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Sarthe is a department of Pays de la Loire situated in the Grand-Ouest of the country. It is named after the River Sarthe. In the late 18th century, before it was Sarthe, the nobility built their Mansions and Chateaus there, as an escape from Paris; the department was created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790, pursuant to the law of 22 December 1789, starting from a part of the province of Maine. The latter was divided into Sarthe to the east and Mayenne to the west. In Roman times, this province contained the city of Mans, many of its ruins are still standing; the Roman Thermal Bathhouse attracts many tourists, as does the Theater of Aubigné-Racan, both located on the outskirts of Anjou and Touraine. Marin Mersenne the most important scientific figure in the early 17th century, was born in the vicinity of Sarthe; the department of Sarthe is at the north end of the administrative region of Pays-de-la-Loire. It is south on the southern edge of the Armorican Massif, it is bordered by the departments of Orne, Eure-et-Loir, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire and Mayenne.

300,000 people, comprising more than half of the department's population, live in Le Mans, its conurbation, or the urban communes close by. The rest of the department retains a rural character, with agriculture as the chief part of the economy; the arrival of the railways in 1854 boosted trade for the local economy. A TGV connection was constructed in 1989. In terms of road connections, the A11 autoroute, constructed to Le Mans from the east in 1978, enhances Sarthe's strategic position as the gateway to the French west. Population development since 1801: The department was the electoral base of former Prime Minister Francois Fillon, who since 2012 sits in the National Assembly of France for a constituency in central Paris. Arrondissements of the Sarthe department Cantons of the Sarthe department Circuit de la Sarthe, an annual road cycling race Circuit de la Sarthe, a motor racing track Communes of the Sarthe department Prefecture General Council Sarthe information

Donald Macdonald (Australian politician)

Donald Peter Macdonald was an Australian politician and clergyman. He was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly between 1941 and 1947 and an Independent member of parliament. McDonald was the son of a stockbroker, he emigrated to Sydney with his family at an early age and was educated at Newington College, the University of Sydney. He travelled to Britain to study at the University of Glasgow where he graduated with a Master of Arts and was ordained as a Presbyterian minister in 1911, he ministered at Minard in Argyll and Bute but returned to New South Wales and took locum appointments at Coonamble and Ultimo before being given a permanent position at Scots Kirk, Mosman in 1915. The next year, Macdonald was given leave to serve as a chaplain with the First Australian Imperial Force in France, where he was awarded the ED, he had one son, a war correspondent killed at the Battle of Monte Cassino and two daughters. After leaving parliament, Macdonald retired to a farm in the Mudgee area.

He was awarded the MBE in 1962. He had a number of books published in 1909, 1915 and 1930. Macdonald had a conservative philosophy, he was a member of the United Australia Party over many years but had become distressed by the links between big business and the party. He entered parliament as the Independent UAP member for Mosman after winning the seat at the 1941 state election. Macdonald defeated the sitting UAP member General Herbert Lloyd in a campaign marked by bitter attacks against Lloyd who had accepted a position as Director-General of Recruiting without resigning from parliament. In parliament, Macdonald campaigned for the state government to take a loan of ₤5,000,000 to revamp the public school system, he called for education reforms including daily prayers and a ban on caning. In 1943 he led an attack in Parliament on the atheist Sydney University Professor of Philosophy, John Anderson, who had said there was no place for religion in education. Macdonald did not join the newly formed Democratic Party or Liberal Party but retained the seat in the 1944 state election.

In that year he co-founded the Political Reform League with another independent James Shand, the member for Ryde. This was intended to be the basis of a new centrist party in NSW but failed to attract public support. Macdonald was defeated by the official Liberal Party candidate Pat Morton at the next election in 1947, he retired from public life. He did not hold parliamentary or ministerial office but was said to be only the second active clergyman in the Legislative Assembly since the Rev. J D Lang

Newcastle, Jamaica

Newcastle is a settlement in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. A military hill station for the British Army it is now a training centre for the Jamaica Defence Force. Newcastle became a military centre in the 1840s when Major General Sir William Maynard Gomm, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica, observed that yellow fever, a major cause of death among the British troops stationed in Jamaica, was far less prevalent in the mountains. After unsuccessful attempts to persuade the government to pay for the construction of a military barracks up in the hills, Gomm went ahead with construction of the barracks at the Newcastle coffee plantation on his own initiative. Construction was subsequently authorised by the Board of Ordnance; the death toll among the troops posted to the West Indies garrison regarded as a death sentence, declined dramatically. During the colonial period until 1959, Newcastle was used as a "change-of-air camp" by British regiments stationed in Jamaica. In 1959 Newcastle became the Training Depot of the West Indies Federation's Federal Defence Force.

