Santa Ynez Valley AVA
The Santa Ynez Valley AVA is an American Viticultural Area located in Santa Barbara County, California. It is part of the larger Central Coast AVA, contains the greatest concentration of wineries in Santa Barbara County; the valley is formed by the Purisima Hills and San Rafael Mountains to the north and the Santa Ynez Mountains to the south. Chardonnay is the most planted grape variety in the cooler, western portion of the valley, Rhône varieties are more successful in the east. Rhône Rangers Jalama Wines
Santa Ynez, California
Santa Ynez is a census-designated place in the Santa Ynez Valley of Santa Barbara County, California. The town of Santa Ynez is one of the communities of the Santa Ynez Valley, it features the Santa Ynez Airport for general aviation, with a paved 2,804 by 75 feet runway. The population was 4,418 at the 2010 census, down from 4,584 at the 2000 census, it is named after Santa Inés in the Spanish language. Santa Ynez is located at 34°36′43″N 120°5′18″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.1 square miles, 99.86% of it land, 0.14% of it covered by water. Santa Ynez is located about 40 miles north of Santa Barbara, is known for its world-class wineries; this region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Santa Ynez has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated Csb on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that Santa Ynez had a population of 4,418.
The population density was 859.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Santa Ynez was 3,797 White, 12 African American, 234 Native American, 51 Asian, 4 Pacific Islander, 147 from other races, 173 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 639 persons; the Census reported that 4,418 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 1,741 households, out of which 524 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,052 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 137 had a female householder with no husband present, 81 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 82 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 18 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 367 households were made up of individuals and 186 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54. There were 1,270 families; the population was spread out with 916 people under the age of 18, 280 people aged 18 to 24, 785 people aged 25 to 44, 1,559 people aged 45 to 64, 878 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 47.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males. There were 1,886 housing units at an average density of 366.7 per square mile, of which 1,327 were owner-occupied, 414 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.3%. 3,434 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 984 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,584 people, 1,627 households, 1,277 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 586.7 people per square mile. There were 1,670 housing units at an average density of 213.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.84% White, 0.17% African American, 1.22% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.08% from other races, 2.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.21% of the population. There were 1,627 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.5% were non-families.
15.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.09. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 28.8% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $80,284, the median income for a family was $84,467. Males had a median income of $56,286 versus $45,688 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $33,811. About 3.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. The Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Mission Indians, a federally recognized Chumash tribe is headquartered in Santa Ynez, they operate the local Chumash Casino Resort.
In the California State Legislature, Santa Ynez is in the 19th Senate District, represented by Democrat Hannah-Beth Jackson, in the 37th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Monique Limón. In the United States House of Representatives, Santa Ynez is in California's 24th congressional district, represented by Democrat Salud Carbajal. Bob Falkenburg, Wimbledon champion tennis player Ed Fitz Gerald, baseball player Eion Bailey, actor Neverland Ranch Lake Cachuma California State Route 154 Rancho del Cielo Santa Ynez Valley Santa Barbara County, California Santa Ynez Valley News Santa Ynez Valley Online News and Information Chumash Casino Santa Ynez Airport
San Rafael Mountains
The San Rafael Mountains are a mountain range in central Santa Barbara County, California, U. S. separating the drainages of the Santa Ynez River and the Santa Maria River. They are part of the Transverse Ranges system of Southern California which in turn are part of the Pacific Coast Ranges system of western North America. Most of the mountain range is within the Los Padres National Forest, the northern slopes are included in the remote San Rafael Wilderness area; the highest peaks include Big Pine Mountain, San Rafael Mountain and McKinley Mountain, none of which are accessible except by foot or horse. The highest peak at the southern edge of the range is Little Pine Mountain. Hurricane Deck is a spectacular block of sandstone that can be found deep in the San Rafael Wilderness; the Sisquoc River headwaters are on the north slopes of Big Pine Mountain. It is a designated Wild and Scenic River of the United States, a tributary of the Santa Maria River. Sisquoc Falls, 250 feet high, is located on a tributary of the Sisquoc RIver to the west of Big Pine Mountain.
