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Saturn 3

Saturn 3 is a 1980 British science fiction film produced and directed by Stanley Donen, starring Farrah Fawcett, Kirk Douglas and Harvey Keitel. The screenplay was written from a story by John Barry. Though a British production, the film has director. In the distant future, an overcrowded Earth relies on research conducted by scientists in remote stations across the solar system. Contact is maintained by spaceships shuttling between the stations and large orbiting space stations. Captain James is preparing to depart from one of these stations when he is murdered by Captain Benson. Benson, rated "potentially unstable" on a mental exam, steals James' cargo ship and departs the station for a small, remote experimental hydroponics research station on Saturn's third moon. Arriving there, he finds the station run by Adam and his younger colleague and lover Alex. Adam, the Alex, their dog, enjoy their isolation far from an overcrowded and troubled Earth; the couple have been on Saturn 3 for three years, but Alex has spent all her life in space, knows little of the habits and mores of humans who live on Earth.

Alex and Adam's idyll is broken when Benson reveals his mission is to replace at least one of the moon's scientists with a robot. The robot — named Hector — is one of the first of its kind, a "Demigod Series", relying on "pure brain tissue" extracted from human fetuses and programmed using a direct link to Benson's brain. Adam tells Alex that he is the candidate for removal, being that he's close to "abort time" and will have to leave anyway. With Hector assembled, Benson begins preparing the robot, using the neural link implanted in Benson's spine. So connected to Benson, Hector learns of Benson's failure on the test of psychological stability, of his murder of James. With little barrier between the robot's brain and Benson's, Hector is soon imprinted with Benson's homicidal nature and his lust for Alex; the robot rebels. Adam and Benson manage to disable the robot while it's recharging, remove the brain. Believing the danger over, Adam accuses Benson of gross incompetence, ordering him to dismantle the robot and return to Earth when an eclipse ends.

Unknown to Benson, Adam, or Alex, Hector remains functional enough to take control of the base's older robots, using them to reassemble his body and reconnect his brain. Unaware of Hector's resurgence, Benson attempts to leave the station while dragging Alex with him. Resuscitated, Hector murders Benson before he can leave with Alex. Hector destroys Benson's spacecraft before the scientists can escape in it, trapping them all on Saturn 3, assumes control of the station's computer. Trapped in the control room, both Alex and Adam are surprised to see Benson's face on their monitor; the two are directed by a voice they recognize as Benson's to leave the control room, both surprised that Benson is alive. To their shock, the two are confronted by Hector. A short time Alex and Adam wake in their own rooms. To her horror, Alex finds that Hector has installed a brain link at the top of Adam's spine, much like the one that Benson had, one which will give Hector direct access to Adam's brain. Hector explains that he can'read' but taking control of Adam'comes later'.

This causes Adam to rebel and he destroys Hector by wearing a suicide vest and tackling Hector in to a waste pit. Alex see's a computer terminal flashing at her, she realizes that Adam and Hector are now in the computer and talk with her. They recommend. In the final scene, Alex is shown aboard a spacecraft above Earth with shuttles leaving for the planet below. Farrah Fawcett as Alex Kirk Douglas as Adam Harvey Keitel as Captain Benson Voice dubbed by Roy Dotrice Ed Bishop as Harding Douglas Lambert as Captain James Christopher Muncke as 2nd Crewman John Barry conceived the project as a much more lavish vision of the future; the film's producers, Lew Grade's ITC Entertainment, intended the production to cash in on the sudden vogue for science fiction and horror following the success of Alien. Farrah Fawcett was hoped to be a major draw for a teenage male audience and much of the film's promotion was based around the revealing space suits she was to wear in the film. Producer Stanley Donen played down the exploitation elements, resulting in a film that the producers struggled to market.

Barry was set to make his directorial debut with the film, but he was replaced after shooting started, according to some reports, due to a dispute with Kirk Douglas. Donen, attached to the project as producer, replaced him. Donen was dissatisfied with Harvey Keitel's characteristic Brooklyn accent; because Keitel refused to take part in post-production looping, Keitel's voice is dubbed over by British actor Roy Dotrice who, for this performance, adopted a mid-Atlantic accent. Two scenes, filmed for the production were edited out, due to Lew Grade objecting to their subject matter; these were a dream sequence that involved both Adam and Alex killing Benson and a scene where Hector ripped apart Benson's dead body on a table in one of the colony's laboratories. Regardless of these cuts, the film received an MPAA rating of R, for scenes of violence and brief nudity. In the UK, the film was given a more relaxed A certificate by the BBFC for its theatrical release, though subsequent home video releases were given a 15 certificate.