When the Federation was dissolved and Jamaica achieved independence in 1962, Newcastle was part of a general transfer of all military lands in Jamaica to the Jamaican Government. The Newcastle Barracks are still used by the Jamaica Defence Force as a training centre; the Blue Mountain and John Crow Mountain National Park in which Newcastle is located was established in 1992. Newcastle lies on the Kingston to Buff Bay road through the National Park; the Blue Mountains are criss-crossed by trails connecting villages to farms and plantations and other villages and trails from Newcastle to Catherine's Peak and Mt. Horeb are among the attractions for hikers and other visitors to the Park. Picture of Newcastle at Jamaica Defence Force website View of Newcastle in the hills overlooking Kingston at Jamaican Family Search website "New Castle Training Depot" page at Jamaica National Heritage Trust website

Canterbury Rams

The Canterbury Rams are a New Zealand basketball team based in Christchurch. The Rams play their home games at Cowles Stadium. For sponsorship reasons, they are known as The Wheeler Motor Canterbury Rams; the Canterbury Rams were a foundation member of the National Basketball League in 1982. Between 1986 and 1994, the Rams made the NBL final seven times, winning championships in 1986, 1989, 1990 and 1992. Import players Kenny Perkins, Clyde Huntley, Eddie Anderson and Angelo Hill were central to the success of the Rams, as was the outstanding New Zealand core of John "Dutchie" Rademakers, Gilbert Gordon, Andy Bennett, Graham Timms, John Hill, Ian Webb, Glen Denham and Ralph Lattimore; the architects of this success were coaches Garry Pettis, who led the team from 1986 to 1988, Keith Mair, who took over in 1989. In 1999, the Rams made their eighth NBL final under coach Bert Knops, where they lost 79–72 to the Auckland Rebels. In 2000, Dr John Watson took over the Rams organisation from the cash-strapped Canterbury Basketball Association.

His takeover of the team created some deep divisions within the basketball community. In 2006, the CBA signed a three-year management contract with Watson. In December 2008, after the CBA advised Watson that they would not be completing the third year of the contract, the Rams withdrew from the NBL, with the Christchurch Cougars taking their place in the 2009 NBL season; the Cougars lasted just two seasons after withdrawing on the eve of the 2011 season due to the Christchurch earthquake. In November 2013, the Canterbury Rams were granted re-entry into NBL under the leadership of Christchurch businessman Andrew Harrison, making their return during the 2014 NBL season. In 2016, the Rams were regular season winners for the first time since 1993 behind the likes of McKenzie Moore and Marcel Jones, they made their first playoff appearance since 2002, as the first seed, they were aiming for their first NBL final since 1999. However, they went on to lose 104–85 to the Super City Rangers in the semi-finals despite a 35-point effort from Moore.

Murray McKay Darrell Todd Garry Pettis Keith Mair Bert Knops Matt Ruscoe John Watson Pete McAllister Chris Sparks Bert Knops Dave Harrison Mark Dickel Mick Downer Darrell Todd Garry Pettis Bert Knops Phil Burns John Watson Darren Gravly Dave Harrison Pete McAllister Dene Robinson Clinton Olsen Terry Brunel Kenny Perkins Tim Bennetts Caleb Harrison Piet Van Hasselt Ben Sheat Source: Canterbury Rams Facebook page Official team website Canterbury Rams on Facebook Andrew Harrison: the unassuming man behind the Canterbury Rams' NBL success