Climate is cool to cold wet winters. Snow sometimes falls on the higher slopes between March during frontal passages. Annual precipitation totals are between 25 inches; the six highest peaks of the San Rafael Mountains with more than 500 feet of prominence, listed by height: Big Pine Mountain, 6,820 feet San Rafael Mountain, 6,593 feet Madulce Peak, 6,539 feet Monte Arido, 6,013 feet Ortega Peak, 5,857 feet Figueroa Mountain 4,534 feet The mountains consist of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, of Jurassic age or younger, though there are a few regions of igneous intrusions. Several prominent faults exist, including the Big Pine Fault, which trends eastward towards the San Andreas Fault about forty miles away; the mountains are steep and rugged, lower slopes are covered with impenetrable chaparral, except where it has been burned, an event which occurs in fire ecology every ten or twenty years. Decades of fire suppression, have resulted in some areas of brush which have not burned within the last century.
The Forest Service conducts controlled burns to remove areas of high fire hazard and restore ecological balance of the habitat. In the more shaded and moist canyons and northern slopes oak woodlands and Gray pines are found. Above the montane chaparral and woodlands ecosystem zone are stands of conifers of the mixed evergreen forest ecosystem. Snow is common in the winter on the summits, above about 6,000 feet, though overall the climate of the mountain range is Mediterranean, with mild rainy winters and warm, dry summers; the earliest known residents of the San Rafael Mountains were the Chumash Indians, evidence of their habitation can still be found by intrepid hikers in the form of pictograph rock paintings in remote areas. In historic times, mercury mining was conducted on portions of the southern slopes. Tailings from these old mines sometimes contain high levels of mercury, recent environmental investigations have been conducted to determine if cleanup is necessary and feasible; the central part of the mountains is included into Santa Ynez Recreation area, a part of Los Padres National Forest, is a popular hiking destination, with a dozen of campgrounds.
Los Padres National Forest Santa Ynez Mountains Sierra Madre Mountains Mountain ranges of Santa Barbara County Media related to San Rafael Mountains at Wikimedia Commons
Marvin Earl "Monty" Roberts is an American horse trainer who promotes his techniques of natural horsemanship through his Join-Up International organization, named after the core concept of his training method. Roberts believes that horses use a non-verbal language, which he terms "Equus," and that humans can use this language to communicate with horses. In order to promulgate his methods, Roberts has authored a number of books including his original best-seller, The Man Who Listens to Horses, tours with a live demonstration, he runs an Equestrian Academy in Solvang, California and an "online university" to promote his ideas. Monty Roberts was born in Salinas, California and is the son of horse trainer Marvin E Roberts, who authored his own self-published book called "Horse and Horseman Training" in 1957. Roberts claims that his father beat him as a child, although other family members, including his younger brother Larry, dispute this version of events, with his aunt and cousin, Joyce Renebome and Debra Ristau refuting the allegation in the book Horse Whispers & Lies.
Roberts won his first trophy at the age of four. He attended California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo and riding for their rodeo team, he won 2 National Intercollegiate Rodeo Association National Championships, including National NIRA Champion Bulldogger in 1957, the NIRA Champion Team Roping in 1956, he graduated from Cal Poly in 1959 with a degree in Animal Science. Roberts describes in his books and web site how he was sent to Nevada at the age of 13 in order to round up horses for the Salinas Rodeo Association’s Wild Horse Race, there began observing mustangs interact with each other, he writes that he realized that they used a discernible and predictable body language to communicate, set boundaries, show fear and express annoyance, relaxation or affection, that he came to understand that utilizing this silent language would allow training to commence in a much more effective and humane manner, encouraging true partnership between horses and humans. Roberts describes this language as Equus, refers to this in his books and other materials.
