Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west arterial roads in the Los Angeles area of Southern California, extending 15.83 miles from Ocean Avenue in the city of Santa Monica east to Grand Avenue in the Financial District of downtown Los Angeles. It is one of the major city streets though the city of Beverly Hills. Wilshire Boulevard runs parallel with Santa Monica Boulevard from Santa Monica to the Miracle Mile district, after which it runs a block south of Sixth Street to its terminus. Wilshire Boulevard is densely developed throughout most of its span, connecting Beverly Hills with five of Los Angeles's major business districts to each other. Many of the post-1956 skyscrapers in Los Angeles are located along Wilshire. Aon Center, at one point Los Angeles' largest tower, is at 707 Wilshire Boulevard in downtown Los Angeles. One famous stretch of the boulevard between Fairfax and Highland Avenues is known as the Miracle Mile. Many of Los Angeles' largest museums are located there; the area just to the east of that, between Highland Avenue and Wilton Place, is referred to as the "Park Mile".
Between Westwood and Holmby Hills, several tall glitzy condominium buildings overlook this part of Wilshire, giving it the title of Millionaire's Mile. This section is known as the Wilshire Corridor and Condo Canyon; the Wilshire Corridor, located next to Century City, is one of Los Angeles' busiest districts, contains many high-rise residential towers. The Fox and MGM studios are located in a series of skyscrapers, along with many historic Los Angeles hotels. Wilshire Boulevard is the principal street of Koreatown, the site of many of Los Angeles' oldest buildings, as well as skyscrapers. Koreatown and Mid-Wilshire are among Los Angeles' most densely populated districts. Much of the length of Wilshire Boulevard can be traced back to the indigenous Tongva people who used it to bring back tar from the La Brea pits in today's Miracle Mile section of Wilshire Blvd, back to their settlement on the coast; this road was used by Spanish explorers and settlers, calling it El Camino Viejo. The route that became Wilshire crossed the original pueblo of Los Angeles and five of the original Spanish land grants, or ranchos.
Wilshire was pieced together from various streets over several decades. It began in the 1870s as Nevada Avenue in Santa Monica, in the 1880s as Orange Street between Westlake Park and downtown. Nevada and Orange were renamed as parts of Wilshire; the boulevard was named for Henry Gaylord Wilshire, an Ohio native who made and lost fortunes in real estate and gold mining. In 1895 he began developing 35 acres of a barley field, stretching westward from Westlake Park for an elite residential subdivision, donated to the city a strip of land 120 feet wide by 1,200 feet long for a boulevard, on the conditions that it would be named for him and that railroad lines and commercial or industrial trucking would be banned; the road first appeared on a map under its present name in 1895. A historic apartment building on the corner of Wilshire Blvd. and S. Kenmore Ave. the Gaylord, carries his middle name. The Wilshire Boulevard home of J. Paul Getty was used as the filmset for the 1950 film Sunset Boulevard: it was demolished in 1957.
The Purple and Red subway lines of the Los Angeles Metro run along Wilshire Boulevard from just past the 7th/Figueroa Street station before serving the Westlake/MacArthur Park and Wilshire/Vermont stations, where the Purple Line continues along Wilshire to serve two stations at Normandie Avenue and at Western Avenue in Koreatown, while the Red Line branches off to terminate in North Hollywood. The construction of the future Purple Line extension along Wilshire Boulevard commenced in November 2014; the construction timeline would see the project from the existing Wilshire/Western station to the planned Wilshire/La Cienega station on the corner of Wilshire and La Cienega Boulevard, to be completed by 2023. The second phase got under way on February 23, 2018 from Wilshire/La Cienega to Century City Station. Phase three of the Purple Line extension, when completed, will extend to UCLA and Westwood/VA Hospital, will follow Wilshire Boulevard for most of its route. Phase four to downtown Santa Monica has no funding.
Metro Local Line 20, Metro Rapid Line 720, Santa Monica Transit Line 2 operate along Wilshire Boulevard. Due to the high ridership of line 720, 60-foot NABI articulated buses are used on this route, bus lanes are in place along some segments of the line. All of the boulevard is at least four lanes in width, most of the portion between Hoover Street and Robertson Boulevard has a raised center median; the widest portion is in the business district of central Westwood, where mobs of pedestrians crossing Wilshire at Westwood Boulevard must traverse ten lanes. According to a 1991 study by the Los Angeles Department of Transportation and the nearby intersection of Wilshire and Veteran are among the busiest in Los Angeles; the boulevard's widest portion is in Westwood and Holmby Hills, where it expands to six, eight lanes. The sections of Wilshire Boulevard in the city of Los Angeles are notorious for their giant potholes. Wilshire Boulevard ended at the MacArthur Park lake, but in 1934 a berm was built for it to cross and link up with the existing Orange Street into downtown Los Angeles.
