Helen Scott Hay
Helen Scott Hay was an American Red Cross nurse and nursing educator, working in Kiev and Sofia during World War I. She was awarded the Florence Nightingale Medal by the International Red Cross Society for her contributions. Helen Scott Hay was born near Lanark, the daughter of George Hay and Agnes Pennington Hay, her father was an immigrant from Scotland. She attended Savanna High School in Savanna, studied literature at Northwestern University, earned her registered nurse degree at the Illinois Training School for Nurses in Chicago, in 1895. Hay was superintendent at Pasadena Hospital nurses' training program in California in 1905 and 1906, chaired the Pasadena branch of the Los Angeles County Nurses' Association, she was a member of the council of the California State Nurses' Association, an associate editor of the Nurses' Journal of the Pacific Coast, a quarterly publication. She was head nurse at the Iowa State Hospital for the Insane in her early career, she served as superintendent of the Illinois Training School for Nurses, as nursing superintendent at Cook County Hospital, from 1906 to 1912.
She went to Europe with the American Red Cross in 1914, leading a group of American nurses with Jane Delano. From 1914 to 1915 she was matron of the American Red Cross hospital in Kiev, she went to Bulgaria to help establish and lead a nurses' training school there, at the invitation of the Tsaritsa, Eleonore Reuss of Köstritz. In 1917 she was named Director of the Bureau of Nursing Instruction for the American Red Cross, she helped to organize the U. S. Army School of Nursing in Washington, D. C, she was assigned as Chief Nurse of the Balkans Commission of the American Red Cross in 1918. In 1919 she was at Philippopolis supervising war relief work. In 1920 she succeeded Alice Fitzgerald in Paris as Chief Nurse of the Red Cross Commission in Europe. In 1921, she laid the first stone at the dedication of the American Nurses' Memorial in Bordeaux, France, she was awarded a Florence Nightingale Medal for her work. She was awarded the Gold Cross of St. Anna in Russia, the Bulgarian Royal Red Cross. Helen Scott Hay returned to the United States in 1922.
She was, for one school year, principal of Savanna High School. In 1923, she was awarded an honorary doctorate by Northwestern University, she died in 1932, in Savanna, aged 63 years. In 1970 the American Legion, the Carroll County Historical Society and the Illinois State Historical Society placed a historical marker in Savanna about Helen Scott Hay. In 2017, state representative Tony McCombie read a tribute to Hay on the floor of the Illinois House of Representatives, marking National Women's Month. A 1924 portrait of Helen Scott Hay, in the collection of the U. S. National Library of Medicine. Marian Moser Jones, "Sister Soldiers: American Red Cross Nurses in Europe's Great War, 1914-1915". Helen Scott Hay marker, Historical Marker Database
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Clinton is a city in and the county seat of Clinton County, United States. The population was 26,885 as of 2010. Clinton, along with DeWitt, was named in honor of the sixth governor of New York, DeWitt Clinton. Clinton is the principal city of the Clinton Micropolitan Statistical Area, coterminous with Clinton County. Clinton was incorporated on January 26, 1857. Among the first settlers of European origin in the Clinton area was Elijah Buell, who built a log cabin on July 25, 1835 and in 1837, established the town of Lyons, named after the French city of the same name. Buell partnered with a John Baker in a successful ferry service across the Mississippi River, at a location called "the Narrows," between Lyons and what would become the City of Fulton, Illinois. Although Lyons grew and prospered, it merged into the City of Clinton. Clinton was platted as the town of New York in 1836 by Joseph Bartlett. Bartlett believed that the region was rich with gold deposits, he prepared for a boom town to develop.
While waiting for the "gold boom" to materialize, Bartlett started a second ferry service across the Mississippi to the village of Albany, Illinois. However, his service was not as popular as Buell's in Lyons. Bartlett soon became discouraged, sold his assets. In March 1837, Noble and Sarah Gregory Perrin purchased 136 acres of land in what is now Clinton and raised their family in a cabin located at the foot of the railroad bridge. Eve Their oldest daughter, married Dr. Augustus Lafayette Ankeny, who participated in the Blackhawk war and came to Lyons in April 1850. Mary Perrin, born September 26, 1837, was the first female child of European ancestry born in Clinton County. In 1839, as in most early river towns, the town consisted of a sprinkling of cabins, two stores and a tavern. In 1855, the Chicago, Nebraska Railroad announced it would cross the river at Little Rock Island adjacent to Bartlett's settlement; the Iowa Land Company was organized on May 26, 1855, on July 4, bought Bartlett's tract and renamed it Clinton, in honor of DeWitt Clinton, two-time governor of New York and one of the driving forces behind the construction of the Erie Canal.
