Eden Valley, New Zealand
Eden Valley is an inner-city suburb of Auckland, the largest and most populous urban area in New Zealand. The suburb grew around Dominion one of the Auckland's main arterial routes. Eden Valley's commercial hub is made up of a collection of businesses and dining options that service the area; the eclectic collection of shop fronts and signage on Dominion Road has aptly been described as, "colour and chaos". The "colour and chaos" of the commercial hub is contrasted by the surrounding residential area. Eden Valley is characterized by heritage buildings that house modern day businesses, a residential area that has a range of late Victorian and transitional bay villas, basalt and scoria stone walls that give the area a long established feel. Eden Valley is located 3.5 km south of the Auckland Central Business District. Dominion Road makes up the spine of Eden Valley. Eden Valley itself has no definitive beginning or end, but runs from View Road to Ballantyne Square with the intersection of Valley Road and Dominion Road as its central axis from which the suburb radiates out.
Maungawhau provides a navigational landmark to the east and Eden Park is located to the west. Dominion Road traverses some of Auckland’s early lava flows from volcanic Maungawhau and Te Tatua-a-Riukiuta. Eden Valley, as a city suburb, originated as farmland before it was subdivided for residential use and commercial development followed. During the 1840s, John Walters, George Nicol and James Brown were early landowners of Eden Valley, holding substantial land for farming and quarrying stone. Auckland’s volcanic landscape was a blessing for the area. Suburban development in Auckland depended on the availability of land, affordable transport, desire of the middle class to move out of the crowded inner city. Auckland experienced significant growth in population between 1874 and 1886, putting pressure on the areas closest to the city; the population growth combined with public transportation extending outside of the present city centre in the early 1880s created prime conditions for landowners to subdivide their properties for residential use.
Eden Valley's commercial hub began to develop in the 1880s, but it was not until the early 1900s that the development took off. The development and expansion of Dominion Road from 1900 to 1930 mirrored that in nearby Mt Eden village; the principal corner sites were redeveloped with Edwardian two-storey shops with dwellings above. The number of shops increased in the 1920s after the intersection of Dominion Road and Valley Road became the end of the tram line. In Mt Eden, the plentiful supply of volcanic stone, as well as, the ready supply of labourers from the Mt Eden Prison, allowed for a progressive development of early roads, many of which still exist today as main arterial routes. Toll gates were established on several main roads, including Mt Eden Road and Dominion Road, during the 19th century in order to help pay for their upkeep. Public transportation extended from the inner city to the surrounding areas in the late 1870s and early 1880s with horse-drawn buses being the first mode of regular public transportation in the late 1870s.
In 1881 the long-awaited railway came, connecting Newmarket with Helensville with stops in Mt Eden, Morningside and Mt Albert. At the beginning of the 20th century, trams began connecting Mt. Eden, Kingsland, Mt Albert with the city; the trams ran for the last time in the 1950s. Eden Valley falls on the border between the Epsom and Mt Albert constituencies for national Parliament. In terms of local government, Eden Valley comes under the Albert-Eden Local Board, of Auckland Council; the Albert-Eden Local Board includes the suburbs of Waterview, Point Chevalier, Mount Albert, Owairaka, Kingsland, Mount Eden and Greenlane. During the 19th century, the planning and maintenance of the main arterial roads provided the impetus to form local governing bodies in the area; the Mt Eden Highway Board held its first meeting in 1868. At the time it was responsible for building and maintaining the roads, for dealing with the pigs, horses and sheep that roamed the area. In 1882, it became the Mt Eden Road Board.
In 1906, Mt Eden gained the Mt Eden Borough Council was formed. In 1989 the Borough Council amalgamated with Auckland City Council in a nationwide local government reorganisation, and in November 2010, the council was dissolved and it became a ward of the Auckland Council. Dominion Road is a main arterial route in Auckland running north-south across most of the central isthmus; the road is a major public transport route which carries 50,000 bus passengers each week, making it one of the few roads in Auckland on which similar or greater numbers of people travel by public transport than by private car. Dominion Road began as a track created by early landowner, John Walters, connecting his property to Eden Terrace at the Whau Road. Dominion Road known as Mt Roskill Road, was further developed over the years because contractors needed the road to cart basalt and scoria from Mount Roskill and Three Kings quarries. A toll booth near Railway Bridge collected tolls from road users to fund its maintenance.
