Sanchi Stupa is a Buddhist complex, famous for its Great Stupa, on a hilltop at Sanchi Town in Raisen District of the State of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is located in 46 kilometres north-east of capital of Madhya Pradesh; the Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, an important monument of Indian Architecture. It was commissioned by the emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE, its nucleus was a simple hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha. It was crowned by the chhatri, a parasol-like structure symbolising high rank, intended to honour and shelter the relics; the original construction work of this stupa was overseen by Ashoka, whose wife Devi was the daughter of a merchant of nearby Vidisha. Sanchi was her birthplace as well as the venue of her and Ashoka's wedding. In the 1st century BCE, four elaborately carved toranas and a balustrade encircling the entire structure were added; the Sanchi Stupa built during Mauryan period was made of bricks.
The composite flourished until the 11th century. Sanchi is the center of a region with a number of stupas, all within a few miles of Sanchi, including Satdhara and Andher, as well as Sonari. Further south, about 100 km away, is Saru Maru. Bharhut is 300 km to the northeast; the monuments at Sanchi today comprise a series of Buddhist monuments starting from the Maurya Empire period, continuing with the Gupta Empire period, ending around the 12th century CE. It is the best preserved group of Buddhist monuments in India; the oldest, the largest monument, is the Great Stupa called Stupa No. 1 built under the Mauryas, adorned with one of the Pillars of Ashoka. During the following centuries under the Shungas and the Satavahanas, the Great Stupa was enlarged and decorated with gates and railings, smaller stupas were built in the vicinity Stupa No.2, Stupa No.3. Various temple structures were built, down to the Gupta Empire period and later. Altogether, Sanchi encompasses most of the evolutions of ancient Indian architecture and ancient Buddhist architecture in India, from the early stages of Buddhism and its first artistic expression, to the decline of the religion in the subcontinent.
The "Great Stupa" at Sanchi is the oldest structure and was commissioned by the emperor Ashoka the Great of the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BCE. Its nucleus was a hemispherical brick structure built over the relics of the Buddha, with a raised terrace encompassing its base, a railing and stone umbrella on the summit, the chatra, a parasol-like structure symbolizing high rank; the original Stupa only had about half the diameter of today's stupa, the result of enlargement by the Sungas. It was covered in contrast to the stones that now cover it. According to one version of the Mahavamsa, the Buddhist chronicle of Sri Lanka, Ashoka was connected to the region of Sanchi; when he was heir-apparent and was journeying as Viceroy to Ujjain, he is said to have halted at Vidisha, there married the daughter of a local banker. She was called Devi and gave Ashoka two sons and Mahendra, a daughter Sanghamitta. After Ashoka's accession, Mahendra headed a Buddhist mission, sent under the auspices of the Emperor, to Sri Lanka, that before setting out to the island he visited his mother at Chetiyagiri near Vidisa, thought to be Sanchi.
He was lodged there in a sumptuous vihara or monastery, which she herself is said to have had erected. A pillar of finely polished sandstone, one of the Pillars of Ashoka, was erected on the side of the main Torana gateway; the bottom part of the pillar still stands. The upper parts of the pillar are at the nearby Sanchi Archaeological Museum; the capital consists in four lions, which supported a Wheel of Law, as suggested by illustrations among the Sanchi reliefs. The pillar has an Ashokan inscription and an inscription in the ornamental Sankha Lipi from the Gupta period; the Ashokan inscription is engraved in early Brahmi characters. It is much damaged, but the commands it contains appear to be the same as those recorded in the Sarnath and Kausambi edicts, which together form the three known instances of Ashoka's "Schism Edict", it relates to the penalties for schism in the Buddhist sangha:... the path is prescribed both for the monks and for the nuns. As long as sons and great-grandsons as long as the Moon and the Sun, the monk or nun who shall cause divisions in the Sangha, shall be compelled to put on white robes and to reside apart.
For what is my desire? That the Sangha may long endure; the pillar, when intact, was about 42 feet in height and consisted of round and tapering monolithic shaft, with bell-shaped capital surmounted by an abacus and a crowning ornament of four lions, set back to back, the whole finely finished and polished to a remarkable luster from top to bottom. The abacus is adorned with four flame palmette designs separated one from the other by pairs of geese, symbolical of the flock of the Buddha's disciples; the lions from the summit, though now quite disfigured, still testify to the skills of the sculptors. The sandstone out of which the pillar is carved came from the quarries of Chunar several hundred miles away, implying that the builders were able to transport a block of
Theodore is a town and a locality in the Shire of Banana, Australia. It was established as part of Queensland Premier Ted Theodore's ambitious Dawson River Irrigation Scheme which failed to eventuate. Theodore is situated on the Dawson River just off the Leichhardt Highway 565 kilometres north-west of the state capital, Brisbane. Castle Creek flows through the town and into the Dawson River south of the town centre; the Aboriginal inhabitants of the area were the Gangulu people. Gangalu is an Australian Aboriginal language spoken on Gangula country; the Gangula language region includes the towns of Clermont and Springsure extending south towards the Dawson River. The first European settler in the district was Joseph Thompson who amassed a number of pastoral leases from 1850 to his death in 1857, including Oxtrack Creek, Coteeda, Delusion Creek, Hope and Woolthorpe, he entered a partnership with James Reid who acquired the Boam run and acquired Thompson's runs after his death and acquired further runs, before beginning to sell out to new settlers.
