Saul, according to the Hebrew Bible, was the first king of the Kingdom of Israel and Judah. His reign, traditionally placed in the late 11th century BCE marked a transition from a tribal society to statehood. Saul's life and reign are described in the Hebrew Bible, he reigned from Gibeah. He fell on his sword to avoid capture in the battle against the Philistines at Mount Gilboa, during which three of his sons were killed; the succession to his throne was contested by Ish-bosheth, his only surviving son, his son-in-law David, who prevailed. According to the Hebrew text of the Bible Saul reigned for forty two years, but scholars agree that the text is faulty and that a reign of twenty or twenty-two years is more probable; the biblical accounts of Saul's life are found in the Books of Samuel: According to the Tanakh, Saul was the son of Kish, of the family of the Matrites, a member of the tribe of Benjamin, one of the twelve Tribes of Israel. It appears. Saul married daughter of Ahimaaz, with whom he sired four sons and two daughters.

Saul had a concubine named Rizpah, daughter of Aiah, who bore him two sons and Mephibosheth. Saul died at the Battle of Mount Gilboa, was buried in Zelah, in the region of Benjamin. Three of Saul's sons – Jonathan and Malchishua – died with him at Mount Gilboa. Ish-bosheth became king of Israel, at the age of forty. At David's request Abner had Michal returned to David. Ish-bosheth reigned for two years, but after the death of Abner, was killed by two of his own captains. Armoni and Mephibosheth were given by David along with the five sons of Merab to the Gibeonites, who killed them. Michal was childless; the only male descendant of Saul to survive was Mephibosheth, Jonathan's lame son, five years old at the time of his father's and grandfather's deaths. In time, he came under the protection of David. Mephibosheth had a young son, who had four sons and descendants named until the ninth generation; the First Book of Samuel gives three accounts of Saul's rise to the throne in three successive chapters: Saul is sent with a servant to look for his father's strayed donkeys.

Leaving his home at Gibeah, they arrive at the district of Zuph, at which point Saul suggests abandoning their search. Saul's servant tells him that they happen to be near the town of Ramah, where a famous seer is located, suggests that they should consult him first; the seer offers hospitality to Saul and anoints him in private. A popular movement having arisen to establish a centralized monarchy like other nations, Samuel assembles the people at Mizpah in Benjamin to appoint a king, fulfilling his previous promise to do so. Samuel organises the people by clan. Using the Urim and Thummim, he selects the tribe of Benjamin, from within the tribe selecting the clan of Matri, from them selecting Saul. After having been chosen as monarch, Saul returns to his home in Gibeah, along with a number of followers. However, some of the people are unhappy with the selection of Saul; the Ammonites, led by Nahash, lay siege to Jabesh-Gilead. Under the terms of surrender, the occupants of the city are to be forced into slavery and have their right eyes removed.

Instead they send word of this to the other tribes of Israel, the tribes west of the Jordan assemble an army under Saul. Saul leads the army to victory over the Ammonites, the people congregate at Gilgal where they acclaim Saul as king and he is crowned. Saul's first act is to forbid retribution against those who had contested his kingship. André Lemaire finds the third account the most reliable tradition; the Pulpit Commentary distinguishes between a public selection process. Having been anointed by Samuel, Saul is told of signs indicating that he has been divinely appointed; the last of these is that Saul will be met by an ecstatic group of prophets leaving a high place and playing the lyre and flutes. Saul encounters the ecstatic joins them. Saul sends men to pursue David, but when they meet a group of ecstatic prophets playing music, they become possessed by a prophetic state and join in. Saul sends more men. Saul himself goes and joins the prophets. After relieving the siege of Jabesh-Gilead, Saul conducts military campaigns against the Moabites, Edomites, Aram Rehob and the kings of Zobah, the Philistines, the Amalekites.

A biblical summary states that "wherever he turned, he was victorious". In the second year of his reign, King Saul, his son Jonathan, a small force of a few thousand Israelite soldiers defeated a massive Philistine force of 3,000 chariots, 6,000 horsemen, more than 30,000 infantry in the pass of Michmash. After the battle, Saul instructs his armies, by a rash oath, to fast. Methodist commentator Joseph Benson suggests that "Saul’s intention in putting this oath was undoubtedly to save time, lest the Philistines should gain ground of them in their flight, but the event showed.


Not to be confused with the Nissan Elgrand van. Emgrand was an automobile marque owned by the Chinese automaker Geely, it was discontinued in 2014, when its products were rebranded as Geely. The Emgrand marque was publicly unveiled at the 2009 Auto Shanghai autoshow, together with two other new Geely brands and Gleagle; the first Emgrand EC7 production models for retail sale were completed in July 2009 at the Geely plant in Ningbo, Zhejiang. The EC7 went on sale in China in mid-August 2009 as the marque's launch model; the second Emgrand production model, the Emgrand EC8, was launched in October 2010. In December 2011 it was announced that Emgrand would be launched in the United Kingdom in late-2012, with the Emgrand EC7 planned to be the first model to go on sale. Emgrand vehicles were intended to be distributed in the UK by Manganese Bronze Holdings, trading under the name Geely Auto UK; the launch was subsequently put on hold. The Emgrand marque was discontinued in 2014 and its products were rebranded Emgrand series under Geely.

The following Emgrand were produced: Emgrand EC7 Emgrand EC7-RV Emgrand EC8 Emgrand X7 A concept of the Emgrand GE limousine car was unveiled at 2009 Auto Shanghai autoshow, with a refined version shown at the 2010 Beijing Auto Show. Emgrand unveiled three new concept cars at the 2012 Beijing Auto Show - the EX8, EX9 and GE. Emgrand unveiled the KC concept car at the 2013 Shanghai Auto Show, a Mid-size sedan previewing the Emgrand EC9 production model. Due to the discontinuation of the Emgrand brand one year after, the production model was sold under the Geely brand as the Geely Borui. Emgrand vehicles were principally assembled at the Geely plant in Zhejiang. Around 110,000 Emgrand vehicles were sold in China in 2011, a 50 per cent increase on 2010. 203,491 Emgrand vehicles were sold in China in 2013, making it the 23rd largest-selling car brand in the country

Nigel Hankin

Nigel Bathurst Hankin was brought up by his grandmother in Bexhill, Sussex. He was sent to Burma during late World War II but the war ended around the time he reached Bombay, India, he liked the bustle of the Indian Subcontinent and he lived there for the rest of his life. One of his early formative experiences was watching the crowds at the funeral for Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi while he still wore the uniform of the newly defunct British Raj just after the formal Partition of India, his subsequent eclectic activities in India included running a mobile cinema. He worked for the British High Commission and during his tenure there he helped newcomers to India interpret the local mores and lingo. In 1992 he formally compiled his know-how into the book ""Hanklyn-Janklin"" which became well known to locals and foreigners to the Subcontinent alike; this cross cultural dictionary is what he is most well known for and many critics compare it to the 19th Century book Hobson-Jobson. Hankin never married, had no children and kept English traits such as eating an "English Breakfast" that included cornflakes.

He gave tours of Delhi which were sought after but hard to book. They featured sights such as Hankin's walk and talk through Coronation Park, his brother and other relatives visited him in India before his death at age 87