ITC was producing Raise the Titanic! at the same time. As that film went over schedule and over budget and failed at t

Third from the Sun

"Third from the Sun" is episode 14 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It is based on a short story of the same name by Richard Matheson which first appeared in the first issue of the magazine Galaxy Science Fiction in October 1950. Will Sturka, a scientist who works at a military base, has been producing a great number of H-bombs alongside other staff members who are manufacturing various devastating weapons in preparation for imminent nuclear war. Sturka realizes that there is only one way to escape—steal an experimental, top-secret spacecraft stored at another base up north, he plans to bring his friend Jerry Riden, trained as a pilot of the spacecraft, along with their wives and Sturka's daughter Jody. The two plot for months, making arrangements for their departure. One afternoon, Sturka engages in conversation with a co-worker, who gleefully tells him that he’s heard a rumor the war will start in 48 hours; when Sturka voices his disgust at the potential holocaust, Carling is dismayed and cautions him, saying Sturka should watch what he says, what he thinks.

At home, Sturka confides in his family, trying to assuage his guilt over helping to create weapons by rationalizing he’s only one part in a much larger machine though he recognizes that he still maintains partial responsibility. His daughter comments that there’s a terrible feeling in the air, that something dreadful is coming and that everyone can feel it. Sturka realizes. Sturka and Riden decide to put their plan in action—take their families to the site where the spacecraft is held, getting in with help from their contact working at the site whom Riden has bribed and take off in the ship, leaving the planet for good. Carling, suspicious of Sturka since their chat, eavesdrops on them at Sturka’s house and overhears their plan; that night, everyone gathers for a game of cards where Riden reveals that while he was test flying the spacecraft, the military had discovered a small planet 11 million miles away with a civilization similar to theirs—the perfect place to escape. During the game, Carling unexpectedly appears at the door and hints that he knows what the group is plotting.

He hints at trouble: "A lot can happen in forty-eight hours." After Carling leaves, Sturka receives a call from his superiors, commanding him to return to the base. He and Riden inform the women that they must leave that moment; when the five arrive at the site of the spacecraft and Riden spot their contact, who flashes a light. When the contact steps forward, he is revealed to be Carling, armed with a gun, he prepares to call the authorities. The women, who have been waiting in the car, watch as Carling orders them out. Jody throws the car's door open, knocking the gun from Carling's hand and giving the men enough time to overpower him and knock him out; the group rushes into the ship. That evening, the group has safely escaped their doomed planet and are on course. Sturka says. Riden points out on the ship's viewer their mysterious destination, 11 million miles away—the third planet from the Sun, called "Earth". Emily VanDerWerff of The A. V. Club rated it A and called the twist "justifiably famous".

"Probe 7, Over and Out", another Twilight Zone episode with a similar plot. "The Invaders", another episode in which a farm woman encounters tiny "alien" astronauts, who are Earthlings. "Death Ship" is a TZ episode again featuring the Forbidden Planet Cruiser, where explorers find their ship E-89 has somehow crashed on the alien planet they have just found. Ancient astronaut theory DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 "Third from the Sun" on IMDb "Third from the Sun" at Matheson, Richard. "Third from the Sun". Galaxy Science Fiction. P. 61. Retrieved 17 October 2013

Lost Songs (Anberlin album)

Lost Songs is a compilation album from the alternative rock band Anberlin, released on November 20, 2007. It is a collection of unreleased songs from previous album sessions and acoustic versions; this album is not all-new, as most of the tracks have appeared on special editions of albums or other compilations. "The Haunting" - 5:49 "Uncanny" - 3:27 "Like a Rolling Stone" - 3:44 "A Day Late" - 4:15 "Enjoy the Silence" - 3:30 "Cadence" - 3:29 "Downtown Song" - 2:59 "There Is a Light That Never Goes Out" - 4:15 "Dismantle. Repair." - 4:34 "The Promise" - 3:14 "Naïve Orleans" - 3:40 "Inevitable" - 3:46 "The Unwinding Cable Car" - 4:29 "Creep" - 4:16 "Baby Please Come Home" - 2:43 "Readyfuels" - 3:48 "Driving" - 3:58 "Everywhere in Between" - 3:29 "Hidden Track" - 3:30 Lost Songs at MusicBrainz