Roberts' first book, The Man Who Listens to Horses is autobiographical. It spent 58 weeks on the New York Times Bestsellers list, was subsequently translated into more than 15 languages, selling more than five million copies worldwide. Roberts has authored a number of further books, including best-selling Shy Boy: The Horse That Came in from the Wild, Horse Sense for People, From My Hands to Yours, The Horses in My Life and Ask Monty. Today, Roberts travels around the world, demonstrating his method of horse training to paying audiences, all well as volunteering time for audiences such as incarcerated youth in juvenile detention facilities. An event that would change the direction of his life was an invitation in 1989 from the offices of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and an avid horsewoman, she had heard about Roberts' work and invited him to come to her country and show her staff his "Join Up" method. After watching his demonstration, Roberts claims that the Queen urged him to write a book about his nonviolent horse-training methods.
That book became The Man. Monty Roberts teaches his techniques to students at his Equestrian Academy in Solvang and acts as a consultant at schools with disciplinary issues in the UK and the US, advises executives at Fortune 500 companies, he runs the "Equus Online University" to promote his ideas. Three documentaries on Roberts have been released; the first was the 1997 documentary BBC/PBS Monty Roberts: The Real Horse Whisperer. It showed Roberts as he set out to tame a wild mustang without enclosures, his developing relationship with the horse known as Shy Boy. Other documentaries include the 1999 film Shy Boy: The Horse That Came in from the Wild and a 2005 documentary on Roberts' work with wild horses and another about his work with aboriginal youth on Palm Island, Australia. In 2006, a DVD series with 17 episodes, named A Backstage Pass! was completed and broadcast in the UK. The series has been broadcast in the US on the HRTV cable channel, he has his own show on Backstage Pass with Monty Roberts.
In 2002, Roberts received an honorary doctorate in animal psychology from the University of Zurich in Switzerland and in 2005 he gained an honorary doctorate in animal psychology from the University of Parma in Italy. In 2004, the Girl Scouts of the USA commissioned a special Join-Up badge and training program in honor of Roberts’ work, in 2005, he became the first foreign-born and first American to receive the German Silbernes Pferd Award for outstanding contributions to promoting the love of horses. In the Dec. 2008 issue of Your Horse, a major British equestrian magazine, readers named Monty Roberts Personality of the Year 2008. In 1966 he assisted in the founding of Flag Is Up Farms. From 1973 to 1986, he was a leading consignor to the Hollywood Park Two-Year-Old Thoroughbreds in Training Sale. In 2004, Roberts’ German-bred horse Sabiango won major races throughout the US. In 2002 Roberts again visited Windsor Castle as part of the Queen's Golden Jubilee. Roberts was appointed an Honorary Member of the Royal Victorian Order in the 2011 Birthday Honours.
In June 2012, the Queen, as Patron of Join–Up International, attended the Guards Polo Club and along with Monty Roberts presented awards to international polo trainers from South and Central America in recognition of their work in promoting the non–violent training of horses. Roberts disagrees with his father's training metho
Viticulture or winegrowing is the cultivation and harvesting of grapes. It is a branch of the science of horticulture. While the native territory of Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, ranges from Western Europe to the Persian shores of the Caspian Sea, the vine has demonstrated high levels of adaptability to new environments. For this reason, viticulture can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Duties of the viticulturist include monitoring and controlling pests and diseases, irrigation, canopy management, monitoring fruit development and characteristics, deciding when to harvest, vine pruning during the winter months. Viticulturists are intimately involved with winemakers, because vineyard management and the resulting grape characteristics provide the basis from which winemaking can begin. A great number of varieties are now approved in the European Union as true grapes for winegrowing and viticulture; the earliest evidence of grape vine cultivation and winemaking dates back 7,000 years.
The history of viticulture is related to the history of wine, with evidence that humans cultivated wild grapes to make wine as far back as the Neolithic period. Evidence suggests that some of the earliest domestication of Vitis vinifera occurred in the area of the modern countries Georgia and Armenia; the oldest-known winery was discovered in the "Areni-1" cave in Armenia. Dated to c. 4100 BC, the site contained a wine press, fermentation vats and cups. Archaeologists found V. vinifera seeds and vines. Commenting on the importance of the find, McGovern said, "The fact that winemaking was so well developed in 4000 BC suggests that the technology goes back much earlier." There is evidence of grape domestication in the Near East in the early Bronze Age, around 3200 BC. Evidence of ancient viticulture is provided by cuneiform sources, plant remains, historical geography, archaeological excavations; the remnants of ancient wine jars have been used to determine the culture of wine consumption and cultivated grape species.
