Santa Catarina (state)

Santa Catarina is a state in the South Region of Brazil. It is the 11th most populous. Additionally, it is the 9th largest settlement, with 295 municipalities. Catholicism is the religion of the majority of the population; the official language, as in other Brazilian federative units, is the Portuguese language. The state covers an area of 95,733 km2, reaching a larger area than Portugal or the sum of the Brazilian states of Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo, the Federal District. Santa Catarina is bordered by Paraná to the north, Rio Grande do Sul to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, to the west by the Argentine province of Misiones; the coastal path is over 450 km, i.e. about half of Portugal's mainland coast. The host city of the state executive and judiciary powers is the capital Florianópolis. Joinville, however, is the most populous city in the state. Besides Espírito Santo, Santa Catarina is the only state whose capital is not the most populous city. South of the Tropic of Capricorn, situated in the planet's southern temperate zone, the state has a humid subtropical climate in the east and west and an oceanic climate in the center.

Climatic conditions vary according to the relief of the region: in the west and mountainous plateau, it is frequent that frosts and snow occur, while on the coast the climate is warmer, being possible to reach high temperatures in summer. The territory of Santa Catarina, which covers part of the extension of the former Governorate of New Andalusia at the time of the great Spanish Empire, was one of the oldest states in Brazil, separated from São Paulo in 1738, its first governor being José da Silva Pais; the state was created for one reason only: to extend the Portuguese domains to southern Brazil until reaching the Rio de la Plata region. It is the oldest state of the South Region of Brazil, older than Rio Grande do Sul and Paraná; the state of Santa Catarina was settled by European immigrants: the coast was colonized by the Azorean Portuguese in the 18th century. The south of the state was populated by the Italians in the last years of the 19th century. Children and grandchildren of Italian and German immigrants who moved from Rio Grande do Sul settled the west of Santa Catarina in the mid 20th century.

Descendants of Africans and Indigenous populated the state. The state's social indexes are among the best in Brazil, it has the highest rate of life expectancy in the country, the lowest infant mortality rate and is the state with the lowest economic inequality and illiteracy in Brazil. Santa Catarina has the 6th highest GDP in the country, with a diverse economy and strong affinities to industrialization. An important export and consumption hub, it is one of the fastest-growing states in the Brazilian economy and accounts for 4% of the country's gross domestic product. Santa Catarina is in a strategic position in Mercosul, the South American Common Market, its position in the map is situated between the parallel 25º57'41" and 29º23'55" of the Southern latitude and between the meridians 48º19'37" and 53º50'00" of Western longitude. Florianópolis, its capital, is 1,673 km from Brasilia, 705 km from São Paulo, 1,144 km from Rio de Janeiro and 1,850 km from Buenos Aires; the Serra Geral, a southern extension of the Serra do Mar, runs north and south through the state parallel to the Atlantic coast, dividing the state between a narrow coastal plain and a larger plateau region to the west.

The Atlantic coast of Santa Catarina has many beaches, bays and lagoons. The humid tropical Serra do Mar coastal forests cover the narrow coastal zone, crossed by numerous short streams from the wooded slopes of the serras; the central part of the state is home to the Araucaria moist forests, dominated by emergent Brazilian pines. The drainage of the plateau is westward to the Paraná River, the rivers being tributaries of the Iguaçu, which forms its northern boundary, of the Uruguay River, which forms its southern boundary; the semi-deciduous Paraná-Paraíba interior forests occupy the westernmost valleys of the Iguaçu and Uruguay rivers. The highest point of the state is the Morro da Boa Vista, with an altitude of 1,827 m, the second highest point is the Morro da Igreja, in the town of Urubici, with an altitude of 1,822 m. See also: History of Santa Catarina European settlement began with the Spanish settlement of Santa Catarina island in 1542; the Portuguese took control in 1675 and established the captaincy of Santa Catarina in 1738, bringing families from the Azores to populate the shore.

In 1839, during the Ragamuffin War, there was an unsuccessful attempt for Santa Catarina to secede from the Empire of Brazil to form the independent Juliana Republic, defeated after four months. Between early 19th century and mid 20th century, a great number of European immigrants arrived to Santa Catarina. About 50 % of these immigrants were from Austria; the rest came from Italy, Russia, Netherlands, Sweden, Luxembourg, Lithuania, Finland, Serbia, Estonia and Latvia. Late in March 2004, the state was hit by the first hurric

Hisanohama Station

Hisanohama Station is a railway station on the Jōban Line in the city of Iwaki, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company. Hisanohama Station is served by the Jōban Line, is located 224.0 km from the official starting point of the line at Nippori. Hisanohama Station has two opposed side platforms connected to the station building by a footbridge; the station is staffed. Hisanohama Station opened on August 29, 1897; the station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of the Japanese National Railways on April 1, 1987. From March 11 to October 10, 2011, following the Great East Japan earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, train serves were replaced by a bus operation. Services past Tomioka Station to the north remain suspended. In fiscal 2016, the station was used by an average of 202 passengers daily. Hisanohama Post Office National Route 6 List of railway stations in Japan Official website

Wrestling at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's freestyle middleweight

The men's freestyle middleweight competition at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome took place from 1 to 6 September at the Basilica of Maxentius. Nations were limited to one competitor; this freestyle wrestling competition continued to use the "bad points" elimination system introduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics for Greco-Roman and at the 1932 Summer Olympics for freestyle wrestling, though adjusted the point values slightly. Wins by fall continued to be worth 0 points and wins by decision continued to be worth 1 point. Losses by fall, were now worth 4 points. Losses by decision were worth 3 points. Ties were now allowed, worth 2 points for each wrestler; the elimination threshold was increased from 5 points to 6 points. The medal round concept, used in 1952 and 1956 requiring a round-robin amongst the medalists if one or more finished a round with enough points for elimination, was used only if three wrestlers remained after a round—if two competitors remained, they faced off head-to-head. BoutsPoints BoutsPoints Faiz withdrew after his bout.

BoutsPoints BoutsPoints The draw between Antonsson and Skhirt'ladze eliminated them both and left them tied in the standings for second place at 6 points. Because head-to-head results could not break that tie, lighter body weight was used and Skhirt'ladze took the silver medal. BoutsPoints