click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan listen was an Indian philosopher and statesman who served as the first Vice President of India and the second President of India. One of India's most distinguished twentieth-century scholars of comparative religion and philosophy, after completing his education at Madras Christian College in 1911, he became Assistant Professor and Professor of Philosophy at Madras Presidency College subsequently Professor of Philosophy at the University of Mysore, he was Upton Lecturer at Manchester College, Oxford in 1926, 1929, 1930. In 1930 he was appointed Haskell lecturer in Comparative Religion at the University of Chicago, his philosophy was grounded in Advaita Vedanta, reinterpreting this tradition for a contemporary understanding. He defended Hinduism against what he called "uninformed Western criticism", contributing to the formation of contemporary Hindu identity, he has been influential in shaping the understanding of Hinduism, in both India and the west, earned a reputation as a bridge-builder between India and the West.

Radhakrishnan was awarded several high awards during his life, including a knighthood in 1931, the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India, in 1954, honorary membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963. He was one of the founders of Helpage India, a non profit organisation for elderly underprivileged in India. Radhakrishnan believed that "teachers should be the best minds in the country". Since 1962, his birthday has been celebrated in India as Teachers' Day on 5 September every year, he is the only President of India who could not attend the Delhi Republic Day parade due to his ill health Servapalli Radhakrishnan was born in a Telugu-speaking Niyogi Brahmin family, in Tiruttani in the erstwhile Madras Presidency. His father's name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother's name was Sarvepalli Sita, his early years were spent in Tirupati. His father was a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar, his primary education was at K. V High School at Thiruttani.

In 1896 he moved to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati and Government High Secondary School, Walajapet. Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life, he joined Voorhees College in Vellore for his high school education. After his F. A. class, he joined the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated from there in 1906, finished his Masters the same college. Radhakrishnan studied philosophy by chance rather than choice. Being a financially constrained student, when a cousin who graduated from the same college passed on his philosophy textbooks in to Radhakrishnan, it automatically decided his academic course. Radhakrishnan wrote his thesis for the M. A. degree on "The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions". It "was intended to be a reply to the charge that the Vedanta system had no room for ethics." Two of his professors, Rev. William Meston and Dr. Alfred George Hogg, commended Radhakrishnan's dissertation. Radhakrishnan's thesis was published.

According to Radhakrishnan himself, the criticism of Hogg and other Christian teachers of Indian culture "disturbed my faith and shook the traditional props on which I leaned." Radhakrishnan himself describes how, as a student,The challenge of Christian critics impelled me to make a study of Hinduism and find out what is living and what is dead in it. My pride as a Hindu, roused by the enterprise and eloquence of Swami Vivekananda, was hurt by the treatment accorded to Hinduism in missionary institutions; this led him to his critical study of Indian philosophy and religion and a lifelong defence of Hinduism against "uninformed Western criticism". At the same time, Radhakrishnan commended Professor Hogg as'My distinguished teacher,' and as "one of the greatest Christian thinkers we had in India.' Besides, Professor William Skinner, acting Principal of the College, gave a testimonial saying "he is one of the best men we have had in the recent years", which enabled him to get the first job in Presidency College.

In reciprocation, Radhakrishnan dedicated one of his early books to William Skinner. Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamu, a distant cousin, at the age of 16; as per tradition the marriage was arranged by the family. The couple had a son, Sarvepalli Gopal. Sarvepalli Gopal went on to a notable career as a historian. Sivakamu died in 1956, they were married for over 51 years. In April 1909, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was appointed to the Department of Philosophy at the Madras Presidency College. Thereafter, in 1918, he was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore, where he taught at its Maharaja's College, Mysore. By that time he had written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics, he completed his first book, The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. He believed Tagore's philosophy to be the "genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit", his second book, The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy was published in 1920.