Pema Chödrön bibliography

This is a list of works published by Pema Chödrön, buddhist nun and student of Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche. An author and acharya, Chödrön is a senior teacher of the Shambhala Buddhist lineage Trungpa founded, she has been the resident teacher and founding director of Gampo Abbey in Nova Scotia since 1984. Always Maintain a Joyful Mind And Other Lojong Teachings on Awakening Compassion and Fearlessness Awakening Loving-Kindness Comfortable With Uncertainty: 108 Teachings Don't Bite the Hook: Finding Freedom From Anger and Other Destructive Emotions Hooked! Buddhist Writings on Greed and the Urge to Consume Living Beautifully With Uncertainty and Change No Time to Lose: A Timely Guide to the Way of the Bodhisattva Practicing Peace in Times of War Start Where You Are: A Guide to Compassionate Living Taking the Leap: Freeing Ourselves From Old Habits and Fears The Places That Scare You: A Guide To Fearlessness The Pocket Pema Chodron The Wisdom of No Escape And the Path of Loving-Kindness This Moment is the Perfect Teacher: 10 Buddhist Teachings on Cultivating Inner Strength and Compassion Tonglen: The Path of Transformation When Things Fall Apart: Heart Advice for Difficult Times The Compassion Book: Teachings For Awakening The Heart Welcoming the Unwelcome: Wholehearted Living in a Brokenhearted World Awakening Compassion: Meditation Practice for Difficult Times, 6 cd Awakening Love: Teachings and Practices to Cultivate a Limitless Heart, 8 cd Bodhisattva Mind: Teachings to Cultivate Courage and Awareness in the Midst of Suffering, 7 cd Coming Closer to Ourselves: Making Everything the Path of Awakening, 5 cd Don't Bite the Hook, 3 cd Fully Alive: A Retreat with Pema Chödrön on Living Beautifully With Uncertainty and Change, 4 cd From Fear to Fearlessness: Teachings on the Four Great Catalysts of Awakening, 2 cd Getting Unstuck: Breaking Your Habitual Patterns and Encountering Naked Reality, 3 cd Giving Our Best: A Retreat With Pema Chödrön on Practicing the Way of the Bodhisattva, 4 cd Good Medicine: How to Turn Pain Into Compassion With Tonglen Meditation, 2 cd How to Meditate: A Practical Guide to Making Friends With Your Mind, 5 cd In Conversation: On the Meaning of Suffering and the Mystery of Joy, Karma: Finding Freedom in This Moment, 2 cd Natural Awareness: Guided Meditations and Teachings for Welcoming All Experience, 4 cd No Time to Lose: A Timely Guide to the Way of the Bodhisattva, 10 cd Noble Heart: A Self-Guided Retreat on Befriending Your Obstacles, 12 cd Practicing Peace in Times of War, 2 cd Pure Meditation: The Tibetan Buddhist Practice Of Inner Peace, 2 cd Smile at Fear: A Retreat with Pema Chödrön on Discovering Your Radiant Self-Confidence, 4 cd The Pema Chödrön Collection, 6 cd The Three Commitments: Walking the Path of Liberation, 7 cd The Truth of Our Existence: Four Teachings from the Buddha to Illuminate Your Life, 4 cd True Happiness, 6 cd Unconditional Confidence For Meeting Any Experience With Trust and Courage, 2 cd Walking the Walk: Putting the Teachings Into Practice When it Matters Most, 4 cd When Pain is the Doorway: Awakening in the Most Difficult Circumstances, 2 cd Fully Alive: A Retreat with Pema Chödrön on Living Beautifully With Uncertainty and Change, DVD Giving Our Best: A Retreat With Pema Chödrön on Practicing the Way of the Bodhisattva, DVD Good Medicine: How to Turn Pain Into Compassion With Tonglen Meditation, 2 DVD Smile at Fear: A Retreat With Pema Chödrön on Discovering Your Radiant Self-Confidence, DVD Works by or about Pema Chödrön in libraries

U.S. Route 58

U. S. Route 58 is an east–west U. S. Highway that runs for 508 miles from U. S. Route 25E just northwest of Harrogate, Tennessee, to U. S. Route 60 in Virginia Beach, Virginia; until 1996, when the Cumberland Gap Tunnel opened, US 58 ran only inside the commonwealth of Virginia. It was extended southwest along a short piece of former US 25E, which no longer enters Virginia, to end at the new alignment in Tennessee. State Route 383 is overlaid on U. S. Route 58 in Tennessee. U. S. Route 58 is the longest numbered route in Virginia. US 58 begins at a trumpet interchange with US 25E, just south of the Cumberland Gap Tunnel; the route travels northeast through the outskirts of Cumberland Gap before crossing into Virginia. US 58 in Tennessee carries the designation State Route 383. US 58 enters Virginia and travels east to Jonesville, where Alternate US 58 branches off and travels to the north. East of Jonesville, US 58 intersects US 421, the two routes stay concurrent through Duffield, Gate City, Weber City, Bristol, where US 58 begins a concurrency with Interstate 81.

