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Sans-serif

In typography and lettering, a sans-serif, sans serif, gothic, or sans letterform is one that does not have extending features called "serifs" at the end of strokes. Sans-serif fonts tend to have less stroke width variation than serif fonts, they are used to convey simplicity and modernity or minimalism. Sans-serif fonts have become the most prevalent for display of text on computer screens. On lower-resolution digital displays, fine details like serifs may appear too large; the term comes from the French word sans, meaning "without" and "serif" of uncertain origin from the Dutch word schreef meaning "line" or pen-stroke. In printed media, they are more used for display use and less for body text. Before the term "sans-serif" became common in English typography, a number of other terms had been used. One of these outmoded terms for sans serif was gothic, still used in East Asian typography and sometimes seen in font names like News Gothic, Highway Gothic, or Trade Gothic. Sans-serif fonts are sometimes in older documents, used as a device for emphasis, due to their blacker type color.

For the purposes of type classification, sans-serif designs are divided into three or four major groups, the fourth being the result of splitting the grotesque category into grotesque and neo-grotesque. This group features most of the early sans-serif designs. Influenced by Didone serif fonts of the period and sign painting traditions, these were quite solid, bold designs suitable for headlines and advertisements; the early sans-serif typefaces did not feature a lower case or italics, since they were not needed for such uses. They were sometimes released by width, with a range of widths from extended to normal to condensed, with each style different, meaning to modern eyes they can look quite irregular and eccentric. Grotesque fonts have limited variation of stroke width; the terminals of curves are horizontal, many have a spurred "G" and an "R" with a curled leg. Capitals tend to be of uniform width. Cap height and ascender height are the same to create a more regular effect in texts such as titles with many capital letters, descenders are short for tighter line spacing.

Most avoid having a true italic in favor of a more restrained oblique or sloped design, although at least sans-serif true italics were offered. Examples of grotesque fonts include Akzidenz Grotesk, News Gothic, Franklin Gothic and Monotype Grotesque. Akzidenz Grotesk Old Face, Grotesque No. 9 and Monotype Grotesque are examples of digital fonts that retain more of eccentricities of some of the early sans-serif types. The term realist has been applied to these designs due to their practicality and simplicity; as the name implies, these modern designs consist of a direct evolution of grotesque types. They are straightforward in appearance with limited width variation. Unlike earlier grotesque designs, many were issued in large and versatile families from the time of release, making them easier to use for body text. Similar to grotesque typefaces, neo grotesques feature capitals of uniform width and a quite'folded-up' design, in which strokes are curved all the way round to end on a perfect horizontal or vertical.

Helvetica is an example of this. Others such as Univers are less regular. Neo-grotesque type began in the 1950s with the emergence of the International Typographic Style, or Swiss style, its members looked at the clear lines of Akzidenz Grotesk as an inspiration to create rational neutral typefaces. In 1957 the release of Helvetica and Folio, the first typefaces categorized as neo-grotesque, had a strong impact internationally: Helvetica came to be the most used typeface for the following decades. Other neo-grotesques include Unica and Rail Alphabet, in the digital period Acumin, San Francisco and Roboto; as their name suggests, Geometric sans-serif typefaces are based on geometric shapes, like near-perfect circles and squares. Common features are a nearly-exactly circular capital "O" and a "single-story" lowercase letter "a". The'M' is splayed and the capitals of varying width, following the classical model; the geometric sans originated in Germany in the 1920s. Two early efforts in designing geometric types were made by Herbert Bayer and Jakob Erbar, who worked on Universal Typeface and Erbar.

In 1927 Futura, by Paul Renner, was released to great acclaim and popularity. Geometric sans-serif fonts were popular from the 1920s and 1930s due to their clean, modern design, many new geometric designs and revivals have been created since. Notable geometric types of the period include Kabel, Semplicità, Bernhard Gothic and Metro. Many geometric sans-serif alphabets of the period, such as those created by the Bauhaus art school and modernist poster artists, were hand-lettered and not cut into metal type at the time. A separate inspiration for many types described "geometric" in design has been the simplified shapes of letters engraved or stenciled on metal and plastic in industrial use, which follow a simplified structure and are sometimes known as "rectilinear" for their use of straight vertical and horizontal lines. Designs which have been called geometric in principles but not descended from the Futura/Erbar/Kabel tradition include Bank Gothic, DIN 1451, Eurostile and Handel Gothic, along with many of the fonts designed by Ray Larabie.