Australian Made

Australian Made was a festival concert series held during 1986–1987 in the six state capitals of Australia and featured local rock acts Mental as Anything, I'm Talking, The Triffids, The Saints, Models, Jimmy Barnes and INXS. The series started in Hobart on 26 December 1986 and concluded in Sydney on 26 January 1987. Rock journalist Jeff Jenkins rated it as one of his 50 most significant events in Australian music history, "It wasn't a huge success, but it showed that an all-Australian festival could work." Australian Made was conceived to counter tours of international acts, like Dire Straits' 1985–1986 world tour, which were drying up funds for Australian groups. As from October 2010, the following artists have been inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame: INXS and The Saints, Divinyls, The Triffids, Mental As Anything, Models. To promote the tour, INXS and Barnes recorded a cover of The Easybeats song "Good Times", released in December 1986 as a single and used as the theme song. "Good Times" peaked at No. 2 on the Australian charts.

The single peaked at No. 47 in the United States Billboard Hot 100 on 1 August 1987. At the Sydney concert, Peter Trotter, playing saxophone for Mental As Anything, collapsed on stage and died a week later; the tour had a budget of $3.25 million, was announced with claims of Australian mateship and cooperation. The tour ended in acrimony with two managers, Chris Murphy and Jeremy Fabinyi, arguing backstage in Sydney and coming to blows. A film of the tour, Australian Made: The Movie, directed by Richard Lowenstein, was released in July 1987, but contained no footage of Mental As Anything performing. Rock historian Glenn A. Baker and Bob King wrote Australian Made, Gonna Have a Good Time Tonight: The Authorised Documentary of the Event in 1987 with detailed notations by Baker and photographs by King. According to rock music historian, Ian McFarlane, "the tour drew record crowds across the country, it was the first travelling festival tour to feature Australian bands". Dire Straits, other international acts, mounted Australia-wide tours in 1986 with promoters claiming that local acts couldn't fill large concert venues.

Acts like INXS and Jimmy Barnes felt that a tour by internationally renowned Australians would fill these venues. In October 1986, Chris Murphy, of Mark Murphy Agency and manager of INXS, Mark Pope, who managed Jimmy Barnes and Divinyls, Mushroom Records boss Michael Gudinski, commenced negotiations to develop the Australian Made tour. Other promoters came on-board including Gary Grant. Mushroom Records had released material by Models, managed by Murphy, while their touring partners I'm Talking were managed by Ken West and had released material on Regular Records; these band managers used their record labels and industry contacts to provide other local acts that had toured internationally, The Saints, The Triffids and Mental As Anything. The Triffids' guitarist Graham Lee stated that Hutchence had insisted on them being part of the bill, on the basis of their international success though they were not well renowned in Australia. To promote the tour, INXS and Barnes recorded two songs, a cover of The Easybeats song "Good Times", "Laying Down the Law" which Barnes co-wrote with INXS members Garry Gary Beers, Andrew Farriss, Jon Farriss, Michael Hutchence and Kirk Pengilly.

Both songs were recorded, with "Laying Down the Law" written, "Good Times" film clip made, all on the same day. Tim Farriss, INXS lead guitarist, was unavailable for the recordings, as he was unable to be contacted due to fishing commitments; the single peaked at No. 2 on the Australian charts, months was featured in the Joel Schumacher 1987 film The Lost Boys and the associated The Lost Boys soundtrack. This allowed it to peak at No. 47 in the United States on 1 August 1987. The tour had a budget of $3.25 million, when the accounts were tabulated the promoters had lost $30,000 each. After the tour, there was a dispute over the royalty split on "Good Times". Four years the single appeared on the British charts when The Lost Boys was released on video. Barnes stated that the Subiaco concert had the best Rock'N' Roll crowd he had seen. With the exception of keyboard player, Peter Kekel, Barnes employed an all Canadian backing band, that he had used for his own North American tours from 1985, for the Australian Made tour.

