, Orgon comes out from under the table.
But this wily guest means to stay, and Tartuffe finally shows his hand and it turns out that earlier, before the events of the play, Orgon had admitted to Tartuffe that he had possession of a box of incriminating letters. Tartuffe had taken charge and possession of box, and now tells Orgon that he will be the one to leave. Tartuffe takes his leave and Orgons family tries to figure out what to do. Very soon, Monsieur Loyal shows up with a message from Tartuffe, Dorine makes fun of Monsieur Loyals name, mocking his fake loyalty. Even Madame Pernelle, who had refused to believe any ill about Tartuffe even in the face of her sons actually seeing it, has become convinced by this time of Tartuffes duplicity. Before Orgon can flee, Tartuffe arrives with an officer, the entire family thanks its lucky stars that it has escaped the mortification of both Orgons potential disgrace and their dispossession
William T. Wiley
William T. Wiley is an American artist. His practice spans a range of media including drawing, sculpture, performance. At least some of Wileys work has been referred to as funk art and he was born in Bedford, Indiana. Raised in Indiana and Richland, Wiley moved to San Francisco to study at the California School of Fine Arts where he earned his BFA in 1960 and his MFA two years later. In 1963, Wiley joined the faculty of the UC Davis art department with Bay Area Funk Movement artists Robert Arneson, during that time Wiley instructed students including Bruce Nauman and Deborah Butterfield. According to Dan Graham, the literary, punning element of Naumans work came from Wiley, Wiley acknowledges the effect Nauman had on his own work. His first solo exhibition was held at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art in 1960, in the late 1960s Wiley collaborated with the minimalist composer Steve Reich and introduced him to Bruce Nauman. Wiley continued to build upon his stature as a major artist with works appearing in the Venice Biennial.
He had exhibitions at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco. In 2009, the Smithsonian American Art Museum presented a retrospective of Wileys career titled Whats It All Mean, William T. Wiley in Retrospect, a review in the Wall Street Journal stated, Mr. Wileys work is unlike any other in recent art. He is less a contemporary artist than a national treasure, in 2010, the retrospective moved to the Berkeley Art Museum, from March 17 to July 18. The catalogue for the retrospective, Whats It All Mean, William T. Wiley in Retrospect, was co-published by the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Wiley was the recipient of the Guggenheim Fellowship Award in 2004. He is represented by Hosfelt Gallery in San Francisco and by Maxwell Davidson Gallery in New York City. C. Van Abbemuseum, Netherlands Walker Art Center, Minneapolis Whitney Museum of American Art Joann Moser with John Yau and John G. Hanhardt, WHATS IT ALL MEAN, WILLIAM T. O. E. Video interview and artists films at www. artbabble.
org In Case You Missed the Revolution, hes Wily, And Witty Wall Street Journal of Wileys 2009-2010 Smithsonian American Art Museum show
In theatre, a farce is a comedy that aims at entertaining the audience through situations that are highly exaggerated and thus improbable. Farce is characterized by humor, the use of deliberate absurdity or nonsense. Farces have been written for the stage and film, furthermore, a farce is often set in one particular location, where all events occur. M. C. P. C. David Croft & Jeremy Lloyd, Allo Allo, ken Friedman, Claptrap Andrew Norriss and Richard Fegen, Chance in a Million Miles Tredinnick, Laugh. Alan Ayckbourn, A Small Family Business Miles Tredinnick, It’s Now Or Never, tom Kempinski, Sex Please, Were Italian. Ray Cooney, Funny Money Robin Hawdon, Perfect Wedding Steven Moffat, Coupling Miles Tredinnick, La Farce de maître Pierre Pathelin The Liar Molière, Tartuffe Molière, The Miser Labiche, La Cagnotte and other plays. These plays are performed as comic relief during the long, serious Noh plays, following stage shows of Umer Shareef are extremely popular. Archer Chowder The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy The Marvelous Misadventures of Flapjack Scooby-Doo, IMDB list of film and television farces Farce films at Allmovie