Rugby sevens, known as seven-a-side rugby, is a variant of rugby union in which teams are made up of seven players playing seven minute halves, instead of the usual 15 players playing 40 minute halves. Rugby sevens is administered by the body responsible for rugby union worldwide; the game is popular at all levels, with amateur and club tournaments held in the summer months. Sevens is one of the most well distributed forms of rugby, is popular in parts of Africa, Asia and the Americas, in the South Pacific. Rugby sevens originated in Scotland in the 1880s; the popularity of rugby sevens increased further with the development of the Hong Kong Sevens in the 1970s and was followed by the inclusion of the sport into the Commonwealth Games for the first time in 1998 and the establishment of the annual World Rugby Sevens Series in 1999 and the World Rugby Women's Sevens Series in 2012. In 2016, rugby sevens was contested in the Summer Olympics for the first time, it has been played in regional events such as the Pan American Games and the Asian Games, in 2018 a women's tournament was played for the first time at the Commonwealth Games.
Rugby sevens is sanctioned by World Rugby, is played under similar laws and on a field of the same dimensions as the 15 player game. While a regular rugby union match lasts at least 80 minutes, a normal sevens match consists of two halves of seven minutes with a two-minute half-time break; the final of a competition can be played over two halves of ten minutes each. Sevens scores are comparable to regular rugby scores, but scoring occurs much more in sevens, since the defenders are more spaced out; the scoring system is the same as regular rugby union, namely five points for a try, three points for a drop goal and two points for a post-try conversion. The shorter match length allows rugby sevens tournaments to be completed in a weekend. Many sevens tournaments have a competition for a cup, a plate, a bowl, a shield, allowing many teams of different standards to avoid leaving empty-handed. Sevens tournaments are traditionally known for having more of a relaxed atmosphere than fifteen-a-side games, are known as "festivals".
Sevens tournaments gained their "popularity as an end of season diversion from the dourer and sterner stuff that provides the bulk of a normal season's watching." Fans attend in fancy dress, entertainment is put on for them. The Hong Kong Sevens tournament has been important in popularising the game in Asia, rugby sevens has been important as a form of international rugby "evangelism", hence is the most played form of the game, with tournaments in places as far apart as Bogota and Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur and Kenya and Scandinavia, as well as the countries in which rugby union is well known. Sevens is played on a standard rugby union playing field; the field measures up to 100 metres long and 70 metres wide. On each goal line are H-shaped goal posts; the goal posts are on the goal line. This is unlike American football. Teams are composed of seven players -- four backs. Scrums are made up of three players from each team; because of the faster nature of the game, sevens players are backs or loose forwards in fifteens rugby.
Substitutes are with only five substitutes on the bench. A typical defensive formation in open play involves a line of six defenders, with one sweeper behind the line. Rugby sevens tends to be played at a faster pace than rugby fifteens; the differences are most notable on game restarts. Because scrums in sevens involve three players forming one row instead of eight players forming three rows, scrums tend to assemble more require fewer restarts, the ball exits the scrum more quickly. Penalties in sevens are taken with a quick tap, instead of a kick for touch and a line out, resulting in the ball being put back in play more quickly. There are several variations in laws which apply to rugby sevens to speed up the game and to account for the reduced number of players; the main changes can be summarised. Five substitutes, with five interchanges. Seven minute halves. Maximum of two minutes half-time. Matches drawn after regulation are continued into sudden-death extra time, in multiple 5-minute periods.