North University Park Historic District
The North University Park Historic District is a historic district in the North University Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The district is bounded by West Adams Boulevard on the north, Magnolia Avenue on the west, Hoover Street on the east, 28th Street on the south; the district contains numerous well-preserved Victorian houses dating back as far as 1880. In 2004, the district was added to the National Register of Historic Places; the North University Park area was subdivided between 1885 and 1901. The Miller and Herriott House, still standing, is believed to have been a model house used by the developers to attract potential buyers; the area boomed further when the street cars from downtown reached the area in 1891. In 1892, the widow of Gen. John C. Fremont, Jessie Benton Fremont, was living in the district at 1107 West 28th Street; the district was the birthplace of Adlai Stevenson, born in the house at 2639 Monmouth Avenue in 1900. Many of the homes within the district are noteworthy, including the following: House at 2633 S Hoover St.—This transitional Craftsman/Shingle style house was designed by Thomas Preston and built in 1900.
There is an original carriage house at the rear of the property. William W. Cockins House, 2653 S. Hoover St.—This Queen Anne Victorian house was designed by Bradbeer & Ferris and built in 1894. It is a visual landmark on Hoover Street and is considered one of the most impressive examples of late Queen Anne style architecture in Los Angeles. Now owned by the University of Southern California, it functions as the USC Mrs. T. H. Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy's Center for Occupation and Lifestyle Redesign®. Alfred J. Salisbury House, 2703 S. Hoover St. —This Queen Anne Victorian house was designed by Bradbeer & Ferris and built in 1891. The detailed craftsmanship make it an outstanding example of Queen Anne architecture. In 1897, it became the Cumnock School of Oratory, though it was converted back into a residence, it is considered one of the finest Victorian homes in Los Angeles and was named a Los Angeles Historic Cultural Monument in 1981. Maria Antonia Arguella Wilcox House, 1100 w. Adams Blvd.—This Spanish Colonial Revival-style house was designed by architect, Frederick Roehrig in 1899.
It became the Sisters of the Company of Mary Convent. A. E. Kelly Residence, 1140 W. Adams Blvd.—This Queen Anne Victorian house was depicted in the 1896 edition of "Comfortable Los Angeles Homes" compiled by the Brown Heating Co. Robert E. Ibbetson House, 1190 W. Adams Blvd.—This two-story residence has been described as an eclectic mix of Victorian and Richardsonian Romanesque styles. Its asymmetrical design includes by a two-story tower; the home was designed and built in 1899 by its owner, Robert E. Ibbetson. Miller and Herriott House - This Eastlake Victorian house is itself separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places and has been designated as a Los Angeles Historic Cultural Monument. House at 1120 W. 27th St.—This Queen Anne Victorian house was designed by Bradbeer & Ferris and was built in 1894. De Pauw Residence, 1146 W. 27th St. - This Queen Anne Victorian was built in 1897 by James Bradbeer of Bradbeer & Ferris for philanthropist Mrs. Francis W. De Pauw, it came to be called The Stephens House as future governor William Stephens lived there in the 1910s.
Its gable was destroyed by a fire in 1952, never rebuilt. John C. Harrison House, 1160 W. 27th St. — This Queen Anne Victorian house is estimated to have been built in 1891. House at 1186 W. 27h St. — This Craftsman bungalow was built in 1909 and designed by Arthur S. Heineman. Mary E. Smith House, 1186 W. 27th St. — This transitional Craftsman - Victorian house was designed architect, John C. Austin, built in 1906, it has been designated as HCM #798. John H. Kiefer Residence — This French-influenced Victorian house was designed by Eisen & Hunt and built in 1895. House at 2671 Magnoilia Ave. — This Classical Revival house was designed by Frederick Roehrig and built in 1894. Adlai Stevenson Birthplace — Adlai E. Stevenson was born in a house located at 2639 Monmouth Avenue on February 5, 1900; the house was designed by C. W. Wedgewood and built in 1894; when Stevenson died in 1965, the site of his birthplace was declared a Los Angeles Historic Cultural Monument. List of Registered Historic Places in Los Angeles
Central Avenue (Los Angeles)
Central Avenue is a major north-south thoroughfare in the central portion of the Los Angeles, California metropolitan area. Located just to the west of the Alameda Corridor, it runs from the eastern end of the Los Angeles Civic Center south, ending at Del Amo Boulevard in Carson. From north to south, Central Avenue passes through Downtown Los Angeles, South Los Angeles and Carson. Near its northern end, Central Avenue passes through Little Tokyo, Los Angeles' oldest Japanese neighborhood and now a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places. On Central Avenue just north of First Street is the former Hompa Hongwangi Buddhist Temple, it was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No.313 in 1986. Across Central Avenue from the Temple is the Japanese American National Museum, north of, the original branch of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, now known as the Geffen Contemporary at MOCA. In the 1200 block of Central Avenue is the 1930s era Streamline Modern Los Angeles bottling plant of the Coca-Cola company, designed to resemble an ocean liner, complete with porthole windows and metal-railed catwalks.