New Zealand received dominion status in 1907 and Mt Roskill Ro
Wesley, New Zealand
Wesley is a suburb of Auckland New Zealand, located in the south of the former Auckland City area. Local state secondary schools include Mount Albert Grammar School, Marist College and St Peter's College
California bungalow is a style of residential bungalow architecture, popular across the United States, to varying extents elsewhere, from around 1910 to 1939. Bungalows are one or one and a half story houses, with sloping roofs and eaves with unenclosed rafters, feature a dormer window over the main portion of the house. Ideally, bungalows are horizontal in massing, are integrated with the earth by use of local materials and transitional plantings; this helps create. Bungalows have wood shingle, horizontal siding or stucco exteriors, as well as brick or stone exterior chimneys and a partial-width front porch. Larger bungalows might have asymmetrical "L" shaped porches; the porches were enclosed at a date, in response to increased street noise. A "California" bungalow is not made of brick, but in other bungalows, most notably in the Chicago area, this is commonplace due in large part to the weather. A variation called the "Airplane Bungalow" has a much smaller area on its second floor, centered on the structure, is thought to look like the cockpit of an early airplane.
True bungalows do not include quarters for servants, have a simple living room, entered directly from the front door, in place of parlors and sitting rooms, as well as a smaller kitchen. The focal point of the living room is the fireplace, the living room has a broad opening into a separate dining room. All common areas are on the first floor with cozy atmospheres. Though the ceilings are lower than in homes of Victorian architecture, they feature redwood beams and are higher than in ranches and other homes built later. Attics are located under the sloping roof; the bungalow traces its origins to the Indian province of Bengal, the word itself derived from the Hindi bangla or house in Bengali style. The native thatched roof huts were adapted by the British, who built bungalows as houses for administrators and as summer retreats. Refined and popularized in California, many books list the first California house dubbed a bungalow as the one designed by the San Francisco architect A. Page Brown in the early 1890s.
However, Brown's close friend, Joseph Worcester, designed a bungalow for himself and erected it atop a hill in Piedmont, across the bay from San Francisco, in 1877-78. The bungalow influenced Bernard Maybeck, Willis Polk and other San Francisco architects, Jack London, who rented Worcester's house from 1902–03, called it a "bungalow with a capital'B'"; the bungalow became popular because it met the needs of changing times in which the lower middle class were moving from apartments to private houses in great numbers. Bungalows were modest and low-profile. Before World War I, a bungalow could be built for as little as $900 although the price rose to around $3,500 after the war. Bungalow designs were spread by the practice of building from mail-order plans available from illustrated catalogs, sometimes with alterations based on local practice or conditions. A variety of firms offered precut homes, which were assembled on site; these were most common in locations without a strong existing construction industry, or for company towns, to be built in a short time.
The majority of bungalows did include some elements of mass production. Bungalows can be found in the older neighborhoods of most American cities. In fact, they were so popular for a time that many cities have what is called a "Bungalow Belt" of homes built in the 1920s; these neighborhoods were clustered along streetcar lines as they extended into the suburbs. Bungalows were built in smaller groups than is typical today one to three at a time. Examples of neighborhoods in Southern California with a high concentration of California Bungalows include: Belmont Heights in Long Beach, the Wood Streets in Riverside, Bungalow Heaven, Highland Park in Los Angeles, North Park in San Diego. Separate from the main building, The Beverly Hills Hotel has 23 garden bungalows containing guests rooms and suites. Examples in other U. S. States include: the Avenues District in Salt Lake City. C.. The Californian bungalow style was popular in Australia from 1913 onwards; this period coincided with the rise of the Hollywood film industry, which popularised American clothes, furniture and houses, with the increased importation of U.
