Saratoga is a town in Santa Clara County, United States. It is located on the west side of the Santa Clara Valley, directly west of San Jose, in the San Francisco Bay Area; the population was 29,926 at the 2010 census. Located on the Western edge of the Silicon Valley, Saratoga is known locally for its suburban small-town feel and high-end restaurants. Major attractions of Saratoga include Villa Montalvo, Hakone Gardens, the Mountain Winery; the 2016 Coldwell Banker Home Listing Report listed Saratoga as the most expensive housing market in the United States. In 2010 Bloomberg Businessweek named Saratoga the most expensive suburb in California. According to CNN Money 70.42% of Saratoga households have an income greater than $100,000. Saratoga was ranked by Forbes in 2009 as one of America's top 20 most-educated small towns. Bloomberg Businessweek named Saratoga's zip code 95070 the 18th richest zip code in America in 2011. In 2018, data from the American Community Survey revealed that Saratoga was the 8th wealthiest city in the United States.
This area was earlier inhabited by the Ohlone Native Americans. European settlers imposed a displacement and created a settlement of what is now Saratoga in 1847, when William Campbell, constructed a sawmill about 2.5 miles southeast of the present downtown area. An early map noted the area as Campbell's Gap. In 1851 Martin McCarthy, who had leased the mill, built a toll road down to the Santa Clara Valley, founded what is now Saratoga as McCarthysville; the toll gate was located at the present-day intersection of Big Basin Way and 3rd St. giving the town its first used name: Toll Gate. In 1867 the town received a post office under the name of McCarthysville. Saratoga in 1906 Industry soon sprang up and at its pinnacle the town had a furniture factory, grist mill, a paper factory. To commemorate this newfound productivity the town was renamed again in 1863 as Bank Mills. In the 1850s Jud Caldwell discovered springs which were called Pacific Congress Springs because the water had a mineral content similar to Congress Springs, in Saratoga Springs, New York.
In 1865 the town received its final name, after the city in New York. At the same time a resort hotel called Congress Hall was constructed at the springs, named after the famous resort Congress Hall at Saratoga Springs, New York. California's Congress Hall attracted tourists to the area until it burned down in 1903; these events would lead to Saratoga being listed as a California Historical Landmark in 1950. Saratoga became agricultural. After World War II the town became urbanized, it incorporated in 1956 to avoid being annexed to San Jose. A slogan during the campaign to incorporate the city of Saratoga was "Keep it rural," according to historian Willys I. Peck. Today the city serves. Saratoga is a general law city under California law, meaning that the organization and powers of the city are established by state law, it has a council–manager form of government. The city council is made up of five members elected by the public; the council appoints a mayor and vice mayor from its membership, with the vice mayor serving in the absence of the mayor.
The mayor has no veto power, but acts as chairman for council meetings, serves as a visible head of government. Council members serve four-year terms, with the election of two and three members staggered every two years; the city manager is the administrative head of the government, serves as city treasurer. The manager's duties include preparing financial reports, submitting an annual budget, managing city employees, seeing that city ordinances are enforced, supervising city property, investigating complaints against the city; the manager appoints the city clerk. In addition to the council and manager, the city has a number of commissions that serve to advise the council on various issues. Commission members are appointed by the council, serve a maximum of two four year terms; the city has commissions for finance, youth issues, heritage preservation, the library and recreation, traffic safety. The Saratoga City Council has had to make many controversial decisions in a community with residents known to be protectionist of their existing exclusivity.
The council was a leader in dealing with the unfunded pension crisis in California. In the California State Legislature, Saratoga is in the 15th Senate District, represented by Democrat Jim Beall, in the 28th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Evan Low. In the United States House of Representatives, Saratoga is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo. Saratoga is bordered by Cupertino and San Jose to the north, a small portion of Campbell and Los Gatos to the east, Monte Sereno to the southeast. Saratoga is located at 37°16′21″N 122°01′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.4 square miles, all of it land. Within its borders, Saratoga includes lush redwood forests, foothills suitable for wine grapes and sunny valley floor once covered with prune and apricot orchards, now with suburban homes and churches. Neighborhoods in Saratoga include Brookview and Pride's Crossing in the north part of the city, Blue Hills and Greenbrier in the northwest area, Congress Springs in the southwestern corner of Saratoga.