It was declared Los Angeles Historic-cultural Monument #138 in 1975. At 2300 Central is the now closed Lincoln Theatre, opened in 1926 and long the leading venue in the city for African-American entertainment, it was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument # 744 in 2003. At 4233 Central Avenue is the Dunbar Hotel, Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #131 since 1974. During the era of segregation, when they were barred from the city's major hotels, the Dunbar was the hotel at which visiting black celebrities were most to stay; the Hotel is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. At 4261 Central Avenue is Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #580, the 1928 Golden State Mutual Life Insurance Building, original headquarters of one of the leading African-American owned insurance business companies the state of California. Located at 2700 Central Ave is 27th Street Bakery. Famous for its sweet potatoes pies; the bakery was a restaurant, established in the 1930's by Harry Patterson and his wife.
The couple catered to African American immigrants from the South. It was in 1956; the bakery is one of the few African American owned business left in Central Ave were the Latino presence continues to grow. The bakery has been in the same family for 3 generations and is owned by Jeanette Pickens the granddaughter of Harry Patterson the founder of the bakery. 27th Street Bakery is the largest manufacturer of sweet potatoes pies in the west coast. You can now find them in retail stores such Ralphs, Albertsons, 7 Eleven, KFC and Louisiana Famous Fried Chicken; the bakery was impacted during the 1992 LA Riots due to the damage, occurring outside in the streets it decreased their clientele because the people were unable to get through to the bakery for about two weeks. During the 1950's to the 1990's the bakery was catering towards the African American community but with the growing population of Hispanics in the area during the early 2000's they have branched out adding to their menu sweet bread such as conchas and empanadas to cater to the Hispanic community.
They have translated their menu into Spanish. The bakery added Internet services; the Bakery is part of Central Ave and the community and it continues to evolve along with it. The Central Avenue Jazz Festival is a yearly free music festival held the last weekend of July along a stretch of Central Avenue which includes the Dunbar Hotel; the festival features jazz and Latin jazz performed by well-known and upcoming artists from the area. Central Avenue provides bus service along Metro Local: Line 53. From 1920 to 1955, Central Avenue was the heart of the African-American community in Los Angeles, with active rhythm and blues and jazz music scenes. Local luminaries included Eric Dolphy, Art Pepper, Chico Hamilton, Charles Mingus. Other jazz and R&B musicians associated with Central Avenue in LA include Benny Carter, Buddy Collette, Dexter Gordon, Lionel Hampton, Hampton Hawes, Big Jay McNeely, Johnny Otis, Shifty Henry, Charlie Parker, Gerald Wilson, Anthony Ortega, Onzy Matthews and Teddy Wilson.
Commenting on its historical prominence, Wynton Marsalis once remarked that "Central Avenue was the 52nd Street of Los Angeles." Although Central Avenue is no longer the thriving jazz center it was, its legacy is preserved by the Central Avenue Jazz Festival and a small number of jazz clubs, including Bluewhale in Little Tokyo. Lionel Hampton composed and performed a tune called "Central Avenue Breakdown". Dave Alvin's tribute to Big Joe Turner, "The Boss of the Blues", describes a drive down Central Avenue and Turner's reminiscences about the scene. Underground rapper Bones names a song "CentralAve" on album "Rotten". Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles, Clora Bryant et al. ISBN 978-0-520-22098-0 Central Avenue: Its Rise and Fall, 1890-C1955, Including the Musical Renaissance of Black LA, Bette Yarbrough Cox, ISBN 978-0-9650783-1-3 The Great Black Way: L. A.’s Central Avenue in the 1940s And the Rise of African-American Pop Culture, R. J. Smith, ISBN 978-1-58648-295-4 Upside Your Head! Rhythm and Blues on Central Avenue, Johnny Otis, ISBN 978-0-8195-6287-6 Fourteen albums contain the name "Central Avenue" in their titles, including CDs by Pete Johnson, Nat King Cole, Big Jay McNeely, Jack McVea, Big Joe Turner, Teddy Wilson and Savoy Records.