S. architectural magazines into Australia, a society, influenced by British domestic styles. "...the concept of the bungalow as a cheap and attractive form of permanent suburban housing for the masses was stimulated by a variety of economic and social factors." Timber versions of the bungalow were a low cost solution to shortages in housing and the California designs suited the growing suburbs of the larger cities in southern Australia. Having a similar climate to that of California the designs reflected the requirements of Australians who needed to cater for warm summers and mild winters; the bungalow in Australia underwent regional adaptations being built in th
St Peter's College, Auckland
St Peter's College is a Catholic secondary school for boys, located in Auckland, New Zealand, in the central city suburb of Grafton. With a roll of over 1300, the school is one of the largest Catholic schools in New Zealand. St Peter's College was established in 1939 as a successor of Auckland's earliest school and of St Peter's School, founded in 1857; the Outhwaite family, who acquired the land around 1841, donated the site of the college. The Christian Brothers provided staff for the college for 70 years, it is the oldest Catholic boys' school in Auckland still on its original site. For nearly 50 years, the school had direct access to an adjacent railway station created for the college and known as the "St Peter's College station"; the school was integrated into the state system along with 240 other New Zealand Catholic schools in 1982. The school aims to achieve a diverse, family-oriented and good exam results. Auckland's first school of any sort was a Catholic school for boys, its first classes were held on 27 September 1841.
It was set up by Catholic laymen of Auckland following the first visit of Bishop Pompallier. The teacher was Edmund Powell, classes were first held in his residence in Shortland Crescent on 27 September 1841; this school appears to have existed only for a short time. In 1857, St Peter's School was established by a group of laymen led by Father O'Hara, the curate at St Patrick's Cathedral, as Auckland's first Catholic secondary school for boys. In that year Bishop Pompallier prepared a list of church schools for the Government and for "propaganda" which stated: "St Peter's Select School is established for the more advanced boys; the Greek, French and German languages are taught in it Geometry, Arithmetic, English Grammar etc... Terms per Annum 12.0.0 for each pupil." The school had a Board of Governors composed of its founders which included the Member of Parliament, Patrick Dignan. Classes commenced in rented accommodation in Drake St, Freemans Bay. John Logan Campbell donated a sum of £500 and a block of land on the corner of Pitt and Wellington Streets.
A brick school building was built there. The founding teacher was Richard O'Sullivan and, during his tenure, the school was identified with him. Amongst his students were John Sheehan, Joseph Tole, Peter Dignan and Charles and William Outhwaite. O'Sullivan resigned in 1861. In 1865 the teacher was Peter Morand. Bishop Pompallier made an annual inspection of the school. On 16 December 1864 he visited the school along with many parents; the proceedings were commenced by an address "to the Right Reverend Dr Pompallier, Bishop of Auckland", delivered by a pupil, Laurence Lorigan, on behalf of all the pupil's. Earlier in 1864, St Peter's School gave an address to Bishop Pompallier on his feast day, the feast of St John the Baptist; that address was delivered by Martin Maher on behalf of the pupils. St Peter's School was prominent in St Patrick's Day celebrations. On Friday 17 March 1865, St Peter's boys together with pupils of other Catholic schools began their celebrations with a Pontifical High Mass whose principal celebrant was Bishop Pompallier, in the Cathedral.
After addresses to the Bishop, the pupils went to the "paddocks" of Peter Grace Esq where "the sports for the youths consisted of feats of bat and ball, football etc. etc. A spirited cricket match came off between 11 students of St Francis de Sales School and a corresponding number of St Peter's School, the former being the victors in the game". In 1867 the celebration occurred on Monday 18 March. After Mass, the addresses to the bishop were read by a pupil of St Patrick's School and by "Master Anthony Martin, son of Mr Anthony Martin of Hobson St" on behalf of St Peter's; the pupils went to paddocks of Mr Dinnin on Ponsonby Road for sports, entertainments and "refreshments". In the 1870s and 1880s, Mr B Hammill was a well-known teacher, he was said to have a "first-class certificate from the Irish Board of Education" and to be "enthusiastically devoted to his profession". Mr Peter Leonard was another prominent teacher. In 1874, a report of the annual public examination of the boys attending St Peter's, presided over by Bishop Croke, stated that there was a "regular and good" attendance of about 70 pupils at the school.