Jani Kristian "Jay" Hölli is a Finnish Musician from Tampere. He has played keyboards in several Finnish Power and Progressive Metal bands; these have included, Dingo, Villieläin, Technical Justice and Leewings. He is the current keyboard player in Waltari. Hölli is a classically trained pianist, he received formal tuition for seven years at a school. He studied songwriting at the prestigious Sibelius Academy for a year in 2010, he has written and arranged songs for a variety of artists such as DCX, Terhi Matkainen and Abraham Mateo As a songwriter, Hölli has amassed a revenue cut in a total of over 7 million album sales worldwide. He co-wrote the Techno Dance song, Screams with Joel Kalsi, performed by Kalsi and Applejack and featured vocals by UK artist Tina Cousins who has had 5 UK top 20 hits. Hölli is a fan of the Eurovision Song Contest and has entered the competition multiple times as both a songwriter and a performer. In 2010, as a part of the band Villieläin, he entered the initial stages of the Finnish Euroviisut song selection process with the song Ei Minua which means Not Me in English.
The song gained a large number of votes during the online voting phase of the competition, however despite this it failed to reach the top ten in the voting and therefore the song did not progress into the live, televised semi finals. Played with glam-rock band Stala & SO. in 2011, as special keyboard player. His second entry to the Euroviisut in 2012 was more successful, he co-wrote the song Erase You by DCX. In 2014 he composed a song with lyricist and songwriter Efrem Macheras called No Money, No Honey, put forward for selection as a potential entry for Cyprus in the 2015 Eurovision Song Contest; the song was performed by Elena Panagi. Jani wrote songs for two of the finalists of a popular, televised music talent competition in Finland called Idols; these are Agnes Pihlava and Kalle Löfström Hölli was involved with the musical scoring and production of a short film about a man's struggle with long term diabetes called Dia-Cide. He uses Yamaha DX-9 Keyboards. Invitation- Snakegod, 2001 Kipinä- Hannu Savo Ja Kamiina, 2002 Love is a Lie We Both Believed- Soulrelic, 2005 Julma Satu- Villieläin, 2009 Facebookissa- Dingo, 2012 Adios Rosaria- Dingo, 2012 Oma Waterloo- Neumann, 2013 You are Waltari- Waltari, 2015 Joku Kuuntelee- Rainio Bros. 2002 Born in'84- Kalle Löfström, 2009 Ma Jaan- Eini, 2011 Villi Pohjola-Jussi Aaltonen, 2012 Puudasta Ilmaa-Terhi Matikainen, 2012 Erase You- DCX, 2012 Screams- Kalsi and Applejack feat, Tina Cousins, 2014 Gimmie All Your Love- Zaena Morisho, 2014 No Money, No Honey- Elena Panagi, 2014 Girlfriend- Abraham Mateo, 2015
T. Richard Rice is author, he is a leading proponent of "open theism". As of 2007 he is professor of theology and philosophy of religion at Loma Linda University in California. Rice received an MDiv degree from Andrews University in 1969, an MA and PhD in Christian theology from the University of Chicago in 1972 and 1974, respectively, he taught at La Sierra University, in Riverside, California until 1998, moving to Loma Linda University, where he is a Professor of Religion in the areas of Theology and Philosophy of Religion. He has served as a church pastor. Rice introduced the term "open theism" in his 1980 book The Openness of God: The Relationship of Divine Foreknowledge and Human Free Will; the book was published by Seventh-day Adventist publisher Review and Herald, but proved controversial within the church and was not reprinted. Evangelical Clark Pinnock contacted Rice to convey his deep appreciation of the book, gave it a positive review, it was republished by Pinnock's publisher Bethany House under the title God's Foreknowledge & Man's Free Will.
In 1994, Rice and other theologians contributed to the book The Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God, edited by Pinnock. David Larson has claimed, "although it may seem new to some, in less detailed forms the basics of “Open Theism” have been taught at Loma Linda University for about fifty years, beginning at least as early as long-time professor Jack W. Provonsha." Rice has authored numerous books, has published articles in the Journal of Religion, Religious Studies Review, Andrews University Seminary Studies, Ministry and Spectrum. His books include:. Pacific Press. May 1985. P. 93. ISBN 0-8163-0570-6. Reason and the Contours of Faith. Loma Linda Pub Co. 1991. P. 310. ISBN 0-944450-07-5. Clark H. Pinnock, Richard Rice, John Sanders, William Hasker, David Basinger; the Openness of God: A Biblical Challenge to the Traditional Understanding of God. InterVarsity Press. P. 202. ISBN 0-8308-1852-9. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list The Reign of God: An Introduction to Christian Theology from a Seventh-day Adventist Perspective.