In addition to winemaking, grapes have been grown for the production of raisins. The earliest act of cultivation appears to have been the favoring of hermaphroditic members of the Vitis vinifera species over the barren male vines and the female vines, which were dependent on a nearby male for pollination. With the ability to pollinate itself, over time the hermaphroditic vines were able to sire offspring that were hermaphroditic. At the end of the 5th century BC, the Greek historian Thucydides wrote: The period that Thucydides was most referencing was the time between 3000 BC and 2000 BC, when viticulture emerged in force in Asia Minor and the Cyclades Islands of the Aegean Sea. During this period, grape cultivation developed from an aspect of local consumption to an important component of international economies and trade. From 1200 BC to 900 BC, the Phoenicians developed viticulture practices that were used in Carthage. Around 500 BC, the Carthaginian writer Mago recorded such practices in a two-volume work, one of the few artifacts to survive the Roman destruction of Carthage during the Third Punic War.
The Roman statesman Cato the Elder was influenced by these texts, around 160 BC he wrote De Agricultura, which expounded on Roman viticulture and agriculture. Around 65 AD, the Roman writer Columella produced the most detailed work on Roman viticulture in his twelve-volume text De Re Rustica. Columella's work is one of the earliest to detail trellis systems for raising vines off the ground. Columella advocated the use of stakes versus the accepted practice of training vines to grow up along tree trunks; the benefits of using stakes over trees was to minimize the dangers associated with climbing trees, necessary to prune the dense foliage in order to give the vines sunlight, to harvest them. Roman expansion across Western Europe brought Roman viticulture to the areas that would become some of the world's best-known winegrowing regions: the Spanish Rioja, the German Mosel, the French Bordeaux, Burgundy and Rhône. Roman viticulturists were among the first to identify steep hillsides as one of the better locations to plant vines, because cool air runs downhill and gathers at the bottom of valleys.
While some cool air is beneficial, too much can rob the vine of the heat it needs for photosynthesis, in winter it increases the risk of frost. In the Middle Ages, Catholic monks were the most prominent viticulturists of the time period. Around this time, an early system of Metayage emerged in France with laborers working the vineyards under contractual agreements with the landowners. In most cases, the prendeurs were given flexibility in selecting their crop and developing their own vineyard practice. In northern Europe, the weather and climate posed difficulties for grape cultivation, so certain species were selected that better suited the environment. Most vineyards grew white varieties of grape, which are more resistant to the damp and cold climates. A few species of red grape, such as the Pinot Noir, were introduced. Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry dates back to 1416 and depicts horticulture and viticulture in France; the images illustrate peasants bending down to prune grapes from vines behind castle walls.
Additional illustrations depict grape vines being harvested, with each vine being cut to three spurs around knee height. Many of the viticultural practices developed in this time period would become staples of European viticulture until the 18th century. Varietals were studied more intently to see which vines were the most suitable for a particular area. Around this
Los Olivos, California
Los Olivos is a census-designated place in the Santa Ynez Valley of Santa Barbara County, California. The ZIP Code is 93441, the community is inside area code 805; the population was 1,132 at the 2010 census. Sometime around 1880, on a bluff overlooking Alamo Pintado Creek, just north of the town of Ballard, a two-story house was built, with a wide, covered front porch and neatly symmetrical arched windows in the center gable, situated on prime farmland, it became the property of twenty-two-year-old Alden March Boyd, of Albany, New York, when he paid $8,000 for "157 acres, more or less, together with the dwelling house," in 1885. He planted five thousand olive trees, called it Rancho De Los Olivos; the 1880s were a boom time for California. On November 16, 1887, the Pacific Coast Railway line extension from Los Alamos was completed; the developers of the narrow-gauge railway first named their town El Olivar El Olivos, Los Olivos, after Boyd's nearby ranch. Los Olivos is one of five communities.