In 1879 St Peter's had a roll of 43. In 1881, Mr Cronin was a teacher at St Peter's School which in an advertisement for pupils offered night classes to prepare pupils for "mercantile pursuits, civil service and teacher's examinations". In about 1884, St Peter's started to use a larger adjacent building as the number of pupils was exceeding the capacity of the brick school. In October 1884, William Mahoney, who received all his early education under Mr Hammill at St Peter's, paid a visit to the school on his return to New Zealand as a priest, he was Auckland's first New-Zealand-born priest. St Peter's School continued until the Marist Brothers established their own school on the site in 1885. Walter Herman Jacobus Steins S. J. third Catholic Bishop of Auckland thought, that as they were a French congregation, the Marist Brothers might not be welcome in Auckland and that it would be better to invite the Irish Christian Brothers as most of the Ca
Mount Albert, New Zealand
Mount Albert refers to an inner city suburb of Auckland, New Zealand, centred on Mount Albert, a local volcanic peak which dominates the landscape. In the past Mt Albert referred to the 2,500 acre borough, created in 1911 on the outskirts of Auckland City. Mt Albert was one of the original five wards within the Mt Albert Borough; the suburb is located seven kilometres to the southwest of the Central Business District. The peak, in parkland at the southern end of the suburb, is 135 metres in height, is one of the many extinct cones which dot the city of Auckland, all of which are part of the Auckland volcanic field. Mount Albert suburb was the second that developed after Remuera, it was settled by well-off families in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Significant growth occurred between the two world wars, it is surrounded by the neighbouring suburbs of Owairaka, Morningside, Point Chevalier and Waterview. Its postcode is 1025. Unitec Institute of Technology, a large tertiary educational college, is located towards the northern end of the suburb.
The Mount Albert Research Centre houses the Auckland centre of Plant & Food Research and other Crown Research Institutes. Fowlds Park lies in the northern area of Mt Albert. Mount Albert has been administered by Auckland Council since 2010, Auckland City Council from 1989 to 2010. An early local government body was the Mount Albert Highway District Board, formed in 1866 and became Mount Albert Road Board in 1883; the road board became Mount Albert Borough Council in 1911, Mount Albert City Council in 1978. It amalgamated with Auckland City Council in a nationwide local government reorganisation in 1989. Mount Albert has been part of the Mount Albert electorate since 1946, except for the 1996–99 term, when it was the Owairaka electorate; the electorate has been held by Jacinda Ardern of the Labour Party since 25 February 2017. Michael John Coyle, 1911–1914 Murdoch McLean, 1914–1917 Thomas Benjamin Clay, 1917–1921 Alfred Ferdinand Bennett, 1921–1923 Leonard Edgar Rhodes, 1923–1931 Wilfred Fosberry Stilwell, 1931–1933 Raymond Ferner, 1933–1936 Henry Albert Anderson, 1936–1959 Francis Gordon Turner, 1959–1968 Francis Ryan, 1968–1978 Francis Ryan, 1978–1989 Mt Albert War Memorial Park - 773 New North Road.
Mt Albert War Memorial Hall - 773 New North Road. Large modernist single span shell auditorium. Built in 1960 by the citizens of the borough of Mt Albert in memory of those who gave their lives in the service of their country. On 24 September 1989 the last civic function of the City of Mt Albert was held which marked the final act of 122 years of autonomous local government in Mt Albert. Mt Albert community and recreation centre - 773 New North Road. Rocket Park - Early 1960s children's playground with metal jungle gym shapes formed like planets, comets, space ships & flying saucers. Mount Albert Baptist Church - 732 New North Rd. Modernist church from the 1950s. St Mary's Catholic Church - 10 Kitenui Ave. Roman Catholic Church attendant on the adjoining churches. Marist School -Alberton Avenue - Roman Catholic School. Marist College - 31 Alberton Ave. Roman Catholic Secondary School. Ferndale House. 830 New North Road. A wooden Carpenter Gothic house near the main shopping area; this was built by Jonathon Tonson Garlick as a four-room cottage in 1865 and extended in 1881.