In 1921 he was appointed as a professor in philosophy to occupy the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta. He represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at H

HD 175535

HD 175535 is a binary star system in the northern circumpolar constellation of Draco. It has an apparent visual magnitude of 4.92, bright enough to be faintly visible to the naked eye. The system is located about 302 light years away, as determined from its annual parallax shift of 10.8 mas. It is moving further from the Earth with a heliocentric radial velocity of +8.5 km/s. The binary nature of this system was announced by W. W. Campbell of the Lick Observatory in 1911, it is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with an orbital period of 2.66 years and an eccentricity of 0.342. The a sin i value for the visible component is 73.4±0.6 Gm, where a is the semimajor axis and i is the orbital inclination. This indicates that the actual semimajor axis is larger than 0.49 AU. The visible component appears to be an evolved giant star with a stellar classification of G7 IIIa Fe−1, where the suffix notation indicates an underabundance of iron in the atmosphere, it is 320 million years old with about 13 times the Sun's radius.

The star is radiating 219 times the Sun's luminosity from its enlarged photosphere at an effective temperature of 5,024 K

A Soldier's Farewell

A Soldier's Farewell is the third episode of the fifth series of the British television sitcom Dad's Army. It was transmitted on 20 October 1972. Mainwaring is depressed: his men are falling short of his expectations, his leadership is unappreciated, he dreams that he is Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. The episode opens with the Walmington-on-Sea Home Guard unit in Eastgate cinema, they are watching a film about Napoleon, in particular a scene where he says goodbye to Marie Walewska, his mistress. A panning shot moves across the faces of the platoon while they are watching, Mainwaring looking superior, Wilson looking bored, Frazer muttering "rubbish", Pike sucking his thumb, Godfrey asleep, Walker with his arms around a blonde girl, Jones looking dreamy. After the film ends "God Save the King" begins playing, but the platoon all stampede out apart from Mainwaring who gets knocked over in the rush but struggles up to stand to attention while the anthem plays to a now empty cinema; the platoon is next seen on the upper deck of a bus going back to Walmington-on-Sea.

Mainwaring asks the platoon what they thought of the film. Sponge says. Mainwaring says he was disappointed - he thought the film would have been about strategy and tactics but consisted of Greta Garbo being chased around a four poster bed. Walker replies that, strategy and tactics. Wilson and Mainwaring are given their tickets by an attractive bus conductress who Mainwaring takes a fancy to; when Walker and Jones start larking about singing the ribald song "Roll Me Over In The Clover" Mainwaring stops them and apologises to the bus conductress. She is grateful and says he is "very gallant". Warden Hodges arrives, teases the platoon for going to the cinema and not being ready for Hitler. Whilst buying a ticket he asks the bus conductress for a "tickle at the terminus". Mainwaring is furious and intervenes again, is thanked by the bus conductress, he instructs the platoon that after their disgraceful behaviour in the cinema, they are to let him go off the bus first and in an orderly fashion. When the bus stops at Walmington, Hodges lets him get halfway down the bus shouts "It's closing time in five minutes", thus causing Mainwaring to get knocked over again in the stampede as the platoon rush for the pub.

The platoon are on parade. Frazer gives a long rambling explanation of how he complained to the manager about the "sheer historical inaccuracies of the film", but admits sheepishly that he got his money back. Mainwaring berates them for the two examples of bad behaviour, they apologise, but he responds by saying that "fine words butter no parsnips". This provokes a discussion in the ranks, about how you can't get butter, or parsnips, until he says that the platoon will have to stand to attention whilst Sergeant Wilson plays the National Anthem on the gramophone 6 times, they stand to attention, but Wilson plays the German National Anthem "Deutschland Über Alles" by mistake, is half asleep so Mainwaring has to shout at him to take it off. He and Wilson go to Mainwaring's office, where they find the vicar at his desk, who refuses to get out of the way for Mainwaring. Whilst Jones continues to play the National Anthem at an increasing speed and the vicar have to stand race to sit on the chair, like musical chairs.

