Saudi Arabia the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is a country in Western Asia constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. With a land area of 2,150,000 km2, Saudi Arabia is geographically the largest sovereign state in Western Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world, the fifth-largest in Asia, the 12th-largest in the world. Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south, it is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, most of its terrain consists of arid desert and mountains. As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. Saudi Arabia has one of the world's youngest populations; the territory that now constitutes Saudi Arabia was the site of several ancient cultures and civilizations. The prehistory of Saudi Arabia shows some of the earliest traces of human activity in the world; the world's second-largest religion, emerged in modern-day Saudi Arabia.
In the early 7th century, the Islamic prophet Muhammad united the population of Arabia and created a single Islamic religious polity. Following his death in 632, his followers expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory in a matter of decades. Arab dynasties originating from modern-day Saudi Arabia founded the Rashidun, Umayyad and Fatimid caliphates as well as numerous other dynasties in Asia and Europe; the area of modern-day Saudi Arabia consisted of four distinct regions: Hejaz and parts of Eastern Arabia and Southern Arabia. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud, he united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud. Saudi Arabia has since been a totalitarian absolute monarchy a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamist lines; the ultraconservative Wahhabi religious movement within Sunni Islam has been called "the predominant feature of Saudi culture", with its global spread financed by the oil and gas trade.
Saudi Arabia is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, the two holiest places in Islam. The state's official language is Arabic. Petroleum was discovered on 3 March 1938 and followed up by several other finds in the Eastern Province. Saudi Arabia has since become the world's second largest oil producer and the world's largest oil exporter, controlling the world's second largest oil reserves and the sixth largest gas reserves; the kingdom is categorized as a World Bank high-income economy with a high Human Development Index and is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies. The state has attracted criticism for a variety of reasons including: its treatment of women, its excessive and extrajudicial use of capital punishment, state-sponsored discrimination against religious minorities and atheists, its role in the Yemeni Civil War, sponsorship of Islamic terrorism, its failure to take adequete measures against human trafficking, state-sanctioned racism and antisemitism, its poor human rights record, its strict interpretation of Sharia law.
The kingdom has the world's third-highest military expenditure and, according to SIPRI, was the world's second largest arms importer from 2010 to 2014. Saudi Arabia is considered a middle power. In addition to the GCC, it is an active member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and OPEC. Following the amalgamation of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd, the new state was named al-Mamlakah al-ʿArabīyah as-Saʿūdīyah by royal decree on 23 September 1932 by its founder, Abdulaziz bin Saud. Although this is translated as "the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" in English, it means "the Saudi Arab kingdom", or "the Arab Saudi Kingdom"; the word "Saudi" is derived from the element as-Saʿūdīyah in the Arabic name of the country, a type of adjective known as a nisba, formed from the dynastic name of the Saudi royal family, the Al Saud. Its inclusion expresses the view. Al Saud is an Arabic name formed by adding the word Al, meaning "family of" or "House of", to the personal name of an ancestor. In the case of the Al Saud, this is Saud ibn Muhammad ibn Muqrin, the father of the dynasty's 18th-century founder, Muhammad bin Saud.