All conversion attempts must be drop-kicked. Conversions must be taken within 30 seconds of scoring a try. Prior to 2016, the limit had been 40 seconds. Three player scrums. Kick-offs: in sevens, the team which has just scored kicks off, rather than the conceding team, as in fifteen-a-side. Yellow cards net a 2-minute suspension to the offender. Referees decide on advantage quickly. In major competitions, there are additional officials present to judge success of kicks at goals, which means the game is not delayed waiting for touch judges to move into position to judge conversion attempts. Rugby sevens was conceived in 1883 by Ned Haig and David Sanderson, who were butch
Grey College, Bloemfontein
Grey College is a public school for boys located in Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa, one of the 23 Milner Schools. Grey College was ranked 1st out of the top 100 best high schools in Africa by Africa Almanac in 2003 and 2013, based upon quality of education, student engagement and activities of alumni, school profile and news visibility. Grey College was founded on 13 October 1855 when Sir George Grey, the Governor of the Cape Colony, paid a visit to the Orange Free State Republic and donated a sum of money towards the establishment of a school in Bloemfontein; the foundation stone was laid by Jacobus Nicolaas Boshoff, the second President of the Orange Free State Republic, on 13 October 1856. The school was opened on 17 January 1859 and the first headmaster was the Reverend Andrew Murray, it is the oldest north of the Orange River. During his presidential inauguration speech in 1896, while addressing learners from Grey College, Marthinus Theunis Steyn mentioned that he envisioned a university for Bloemfontein where youth from all over the country could come and study.
He supported the idea that Grey College should provide higher education to the people of the Orange Free State. As a result the University of the Free State came into existence in 1904 when a tertiary portion of Grey College were allocated for such purpose; the college first accepted matriculants for a full B. A. course in 1904. In 1906 the tertiary part of Grey College became known as the Grey University College, but shortly thereafter the school and college separated. GUC evolved into the institution now called the University of the Free State. Afrikaans- and English-speaking pupils study under one roof, but each language group is educated in separate classrooms and in its own mother tongue; the school grounds consist of a number of historic buildings, of which five are Free State provincial heritage sites: the Main building and Hamilton Hall, the Andrew Murray House, the Brill House and the Tuck shop. Extensive sport facilities includes an Olympic-sized swimming pool, a hockey astro, squash courts and several hockey, soccer and rugby fields.
The school has 16 all-weather tennis courts. The school celebrated its 150th jubilee during October 2005, when numerous alumni visited their alma mater; the current headmaster at the High School is Deon Scheepers and the headmaster of the Primary School is Jurie Geldenhuys. A Museum which houses memorable artifacts, such as old rugby jerseys, paintings, was unveiled in 2005; each year on 13 October many old-boys hold a reunion. In 2001 the school won the Sanix World Rugby Youth Tournament. A trademark of the school is the unique handshake recognized and used by students, old boys and members of staff; the school offers a number of scholarships such as the Badawi Legacy scholarship given in partnership with Montpellier Rugby Club to promote rugby and French culture. Old Greys donate funds to the Jock Meiring Trust and Bram Fisher Trust, funds used for the administration of school grounds and granting of scholarships.. Laurens van der Post Sir Laurens van der Post was political adviser to British heads of government, close friend of Prince Charles, godfather of Prince William, journalist, philosopher and conservationist.
Prof. Ernst Oswald Johannes Westphal, internationally renowned linguist and scholar, of the School of Oriental and African Studies and the University of Cape Town. Jopie Fourie Etienne Leroux, Influential Afrikaans author and a key member of the South African Sestigers literary movement. Charl du Plessis, Internationally renowned pianist. Louis Brabow, Springboks rugby player. Heinrich Brüssow, Springboks rugby player Hansie Cronjé, former South African cricket captain, whose ashes are kept at the school Johan Cronjé, South African Olympic Athlete Naka Drotské, Rugby World Cup 1995 winning Springboks team Bismarck du Plessis, Springboks rugby player Jannie du Plessis, Springboks rugby player. Deon Stegmann, Springbok rugby player Francois Steyn, Former Racing Metro, Current Sharks and Springboks rugby player Martinus Theunis Steyn, president of the Orange Free State Adriaan Strauss, Springbok rugby player Richardt Strauss, Ireland international rugby player. J. van Zyl, South African & Commonwealth Games champion in the 400m Kepler Wessels, former South African cricket captain Wayde van Niekerk, Olympic Gold Medalist 400m Athlete & World record holder 400m trackInternational Rugby Players: Louis Brabow, Springboks rugby player.
Fiji the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about 1,100 nautical miles northeast of New Zealand's North Island. Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand's Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France's Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, Tuvalu to the north. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres; the most outlying island is Ono-i-Lau. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population of 898,760; the capital, Suva, on Viti Levu, serves as the country's principal cruise-ship port. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry—or Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is paramount.
