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Satsuma Domain

Satsuma Domain Kagoshima Domain, was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It is associated with the provinces of Satsuma, Ōsumi and Hyūga in modern-day Kagoshima Prefecture and Miyazaki Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. In the han system, Satsuma was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields. In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area; this was different from the feudalism of the West. The domain was ruled from Kagoshima Castle, the core of what became the city of Kagoshima, its kokudaka was assessed at the second highest kokudaka after that of Kaga Domain. The Shimazu family controlled Satsuma province for four centuries prior to the beginning of the Edo period. Despite being chastised by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in his 1587 Kyūshū Campaign, forced back to Satsuma, they remained one of the most powerful clans in the archipelago. During the decisive battle of Sekigahara in 1600, the Shimazu fought on the losing side.

Satsuma was one of the most powerful feudal domains in Tokugawa Japan. It was controlled throughout the Edo period by the tozama daimyō of the Shimazu clan. Since the mid-15th century, Satsuma fought with the Ryukyu Kingdom for control of the Northern Ryukyu Islands, which lie southwest of Japan. In 1609, Shimazu Iehisa requested permission from the shogunate to invade Ryukyu. After a three-month war which met stiff resistance, Satsuma captured the Ryukyuan capital of Shuri and King Shō Nei. In the ensuing peace treaty, Satsuma annexed the Amami and Tokara Islands, demanded tribute, forced the King and his descendants to pledge loyalty to Satsuma's daimyō. For the remainder of the Edo period, Satsuma influenced their politics and dominated their trading policies to take advantage of Ryukyu's tributary status with China; as strict maritime prohibitions were imposed upon much of Japan beginning in the 1630s, Satsuma's ability to enjoy a trade in Chinese goods, information, via Ryukyu, provided it a distinct and important, if not unique, role in the overall economy and politics of the Tokugawa state.

The degree of economic benefits enjoyed by Satsuma, the degree of their influence in Ryukyu, are subjects debated by scholars, but the political prestige and influence gained through this relationship is not questioned. The Shimazu continually made efforts to emphasize their unique position as the only feudal domain to claim an entire foreign kingdom as its vassal, engineered repeated increases to their own official Court rank, in the name of maintaining their power and prestige in the eyes of Ryukyu. In 1871, Emperor Meiji abolished the han system, the following year informed King Shō Tai that he was designated "Domain Head of Ryukyu Domain", transferring Satsuma's authority over the country to Tokyo. Though not the wealthiest han in terms of kokudaka, Satsuma remained among the wealthiest and most powerful domains throughout the Edo period; this derived not only from their connection to Ryukyu, but from the size and productive wealth of Satsuma province itself, from their extreme distance from Edo, thus from the shōgun's armies.

The Shimazu exercised their influence to exact from the shogunate a number of special exceptions. Satsuma was granted an exception to the shogunate's limit of one castle per domain, a policy, meant to restrict the military strength of the domains, they received special exceptions from the shogunate in regard to the policy of sankin-kōtai, another policy meant to restrict the wealth and power of the daimyō. Under this policy, every feudal lord was mandated to travel to Edo at least once a year, to spend some portion of the year there, away from his domain and his power base; the Shimazu were granted permission to make this journey only once every two years. These exceptions thus allowed Satsuma to gain more power and wealth relative to the majority of other domains. Though arguably opposed to the shogunate, Satsuma was one of the strictest domains in enforcing particular policies. Christian missionaries were seen as a serious threat to the power of the daimyō, the peace and order of the domain.