The two routes stay concurrent until I-81 exit 19 in Abingdon, where US 58 resumes its eastward journey close to the Virginia–North Carolina state line. The route is signed as the J. E. B. Stuart Highway and the A. L. Philpott Memorial Highway. Much of the highway through the region features hairpin turns, steep grades, load-zoned bridges. US 58 begins a concurrency with US 221 in Independence, the routes stay merged through Hillsville, just past the interchange with Interstate 77. Continuing eastward, the route crosses the Blue Ridge Parkway in the unincorporated community of Meadows of Dan before winding its way to Martinsville, where US 58 and US 220 share a southern bypass of the city. Between Stuart and the Martinsville bypass, several loops are found following the original alignment. East of Martinsville, a loop between Byrd's Store and Axton follows the original alignment, although one section west of Byrd's Store and one section east of Chatmoss remain inaccessible. Between Martinsville and Danville and between Danville and South Boston the route was widened to four lanes as part of the Arterial Highway system initiated by the Commonwealth in the mid 1960s.

A newer alignment was just added to the older alignment. A loop of the older alignment is visible east of Brosville. Approaching Danville, US 58 once again follows an expressway bypass to the south of the city, while a business route enters the city itself; the southeastern half of this bypass is shared with US 29. East of Danville, US 29 continues north, while US 58 picks up US 360 and resumes its eastward journey; the routes stay cosigned until South Boston, where US 360 resumes a more northerly route to Richmond, while US 58 travels eastward to Clarksville and crosses Kerr Lake. The route crosses Interstate 85 in South Hill, followed by Interstate 95 in Emporia. Near Franklin, an expressway bypass carries US 58 south of the city, while a business route enters the city. A bypass carries traffic around Suffolk, where US 58 begins concurrencies with US 13 and US 460; the three US routes stay merged until an intersection with the Hampton Roads Beltway at the confluence of Interstate 64, Interstate 264, Interstate 664.

US 58 travels through Portsmouth and into Norfolk via the Midtown Tunnel. The route crosses I-64 once again, continues to Virginia Beach paralleling I-264 to its south. US 58, designated as Virginia Beach Boulevard and becoming Laskin Rd. in Virginia Beach, ends at US 60, Pacific Ave. Historically, US 58 continued for one additional block to the east, ending at Atlantic Ave. which once carried US 60 and Business US 60. Much of the western section of US 58 is part of Crooked Road and The Crooked Road: Virginia's Heritage Music Trail. An alternate route of US 58, known as U. S. Route 58 Alternate, splits from the main route in Abingdon and travels northwest as the "Trail of the Lonesome Pine" to Coeburn. From there, US 58 Alt. travels in a southwesterly direction through Norton, Big Stone Gap and Pennington Gap before rejoining the main route in Jonesville. The corridor across southern Virginia was part of the initial 1918 state highway system, in which it was State Route 12, it followed the present U.

S. 58 from Abingdon to Virginia Beach, while present US 58 west of Abingdon was part of State Route 10. These routes deviated from present US 58 in the following places: SR 10 left Virginia into Kentucky at Cumberland Gap. SR 10 used present U. S. Route 58 Alternate from Jonesville to Pennington Gap and U. S. 421 southeast back to U. S. 58. SR 10 used present State Route State Route 600 from near Pattonsville to Clinchport. SR 10 used present U. S. 421 and U. S. Route 11 through Bristol to Abingdon. From Abingdon to Meadowview, where SR 12 began, SR 10 used present State Route 609. SR 12 used present State Route 80 and State Route 803 from Meadowview to Lodi and present State Route 91 to Damascus. From Danville to Boydton, SR 12 used present State Route 360 to near Scottsburg, U. S. Route 360 to Clover, State Route 92 to Boydton. Present US 58 was State Route 44 from Danville to Clarksville, from Clarksville to Boydton it was part of State Route 1, renumbered State Route 31 in the 1923 renumbering, State Route 324 from soon after 1923 to 1927, part of State Route 201 from 1927 to 1928, State Route 400 fr