Humanist sans-serifs take inspiration

JD Gaming

JD Gaming is a Chinese professional esports organization based in Beijing. It has two League of Legends teams: a main roster that competes in the League of Legends Pro League, the top level of professional League of Legends in China, a trainee roster named Joy Dream that competes in the League of Legends Developmental League, which serves as China's secondary league. Both teams were formed on 20 May 2017 after e-commerce company JD.com acquired the LPL spot of the QG Reapers and the LSPL spot of Now or Never. Prior to the acquisitions, JD Gaming had an all-female League of Legends team and an Overwatch team, both of which saw only minor success and were disbanded. Most of the QG Reapers' players and staff joined JD Gaming after their organization's acquisition by JD.com on 20 May 2017. JD Gaming's first roster consisted of top laner Kan "Kabe" Ho Man, junglers Kim "Clid" Tae-min and Chang "Xinyi" Ping, mid laner Kim "Doinb" Tae-sang, bot laners Xu "Barrett" Qiu-Bin and Lee "LokeN" Dong-wook, supports Hu "Cloud" Zhen-Wei and Zuo "LvMao" Ming-Hao.

The team's first tournament was the 2017 Demacia Cup, which they placed ninth to twelfth after losing 0–2 to LGD Gaming. JD Gaming was placed in Group B for the 2017 LPL Summer Split, placing fifth in their group with a 6–10 record; the team qualified for the 2017 National Electronic Sports Tournament after defeating Edward Gaming 2–0 in the qualifiers. JD Gaming was able to make it to the NEST finals. Following NEST, JD Gaming underwent several roster changes: Kabe, Doinb and Cloud left the team, while top laner Zhang "Zoom" Xing-Ran and mid laner Zeng "YaGao" Qo joined to replace the vacant positions; the newly revised roster of Zoom, Clid, YaGao, LokeN, LvMao placed fourth in the 2017 Demacia Championship after losing 0–2 to Invictus Gaming once again. During the 2018 LPL Spring Split, JD Gaming was a member of the league's eastern conference, where they placed fourth with a 10–9 record; this placement qualified them for playoffs, where they placed seventh to eighth overrall after losing 0–3 to Bilibili Gaming.

JD Gaming placed third in the 2018 LPL Summer Split eastern conference with a 13–6 record and qualified for playoffs, where they placed third again after defeating Rogue Warriors 3–0 in the third place match. The team was unable to qualify for the 2018 World Championship after Edward Gaming knocked them out of the 2018 China Regional Finals with a close 3–2 victory. JD Gaming took first place at NEST 2018 after defeating Topsports Gaming 2–1 in the finals. Clid and LokeN left JD Gaming during the offseason on 20 November 2018. In December 2018, junglers Sung "Flawless" Yeon-jun and Đỗ "Levi" Duy Khánh were acquired from Rogue Warriors and 100 Thieves while bot laners Ju "Bvoy" Yeong-hoon and Gu "Imp" Seung-bin joined from Young Miracles and Team WE to complete the roster; the new roster placed seventh to eighth in the 2018 Demacia Cup. JD Gaming placed eighth in the regular season of the 2019 LPL Spring Split qualifying for playoffs as the last seed; the team went on to exceed many analysts' expectations by making it to the grand finals after taking upset victories over Team WE, Royal Never Give Up, FunPlus Phoenix, who were fifth and first in the regular season.

However, JD Gaming was swept 3–0 by Invictus Gaming in the grand finals. It was announced on 13 May 2019 that Levi and Bvoy had left JD Gaming, with the former returning to his former team, GAM Esports. On 23 May 2019, jungler Seo "Kanavi" Jin-hyeok joined JD Gaming from Griffin. JD Gaming on Twitter

University of the Southwest

For other universities with a similar name, see Southwest University. University of the Southwest is a private Christian university in New Mexico; the university was incorporated under its current name in 1962, although the college existed several years prior as a two-year Baptist educational institution. University of the Southwest grants baccalaureate degrees in Arts and Sciences and Education; the university offers both an MBA and Masters of Science in Education program. It is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. University of the Southwest was founded by B. Clarence Evans as Hobbs Baptist College in 1956. Hobbs Baptist College operated as a two-year junior college until 1958; the college was renamed New Mexico Baptist College in 1958 when the college began granting four-year degrees. In 1961 the college was relocated to its present location in NM, United States. Once the college was relocated, it was refounded as an interdenominational private four-year liberal arts college; the name was again changed in 2008 to the present University of the Southwest.