History of Jazz on Central Aven
Figueroa Street is a major north-south street in Los Angeles County, spanning from the Los Angeles neighborhood of Wilmington north to Eagle Rock. The street is named for General José Figueroa, governor of Alta California from 1833 to 1835, who oversaw the secularization of the missions of California. One of the longer streets in the city, it runs in a north/south direction for more than 30 miles from its southern terminus at Harry Bridges Boulevard in the Wilmington neighborhood to Chevy Chase Drive in the city of La Cañada Flintridge at the north end. From its south end at Harry Bridges Boulevard to Downtown Los Angeles, Figueroa Street runs north parallel to the Harbor Freeway in South Los Angeles; the only portion of this segment of Figueroa Street that lies outside Los Angeles city limits is in the city of Carson. South of the Los Angeles Financial District, Figueroa Street passes well-known locations including the University of Southern California, the Los Angeles Convention Center, Staples Center/L.
A. Live. After passing through downtown Los Angeles near Bunker Hill and South Park, the southern portion of Figueroa Street ends near the overcrossing of Sunset Boulevard over the Arroyo Seco Parkway; the street resumes at San Fernando Road in Cypress Park. An early routing of Figueroa Street in this area was part of U. S. Route 66, today a part of the Arroyo Seco Parkway; the noted Figueroa Street Tunnels were once a part of that same stretch of roadway. After resuming at San Fernando Road, Figueroa continues to run parallel to the Arroyo Seco Parkway until it reaches York Boulevard in Highland Park. Afterwards, it heads north to its terminus with the Ventura Freeway. A short, unconnected continuation of Figueroa runs from just south of Marengo Drive in Glendale to end at Chevy Chase Drive just over the city limit line in La Cañada Flintridge. Early maps produced by the Automobile Club of Southern California measured distances to Los Angeles from the club's headquarters at the intersection of Figueroa Street with Adams Boulevard.
On April 2, 2011, a portion of Figueroa Street at Jefferson Boulevard was blocked off for the "Orange Carpet" and the grandstand for the broadcasting of the 2011 Kids' Choice Awards. Figueroa was called Calle de los Chapules. In the 1880s it became known as "Pearl Street"; the section of what is now Figueroa in Highland Park above Avenue 39 was known as "Pasadena Avenue" until Figueroa was extended through Elysian Park. The portion of what is now Figueroa between the Los Angeles River and Avenue 39 was known as Dayton Avenue until the Arroyo Parkway went through. Luther Burbank Middle School Florence Nightingale Middle School Optimist High School Sycamore Grove School University of Southern California The Metro Green and Silver lines operates a station underneath Interstate 105 at Figueroa Street. Metro Local Line 81 operates on Figueroa Street between Colorado Boulevard and Interstate 105 and Torrance Transit Line 1 between Interstate 105 and the Harbor Gateway Transit Center; the Metro Expo Line has 5 stations nearby.
Two of which are shared with the Metro Blue Line, one being a major hub connecting to the Metro Red and Purple lines. The Metro Silver Line runs on Figueroa Street in Gardena and between 23rd and 6th Streets in Downtown: Northbound Silver line trips to El Monte Bus Station continue north on Figueroa Street to serve the 7th Street / Metro Center and turn right on 6th street, leaving Figueroa Street. Southbound Silver Line trips to Harbor Gateway Transit Center or San Pedro run south on Flower Street from 5th Street to the Harbor Transitway. There are 6 Silver line street stops located on Figueroa Street: Figueroa/190th/Victoria. In addition, there are 7 Metro Silver Line Stations served on the Harbor Transitway and Harbor Freeway close to Figueroa Street: 37th Street/USC, Manchester, Harbor Freeway, Rosecrans and Pacific Coast Hwy; the Harbor Transitway is located between Figueroa Street and Broadway. The Lincoln/Cypress Station for the Metro Gold Line on Avenue 26 at its intersection with Lacy Street is about a 5-minute walk from Figueroa Street.