The town is near SR 154, a scenic road from Santa Barbara over San Marcos Pass, through the coastal Santa Ynez Mountains. Los Olivos was connected by the narrow gauge railroad to points north as far as San Luis Obispo until the train made its last run in 1934; the southern terminus of the railroad was in front of Mattei's Tavern, where a stagecoach line continued over San Marcos Pass into Santa Barbara. The tavern is still in operation, is one of the highlights of the area, with a well-respected restaurant and historic charm. Los Olivos is renowned for its tasting rooms. Starting in Los Olivos and stretching north is the Foxen Canyon Wine Trail; the town is home to Dunn School and Midland School. Dunn School has both boarding and day students. Midland School has only boarding students. Various celebrities have called this area home, including Cheryl Ladd, Noah Wyle, David Crosby, Bo Derek, Kelly Le Brock, Steven Seagal, John Forsythe, Ray Stark, Robert Cray, David Hasselhoff. Former US President Ronald Reagan lived about 9 miles south at Rancho del Cielo.
Singer Michael Jackson's property Neverland Ranch is located about 5 miles north. There are a number of large thoroughbred horse ranches in the area, Fess Parker's winery, featured in the movie Sideways, is around here. Mr. Parker and his wine were featured on the NBC daytime drama, Santa Barbara of James May and Oz Clarke's Big Wine Adventure. Episodes of The Bachelor were filmed in Los Olivos. In May 1986, Los Olivos was used as the location setting for the fictional town of "Mayberry" in the made-for-TV movie Return to Mayberry, based on the popular 1960s sitcom The Andy Griffith Show. Several locations in Los Olivos were featured in the 2004 movie Sideways; the Los Olivos Grand Hotel, built in 1985, is now Fess Parker's Wine Country Inn, owned by the family of former Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett star, Fess Parker. Portions of the 1983 video for the song "Say Say Say", with Michael Jackson and Paul McCartney, were filmed at Sycamore Ranch, five miles from the town. According to La Toya Jackson, the McCartneys were staying at Sycamore Ranch during the filming.
At the time, Jackson expressed interest in someday buying the property. In 1988, he would do so. In early 2018, the property at 5225 Figueroa Mountain Road, Los Olivos was for sale at $67 million. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 2.5 square miles, 99.98% of it land, 0.02% of it water. Under the Köppen Climate Classification, "dry-summer subtropical" climates are referred to as "Mediterranean". Los Olivos has a mean yearly temperature of 61.6 °F. The average high temperature in the summer months is 92 °F, while the average low temperature in the winter months is 39.5 °F. Summers are dry with little to no rain falling from June through September. Winters are mild and wet with the majority of the yearly precipitation falling from December through March; the 2010 United States Census reported that Los Olivos had a population of 1,132. The population density was 460.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Los Olivos was 1,049 White, 1 African American, 4 Native American, 12 Asian, 5 Pacific Islander, 40 from other races, 21 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 125 persons. The Census reported that 1,132 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 460 households, out of which 141 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 276 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 36 had a female householder with no husband present, 15 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 16 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 5 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 109 households were made up of individuals and 35 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46. There were 327 families; the population was spread out with 247 people under the age of 18, 67 people aged 18 to 24, 203 people aged 25 to 44, 441 people aged 45 to 64, 174 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 mal
Santa Ynez River
The Santa Ynez River is one of the largest rivers on the Central Coast of California. It is 92 miles long, flowing from east to west through the Santa Ynez Valley, reaching the Pacific Ocean at Surf, near Vandenberg Air Force Base and the city of Lompoc; the river drains the north slope of the Santa Ynez Mountains, the south slope of the San Rafael Mountains, as well as much of the southern half of Santa Barbara County. Its drainage basin is 896 square miles in area; the river's flow is variable. It dries up completely in the summer, but can become a raging torrent in the winter; the river has three dams. The river was first named by the Spanish Portolà expedition, first European land exploration of Alta California, which camped near the river mouth on August 30, 1769. Unable to agree on a single name, expedition diarists recorded three. Engineer Miguel Costanso wrote "Río Grande de San Verardo". Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi noted two additional names. None of the three names remain attached to any feature in the area.