The ban on smuggling unsurprisingly, was not so enforced, as the domain gained from trade performed along its shores, some ways away from Nagasaki, where the shogunate monopolized commerce. In the 1830s, Satsuma used its illegal Okinawa trade to rebuild its finances under Zusho Hirosato; the Satsuma daimyō of the 1850s, Shimazu Nariakira, was interested in Western thought and technology, sought to open the country. At the time, contacts with Westerners increased particularly for Satsuma, as Western ships landed in the Ryukyus and sought not only trade, but formal diplomatic relations. To increase his influence in the shogunate, Nariakira engineered a marriage between Shōgun Tokugawa Iesada and his adopted daughter, Atsu-hime. In 1854, the first year of Iesada's reign, Commodore Perry landed in Japan and forced an end to the isolation policy of the shogunate. However, the treaties signed between Japan and the western powers the Harris Treaty of 1858, put Japan at a serious disadvantage. In the same year, both Iesada and Nariakira died.

Nariakira named Shimazu Tadayoshi, as his successor. As Tadayoshi was still a child, his father, Shimazu Hisamitsu

John Saintignon

John Saintignon is the CEO of Interscholastic Licensing Company. Partnered with Reebok Team, a provider of high quality athletic goods, ILC provides schools, organizations and individuals a way to self-fund using an online webstore format. Saintignon was the head coach of Fuerza Guinda men's basketball, he was the head coach of Sitra Club in the Kingdom of Bahrain, the men's basketball director of basketball coach of the Oregon State Beavers at Oregon State University. Saintignon's college basketball playing career was as a player at University of California, Santa Cruz, he is the all-time leading scorer in university history, led the entire United States NCAA college basketball with a scoring title, led the nation in scoring in 1985–86, averaging 31.2 points per game. He transferred and is a 1990 graduate of the University of California, San Diego with a degree in economics, he continued his education at Liberty University, where he earned a Master of Arts degree in 2010. Saintignon's first coaching position was as a basketball coach at Mar Vista High School in Imperial Beach, California.

He served as the varsity head coach for three seasons from 1992-95. He was able to win a championship, which had not been done since 1964, his next job was at Bonita Vista High School in Chula Vista, as the head coach from 1995 to 2001. He became the school's first coach to win a CIF title in basketball in 1999, finishing that season 30–5. In 2002 he left to become the head coach with Canyon del Oro High School, getting to the state playoffs in three consecutive seasons. After three seasons with CDO, Saintignon moved to Phoenix, Arizona, to head up the new Desert Edge High School, he helped to build the school program before being asked to join Oregon State University. After two seasons as the director of basketball at Oregon State University, Saintignon left to become a head coach of the Culiacan Caballeros, he remained in Culiacan, Sinaloa Mexico for one season, helping that first-year franchise play in the 24-team LNBP and finish in position 6 overall. Saintignon moved on again to become an assistant at Cal State Stanislaus University.

He was a member of the Warriors staff from 2008 to 2009. In 2009–10, Saintignon again became a head coach, at Grant High School of Sacramento, he remained with the Pacers for one season. The same season, Saintignon was hired as the head coach of an overseas professional organization at Sitra Club, in the Kingdom of Bahrain in the Middle East. In two seasons with Sitra Club, he helped the Sailors to the round of 6 in his first season, finishing one game out of four, in position 5 overall; the next season he led the team to a 6–3 record, a 4th-place finish before civil unrest in the country forced an early cancellation of the season. He is head coach of Fuerza Guinda of the CIBACOPA League in Nogales, Mexico; as a guest speaker in Italy, Croatia, Bahrain and the Dominican Republic, Saintignon has earned a reputation as an authority on player development, has produced several DVDs on improving athletes through individual training, as well as attacking on offense with his secondary break philosophy.

These are available at Championship Productions. He has been published many times: Published articles on offensive ideas for Five-Star Playbook, Wish Publishing Developed book, Pass Attack the Complete Offensive System, June 2006 Published articles on offensive ideas for Five-Star Playbook, Wish Publishing, October 2003 and November 2005 Published articles on offensive ideas for Five Star Basketball Coaches Playbook 2, October 2006 DVD and article published for mensbasketballhoopscoop.com DVD produced, 20 Week Fundamental Skill Development, training for youth programs, April 2007 Developed book, How to Get a College Scholarship, April 2006 Included in book, How to Be Like Coach Wooden: Life's Lessons From Basketball’s Greatest Leader by Pat Williams, March 2006 Saintignon lives with his wife Angelica and their two sons and Sebastian. Biography from Oregon State John Saintignon