The Figueroa Corridor Streetscape project is a city led effort to beautify and improve the boulevard by adding pedestrian friendly amenities. The beautification project began on 7th street in Downtown Los Angeles, by Staples Center and terminates at Exposition Park at USC; the project began in 2017 and was completed by the end of 2018. It aimed to improve transit and pedestrian access, protected bike lanes protected by physical barriers, a more organized and efficient street by adding better signalization and signage, high-visibility crosswalks, transit platforms, more street trees, public art and wider sidewalks; the $20 million Figueroa Corridor Streetscape project was funded by a Proposition 1C grant. After delays, work was expected to commence in the summer of 2016 and was expected to be completed by March 2017, when the prop 1C grant expires; the Los Angeles 2028 organizing committee plan to use this corridor as a planned "Live Site", an area dedicated as a central pedestrian corridor, linking all of the Downtown LA venues together during the 2028 Olympic & Paralympic Games
Los Angeles metropolitan area
The Los Angeles metropolitan area known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or the Southland, is the 30th largest metropolitan area in the world and the second-largest metropolitan area in the United States. It is the 3rd largest city by GDP in the world with a $1 trillion+ economy, it is in the southern portion of the U. S. state of California. The tallest building in the Los Angeles metropolitan area is the Wilshire Grand Center at 1,100 feet in Downtown Los Angeles; the metropolitan area is defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, consisting of Los Angeles and Orange counties, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies. Its land area is 4,850 sq. mi and its estimated 2016 population was 13,310,447. Los Angeles and Orange counties are the first and third most populous counties in California and Los Angeles, with 9,819,000 people in 2010, is the most populous county in the United States.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is the most populous metropolitan area in the western United States and the largest in area in the United States. The metro area has at its core the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim corridor, an urbanized area defined by the Census Bureau with a population 12,150,996 as of the 2010 Census; the Census Bureau defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns, the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area, more known as the Greater Los Angeles Area a megapolitan area consisting of three metropolitan areas, with an estimated population of 18,788,800 in 2017. This includes the three additional counties of Ventura and San Bernardino; the total land area of the combined statistical area is 33,955 sq. mi. The counties and county groupings comprising the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area are listed below with 2017 U. S. Bureau of the Census estimates of their populations. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division Los Angeles County Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division Orange County Major divisions of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, Pomona Valley West: Westside, Beach Cities South: South Bay, Palos Verdes Peninsula, South Los Angeles, Gateway Cities, North Orange County, South Orange County North: San Fernando Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire In addition to the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following Metropolitan Statistical Areas are included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area: Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Ventura County Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Riverside County, California San Bernardino County, California The Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas.
The combined statistical area is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas. The following is a list of communities with populations over 50,000 in the Los Angeles metropolitan area with 2011 United States Census Bureau estimates of their population. Communities in italics are unincorporated and their populations are from the 2010 Census, while those in bold are considered principal cities of the metropolitan area by the Census Bureau, which represent significant employment centers; the economy of the Los Angeles metropolitan area is famously and based on the entertainment industry, with a particular focus on television, motion pictures, interactive games, recorded music – the Hollywood district of Los Angeles and its surrounding areas are known as the "movie capital of the United States" due to the region's extreme commercial and historical importance to the American motion picture industry. Other significant sectors include shipping/international trade – at the adjacent Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach, together comprising the United States' busiest seaport – as well as aerospace, petroleum and apparel, tourism.
The City of Los Angeles is home to five Fortune 500 companies: energy company Occidental Petroleum, healthcare provider Health Net, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, engineering firm AECOM, real estate group CB Richard Ellis. Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include American Apparel, City National Bank, 20th Century Fox, Latham & Watkins, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, Dunn & Crutcher, DeviantArt, Guess?, O’Melveny & Myers. Korean Air's US passenger and cargo operations headquarters are in two separate offices in Los Angeles. Entertainment and media giant The Walt Disney Company is headquartered in nearby Burbank; the Los Angeles-Orange County metro area alone has an economy of $1.044 trillion, or the total economic output or income of Indonesia's 250 million people. This is evident when comparing the coast with the Inland Empire
Beverly Center is a shopping mall in Los Angeles, United States. It is a monolithic eight-story structure located at the edge of Beverly Hills and West Hollywood, between La Cienega and San Vicente boulevards. Anchor tenants include Bloomingdale's and Macy's, a Macy's men's store; the mall's amenities include numerous restrooms, a guest service desk, valet parking, taxi services, escalators that offer visitors views of the Hollywood Hills, Downtown Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Westside. The mall contains a number of retailers, including: Banana Republic, Victoria's Secret, Forever 21, Dolce & Gabbana, Louis Vuitton, Uniqlo, Prada, Ferrari Store, Fendi, Jimmy Choo, Montblanc and Hugo Boss; the Beverly Center was opened in 1982 by developers A. Alfred Taubman, Sheldon Gordon, E. Phillip Lyon. (The site's former occupant was a small amusement park known as "Beverly Park and Kiddyland", featuring a Ferris wheel, merry-go-round, mini roller-coaster, a pony ride called "Ponyland". The northeast corner of the mall, at the intersection of Beverly and La Cienega Boulevards, is the geographic center of the city's studio zone.