All the acts travelled between capital cities on the same plane. Chrissy Amphlett of Divinyls wrote about the tour in her autobiography and Pain, she was impressed that various band members got along so well. At the Sydney concert, Peter Trotter, playing saxophone for Mental As Anything, collapsed on stage and died a week later; the tour was announced with claims of Australian mateship and cooperation, however arguments ensued between various band managers over the proposed concert series film. Some bands felt; the tour ended in acrimony with two managers, Chris Murphy and Jeremy Fabinyi, arguing backstage in Sydney and coming to blows. After the Sydney concert, Rick Grossman, bass guitarist of Divinyls, was fired from the group due to his heroin addiction, he attended the drug rehab centre, The Buttery, joined Hoodoo Gurus in 1988; the film of the tour, Australian Made: The Movie, directed by Richard Lowenstein, was released in July 1987, was shown in cinemas, released on VHS home video, but contained no footage of Mental As Anything performing.

An edited DVD version, Australian Ma

Melville Lyons

Melville Edwin Lyons, sometimes called Tiny, was a Reform Party Member of Parliament in New Zealand until his election was declared void. A journalist by trade, he became involved in local politics in Christchurch after having served in WWI, he was Deputy Mayor of Christchurch for six years under mayor Ernest Andrews. Lyons was born on 27 February 1889 in Masterton, his parents were Thomas Adian Lyons, an overseer at a sheep station and a shepherd, Mary Lyons. His parents had married on 6 March 1880 in Timaru and siblings of Melville Lyons were Joseph James, Ethel Mary and Seafield; the family moved to the Masterton area in about 1884. After the last child was born, his father returned to Australia and nothing was heard of him again. Melville Lyons attended the District High School in Feilding. Before WWI, Lyons was an agricultural editor, he worked for the Dannevirke Advocate and for the Christchurch Sun. He left for Egypt via Sydney from Wellington on 13 July 1916 as a trooper to enter the war, part of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the 15th Reinforcements Veterinary Corps.

At 6 feet 2 inches, he was a tall man and "well-fleshed" and had been given the ironic nickname'Tiny'. He was elected in the Lyttelton electorate in the 1925 general election; the original count resulted in a tie of 4,900 votes to James McCombs each. The returning officer declared him elected. A recount was demanded, on 3 December 1925, an amended result of 4890 votes for Lyons and 4884 votes for McCombs was determined, with the differences in the counts explained by counting informal votes in a different way. Lyons' election was declared void on 13 March 1926, the previous holder, McCombs, was restored as the holder of the electorate; the 22nd Parliament had its first sitting on 16 June 1926, hence Lyons had not been sworn in before his election was declared void. Lyons next stood for Parliament in the 1935 Lyttelton by-election, caused by the death of Elizabeth McCombs who had succeeded her husband James; the by-election was contested by four candidates, Lyons, representing the United–Reform Coalition, came a distant second against Terry McCombs, the son of Elizabeth McCombs.

Lyons was chosen as the candidate for the National Party in the 1938 election for the Mid-Canterbury electorate. His nomination was overturned and Arthur Grigg was put forward instead, with Lyons withdrawing. Grigg was successful in winning the electorate against the incumbent, Labour's Horace Herring; the death of Ted Howard on 26 April 1939 caused the 3 June 1939 Christchurch South by-election. Since Howard's first election in the 1919 general election, Christchurch South was held by the Labour Party. At the last general election in 1938, Howard had polled 9,885 votes versus 3,890 votes for Gladstone Ward, the son of former Prime Minister Joseph Ward; the electorate was thus regarded as a safe seat for Labour. On nomination day, two candidates were put forward: Robert Macfarlane for the Labour Party and Lyons for the National Party. Macfarlane had been Mayor of Christchurch since the previous year. Macfarlane and Lyons received 7,900 and 4,005 votes a majority of 3,895 votes for Macfarlane. An editorial by The Evening Post argued.

Lyons was selected by the National Party to contest the Kaiapoi electorate in the 1941 general election, but the general election was delayed until 1943 owing to WWII. When the 1943 general election did happen, W. H. Overton was the National Party candidate in the Kaiapoi electorate, coming second against the incumbent Morgan Williams. Early in 1943, Lyons was nominated by the National Party for the Christchurch East by-election held on 6 February caused by the death of Tim Armstrong; the by-election in the Christchurch East electorate, a Labour Party stronghold, was contested by five candidates, including representatives from the Labour Party and the Labour breakaway party Democratic Labour Party. The election was won by the Labour candidate, Mabel Howard, started her long parliamentary career. Lyons came third in the election, beaten by both Labour candidates. Lyons was first elected Councillor for Christchurch City Council in 1927 and served for a total of 20 years until 1947 as a member of the conservative Citizens' Association.