Instead, the river and mountains took the name of Mission Santa Inés, established in 1804. According to the USGS, variant and historical names of the Santa Ynez River include La Purisima River, Rio De La Purisima, Rio De Calaguasa, Rio Santa Rosa, Rio De Santa Ines, Rio De Santa Ynes; the Santa Ynez River originates in Los Padres National Forest, on the northern slope of the Santa Ynez Mountains near Divide Peak and the Ventura County border. The river flows west; the Upper Santa Ynez Campground is located near the river's source. After flowing through Billiard Flats the river enters Jameson Lake, the reservoir impounded by Juncal Dam. Below the dam, Alder Creek joins the Santa Ynez River from the south. At times water from Alder Creek is diverted into Jameson Lake via a tunnel. Continuing its westward course, the Santa Ynez flows by several campgrounds and canyons, including Blue Canyon. Mono Creek joins from the north just as the Santa Ynez flows into Gibraltar Reservoir, impounded by Gibraltar Dam.
Below this dam the river passes several campgrounds as well as facilities such as the Los Prietos Ranger Station. Paradise Road runs along the river. Continuing west, the river passes Fremont Campground near the mouth of Red Rock Canyon. West of Red Rock Canyon the river leaves Los Padres National Forest and its valley widens considerably. Kelly Creek joins from draining Los Laureles Canyon and Cold Spring Canyon. State Route 154, which crosses the Santa Ynez Mountains via San Marcos Pass, enters the Santa Ynez River valley at this point and follows the river for several miles to the west. Hot Spring Canyon joins from the south. Lake Cachuma, the largest reservoir on the river, is five miles in length. Several tributaries join the Santa Ynez River in Lake Cachuma, including Santa Cruz Creek and Cachuma Creek from the north and a number of smaller streams from the south; the lake area is designated as the Lake Cachuma Recreation Area. Cachuma County Park, near Tequepis Point, provides lake access.
Water from the lake is diverted into the Tecolote Tunnel, which passes south under the mountains to the Santa Barbara area. Below Lake Cachuma, the Santa Ynez River continues its westward course, its valley contains ranches and other development. The river passes by the cities of Solvang and Buellton. In Buellton the river is crossed by U. S. Route 101. Several tributaries join the river in this area, including Quiota Creek, Alisal Creek, Nojoqui Creek and Falls from the south, Santa Agueda Creek, Zanja de Cota Creek, Alamo Pintado Creek and Zaca Creek from the north. West of Buellton the Santa Ynez River flows between the Santa Rita Hills and Purisima Hills to the north and the Santa Rosa Hills to the south, it is joined by Santa Rosa Creek from Salsipuedes Creek from the south. Just west of Salsipuedes Creek the Santa Ynez River flows past the largest city in the valley, Lompoc. A few miles west of Lompoc the river reaches the Pacific Ocean at a location known as Surf, where there is a beach and an Amtrak station.
While there is public access to Surf and the mouth of the Santa Ynez River, most of the land between Lompoc and the ocean is part of Vandenberg Air Force Base. The USGS operates several stream gages along the Santa Ynez river. Gage 11133000 is located near Lompoc; the mean annual discharge recorded over the period since flow regulation by Lake Cachuma, in 1952, up to 2009, is 127 cubic feet per second. The maximum discharge was 80,000 cubic feet per second, recorded on January 25, 1969; the maximum discharge predating the stream gage was an estimated 120,000 cubic feet per second, during the flood of January 9, 1907. There is no flow at all for several months each year. There are three reservoirs on the river, the largest of, Lake Cachuma, with a capacity of 205,000 acre feet. Bradbury Dam, which forms the lake, was built by the U. S. Bureau of Reclamation. Water from Lake Cachuma is diverted into the Tecolote Tunnel, which passes south under the Santa Ynez Mountains; the tunnel supplies water to the city of Santa Barbara, the Goleta Water District, the Carpinteria Valley Water District, the Montecito Water District.
Water from Lake Cachuma is released into the Santa Ynez River below Bradbury Dam in order to satisfy downstream water rights. The other two reservoirs are Gibraltar Res