In 1864 a town called Woolthorpe was surveyed and town lots offered for sale, but few were sold and no town developed at that time. In 1893, William Woolrych acquired 13,000 acres of land alongside the Dawson River and built it up through further land acquisitions into the large Woolthorpe Station. In 1905, the Queensland Minister for Lands Joshua Thomas Bell and fellow Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly Robert Herbertson conducted a tour of the district. Herbertson reported that Woolthorpe was "a splendid property, consisting of downs and black soil flats" used for sheep grazing. Herbertson reported favourably on an experiment to raise lucerne by irrigating 70–80 acres of cleared land beside the Dawson River, his opinion was that there was plenty of water available in the Dawson River for irrigation and the land could grow any crop. Herbertson believed that, with irrigation, the district would be capable of supporting a large population, provided there was cheap and quick transport to the coast.
This comment about transport followed Minister Bell's earlier criticism of the condition of the roads west of Gladstone which were the responsibility of the Banana Shire and the Taroom Shire. The idea of a major irrigation scheme involving the Dawson River continued to be considered by the Queensland Parliament over a number of years. However, it was not until February 1920, that the Premier of Queensland Ted Theodore announced his support for a Dawson River irrigation scheme; that year, in September 1920, Ted Theodore announced that a dam would be built at The Gorge on the Dawson River enabling 100,000 acres of fertile land to be created through irrigation along 65 kilometres of the Dawson River. The irrigated area would be organised into five zones: Isla, Castle Creek, Huon and Coolibah, with each zone having a central township. There would be irrigated farms closer to dry blocks further away, it was estimated that there would be about 5000 farms and that, together with those living in the towns providing services to the farmers, the irrigation scheme would support about 50,000 people.
Each town would be a "model garden city" as the local population would be sufficient to enable all modern amenities and recreational facilities. In 1922 it was announced that the gorge and the dam would both be named after Matthew Nathan, the Governor of Queensland; the dam would be the second largest in the world, submerging over 83,200 acres and capable of storing 2,485,000 acre feet of water.. In 1922, it was announced that, in addition to the dam, the Dawson Valley Irrigation scheme would include the construction of a railway line to service the Dawson Valley; the funding for the overall scheme was to be through a loan from America for £2.5 million. As it would take some time to build the Nathan Dam, it was decided to commence on a smaller scale by initiating the Castle Creek irrigation zone by building a small low-cost weir nearby on the Dawson River, from which water would be pumped along canals to the irrigated farms. A power station was built beside the river; the land offered for initial settlement was 264 irrigated farms of average size 13 acres and 109 dry blocks of average size 211 acres.
The town was called Castle Creek after the local railway station, which in turn took its name from the creek which flowed into the Dawson River just south of the town. However, in November 1926, it was renamed in honour of Ted Theodore, who as Premier of Queensland had given so much support to the irrigation scheme. Theodore State School opened on 6 May 1924; the Castle Creek receiving office opened on 1 December 1924, but was upgraded to a post office on 15 December 1924. It was renamed Theodore Post Office on 1 July 1927; the Hotel Theodore was built as a boarding house to accommodate new residents to the district. The Theodore branch of the Country Women's Association was established in about 1928. In 1932, they opened their original rest rooms in Theodore in 1923 at a cost of £113. On 21 February 1953, their current hall on The Boulevard was opened; the land was donated and the building cost £3,000. It is painted in the traditional blue-and-white colours of the CWA
"Roadhouse Medley" is a single released by the British Rock band Status Quo in 1992. It was included on the album Live Alive Quo."Roadhouse Medley" was recorded live at BBC Radio One's Party in the Park, at Sutton Park in Birmingham on 30 August 1992. All versions of the medley, including the full 13:27 version, are unavailable elsewhere; the origins of this track date back to the early 1970s, when Status Quo heard the Doors track "Roadhouse Blues" in a club and adopted its chugging rhythm as a template for much of their early self-penned material. "Roadhouse Blues" itself had been recorded by Quo in 1972 on the Piledriver album and, with vocals by bassist Alan Lancaster, was a staple of the band's live set for many years. By 1976's Status Quo Live! Album the song had been extended to more than twelve minutes in duration, featuring a lengthy middle section in which parts of a traditional Irish jig, "Irish Washer Woman" were played. Status Quo played "Roadhouse Blues" only sporadically following Lancaster's departure from the band in 1985, with Rick Parfitt assuming lead vocals.
The "jig" section started to extend again some time between the band's Knebworth Festival appearance in June 1990 and their concert at Butlin's in Minehead in October of the same year, taking in a medley of other Status Quo songs in a shortened form, before returning to "Roadhouse Blues". For the radio edit of "Roadhouse Medley" the Doors section was dropped altogether; the songs comprising the "Roadhouse Medley" have since been restored to full length in the band's live sets, although "Roadhouse Blues" has not been played by the classic band for many years, it was played during the critically acclaimed "Frantic Four" reunion shows in 2013 and 2014. "Roadhouse Medley" (features: "The Wanderer", "Marguerita Time", "Living on an Island", "Break the Rules", "Something'Bout You Baby" "Roadhouse Medley" "The Wanderer", "Marguerita Time", "Living on an Island", "Break the Rules", "Something'Bout You Baby", "The Price of Love", "Roadhouse Blues" "Roadhouse Medley" "Roadhouse Medley" "Don't Drive My Car" "Roadhouse Medley" "Roadhouse Medley"