The next scene is in Mainwaring's office after the parade. Walker arrives and gives Sgt Wilson two bottles of Black Market stout, presents Mainwaring with some sourced cheddar cheese. Mainwaring excuses this to Wilson by saying it is for his vegetarian wife, he rings her to spring this'toasted cheese supper' surprise on her, but she gets the wrong idea on the phone and says she has a headache and is going to bed. Mainwaring is disappointed. Mainwaring is touched Jones arrives and, tempted by the cheese, offers some kidneys if he can join them. Cut to the end of the feast, when Jones tells a wonderful rambling story about a native girl he nearly married in the Sudan. Mainwaring leaves to go home, suggesting that the bus conductress they met earlier wouldn't have turned down a toasted cheese supper; the next scene is in Mainwaring's Anderson shelter in his garden. He is having a restless night after eating the meal with Jones, he takes some bismuth tablets. The scene now shifts, we see Mainwaring dreaming that he is Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.

It features the rest of the cast in various roles, including Wilson as Wellington, flanked by Frazer as Gordon of the Highlanders and Hodges as a senior officer. Sponge is Marshal Ney, Walker is "Captain Gerald" in the cavalry, Jones is a French Corporal, Pike is a French drummer boy and Godfrey is a French artillery man. Many catch phrases and actions are used: "put those lights out", "you stupid drummer boy", Private Godfrey's upside down cakes, "Oi, Napoleon", some phrases from earlier in the episode, such as Sponge saying "we should have sat down the front, in the ninepennies" when Mainwaring complains that he can't see the battle. At the surrender, Wilson acts superior, for instance asking Mainwaring for his full name and address, refusing to let Mainwaring borrow his pen. Mainwaring says farewell to his troops, with great comic effect. Hodges tells the troops that the Duke will buy them all a drink, in the stampede they knock Mainwaring over into the mud. Mainwaring is next seen just before being exiled to Elba, standing next to the bus conductress, dressed as Marie Walewska.

They exchange farewells Mainwaring wakes up, to find that he has overslept and he has a rude note from his wife complaining that he didn't c

Namor

Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Debuting in early 1939, the character was created by writer-artist Bill Everett for comic book packager Funnies Inc.. Created for the unreleased comic Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, the character first appeared publicly in Marvel Comics #1, the first comic book from Timely Comics, the 1930s–1940s predecessor of Marvel Comics. During that period, known to historians and fans as the Golden Age of Comic Books, the Sub-Mariner was one of Timely's top three characters, along with Captain America and the original Human Torch; the mutant son of a human sea captain and a princess of the mythical undersea kingdom of Atlantis, Namor possesses the super-strength and aquatic abilities of the Homo mermanus race, as well as the mutant ability of flight, along with other superhuman powers. Through the years, he has been portrayed as an antihero alternately from a good-natured but short-fused superhero or a hostile invader seeking vengeance for perceived wrongs that misguided surface-dwellers committed against his kingdom.

The first known comic book antihero, the Sub-Mariner has remained a important and popular Marvel character. He has served directly with the Avengers, the Fantastic Four, the Invaders, the Defenders, the X-Men and the Illuminati as well as serving as a foil to them on occasion. Namor was created by writer-artist Bill Everett; the character first appeared in April 1939 in the prototype for a planned giveaway comic titled Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, produced by the comic book packager Funnies Inc. The only eight known samples among those created to send to theater owners were discovered in the estate of the deceased publisher in 1974. Everett created Namor because he was informed that Carl Burgos had created the Human Torch, who can manipulate fire, he wanted to play on the notion of "fire and water", his interest in "anything nautical, to do with the sea" factored in Namor's creation and origin. Everett stated that the inspiration for creating the character was Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, came up with "Namor" by writing down noble-sounding names backwards and thought Roman / Namor looked the best.

He described the character as an "ultra-man of the deep lives on land and in the sea, flies in the air, has the strength of a thousand men". When the giveaway idea with Motion Picture Funnies Weekly fell through, Everett used the character for Marvel Comics #1, the first comic book by Funnies, Inc. client Timely Comics, predecessor of Marvel Comics. The final panel of the earlier, unpublished eight-page Sub-Mariner story had included a "Continued Next Week" box that reappeared, sans lettering, in an expanded 12-page story. In his first appearances Namor was an enemy of the United States. Comics historian Les Daniels noted. Although the Sub-Mariner acted like a villain, his cause had some justice, readers reveled in his assaults on civilization, his enthusiastic fans weren't offended by the carnage he created as he wrecked everything from ships to skyscrapers." Everett's antihero would battle Carl Burgos' android superhero, the Human Torch, when in 1940 Namor threatened to sink the island of Manhattan underneath a tidal wave.