University of the Southwest grants degrees in over fifty undergraduate and fifteen graduate programs. These programs operate within three academic schools at the University. School of Arts and Science School of Business & Professional Studies School of Education University of the Southwest competes in intercollegiate athletics as the Mustangs; the Mustangs began to compete in 1994. The university competes in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics; the Mustangs are members of the Red River Athletic Conference. Men's sports: Baseball Basketball Cross country Soccer Tennis Track & FieldWomen's sports: Basketball Cross country Soccer Softball Tennis Track & Field Volleyball There are twelve student organizations at University of the Southwest; these student organizations operate in the areas of professionalism, academic honors and civics. The university supports an intramural sports program wherein students and faculty participate. University of the Southwest hosts the Jack Maddox Distinguished Lecture Series.

This lecture series attracts prominent and influential men and women from all areas of life to give informative and inspirational lectures. Official website University of the Southwest athletics website

My postillion has been struck by lightning

"My postillion has been struck by lightning", "our postillion has been struck by lightning", other variations on the same pattern, are given as examples of the ridiculous phrases supposed to have been found in phrase books or language instruction in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The word postillion may occur in its alternative spelling postilion. Although various forms of the sentence are cited, the exact wording and the context in which it is said to have been used vary. For example, a teaching manual attributes it to a Portuguese-English phrasebook: The phrase-book for Portuguese learners of English which included the often-quoted and bizarre sentence'Pardon me, but your postillion has been struck by lightning' demonstrates a total lack of sense of context: who can have said this, to whom and in what circumstances? By contrast a linguistics textbook mentions the "apocryphal" phrase during a description of foreign language teaching in "the schoolrooms of Europe at the close of the nineteenth century": entences—especially constructed to contain only the grammar and vocabulary, covered—were laboriously translated, in writing and out of the student's first language.

Such sentences bizarrely remote from any conceivable use, have been the occasion for jokes since. We have all heard references to the apocryphal "My postilion has been struck by lightning" and the infamous plume de ma tante. During the nineteenth century, publishers began producing multilingual phrase-books for businessmen and wealthy travellers. An early example is Georg Wolfrum's Handbuch für Jünglinge, which gives English, German and Italian versions of "Are the postilions insolent?" The same question is found in Baedeker's Conversationsbuch für Reisende. John Murray's Handbook of Travel-Talk includes a section entitled "Accidents on a Journey", it gives English, French and Italian translation suggestions for a variety of mishaps which might befall a traveller, such as one's postillion becoming injured, or finding oneself in stormy weather: Oh, dear! The postilion has been thrown down. Is he hurt? Run for assistance to the next cottage. Ask for a surgeon. I am afraid, he has been bruised on his head.

He must be carried home gently. It rains in torrents, it lightens—it thunders. A theatre review in the September 14, 1889 issue of the London illustrated weekly The Graphic includes a phrase similar to the one under discussion, attributing it to Murray's travel guide: The proprietor of the Greenwich Theatre has hit on the notion of ornamenting his playbills with a picture of the house, on which every exit is marked in conspicuous fashion. Somebody has objected that in the face of fire or panic no one would be to consult this guide to the methods of escape; this reminds one of the criticism of a gentleman on Mr. Murray's "Travel Talk," when he found the exclamation, "Dear me, our postillion has been struck dead by lightning!" set forth for his convenience in four languages. The August 30, 1916 issue of the British magazine Punch includes this item: An officer serving in the Balkans writes to say that he has just come across a Hungarian-English phrase-book which starts with the useful phrase, "My postilion has been struck by lightning."

Another usage of the phrase occurs in a 1932 book entitled Little Missions, written by "Septimus Despencer": It was my fortune once to be marooned for twenty-four hours in a siding of a railway station in what is now Jugoslavia but was South Hungary. I wandered into the village, in the village shop which sold everything I found a dozen of old second-hand books. One of them was a Magyar-English Manual of Conversation containing useful phrases such as every traveller needs to know; the first section was headed'On the road', the first sentence in it was:'Dear me, our postilion has been struck by lightning.' This is the sort of thing. According to its introduction, the travels reported in the book occurred during "he three years following the armistice of 1918": thus Despencer's discovery of the phrase would be dated during the period 1919–1921. In the April 2008 issue of the Quote... Unquote newsletter, Nigel Rees speculates that the phrase "passed into general circulation" from Despencer's book.

