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Santa Ana winds

The Santa Ana winds are strong dry downslope winds that originate inland and affect coastal Southern California and northern Baja California. They originate from dry high-pressure air masses in the Great Basin. Santa Ana winds are known for the hot, dry weather that they bring in autumn, but they can arise at other times of the year, they bring the lowest relative humidities of the year to coastal Southern California. These low humidities, combined with the warm, compressionally-heated air mass, plus high wind speeds, create critical fire weather conditions. Sometimes called "devil winds", the Santa Anas are infamous for fanning regional wildfires; the National Weather Service defines Santa Ana winds as "Strong down slope winds that blow through the mountain passes in southern California. These winds, which can exceed 40 miles per hour, are warm and dry and can exacerbate brush or forest fires under drought conditions." The Santa Anas are katabatic winds—Greek for "flowing downhill", arising in higher altitudes and blowing down towards sea level.

Santa Ana winds originate from high-pressure airmasses over upper Mojave Desert. Any low-pressure area over the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of California, can change the stability of the Great Basin High, causing a pressure gradient that turns the synoptic scale winds southward down the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada and into the Southern California region. Cool, dry air flows outward in a clockwise spiral from the high pressure center; this cool, dry airmass sweeps across the deserts of eastern California toward the coast, encounters the towering Transverse Ranges, which separate coastal Southern California from the deserts. The airmass, flowing from high pressure in the Great Basin to a low pressure center off the coast, takes the path of least resistance by channeling through the mountain passes to the lower coastal elevations, as the low pressure area off the coast pulls the airmass offshore; these passes include the Soledad Pass, the Cajon Pass, the San Gorgonio Pass, all well known for exaggerating Santa Anas as they are funneled through.

As the wind narrows and is compressed into the passes its velocity increases often to near-gale force or above. At the same time, as the air descends from higher elevation to lower, the temperature and barometric pressure increase adiabatically, warming about 5 °F for each 1,000 feet it descends. Relative humidity decreases with the increasing temperature; the air has been dried by orographic lift before reaching the Great Basin, as well as by subsidence from the upper atmosphere, so this additional warming causes relative humidity to fall below 10 percent. The end result is a strong and dry wind blowing out of the bottom of mountain passes into the valleys and coastal plain. During Santa Ana conditions it is hotter along the coast than in the deserts, with the Southern California coastal region reaching some of its highest annual temperatures in autumn rather than summer. Frigid, dry arctic air from Canada tends to create the most intense Santa Ana winds. While the Santa Anas are katabatic, they are not Föhn winds.

These result from precipitation on the windward side of a mountain range which releases latent heat into the atmosphere, warmer on the leeward side. If the Santa Anas are strong, the usual day-time sea breeze may not arise, or develop weak in the day because the strong offshore desert winds oppose the on-shore sea breeze. At night, the Santa Ana Winds merge with the land breeze blowing from land to sea and strengthen because the inland desert cools more than the ocean due to differences in the heat capacity and because there is no competing sea breeze. Santa Ana winds bring the lowest relative humidities of the year to coastal Southern California; these low humidities, combined with the warm, compressionally-heated air mass, plus the high wind speeds, create critical fire weather conditions. The combination of wind and dryness accompanying the Santa Ana winds turns the chaparral into explosive fuel feeding the infamous wildfires for which the region is known. Wildfires fanned by Santa Ana winds burned 721,791 acres in two weeks during October 2003, another 500,000 acres in the October 2007 California wildfires.

Although the winds have a destructive nature, they have some benefits as well. They cause cold water to rise from below the surface layer of the ocean, bringing with it many nutrients that benefit local fisheries; as the winds blow over the ocean, sea surface temperatures drop about 4 °C. Chlorophyll concentrations in the surface water go from negligible, in the absence of winds, to active at more than 1.5 milligrams per cubic meter in the presence of the winds. During the Santa Ana winds, large ocean waves can develop; these waves come from a northeasterly direction. Protected harbors such as Avalon and Two Harbors are sheltered and the waters within the harbors are calm. In strong Santa Ana conditions, these harbors develop high surf and strong winds that can tear boats from their moorings and crash them onto the shore. During a Santa Ana, it is advised that boaters moor on the back side of the island to avoid the dangerous conditions of the front side. A Santa Ana fog is a derivative phenomenon in which a ground fog settles in coastal Southern California at the end of a Santa Ana wind episode.