Polymer Char

Polymer Char is a company which designs and manufactures instrumentation for polymer analysis. Polymer Char was founded by B. Monrabal in 1992 in the Valencia Technology Park, in Spain, being registered with the name of Polymer Characterization, S. A, its initial goal was to develop a commercial Crystallization Analysis Fractionation instrument based on technology developed by Monrabal at Dow Chemical Company laboratories in the Netherlands to measure chemical composition distribution in semicrystalline polymers. A CRYSTAF prototype was presented at Pittcon in 1994; the first product was acquired in 1995 by a petrochemical company in South Korea. The company has developed techniques and instruments for polymer characterization, more for polyolefin characterization. Polymer Char's technology is present in the petrochemical and research and development industries in over 20 countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia; the company develops analytical instruments for polymer analysis.

Chemical composition distributionChemical composition distribution together with the molar mass distribution and their interdependence define the microstructure of a polyolefin. CCD is the most discriminating feature of a complex polyolefin; some instruments in Polymer Char's range are available for this purpose: CRYSTAF: instrument intended for the fast measurement of the chemical composition distribution in polyolefins. TREF: performs the temperature rising elution fractionation technique for the characterization of CCD in polyolefins. Crystallization elution fractionation: high-throughput chemical composition distribution analyzer by CEF TGIC: technique for the analysis of low crystallinity polyolefins implemented by a automated instrument. Molar mass distributionGPC-IR: high temperature chromatography for polyolefin molar mass distribution, it works with concentration and composition detectors and light scattering. GPC One: GPC calculations software. Data Unit 200: signals device for gel permeation chromatography instruments.

GPC-QC: simplified and automated GPC instrument aimed at control laboratories in polyolefin production plants. Intrinsic viscosityIVA: automated instrument for intrinsic viscosity analysis of polymers with dissolution temperature up to 200 °C. Bivariate distributionCross-fractionation chromatography instrument to analyze the polyolefin bivariate distribution by TREF and gel permeation chromatography. SGIC 2D: 3D results with the advantages of using an IR detector for this new tool aimed at polyolefin characterization. Preparative fractionationPREP mc2: preparative instrument to fractionate polymers by molar mass or composition. PREP C20: a column-based preparative fractionation instrument, capable to fractionate up to 20 grams of polymer. Soluble fractionCRYSTEX: instrument intended to measure the amorphous fraction of polypropylene and ethylene-propylene copolymers, for quality control laboratories for polypropylene manufacturing plants. CRYSTEX QC: automated instrument for amorphous phase determination in PP/EP manufacturing QC laboratories.

CRYSTEX 42: high-throughput system for simultaneous measurement of the soluble fraction, ethylene content and intrinsic viscosity in a automated process for up to 42 samples. Infrared detectors IR4: Infrared detector for composition and concentration measurements in polyolefins for gel permeation chromatography, HPLC, TREF, etc. IR5: an infrared detector for demanding applications in Polymer Char instruments such us GPC-IR, HPLC, CFC and other separation techniques. Part of the techniques and instruments were developed with Petrochemical companies and Research Institutes from United States, Finland and Japan; the company supplies in over 35 countries around the globe Analytical Services for Polymer characterization. Polymer characterization Polyolefin Gel permeation chromatography / Size Exclusion Chromatography Polymer science Polymer Chemistry Chromatography Polymer Char Official Website

New Cathedral of Plasencia

New Cathedral of Plasencia or Catedral de Asunción de Nuestra Señora is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in the town of Plasencia, Region of Extremadura, Spain. It is dedicated to the Virgin Mary; the cathedral consists of two buildings: the old, dedicated to Saint Paul, the new. Construction began in the 13th-century in a Romanesque style; the 15th-century new church was built in Gothic architectural style with high ceilings. The main retablo was built in the 17th-century, carved by Gregorio Fernández and painted by Francisco Ricci; the choirs are delicately carved. The old church now houses the Cathedral museum