His widow sold it to Mount Albert Borough Council in the 1940s. The family firm'Tonson Garlick' manufactured furniture; the property is distinguished by several enormous Norfolk Pine trees planted in the 1860s. The house is now a community venue. Mt Albert Methodist Church. 831 New North Road. Across the road from Ferndale is the wooden Gothic Mt Albert Methodist Church; the land for this building was donated by local resident Mr Stone. Mr Stone's House. 4 Alexis Avenue. Large masonry house in the Italianate style. Stone was reputably the first white baby born in new Zealand. Former Post Office. 911 New North Road. 1970s brick building with distinctive cylinder turrets. Mount Albert Railway Station. Opened in 1880 upgraded 2013–16. Former Deluxe Cinema. 960 New North Road. 1920s building. Mt Albert Presbyterian Church. 14 Mt Albert Road. Alberton. 100 Mt Albert Road. A large wooden house with distinctive turrets, was built as the residence of Allan Kerr Taylor; this two-storied wooden house has wrap-round verandahs and turrets in the Anglo-Indian style due to the family having spent time in India before coming to New Zealand.
This property commanded a view towards Auckland across a thousand-acre farm. Over the years the family sold off land for suburban development leaving only one acre around the house. Allan Kerr Taylor's wife Sophia was an outspoken advocate of the vote for women, as well as a singer and mother of 10, she ran the estate for 40 years after her husband’s death, with her three unmarried daughters running it for a further 40 years, the last of whom left the house to the New Zealand Historic Places Trust in 1972. Allan Kerr Taylor had three brothers who lived in Auckland near the Tamaki River: Charles John Taylor at Glen Orchard, William Innes Taylor at Glen Innes, Richard James Taylor at Glen Dowie; the names of their properties became the names of the suburbs. Crown Research Institute 120 Mt Albert Rd; the main building is a modernist highrise block from the 1960s. Mount Albert School Primary School on Taylor's Road. School built in its current location in 1940 on the site of Wilson's Quarry. Mount Albert Grammar School Alberton Avenue.
Main building from the 1920s was designed by Walter Arthur Cumming this school is unusual for an urban facility as it has an agricultural department - th
Eden Park is New Zealand's largest sports stadium. Located in central Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, it is three kilometres southwest of the CBD, on the boundary between the suburbs of Mount Eden and Kingsland. Although used for rugby union in winter and cricket in summer, it has hosted rugby league and football matches. In 2011 it hosted pool games, two quarter-finals, both semi-finals and the final of 2011 Rugby World Cup. In doing so it became the first stadium in the world to host two Rugby World Cup Finals, having held the inaugural final in 1987, it was a venue for the 2015 Cricket World Cup, jointly hosted by Australia and New Zealand. Eden Park has been a sports ground since 1900; the park began as a cricket ground in 1903, was due to the vision of one Harry Ryan, a cricket enthusiast who approached landowner John Walters to lease part of his land as a sports field. In the book Eden Park: A History, the authors write, "Certainly the rough paddock strewn with stones, studded with outcrops of rock and streaked with cowpats, falling away to a boggy trough that filled in a downpour and remained flooded throughout the winter, looked better suited to frog-hunting or duck-shooting than cricket, let alone rugby.
Ryan knew or at least imagined better." That bit of land was in fact located just up the road from Cabbage Tree Swamp, now Gribblehirst Park. Those who saw Ryan's vision as madness most felt vindicated when, in 1907, massive downpours of rain saw the ground submerged in water for a week; the same thing happened again in the year. Drainage problems were a scourge as late as 1975 when severe rain before the one-off test between the All Blacks and Scotland saw the event close to being called off with the drainage system unable to cope with the flooding. In 1913 the park was leased to the Auckland Rugby Union so it became both a summer and winter sporting venue, in 1921 hosted the first international event, a NZ v South Africa Test; the Western part of the ground was just open space until 1950 when a temporary stand was erected for the British Empire Games. In 1956 a permanent stand subsequently moved to North Harbour Stadium; the name ‘Eden Park’ settled into general usage around 1912, soon after it had been taken over by the Auckland Cricket Association.