When Santa Ana conditions prevail, with winds in the lower two to three kilometers of the atmosphere from the north through east, the air over the coa

Chris Chong Chan Fui

Chris Chong Chan Fui is a Malaysian artist and filmmaker, who has worked in both Malaysia and Canada. He is most noted for his short films Pool, which won the Toronto International Film Festival Award for Best Canadian Short Film at the 2007 Toronto International Film Festival, Block B, which won the same award at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival. Both films were named to TIFF's annual year-end Canada's Top Ten list of the year's best Canadian short films in their respective years. From Borneo, Chong lived and worked in Canada for a number of years after attending the University of Calgary as an international student. Prior to Pool, he made the short films Crash Skid Love and Tuesday Be My Friend. Although both Pool and Block B were made while Chong was still based in Canada, he had returned to Malaysia by the time of his 2009 feature film debut Karaoke; the film premiered in the Directors' Fortnight stream at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. He has since concentrated on art, including work in photography and video installation.

Official website Chris Chong Chan Fui on IMDb

Ling Rinpoche

Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche is a Tibetan tulku. The best-known incarnation is the sixth incarnation, Thupten Lungtok Namgyal Thinley, a Tibetan buddhist scholar and teacher. Thupten Lungtok Namgyal Thinley, the 6th Yongzin Ling Rinpoche, was one of the most renowned and qualified masters of the 20th Century, his students included masters from all four Tibetan Buddhist schools. He was learned and an accomplished writer and expert on grammar. In 1965 Ling Rinpoche was appointed the 97th Ganden Throne Holder and held the position as the head of the Gelug school for 19 years, longer than any other occupant of this throne. Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche was born in Tibet in 1903, not far from Lhasa in Kyisho, a place known as an abode of Cakrasamvara and his consort. After only 12 years of study at Drepung Loseling Monastic University, he received a Geshe Lharampa degree at 21 years old. Rinpoche served as Disciplinarian and Abbot of Gyuto Tantric Monastery, before serving as the 14th Dalai Lama's Principal Tutor.

He lived in India for the remainder of his life. Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche gave many public and private teachings and initiations throughout his life in Tibet, India and North America, he died in Dharamshala, India at the age of 81. Rinpoche’s consciousness remained in his body after he died, in the clear light meditation on the mind of death,for thirteen days. Prior to Kyabje Ling Rinpoche, three earlier incarnations of Ling Rinpoche were tutors for previous Dalai Lamas, including the 13th, the 12th and the 6th Dalai Lamas. Three incarnations of Ling Rinpoche were Ganden Tripas. Over many years, the Ling Rinpoche incarnations founded many monasteries in Tibet and taught students in every sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Many of the monks in Ling Khangtsen come from these monasteries; the current incarnation of Ling Rinpoche, the 7th Kyabje Yongzin Ling Choktrul Rinpoche, was born in India on November 18, 1985. He was taken to the Tibetan Children’s Village in Dharamsala after his mother died, stayed there until the Dalai Lama recognized him as the reincarnation of his Principal Tutor, the 6th Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche, who died in 1983.

The 7th Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche joined Drepung Monastic University’s Loseling College in 1990, re-established in the Mundgod Tibetan settlement in South India. His enrollment and return to the monastery of his predecessors was celebrated with large, traditional religious ceremonies for auspiciousness; the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Yongzin Ling Rinpoches had studied there as members of Drepung Loseling Monastery. The Dalai Lama gave, he received full monastic vows from Dalai Lama 50 years after the Dalai Lama had received them from his Principal Tutor. Monks receive Bikshu vows when they are 20 years old. Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche was asked to lead a Long Life Puja on March 5 2004, organized by the Tibetan Government to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Dalai Lama taking the Bikshu vows; the 6th Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche had given them to him in 1954 in front of the Jho statue in Lhasa’s Jokhang temple. Since Ling Rinpoche was 20 years old at the time, HH the Dalai Lama gave him the Bikshu vows on March 3 2004, at HH the 14th Dalai Lama’s palace in Dharamshala India.

The 6th Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche had received all his monastic vows from HH the 13th Dalai Lama in the Potala Palace. The Gelug tradition emphasizes a intensive study of Buddhist scriptures; the 7th Kyabje Ling Rinpoche’s monastic studies began when he was ten years old under the guidance of Dalai Lama. Geshe Namgyal Wangchen and Geshe Thubten Rapgay served as his two main tutors. During breaks from studying, he has completed private retreats; the 7th Yongzin Ling Rinpoche received his Geshe degree Drepung Monastic University in November 2016 and enrolled at Gyuto Tantric College in Dharamsala, India in April 2017 for a year of tantric studies that traditionally follows the completion of a Geshe degree. In 1991 Ling Rinpoche gave his first teaching in South Korea. Since he has given teachings and tantric initiations in many countries in Asia and Europe, Australia, the United States and Israel, as well as Tibetan settlements throughout India and Nepal. Rinpoche has organized and attended many important Buddhist events.