There is evidence that human habitation in the Arabian Peninsula dates back to about 125,000 years ago. A 2011 study found that the first modern humans to spread east across Asia left Africa about 75,000 years ago across the Bab-el-Mandeb connecting the Horn of Africa and Arabia; the Arabian peninsula is regarded as a central figure in the understanding of hominin evolution and dispersals. Arabia underwent an extreme environmental fluctuation in the Quaternary that led to profound evolutionary and demographic changes. Arabia has a rich Lower Paleolithic record, the quantity of Oldowan-like sites in the region indicate a significant role that Arabia had played in the early hominin colonization of Eurasia. In the Neolithic period, prominent cultures such as Al-Magar, whose epicenter lay in modern-day southwestern Najd flourished. Al-Magar coul
La'Shard Anderson is an American basketball player, who plays for AEK Larnaca. He played college basketball for the Boise State Broncos. Andreson signed with Optima Gent in August 2011, he averaged 4.9 points in 15 minutes per game in 25 games for Gent. On 25 January 2013 he signed with the Tunisian club Club Africain. In July 2013, Anderson signed with Rotterdam Basketbal College from the Dutch Basketball League. On 28 January 2015 he signed with ece Bulls Kapfenberg in Austria. On 2 January 2016 Anderson signed with his former team Challenge Sports Rotterdam. On 9 March 2017, Anderson transferred to AEK Larnaca. In the 2017–18 season, Anderson played for the Near East University's basketball team in the third division Cypriotic North League. On 17 August 2018, Anderson returned to Feyenoord Basketbal named Rotterdam, as he signed for the 2018–19 season. On 16 October, Feyenoord released Anderson. Anderson averaged 12.7 points per game. DraftExpress profile
The Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum is a museum focusing on aircraft and nuclear missiles of the United States Air Force. It is located near Ashland, along Interstate 80 southwest of Omaha; the objective of the museum is to preserve and display historic aircraft and space vehicles and provide educational resources. It is regarded as having one of the top collections of strategic aircraft. Offutt Air Force Base in eastern Nebraska became the headquarters of the Strategic Air Command in 1948, continues as the headquarters of U. S. Strategic Command; the museum at Offutt, adjacent to Bellevue, a suburb south of Omaha, began with its first airplane in 1959 as the Strategic Aerospace Museum. General Curtis LeMay's vision of a museum that preserved historic aircraft had become a reality. Over the following years, the outdoor museum's name changed to the Strategic Air Command Museum or SAC Museum. On May 16, 1998, after a $33 million grass roots capital campaign, the museum moved indoors to a location more accessible to the public, between Omaha and Lincoln, that allowed the aircraft to be protected from the elements to which they had been exposed.
As part of the moving process, two aircraft were relocated to the Air Mobility Command Museum at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware. On June 15, 2001, the name of the Strategic Air Command Museum was changed to the Strategic Air & Space Museum; this change incorporated the museum's rich past while attempting to reach a larger audience through dynamic programming and exciting educational programs that seek to captivate the interests and imaginations of everyone. On June 25, 2015, the museum announced another name change to the Strategic Air Command & Aerospace Museum, in an effort to reconnect to the museum's original mission of preserving the history of the Strategic Air Command while promoting interest in aviation and science among the general public; the museum is a $29.5 million, 300,000-square-foot building that features a glass atrium, two aircraft display hangars, a traveling exhibit area, a children's interactive gallery, a 200-seat theater, a museum store, an aircraft restoration gallery, a snack bar.
The glass atrium is constructed of 525 glass panels. The two aircraft display hangars protect the aircraft collection and exhibits from harsh outdoor elements; the museum participates in an exhibit exchange program with other national museums and displays them in the traveling exhibit area. Three large missiles are displayed vertically outdoors in front of the museum; the museum's collection includes examples of most aircraft operated by the Strategic Air Command, includes: Avro Vulcan B. Mk. II, one of three on display in the United States Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress Boeing B-29 Superfortress Boeing B-47E Stratojet Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, the first operational aircraft of its type delivered to the Air Force in 1955. Boeing KC-97G Stratofreighter Boeing EC-135 Looking Glass Convair B-36J Peacemaker, one of only four surviving Convair B-58A Hustler Convair F-102A Delta Dagger Convair T-29A Flying Classroom Douglas A-26B Invader Douglas C-47A Skytrain Douglas C-54D Skymaster Fairchild C-119G Flying Boxcar Grumman HU-16B Albatross Lockheed T-33A T-Bird Lockheed U-2C Dragon Lady Lockheed SR-71A Blackbird Martin B-57E Canberra McDonnell XF-85 Goblin, one of only two produced McDonnell F-101B Voodoo McDonnell RF-4C Phantom II Mikoyan MiG-21F Fishbed-C North American B-25 Mitchell, as well as a partial fuselage of another aircraft.
North American RB-45C Tornado North American F-86H Sabre General Dynamics FB-111A Aardvark Republic F-84F Thunderstreak Republic F-105D Thunderchief, mounted on a pedestal several miles northeast of the museum along Interstate 80. Apollo Block I Command Module, flown on AS-201 Rockwell B-1A Lancer, one of only two survivingSeveral rockets and missiles are displayed outdoors in front of the museum: Boeing AGM-86B Air Launched Cruise Missile Chance Vought SLV-1 Blue Scout Convair SM-65D Atlas Douglas PGM-17 Thor McDonnell GAM-72 Quail Northrop SM-62 Snark North American GAM-77 Hound Dog Official website