If I Were a Boy (novel)

If I Were a Boy is an Albanian epistolary novel written by Haki Stërmilli in 1936. Written in a form of diary entries it documents the struggle of the young female protagonist Dija to adjust in an Albanian patriarchal society, common during the time the novel was written in; the novel was written in Gheg dialect. The novel starts with Dija's cousin, on a bus with a small box on his hands; the box was entrusted to him by Dija. After opening it he finds a white scarf, a notepad and a letter addressed to a Mr. Shpend Rrëfe, Tirana. Hamit opens the notepad and in the first page he reads a title, written in red, saying "My Life". After a while he reaches his destination and rents a room in a hotel in which he starts reading what seemed to be a diary of his cousin Dija. With this diary starts the epistolary form of the novel which Dija describes in first person the hardships, tortures, struggles in her life and having no say in anything that concerns her from being forcefully married to an aged wealthy trader to physical abuse from her step-mother.

In the diary Dija describes her love and affection for Shpend Rrëfe, a boy of her age, whom she describes as being the only cause she didn't commit suicide. In the early hours of the morning Hamit finishes reading the diary, being interrupted by his tears and emotional distress many times throughout that night he manages to fall asleep, during which he dreams of Dija, he wakes up late after which a hotel servant enters and hands him a telegram from Dija's father which reads "Come Dija wants to see you". He leaves the job for what he came there for and grabs a transport for Tirana, but he is too late because Dija had succumbed to tuberculosis and was buried, her last wish being Hamit delivers the letter to Shpend. Hamit goes to her grave and promises her he will fulfill her last wish, he goes to Shpend and they both agree to publish a book based on Dija's diary which would serve as a way to raise awareness of the condition Albanian women were in. The book takes place in some places of Albania the capital, Tirana in the 1930s.

Albanian literature Feminism

Giuseppe Ornati

Giuseppe Ornati -. Considered to be one of the greatest violin makers of his time, he trained as a carpenter and received the first notions of violin making from the amateur maker Carlo Moneta. Towards 1903, he went to work at the workshop of Leandro Bisiach, where he stayed for some years working alongside Gaetano Sgarabotto. Distinguished from the outset by the skill and precision of his work, he made many instruments and carried out repairs for Bisiach until 1919, by which time he had his own workshop. A prize-winner at the competition of Rome in 1920 and in numerous exhibitions, he taught at the violin-making school in Cremona from 1961 to 1963, his production is characterized by elegance. Philip J. Kass. "Bisiach Family". William Moening & Sons Ltd. Retrieved 2007-04-05. Philip J. Kass. "Selected World of Strings Newsletters". William Moening & Sons Ltd. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-04-05. Blot, Eric. "Emilia e Romagna I". Un secolo di liuteria italiana, 1860-1960 - A century of Italian violin making.

Cremona: Turris. ISBN 88-7929-026-6. Worked at Milan 1915. Gold medals at Rome, Milan. La Liuteria Italiana / Italian Violin Making in the 1800s and 1900s - Umberto Azzolina I Maestri Del Novicento - Carlo Vettori La Liuteria Lombarda del'900 - Roberto Codazzi, Cinzia Manfredini 2002 Dictionary of 20th Century Italian Violin Makers - Marlin Brinser 1978 Vannes, Rene. Dictionnaire Universel del Luthiers. Bruxelles: Les Amis de la musique. OCLC 53749830. William, Henley. Universal Dictionary of Violin & Bow Makers. Brighton. ISBN 0-901424-00-5. Liuteria ParmenseView a fine example of Giuseppe Ornati violin Milan circa 1921 close-up: Giuseppe Ornati Milan 1921 top. Giuseppe Ornati Milan 1921 back. Giuseppe Ornati Milan 1921 scroll