Ling Rinpoche organized the Dalai Lama’s historic series of Jangchup Lamrim Teachings on the 18 classic Stages of the Path to Enlightenment treatises. They were held at Sera, Drepung and Tashi Lhunpo monasteries between 2012 and 2015, with 40,000 people from all over the world attending each year. In November 2012, while driving to Goa Airport to greet Dalai Lama who had arrived to give the Jangchup Lamrim teachings, Ling Rinpoche was in a car accident, fatal for the driver. Kyabje Ling Rinpoche sustained serious injuries requiring lengthy surgeries, his complete recovery took several years. Rinpoche attends international events dedicated to preserving Buddhist traditions, including the International Conference on Vinaya and World Peace Puja in Bodhgaya and the conference on the relevance of Buddhism in the 21st Century in Rajgir, India, organized by the Indian Government Ministry of Culture and the Nava Nalanda Mahavihara. Starting in 2004 he has participated in the Mind and Life Institute dialogues held in India between the Dalai Lama and scientists on a variety of topics, such physics and destructive emotions.

“The Jewel-garland Biography of the 97th Gaden Throne Holder Kyabje Yongzin Ling Rinpoche” by the 14th Dalai Lama “The Life of My Teacher” by the 14th Dalai Lama Br

Epinotia signatana

"Steganoptycha signatana" redirects here. As incorrectly used by Walsingham, this name refers to Crocidosema plebejana. Epinotia signatana is a moth of the family Tortricidae, it is found from England and Scandinavia to the Mediterranean Sea, to eastern Russia, Korea and Japan. The wingspan is 14–16 mm. Adults are on wing in July; the larvae feed on Prunus spinosa, Prunus avium and Prunus padus. It has been recorded from Prunus cerasus and Malus sylvestris. Larvae feed in a folded leaf or a spun shoot of the host plant

Peshtera Monastery

The Peshtera Monastery of Saint Nicholas of Myra known as the Mraka Monastery or Oryahov Monastery is a medieval Eastern Orthodox monastery in western Bulgaria, located in the Mraka area at the village of Peshtera, near Zemen, Pernik Province. As of 2008, the monastery is not operative; the monastery was first mentioned in Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria's Oryahov Charter of 1 December 1348, which indicated that that particular tsar of the Second Bulgarian Empire had donated to the monastery. According to some researchers, the eastern part of the modern church dates to the 14th century, while others claim it belongs to the Mount Athos architectural type and is similar to Greek churches of the 16th-17th century, as well as the church of the nearby Poganovo monastery in what is today Serbia dated to 1500; the Peshtera Monastery was abandoned during the Ottoman rule of Bulgaria. It was only renovated in 1842 by Dimitar Molerov of the Bansko artistic school, with the financial aid of the monk Simeon and his son.

During the liberational Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, however, it was burned by the retreating Ottoman troops who hanged Simeon, with his son fleeing to the Rila Monastery. After the Liberation of Bulgaria, a prolonged cella was added to the old church and it was turned into the altar part; the new entrance from the west was designed as a three-arched portico with an arc-shaped pediment featuring a round window. A statue of the Ancient Roman god Mithras was unearthed during the reconstruction, leading to the assumption that a pre-Christian sanctuary existed at that place; until the early 1990s, the monastery had a stone icon of Saint Nicholas made in 1853 by master Stoimen of Lobosh, but it has disappeared. Иванов, Йордан. Български старини из Македония. София. Pp. 608–618. Грабар, Андрей. Няколко средновековни паметници на Западна България. ГНМ. p. 292. Иванова, В.. Оряховският манастир и неговите грамоти. ИИД ХІ-ХІІ. Pp. 84–90. Миятев, Кръстю. Архитектурата в средновековна България. София. P. 193. Бояджиев, Сефан.

"Пещерският манастир". Манастирите в България. София. Pp. 211–214

Josh Earl

Josh Earl is an Australian stand-up comedian and radio presenter and worked in a school library. He is the presenter of the comeback version of the ABC's musical quiz show Spicks and Specks that began on 5 February 2014. Among Earl's many comedy performances have been Josh Earl is a Librarian, performed in Adelaide and Melbourne, Josh Earl vs; the Australian Women's Weekly Children's Birthday Cake Book, which toured Victoria and interstate venues. Earl's radio appearances include the Lime Champions sketch show on Melbourne FM radio 3RRR and appearances on Triple J and radio 774 ABC Melbourne, his television performances include the original Spicks and Specks show, Talkin"Bout Your Generation and Adam Hills Tonight'. Earl has appeared over nine times at the Melbourne International Comedy Festival. Perth Fringe Festival 2012 – Best Comedy Earl is married and has 2 kids. Josh Earl website Josh Earl facebook page Josh Earl Twitter account Spicks and Specks website