Still the home of Auckland Cricket, Eden Park has hosted many international Tests, One Day International and Twenty/20 cricket matches. Rugby arrived in 1913 when, after negotiations with the Auckland Cricket Association, Auckland Rugby was granted a 21-year lease for games during the winter season; the first rugby test was held on 27 August 1921, when the Springboks beat the All Blacks 5–9 before a crowd of 40,000. The Auckland Rugby Football Union made Eden Park its home in 1925. In 1926 a Trust was set up to manage Eden Park for the benefit of Auckland Cricket and Auckland Rugby; the Trust still manages the Park. Eden Park has hosted events over the years from the 1950 Empire Games, the Queen Mother's visit in 1966, the infamous flour bombing test at the NZ v South Africa rugby game, to the Dalai Lama visit in 2002. In 1987, the ground hosted several matches of the inaugural Rugby World Cup, including the final, where New Zealand defeated France in the final; the ground was the subject of a hotly debated dilemma leading up to the 2011 Rugby World Cup, as to whether the event should be hosted at historic Eden Park or a new city centre stadium.
In 1996, the Auckland Blues began playing at the ground, with the inaugural Super 12 final held at the ground, the home side defeating the Natal Sharks in the match. Three subsequent finals have been held at the ground. In 2011, the ground hosted several matches of the 2011 Rugby World Cup, including the final, where New Zealand again defeated France in the final. In 2013 the New Zealand Warriors announced they would be playing three home games at Eden Park in the 2014 NRL season. In 2015, it hosted four matches during the 2015 Cricket World Cup, co-hosted by Australia and New Zealand including the first semi final between New Zealand and South Africa; the $256 million redevelopment completed in October 2010 provided a permanent capacity of 50,000 with a further 10,000 temporary seats for the 2011 Rugby World Cup games. This is the largest of any New Zealand sports arena. There are no standing areas. Temporary seating in front of the North Stand and the West Stand is required for the capacity to be reached.
Due to sight-screens and the larger area required for cricket matches, cricket capacity is smaller. Prior to redevelopment, Eden Park had a crowd capacity of 47,500 for 42,000 for cricket; the redevelopment project included a three-tier South stand replacing the old South and West stands, with a capacity of 24,000, a three-tier East replacing the Terraces. The number of covered seats increased from 23,000 to 38,000; the redeveloped Eden Park has an internal concourse that allows people to circulate around the grounds inside the stadium, world-class facilities, including food and beverage outlets and corporate areas, were incorporated. The open plan approach to the design and establishment of a community centre and green space, the removal of the perimeter fence, mean that the stadium has become more publicly accessible and a part of the neighbourhood. There were public concerns about the height of the new structure and its shading effect on many nearby houses. Auckland City Council received 470 submissions on the resource consent application, over 300 of which were in favour of the redevelopment.
On 26 January 2007, Eden Park received resource consent with 91 conditions imposed. The consent permitted the building of new stands in place of the terraces and south stand, but did not
Mount Eden is a suburb in Auckland, New Zealand whose name honours George Eden, 1st Earl of Auckland. It is 4 kilometres south of the Central Business District. Mt Eden Road winds its way around the side of Mount Eden Domain and continues to weave back and forth as it descends into the valley. Mt Eden village centre is located between Valley Road and Grange Road; the domain is accessible on foot from many of the surrounding streets, by vehicle from Mt Eden Road. The central focus of the suburb is Maungawhau / Mount Eden, a dormant volcano whose summit is the highest natural point on the Auckland isthmus. In pre-European times Mount Eden was utilised as a fortified hill pa by various Māori tribes; the pa is thought to have been abandoned around 1700 AD after conflict between the resident Waiohua people and the Hauraki tribes The earth ramparts and terraces from this period contribute to the distinctive outline of the hill today. The area directly around the hill consists of fertile free-draining soil mixed with a great deal of volcanic debris in the form of scoria rocks.