In James Thurber's 1937 New Yorker article "There's No Place Like Home", a phrasebook from "the era of Imperial Russia" contains the "magnificent" line: "Oh, our postillion has been struck by lightning!". Thurber speculates that such a "fantastic piece of disaster" must have been rare, "even in the days of the Czars". Thurber heard of the quote from "an writer in a London magazine". In James Michener's 1954 novel Sayonara, the heroine Hana-Ogi tries to learn a little English from a phrasebook to communicate with her American lover and based on its recommendation starts with this phrase, much to his bewilderment."The Postilion Has Been Struck By Lightning" is the title of a two-stanza poem by Patricia Beer, published in 1967. The poem was selected for inclusion in The Oxford Book of Contemporary Verse. In it, the author laments the death in a thunderstorm of "the best postilion I had". In 1977 actor Dirk Bogarde titled the first volume of his autobiography A Postillion Struck By Lightning. According to Bogarde, he heard of the sentence while on a childhood holiday in France.

It came from an old French phrase-book belonging to the nanny of another family. A jocular verse titled "Ballad of Domestic Calamity" attributed to M. H. Longson contains the phrase at the end of each stanza. In a 1995 paper, linguist David Crystal defined "postilion sen

Assabet River Rail Trail

The Assabet River Rail Trail is a partially-completed multi-use path running through the cities and towns of Marlborough, Stow and Acton, United States. As a conversion of the abandoned Marlborough Branch of the Fitchburg Railroad, it is a rail trail; the right-of-way parallels the Assabet River in the midsection. At the north end it veers north to the South Acton MBTA train station while the south end veers south to Marlborough; when completed, the end-to-end length will be 12.5 miles. As of August 2018, the southwest end, 5.1 miles of the trail from Marlborough to Hudson is completed, the northeast end, 3.4 miles running from South Acton train station to the Maynard/Stow border is completed. No current plans exist for paving the middle 4.0 miles in Husdon. This railroad branch was progressively lengthened so that it reached from the Acton station to Maynard by 1849, was extended through Stow to Hudson in 1850, reached its Marlborough terminus in 1855. Passenger service was discontinued in the reverse fashion, so that Marlborough's service ended in 1930, Hudson and Stow in 1939, Maynard in 1958.

The branch continued to provide freight service into the 1960s. The last remaining rails and railroad ties in Acton and Maynard were removed in 2014. In 1851 transcendentalist Henry David Thoreau, who lived in Concord, wrote in his famous journal about a trek to Boon's Pond, which on the return included a walk along the railroad tracks that are now part of the rail trail. In 2005 the south end of the trail, with a length of 5.1 miles, was completed from Marlborough to a parking lot on Wilkins Street in northeast Hudson. Construction of 3.4 miles of the north end of the trail — from the South Acton train station running south to central Maynard and southwest to White Pond Road at the Maynard–Stow border — began in 2016. The groundbreaking ceremony for the north end was held on July 21, 2016; the ribbon-cutting event celebrating the completion was held August 10, 2018. Completion of the north end will leave a four-mile gap between the Marlborough–Hudson and Acton–Maynard portions of the trail; the east end of this gap is a dirt road known as "Track Road," but beyond that there are no bridges over the two crossings of the Assabet River and some parts are on private property.

Maps and updates are available on the ARRT website. There are four boat launches providing canoe and kayak access to the Assabet River on the trail: one in Hudson at Main Street Landing. A map of locations of these boat launches is available on the ARRT website. Starting in the fall of 2018, a project named "Trail of Flowers" was initiated with the goal of planting thousands of blooming bulbs plus perennial flowering plants and trees along the trail. Plantings in the first year were limited to Maynard, but expanded to Acton in the second year and will add Marlborough and Hudson in the future; the cost of plants is paid for by the plantings conducted by volunteers. Assabet River Rail Trail, Inc

USS Wilmington (PG-8)

USS Wilmington was the lead ship in a class of two United States Navy gunboats. She was laid down on 8 October 1894 at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding Company. Gray. Todd in command. After conducting sea trials and training off the east coast and joined the North Atlantic Squadron at Key West, Wilmington trained and underwent exercises in gunnery and tactics in late 1897 and early 1898 as tension between the United States and Spain was rising closer to open hostilities. On 21 April 1898, two months after the sinking of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor, the U. S. declared war on Spain. Meanwhile, the Navy had moved its warships into position to attack Spanish possessions in the Far East and in the Caribbean. In May, she participated in the Second Battle of Cardenas and was defeated but at the Bombardment of Cárdenas the next morning, she sank two Spanish gunboats and two schooners without a fight. On 15 July 1898, Wilmington arrived off Cape Cruz, near Manzanillo and joined Wompatuck on station with the blockading forces.