The mall's unusual shape and lack of street frontage along San Vicente Boulevard are the result of both its position at the intersection of a number of angled streets and its location above the Salt Lake Oil Field. As of 2009 the western portion of the mall property contained a cluster of oil wells in an active drilling enclosure operated by Freeport-McMoRan (formally Plains Exploration & Production; the mall opening featured the debut on July 16, 1982, of a multiplex movie theater containing 14 screens the largest number of movie screens in any US multiplex shopping mall. Though the movie theater was located in Los Angeles, the opening was newsworthy enough to warrant a full article in The New York Times. In the late 1980s, three smaller screens were removed on the main floor, so two larger auditoriums could be built on the roof; the theater portion of the mall was closed altogether on June 3, 2010. The mall contained the USA's first Hard Rock Cafe, the third installment of the restaurant chain, following those in London and Toronto.
This location closed in 2007. The Beverly Center was anchored by Bullock's and The Broadway department stores, in 1993 Bullock's opened a separate Bullock's Men's store, before both stores were renamed Macy's in 1996; the Broadway closed its location in 1996 when it was absorbed into Macy's and its former store was reopened as a Bloomingdale's in 1997. Bed Bath & Beyond operated a store at the Beverly Center until it closed in 2016. In 2004, Taubman Centers, the public Real Estate Investment Trust and successor to A. Alfred Taubman's shopping center interests, purchased its partners minority investments stake in the property; the Beverly Center underwent a renovation from 2006 to 2008 that had stores complaining about a decline of foot traffic. These renovations included reconstructing the escalators visible from the outside. Still, the retailer Calvin Klein opened a new store in the mall in early 2008. A food court operated at the mall until 2014, when it was closed. Uniqlo opened one of its first Southern California locations in the space.
The Beverly Center had many dining options, but most of the restaurants that occupied the street level have closed in the recent years. Grand Lux Cafe closed its only California restaurant in 2013. In 2015, The Capital Grille, which opened in the former Hard Rock Cafe space in 2012, closed. In January 2016, P. F. Chang's shuttered its restaurant at the mall; that year, California Pizza Kitchen closed and Chipotle moved to a new pad at the corner of Beverly Boulevard and Croft Avenue. As part of renovations starting in 2016, the mall aims to bring restaurants back to the empty spaces on the street level. Starting in March 2016, the Center underwent a major renovation that aimed to add a food hall and several new street-level restaurants and a skylight. Renovation costs were given as US$500 million; the new Center will have a perforated steel facade on the outside of the building and an upgraded parking structure which will include technology to help drivers remember where they've parked. A chapter in the 1985 Bret Easton Ellis novel Less Than Zero is set in The Beverly Center.
The Beverly Center was the setting of the 1991 film Scenes from a Mall starring Bette Midler and Woody Allen. The movie's interior mall scenes were filmed between the Beverly Center and Stamford Town Center in Connecticut, another Taubman mall; the Beverly Center played a part of the plot near the end of the 1997 disaster thriller Volcano starring Tommy Lee Jones and Anne Heche. A triage and childcare center for neighboring Cedars-Sinai Medical Center was set up in the mall's Hard Rock Cafe; this was evacuated when a geyser of lava erupted out of San Vicente Boulevard, threatening the structure and its occupants. The Beverly Center was shown in the 1997 film Selena, where Selena and her friend went shopping at an upscale store in the mall before Selena attended the Grammy Awards. On May 18, 2009, rap artist Dolla was fatally shot at the Beverly Center. In the film Eraserhead, industrial wasteland scenes were shot at the present location of the Beverly Center. Prior to its current state of development, the site was an oil field.
The Beverly Center was the setting in the animated series Totally Spies!, is shown from the first three seasons until was destroyed in the episode "Head Shrinker Much?" and was replaced by The Groove in the fourth season. Zev Yaroslavsky, Los Angeles City Council member who voted in favor of building the Beverly Center Studio zone—The Beverly Center is located at the