Due to its terrain, the interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited. The majority of Fiji's islands formed through volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago; some geothermal activity still occurs today, on the islands of Vanua Taveuni. The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are non-volcanic in origin, with low-temperature surface discharges. Sabeto Hot Springs near Nadi is a good example. Humans have lived in Fiji since the second millennium BC—first Austronesians and Melanesians, with some Polynesian influences. Europeans visited Fiji from the 17th century onwards, after a brief period as an independent kingdom, the British established the Colony of Fiji in 1874. Fiji operated as a Crown colony until 1970. A military government declared a Republic in 1987 following a series of coups d'état. In a coup in 2006, Commodore Frank Bainimarama seized power; when the High Court ruled the military leadership unlawful in 2009, President Ratu Josefa Iloilo, whom the military had retained as the nominal Head of State, formally abrogated the 1997 Constitution and re-appointed Bainimarama as interim Prime Minister.
In 2009, Ratu Epeli Nailatikau succeeded Iloilo as President. After years of delays, a democratic election took place on 17 September 2014. Bainimarama's FijiFirst party won 59.2% of the vote, international observers deemed the election credible. Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific thanks to its abundant forest and fish resources, its currency is the Fijian dollar, its main sources of foreign exchange are its tourist industry, remittances from Fijians working, bottled water exports. The Ministry of Local Government and Urban Development supervises Fiji's local government, which takes the form of city and town councils. Fiji's main island is known as Viti Levu and it is from this that the name "Fiji" is derived, though the common English pronunciation is based on that of their island neighbours in Tonga, its emergence can be described as follows: Fijians first impressed themselves on European consciousness through the writings of the members of the expeditions of Cook who met them in Tonga.
They were described as formidable warriors and ferocious cannibals, builders of the finest vessels in the Pacific, but not great sailors. They inspired awe amongst the Tongans, all their Manufactures bark cloth and clubs, were valued and much in demand, they called their home Viti, but the Tongans called it Fisi, it was by this foreign pronunciation, first promulgated by Captain James Cook, that these islands are now known. "Feejee", the Anglicised spelling of the Tongan pronunciation, was used in accounts and other writings until the late 19th century, by missionaries and other travellers visiting Fiji. Located in the central Pacific Ocean, Fiji's geography has made it both a destination and a crossroads for migrations for many centuries. According to oral tradition, the indigenous Fijians of today are descendants of the chief Lutunasobasoba and those who arrived with him on the Kaunitoni canoe. Landing at what is now Vuda, the settlers moved inland to the Nakauvadra mountains. Though this oral tradition has not been independently substantiated, the Fijian government promotes it, many tribes today claim to be descended from the children of Lutunasobasoba.
Pottery art from Fijian towns shows that Fiji was settled by Austronesian peoples before or around 3500 to 1000 BC, with Melanesians following around a thousand years although the question of Pacific migration still lingers. It is believed that the Lapita people or the ancestors of the Polynesians settled the islands first but not much is known of what became of them after the Melanesians arrived. Archeological evidence shows signs of settlement on Moturiki Island from 600 BC and as far back as 900 BC. Aspects of Fijian culture are similar to the Melanesian culture of the western Pacific but have a stronger connection to the older Polynesian cultures. Trade between Fiji and neighbouring archipelagos long before European contact is testified by the canoes made from native Fijian trees found in Tonga and Tongan words being part of the language of the Lau group of islands. Pots made in Fiji have been found in Samoa and the Marquesas Islands. In the 10th century, the Tu'i Tonga Empire was established in Tonga, Fiji came within its sphere of influence.