When Europeans came to the area, they found a landscape devoid of large trees, as anything of any size had been cut down by the Maori for various uses, such as the timber palisades of the pa. The land was covered with bracken and Manuka trees, with whau shrubs growing on the hill; the Europeans cleared the land of the scoria rocks and made fences with them to define property boundaries. This resulted in a landscape reminiscent of the Scottish lowlands; these scoria walls are still a feature of the suburb today. The land was utilised for farms, but from quite early on the area hosted country residences of professionals and business people from Auckland. Most of the farm land was subdivided into large suburban plots between 1870 and 1875, the principal roads were formed by the Crown. Mt Eden's first school opened in 1877 on the corner of Mt Valley roads. In 1879 the mountain was protected as a public reserve; the tea kiosk on the slope of Mt Eden was built in 1927. Mt Eden is now a "leafy suburb" predominantly of large houses from the first half of the 20th century.
The gardens are verdant and the trees have grown large. On the eastern slopes of Mt Eden were constructed several large country houses set in extensive grounds; these included "Harewood House", Justice Gillies "Rocklands Hall", Alfred Buckland's "Highwic", the Hellaby family's "Florence Court", Josiah Clifton Firth's "Clifton House" and Professor Sir Algernon Thomas' "Trewithiel". Close by the current Government House is Eden Garden, a ornamental public garden set up in a disused quarry. In the 1950s and 1960s the inner suburbs became unfashionable and the old houses of the Mt Eden area were comparatively cheap to buy. Mt Eden developed a bohemian image during this time as a community of artists, writers and university lecturers made it their home. Mt Eden village is still regarded by many as the "Home Of Arts" in Auckland, due to the large amount of creative activity in and around the suburb and the large number of artists who live nearby; the Presbyterian Boys' Hostel at 22 View Road is a historic building that became the first home for many young men, who moved to Auckland to train in government and industry at low rates of pay.
In Mt Eden, the plentiful supply of volcanic stone, as well as the ready supply of labourers from the Mt Eden Prison, allowed for a progressive development of early roads, many of which still exist today as main arterial routes. Toll gates were established on several main roads, including Mt Eden Road and Dominion Road, during the 19th century in order to help pay for their upkeep. Public transportation extended from the inner city to the surrounding areas in the late 1870s and early 1880s with horse-drawn buses being the first mode of regular public transportation in the late 1870s. In 1881, the long-awaited railway came, connecting Newmarket with Helensville with stops in Mt Eden, Morningside and Mt Albert. At the beginning of the 20th century, trams began connecting Mt. Eden, Kingsland, Mt Albert with the city; the trams ran for the last time in the 1950s. Mt Eden falls within the Epsom constituencies for the national Parliament. In terms of local government, Mt Eden comes under the Albert-Eden Local Board, of Auckland Council.
The Albert-Eden Local Board includes the suburbs of Waterview, Point Chevalier, Mount Albert, Owairaka, Kingsland, Mt Eden and Greenlane. During the 19th century, the planning and maintenance of the main arterial roads provided the impetus to form local governing bodies in the area; the Mt Eden Highway Board held its first meeting in 1868. At the time it was responsible for building and maintaining the roads, as well as dealing with the pigs, horses and sheep that roamed the area. In 1882 it became the Mt Eden Road Board. In 1906 Mt Eden gained the Mt Eden Borough Council was formed. In 1989 the Borough Council amalgamated with Auckland City Council in a nationwide local government reorganisation, and in November 2010, the City Council was dissolved and was incorporated into the new larger Auckland Council. Oliver Nicholson, 1906–1918 Charles Hudson, 1918–1920 John Wisdom Shackelford, 1920–1923 Rev. James Leslie Allan Kayll, 1923–1923 Ernest Herbert Potter, 19