The following day, Wilmington overhauled two small charcoal-burning fishing boats off the harbor mouth and questioned their Cuban crews. From the brief interrogation, the Americans learned that a submarine cable connected Santa Cruz and Jucaro; the gunboat proceeded to the spot mentioned by the fishermen and lowered a grappling hook. Finding the cable, Wilmington cut it and made for Cuarto Reales to join Helena and Hist. On 17 July, Wilmington led the three other ships to El Guayabal, 20 mi north of Manzanillo, near Santa Cruz del Sur. Upon their arrival at Guayabal, the warships found Scorpion and Osceola. During the afternoon hours, the four commanding officers met in conference and formulated preliminary plans for an expedition to Manzanillo to destroy the Spanish shipping there. Accordingly, at 03:00 on 18 July, the American ships set out from Guayabal and set course for Manzanillo. At 06:45, the group split up according to plan: Wilmington and Helena made for the north channel. Fifteen minutes the two largest ships entered the harbor with black smoke billowing from their tall funnels and gunners ready at their weapons.

Taking particular care not to damage the city beyond the waterfront, the American gunners directed their gunfire at the Spanish ships and took a heavy toll of the steamers congregated there. Spanish supply steamer Purissima Concepcion sank at her moorings. Two small gunboats and Guardian were driven ashore and shot to pieces. Beyond the effective range of Spanish shore batteries, the Americans emerged unscathed, leaving columns of smoke to mark the pyres of the enemy's supply and patrol vessels; the 20-minute engagement ended with the attackers withdrawing to sea to resume routine patrol duties with the North Atlantic Squadron for the duration of hostilities. Late in the summer, Wilmington was drydocked at Boston from 24 September-3 October. Following repairs, she departed the Massachusetts coast on 20 October, via Charleston, South Carolina, for Norfolk. Arriving at Hampton Roads on 31 October, she put into the Norfolk Naval Shipyard on the following day for further repairs and preparation for foreign service.

With the reestablishment of the South Atlantic Squadron, Wilmington got underway on Christmas Eve and set her course for Puerto Rico. She arrived at San Juan on 30 December 1898, but she resumed her voyage south on 2 January 1899 and proceeded via Castries, Saint Lucia, to Port-of-Spain, where she made port on 15 January. Six days Wilmington left Trinidad behind and pointed her straight stem toward Venezuela. On the 23d, she arrived off Barima Point and stood up the Santa Catalina River, which led to the main branch of the Orinoco. After a brief stop at the town of Las Tablas, she put into Ciudad Bolívar on the 24th where the mayor, the American consul, a number of city officials came on board the ship for a visit. Diplomatic affairs occupied the officers, with the commanding officer visiting the provincial governor and collector of customs, she was "full-dressed" with flags and appropriate ceremonial trappings on 28 January when she welcomed the citizens of the city on board. Two days the gunboat departed Ciudad Bolívar to return to Port-of-Spain.

She was based at Trinidad into March. During this time, she visited Guanta in northern Venezuela. Departing Paramaribo on 6 March, Wilmington commenced the initial leg of her cruise up the Amazon River. Navigable for nearly 2,300 mi of its 3,200 mi length during the rainy season, the Amazon and its verdant banks presented the ship's company with interesting and unusual flora and fauna as she proceeded upriver. Calling at Pará and Manaus, Brazil, en route, the ship arrived at the Peruvian border at Leticia, Peru, on 11 April. Heaving-to, the gunboat dropped anchor off Leticia to secure permission from Peruvian authorities to proceed further up the Amazon. With permission granted, she again arrived at Iquitos on 13 April. While numerous official calls were exchanged during the visit, the gunboat acquired a small menagerie: three monkeys and one tiger cat which were presented to the ship by the Peruvians. On 18 April, Wilmington departed Iquitos, hea