The Tongan influence brought Polynesian cu
Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Its alternative ancient names include Kyūkoku and Tsukushi-no-shima; the historical regional name Saikaidō referred to its surrounding islands. In the 8th century Taihō Code reforms, Dazaifu was established as a special administrative term for the region; as of 2016, Kyushu covers 36,782 square kilometres. The island is mountainous, Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at 1,591 metres, is on Kyushu. There are many other signs including numerous areas of hot springs; the most famous of these are in Beppu, on the east shore, around Mt. Aso, in central Kyushu; the island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits. The name Kyūshū comes from the nine ancient provinces of Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen, Hizen, Buzen, Bungo, Hyūga, Satsuma. Today's Kyushu Region is a politically defined region that consists of the seven prefectures on the island of Kyushu, plus Okinawa Prefecture to the south: Northern Kyushu Fukuoka Prefecture Kumamoto Prefecture Nagasaki Prefecture Ōita Prefecture Saga Prefecture Southern Kyushu Kagoshima Prefecture Miyazaki Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture Kyushu comprises 10.3 percent of the entire population of Japan.
Most of Kyushu's population is concentrated along the northwest, in the cities of Fukuoka and Kitakyushu, with population corridors stretching southwest into Sasebo and Nagasaki and south into Kumamoto and Kagoshima. Excepting Oita and Miyazaki cities, the eastern seaboard shows a general decline in population. Kyushu is described as a stronghold of the LDP political party. Designated citiesFukuoka Kitakyushu Kumamoto Core citiesKagoshima Ōita Nagasaki Miyazaki Naha Kurume Sasebo Saga Parts of Kyushu have a subtropical climate Miyazaki prefecture and Kagoshima prefecture. Major agricultural products are rice, tobacco, sweet potatoes, soy; the island is noted for various types of porcelain, including Arita, Imari and Karatsu. Heavy industry is concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu and Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles and metal processing. In 2010, the graduate employment rate in the region was the lowest nationwide, at 88.9%. Besides the volcanic area of the south, there are significant mud hot springs in the northern part of the island, around Beppu.
These springs are the site of occurrence of certain extremophile micro-organisms, that are capable of surviving in hot environments. Major universities and colleges in Kyushu: National universities Kyushu University – One of seven former "Imperial Universities" Kyushu Institute of Technology Saga University Nagasaki University Kumamoto University Fukuoka University of Education Oita University Miyazaki University Kagoshima University National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya University of the Ryukyus Universities run by local governments University of Kitakyushu Kyushu Dental College Fukuoka Women's University Fukuoka Prefectural University Nagasaki Prefectural University Oita University of Nursing and Health Sciences Prefectural University of Kumamoto Miyazaki Municipal University Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University Okinawa Prefectural University of Arts Major private universities Fukuoka University – University with the largest number of students in Kyushu Kumamoto Gakuen University Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University Seinan Gakuin University Kyushu Sangyo University – Baseball team won the Japanese National Championship in 2005 University of Occupational and Environmental Health Kurume University The island is linked to the larger island of Honshu by the Kanmon Tunnels, which carry both the San'yō Shinkansen and non-Shinkansen trains of the Kyushu Railway Company, as well as vehicular and bicycle traffic.
The Kanmon Bridge connects the island with Honshu. Railways on the island are operated by the Kyushu Railway Company, Nishitetsu Railway. Northern Kyushu Southern Kyushu Azumi people, an ancient group of people who inhabited parts of northern Kyūshū Geography of Japan Group Kyushu Western Army United States Fleet Activities Sasebo Hoenn, a fictional region in the Pokémon franchise, based on Kyushu Kanmonkyo Bridge, that connects Kyūshū with Honshū Kyushu National Museum List of regions in Japan Kyushu dialects Hichiku dialect, Hōnichi dialect and Kagoshima dialect Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth.. Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
Irish Rugby Football Union
The Irish Rugby Football Union is the body managing rugby union in the island of Ireland. The IRFU has its head office at 10/12 Lansdowne Road and home ground at Aviva Stadium, where adult men's Irish rugby union international matches are played. In addition, the Union owns the Ravenhill Stadium in Belfast, Thomond Park in Limerick and a number of grounds in provincial areas that have been rented to clubs. There were two unions: the Irish Football Union, which had jurisdiction over clubs in Leinster and parts of Ulster and was founded in December 1874, the Northern Football Union of Ireland, which controlled the Belfast area and was founded in January 1875; the IRFU was formed in 1879 as an amalgamation of these two organisations and branches of the new IRFU were formed in Leinster and Ulster. The Connacht Branch was formed in 1900; the IRFU was a founding member of the International Rugby Football Board, now known as World Rugby, in 1886 with Scotland and Wales. Following the political partition of Ireland into separate national states, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the Committee of the Irish Rugby Football Union decided that it would continue to administer its affairs on the basis of the full 32 Irish counties and the traditional four provinces of Ireland: Leinster, Ulster and Connacht.