When the U. S. entered World War II, Namor would aid the Allies of World War II against Adolf Hitler and the Axis powers. Supporting characters included Betty Dean, a New York City policewoman introduced in Marvel Mystery Comics #3, a steady companion, his cousins Namora and Dorma. Namor starred in the Golden Age comic book Sub-Mariner Comics, published quarterly thrice-yearly, bimonthly, from issues #1–32. A backup feature. Along with many other Timely characters, Namor disappeared a few years after the end of World War II and the decline in popularity of superhero comics, he fought crime as a member of the post-war superhero team the All-Winners Squad, through a 1970s retcon, was given a history of having fought with the Allies during World War II in the superhero team the Invaders. Both these super-groups were built around the core of Namor, Captain America, the original Human Torch; the Sub-Mariner experienced a brief revival in the mid-1950s at Atlas Comics, the 1950s iteration of Marvel.

Along with Captain America and the original Human Torch, he was revived in Young Men #24. Soon afterward, Sub-Mariner Comics was revived with issues #33–42. During this time, Namora had her own spin-off series. A planned live-action television program starring Namor did not appear and the revival of the comic book series was cancelled a second time. Namor returned in Fantastic Four #4, where a member of the titular superhero team, Johnny Storm, the new Human Torch, discovers him living as an amnesiac homeless man in the Bowery section of Manhattan. Storm helps him recover his memory, Namor returns to his undersea kingdom – identified, for the first time in the Marvel canon, as Atlantis. Finding it destroyed from nuclear testing, Namor assumes his people are scattered and that he will never find them, he again becomes an antihero during this period, as two elements – a thirst for vengeance and a quest for identity – would dominate the Sub-Mariner stories of the 1960s. He was both a villain and a hero – striking against the human race who destroyed his home, but showing a great deal of noblesse oblige to individuals.

Namor variously finds himself allied with the supervillains Doctor Doom and Ma

USS Conestoga (1861)

USS Conestoga was a civilian side-wheel towboat built at Brownsville, Pennsylvania, in 1859. She was acquired by the U. S. Army in June 1861 and converted to a 572-ton "timberclad" river gunboat for use by the Western Gunboat Flotilla, with officers provided by the navy. Conestoga's first combat action took place in September 1861 when she engaged CSS Jackson near Lucas Bend, Kentucky. Other skirmishes punctuated the routine of river patrol service into 1862. In February, she participated in an expedition up the Tennessee River that led to the capture of Forts Henry and Donelson. In the month, she saw action at Columbus, Kentucky, a Confederate strongpoint on the Mississippi River. During the rest of her service, Conestoga continued to operate along the rivers, she took part in the bombardment of Saint Charles, Arkansas, in June 1862 and was formally transferred to the navy in October of that year. In April and July 1863, she was involved in expeditions to Palmyra, up the Red River, Louisiana; the following March, she went up Louisiana's Ouachita Rivers.

Soon after, on 8 March 1864, USS Conestoga was sunk in a collision with USS General Price. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. USS Conestoga images

Mississippi Valley Mayhem

Mississippi Valley Mayhem is a women's flat track roller derby league based in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Founded in 2008, the league consists of a single team which competes against teams from other leagues. Mississippi Valley is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association; the Mayhem was founded in August 2008 by two local women, Amanda Boucher and Stephanie Powers, after Boucher encountered the sport on a visit to Austin, Texas. By May 2009, the league had twenty skaters, had played two bouts to around 200 fans; the league was accepted into the Women's Flat Track Derby Association Apprentice Program in January 2010, it graduated to full membership in December 2012. In May 2011, one of its practice venues, the Green Island Ice Arena, was damaged by a tornado