He was Deputy-Mayor of Christchurch from 1941 to 1947, serving under mayor Ernest Andrews. In the 1947 Christchurch mayoral election, he challenged the incumbent Citizens' mayor, Andrews, as an independent, but came last of the three candidates. In the 1953 Coronation Honours, Lyons was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire, for services to local government and agriculture. Lyons was secretary of the Canterbury A&P Association, he died on 7 May 1955. Wilson, James Oakley. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984. Wellington: V. R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. Scholefield, Guy. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949. Wellington: Govt. Printer

Chinese Camp, California

Chinese Camp is a census-designated place in Tuolumne County, United States. The population was 126 at the 2010 census, down from 146 at the 2000 census, it lies in the grassy foothills of the Sierra Nevada near the southern end of California's Gold Country. Chinese Camp is located at 37°52′13″N 120°26′1″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.9 square miles, 99.72% of it land and 0.28% of it water. Wilderness near Chinese Camp is the location of the last remaining known population of the federally listed threatened plant species Brodiaea pallida, the Chinese Camp brodiaea. Chinese Camp is the remnant of a notable California Gold Rush mining town; the settlement was first known as "Camp Washington" or "Washingtonville" and one of the few remaining streets is Washington Street. Some of the first Chinese laborers arriving in California in 1849 were driven from neighboring Camp Salvado and resettled here, the area started to become known as "Chinee" or "Chinese Camp" or "Chinese Diggings".

At one point, the town was home to an estimated 5,000 Chinese. The Chinese Camp post office was established in the general store on April 18, 1854; this building is vacant, a post office is in operation on a plot of land rented from a local resident. An 1892 Tuolumne County history indicates that, in 1856, four of the six Chinese companies had agents here and that the first tong war was fought near here when the population of the area totaled several thousand; the actual location is several miles away, past the'red hills', near the junction of Red Hills Road and J-59. An 1860 diary says Chinese Camp was the metropolis for the mining district, with many urban comforts. While placer mining had played out in much of the Gold Country by the early 1860s, it was still active here as late as 1870. An 1899 mining bulletin listed the total gold production of the area as near US$2.5 million. Chinese Camp is the location and subject of California Historical Landmark 423 – The Saint Francis Xavier Roman Catholic Church, established in 1849, making it the oldest church in the county.

The church has since fallen into disrepair. The church itself is owned by the Stockton archdiocese; the current Chinese Camp School is distinctive, having been designed by Dolores Nicolini in the style of a Chinese pagoda. This school has been in operation since 1970; the school was in a building near the church. This building was lost in a fire on May 4, 2006; the fire was caused by carelessness on the part of several local individuals. The 2010 United States Census reported that Chinese Camp had a population of 126; the population density was 139.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Chinese Camp was 92 White, 0 African American, 7 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 16 from other races, 11 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25 persons; the Census reported that 126 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 50 households, out of which 15 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 23 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2 had a female householder with no husband present, 6 had a male householder with no wife present.

There were 5 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 1 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 15 households were made up of individuals and 6 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.5. There were 31 families; the population was spread out with 30 people under the age of 18, 11 people aged 18 to 24, 24 people aged 25 to 44, 46 people aged 45 to 64, 15 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.7 males. There were 60 housing units at an average density of 66.6 per square mile, of which 36 were owner-occupied, 14 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3%. 99 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 27 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 146 people, 57 households, 38 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 162.5 people per square mile. There were 64 housing units at an average density of 71.2 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the CDP was 92% White, 1% African American, 3% Native American, 1% Asian, 1% from other races, 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12% of the population. There were 57 households out of which 32% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54% were married couples living together, 12% had a female householder with no husband present, 32% were non-families. 30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 28% under the age of 18, 10% from 18 to 24, 32% from 25 to 44, 20% from 45 to 64, 10% who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 117.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,875, the median income for a family was $35,833. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $18,750 fo