Sanssouci was the summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin. It is counted among the German rivals of Versailles. While Sanssouci is in the more intimate Rococo style and is far smaller than its French Baroque counterpart, it too is notable for the numerous temples and follies in the park; the palace was designed/built by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff between 1745 and 1747 to fulfill King Frederick's need for a private residence where he could relax away from the pomp and ceremony of the Berlin court. The palace's name emphasises this; the name in past times reflected a play on words, with the insertion of a comma visible between the words Sans and Souci, viz. Sans, Souci. Kittsteiner theorizes that this could be a philosophical play on words, meaning "without a worry/concern" or it could be some secret personal message which nobody has interpreted, left to posterity by Frederick II. Sanssouci is little more than a large, single-story villa—more like the Château de Marly than Versailles.
Containing just ten principal rooms, it was built on the brow of a terraced hill at the centre of the park. The influence of King Frederick's personal taste in the design and decoration of the palace was so great that its style is characterised as "Frederician Rococo", his feelings for the palace were so strong that he conceived it as "a place that would die with him"; because of a disagreement about the site of the palace in the park, Knobelsdorff was fired in 1746. Jan Bouman, a Dutch architect, finished the project. During the 19th century, the palace became a residence of Frederick William IV, he employed the architect Ludwig Persius to restore and enlarge the palace, while Ferdinand von Arnim was charged with improving the grounds and thus the view from the palace. The town of Potsdam, with its palaces, was a favourite place of residence for the German imperial family until the fall of the Hohenzollern dynasty in 1918. After World War II, the palace became a tourist attraction in East Germany.
Following German reunification in 1990, Frederick's body was returned to the palace and buried in a new tomb overlooking the gardens he had created. Sanssouci and its extensive gardens became a World Heritage Site in 1990 under the protection of UNESCO; these palaces are now visited by more than two million people a year from all over the world. The location and layout of Sanssouci above a vineyard reflected the pre-Romantic ideal of harmony between man and nature, in a landscape ordered by human touch. Winemaking, was to take second place to the design of the palace and pleasure gardens; the hill on which Frederick created his terrace vineyard was to become the focal point of his demesne, crowned by the new, but small, palace—"mein Weinberghäuschen", as Frederick called it. With its extensive views of the countryside in the midst of nature, Frederick wanted to reside there sans souci and to follow his personal and artistic interests. Hence, the palace was intended for the use of Frederick and his private guests—his sketch indicated the balanced suites "pour les etrangers" and "pour le roy"— only during the summer months, from the end of April to the beginning of October.
Twenty years following his creation of Sanssouci, Frederick built the New Palace in the western part of the park. This far larger palace was in direct contrast to the relaxed ethos behind Sanssouci, displayed Frederick's power and strength to the world, in the Baroque style; the design of the New Palace was intended to demonstrate that Prussia's capabilities were undiminished despite its near defeat in the Seven Years' War. Frederick made no secret of his intention referring to the new construction as his "fanfaronnade"; this concept of a grand palace designed to impress has led to the comparison of the palaces of Potsdam to Versailles, with Sanssouci being thrust into the role of one of the Trianons. This analogy, though easy to understand, ignores the original merits of the concept behind Sanssouci, the palace for which the whole park and setting were created. Unlike the Trianons, Sanssouci was not an afterthought to escape the larger palace, for the simple reason that the larger palace did not exist at the time of Sanssouci's conception.
It is true, that Sanssouci was intended to be a private place of retreat rather than display of power and architectural merit. Unlike the Trianons, Sanssouci was designed to be a whole unto itself. Sanssouci is small, with the principal block being a narrow single-storey enfilade of just ten rooms, including a service passage and staff rooms behind them. Frederick's amateur sketch of 1745 demonstrates that his architect, was more a draughtsman at Sanssouci than complete architect. Frederick appears to have accepted no suggestions for alteration to his plans, refusing Knobelsdorff's idea that the palace should have a semi-basement storey, which would not only have provided service areas closer at hand, but would have put the principal rooms on a raised piano nobile; this would have given the palace not only a more commanding presence, but would have prevented the problems of dampness to which it has always been prone. However, Frederick wanted an intimate pala
Laurențiu Daniel Rus is a Romanian professional footballer who plays for CSM Reșița. He is a versityle player, being able to play as a midfielder or a right back. Although Rus is a youth product of Universitatea Cluj, he never played a league game for his home town club. In 2004 he moved to Liga II club Liberty Oradea. For the 2006–07 season, Rus was loaned to Hungarian first league club Sopron and for the second part of the 2007–08 season he was loaned to Petrolul Ploiești. In the summer of 2009, after impressing in the Romanian second legue with Liberty Oradea, Rus moved to Liga I club Dinamo București. After putting in some solid displays, he established himself in the starting eleven for the 2011–12 season. For the 2013–14 Liga I campaign, Rus became captain of Dinamo București. In July 2014, after not coming to an agreement over his wages with Dinamo, he terminated his contract by mutual consent with the Bucharest club. On 20 August 2016, after ending his stay at Voluntari, Rus moved to Romanian giants CFR Cluj and subsequently signed a two-year deal with them.
In his second year with CFR Cluj, Rus managed to win the Liga I for the first time in his career. On 7 July 2018, Rus moved to fellow Liga I side Politehnica Iași, after agreeing to a one-year contract. On 9 January 2020, Rus joined Liga II side CSM Reşiţa; as of 26 June 2019 Dinamo BucureştiRomanian Cup: 2011–12 Romanian Supercup: 2012CFR ClujLiga I: 2017–18 Laurențiu Rus at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Laurențiu Rus at Soccerway Laurențiu Rus at FootballDatabase.eu
The Most Rev Ernest Edwin Curtis was an Anglican Archbishop in the second half of the 20th century. He was born on Christmas Eve, 1906 in Stalbridge and educated at Sherborne School and the Royal College of Science. Ordained in 1934, he began his career as a curate at Waltham Cross. From 1937 to 1944 he was chaplain in charge of Rose Hill and Bambous and principal of St Paul's Theological College. On his return to England he was priest in charge of St Wilfrid, Portsmouth vicar of All Saints, in the same city. After this he was rural dean of Alverstoke before his elevation to the Anglican episcopate in 1973 as bishop of Mauritius until 1976, when he was succeeded by Trevor Huddleston, he became the first archbishop of the Indian Ocean. He died on 15 August 1999