This led to the unusual, but not unique, situation among international rugby union teams, where the Irish representative teams are drawn from players from two separate political, national territories: Ireland and Northern Ireland. To maintain the unity of Irish rugby union and the linkages between North and South, the IRFU purchased a new ground in 1923 in the Ravenhill district of Belfast at a cost of £2,300; the last full International at Ravenhill involving Ireland for more than a half-century took place in 1953–54 against Scotland who were victorious by 2 tries to nil. Australia played Romania in the 1999 World Cup at the ground; the next full International played at Ravenhill was the Rugby World Cup warm-up match against Italy in August 2007 due to the temporary closure of Lansdowne Road for reconstruction. The four provincial branches of the IRFU first ran cup competitions during the 1880s. Although these tournaments still take place every year, their significance has been diminished by the advent of an All-Ireland league of 48 Senior Clubs in 1990.
The four provincial teams have played an Interprovincial Championship since the 1920s and continue to be the focal point for players aspiring to the international level. These are Munster, Leinster and Connacht. All four provinces play at the senior level as members of the Pro14; the Irish Rugby Football Union represents the island of Ireland and the emblems and symbols it uses have reflected its association with the whole of the island of Ireland since its formation. Some elements have changed since 1874, but what has remained consistent throughout the history of the union is the use of the shamrock in its emblems; the Shamrock was a 5 sprig emblem covering most of the lefthand side of the jersey and this was used until the 1898 game against England in when it was replaced with a white shield with a sprig of 4 similar sized shamrocks. In 1927 a new crest was introduced, with the shamrock design altered to a sprig of 3 shamrocks of a similar size within a smaller white shield; this was the official crest until 1974 when the centenary logo was used, which continued to be used with only a slight modification made in 2010.
Logos used on the official match programmes from the 1920s to 1954, showing a single shamrock surrounded by an oval had no relation to the official jersey emblem. The only time an Irish jersey had a single shamrock was when the Ireland side toured Chile and Argentina in 1952 and Argentina in 1970, in both series no caps were awarded. Although the use of the shamrock has been a constant, albeit with modifications to design, other elements of symbology have changed. In the early twenties, when the Irish Free State was established, the union was left in the position of governing a game for one island containing two separate political entities. A controversy ensued as to. For a side that played both in Dublin and Belfast this posed a significant issue. In 1925 the union designed their own flag. Although it had the same elements as the Flag of the Four Provinces, it was not identical, instead having them separated on a green background with the IRFU logo in the centre. So, the call to fly the Irish tricolour at Lansdowne Road continued.
In 1932, despite the IRFU insisting that only the IRFU flag was flown at home internationals, pressure continued such that the Minister for External Affairs in the Free State asked to meet with the president of the Union. The result was that on 5 February 1932, the IRFU unanimously voted to fly both the flag of the union and the national flag at Lansdowne Road at all international matches in Dublin; the IRFU flag, as designed in 1925, is that, still used by the Ireland rugby union side, albeit with the logo updated in the middle. At the 2011 Rugby World Cup, the Ireland team entered the field of play at the beginning of their matches with the Irish tricolour and the Flag of Ulster. There are approximately 95,000 rugby players in total in Ireland. There are 56 club
The King's School, Parramatta
The King's School is a private, Anglican and boarding school for boys, located in North Parramatta in the western suburbs of Sydney. Founded in 1831, it is Australia's oldest independent school; the School is situated on a 148-hectare campus. In the western suburbs of Sydney, the School has about 1,700 students from kindergarten to Year 12 and about 430 boarders from Years 5–12, making it one of the largest boarding schools in Australia, it is Australia's oldest boarding school. The school is affiliated with the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference, the Association of Heads of independent schools of Australia, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia, the Australian Boarding Schools' Association, it is a G20 School and is a founding member of the Athletic Association of the Great Public Schools of New South Wales. In January 1830, the archdeacon of New South Wales, William Grant Broughton, devised a plan for the establishment of grammar schools in the colony under the governorship of Sir Ralph Darling.
The Duke of Wellington assisted in securing royal patronage, the text of which stated that with the authority of King George IV such schools would be named "The King's Schools". It is said, although no documentation exists, that royal sanction was granted by King William IV. Two schools were opened in 1832: the first in Pitt Street, the other in George Street, Parramatta, 25 kilometres inland; the former, opened in January, closed eight months after the death of its first headmaster, while the Parramatta campus remained open under the stewardship of the Reverend Robert Forrest, appointed headmaster in 1831. According to The King's School 1831–1981, on opening day, Monday 13 February 1832, with a handful of pupils. Forrest was paid a salary of £ 100 per annum. From fees of £28 and £8 per annum for boarders and day pupils he was expected to maintain boarders and pay the salaries of his assistants, whose fees were £4 per annum for each pupil taught. According to an article in the Australian Historical Society Journal in 1903, enrolment reached over 100 pupils before the end of the first year.
By 1839, Forrest's health had deteriorated and he submitted his resignation. Ill-health caused the school to experience a rapid succession of headmasters in the following decade. Reverend William Clarke was appointed headmaster to replace Forrest, Reverend John Troughton was appointed master in charge of boarders. Two years Reverend W. W. Simpson became headmaster. Reverend James Walker, a notable botanist and classical scholar, succeeded Simpson, but ill-health resulted in his resignation in December 1847. In 1848 Forrest returned to the school, which had now had 60 pupils, but he was again forced to resign due to illness in September 1853. In July 1854, the Reverend Thomas Druitt was appointed headmaster and established military drill in April 1855, a compulsory subject overseen by W. Bamford. Druitt had been under the impression that his appointment was permanent and he refused to relinquish his position upon the arrival of his replacement, Reverend Frederick Armitage, in January 1855, it was not until the intervention of Bishop Frederic Barker in May 1855 that Druitt agreed to stand down.
Under the helm of Armitage, the school experienced a protracted period of expansion in facilities and enrolments, due to his significant wealth, which allowed him to pay for many of the improvements personally. The number of pupils increased to nearly 200. Pupils studied for seven hours per day in six hours in winter; as well as religious holidays, there were two official school holidays per year, including a mid-winter vacation from 15 June to 15 July, a mid-summer vacation from 24 December to 31 January. In 1859 Armitage adopted school arms similar to those of The King's School Canterbury in England, which according to The King's School 1831–1981, was due to the erroneous assumption that the Australian school was named after the English one, he applied for leave in 1862 to attend to his ill wife and to obtain a mathematics degree at the University of Cambridge, but he never returned. By the end of his tenure, he had raised the quality of education to a high level; the acting headmaster appointed prior to Armitage's departure, LJ Trollope, saw a drastic contraction in the number of pupils to just 10 by June 1864, resulting in the closure of the school.
There are varying accounts as to the reasons underpinning the school's rapid and sudden decline, including the school's poor financial situation, the dilapidated buildings and competition from other schools, while The King's School 1831–1981 claims that it was a series of successive rainstorms causing the collapse of the schoolroom roof that forced its closure. Other accounts have blamed Armitage as lacking the discipline to continue as headmaster; the Australian Dictionary of Biography argues that while the departure of Armitage was not ideal, "a headmastership devoid of endowment or guaranteed salary in a colonial school without a council or adequate financial support could hardly have been attractive to a scholarly English gentleman." The school reopened in January 1869 with the Rev. George Fairfowl Macarthur as Headmaster. Macarthur had been a pupil at The King's School during its early years; the King's School rented Harrisford House in George Street, near the wharves on Parramatta River.
The school soon outgrew its campus in George Street, following a submission to the crown, it was provided with land and premises further upriver in Parramatta, close to the Government House. The school remained there for 130 years until August 1968 when it completed its r