In 1840, the County of Clinton was organized. The settlement that would become Clinton did not change much in the 1840s, but Lyons continued to grow and prosper. By 1852, stagecoach lines ran from Lyons to 30 mi to the Southwest; that same year, the Lyons and Iowa Central Railroad Company was formed, led by an H. P. Adams. Work began on the railroad immediately, progressed rapidly. However, the funds raised to construct the line were insufficient; the venture failed. The railroad was disparagingly known as "the Calico Line," after the large amount of calico fabric sold at the company store in Lyons, but the prospect of a railroad to Lyons, a crossing of the Mississippi at the Narrows that would follow, sparked rapid growth in the community. Lyons' population grew from a mere 200 in 1852, to over 5,000 by 1858. On November 10, 1855, the first plat of the city of Clinton was signed. Stuart, a civil engineer from New York, with the assistance of William Rumble, C. I. Loring, draftsman. On January 26, 1857 the city was granted a charter and on March 7, the charter was adopted.
On April 5, 1859, the amended charter of the city was adopted, which lasted until a general charter was adopted in 1867. An announcement came in 1855 that a railroad was to cross the Mississippi, South of Lyons, at Little Rock Island. At the same time, the Iowa Land Company was formed; the ILC purchased Bartlett's tract on the Iowa shore opposite Little Rock Island. Concurrently, the Chicago, Iowa, & Nebraska Railroad was formed, with the express intent of crossing the Mississippi River at Clinton. Construction on the railroad bridge began in 1856, Clinton's population grew to over 1,000 as construction continued. In June 1859, the railroad line was completed to Cedar Rapids; the first train crossed from the Illinois shore to Little Rock Island at noon, January 9, 1860, was ferried from there to the Iowa shore. In January 1864, construction was started on the span from Little Rock Island to the Iowa shore and was completed on January 6, 1865; the original single track railroad bridge was replaced by a double track bridge, completed in 1909.
In 1864, the C&IN Railroad merged with the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad to form the Chicago & North Western Railroad. In the North-South direction, railroad development continued as well. In 1868, the C&NW built a branch line connecting Lyons with the East-West railroad at Clinton. In 1870, the Iowa Midland Company built a railroad from Lyons to Anamosa, Iowa, 59 mi to the Northwest; this railroad was absorbed by the C&NW. In 1872, the Chicago, Clinton, & Dubuque Railroad was built North from Lyons, it became part of the Milwaukee Road. The last of the railroads in Clinton, the Davenport, Rock Island, Northwestern, was completed from the Southwest along the Mississippi River to Clinton in 1901. An interurban passenger railroad operated along this trackage as late as 1940; this right-of-way, along with that of the former CC&D, is operated by Canadian National. In 1869, due to its importance as a major transportation hub, the county seat was moved to Clinton.
Savanna Army Depot
Savanna Army Depot was a 13,062-acre installation, located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River, in Carroll and Jo Daviess counties, around seven miles north of Savanna, Illinois. It was opened in 1917 as a proving and testing facility for weapons developed at Rock Island Arsenal. In 1921 it became a weapons depot; the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency listed the depot as a Superfund site in 1989; the depot was selected for closure through the Base Realignment and Closure process in July 1995 and was closed on March 18, 2000. The Jo-Carroll Local Redevelopment Authority was established to redevelop a portion of the property for commercial and business usage referred to as the Savanna Depot Park. On September 26, 2003, the United States Department of Defense agreed to transfer 9,404 acres of land to become the Lost Mound Unit of the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. 3,022 acres were transferred with the rest to be transferred following environmental cleanup.
The portion near Lock and Dam No. 12 was transferred to the United States Army Corps of Engineers and a small part to the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Jo-Carroll Local Redevelopment Authority Lost Mound Unit of the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge. Historic American Engineering Record No. IL-19, "Savanna Army Depot, Savanna vicinity, Carroll County, IL", 54 data pages Savanna Depot Park
Carroll County, Illinois
Carroll County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,387, its county seat is Mount Carroll. Carroll County was formed in 1839 out of Jo Daviess County; the county is named for Charles Carroll. Carroll, who died in 1832, was the last signer to die. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 466 square miles, of which 445 square miles is land and 22 square miles is water; the Mississippi Palisades State Park is in this county, just north of the city of Savanna. The Savanna Army Depot is located in this county. Stephenson County - northeast Ogle County - east Whiteside County - south Clinton County, Iowa - southwest Jackson County, Iowa - west Jo Daviess County - northwest Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge US Route 52 Illinois Route 40 Illinois Route 64 Illinois Route 72 Illinois Route 73 Illinois Route 78 Illinois Route 84 In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Carroll have ranged from a low of 7 °F in January to a high of 85 °F in July, although a record low of −31 °F was recorded in January 1910 and a record high of 108 °F was recorded in July 1936.
Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.43 inches in January to 4.77 inches in June. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,387 people, 6,622 households, 4,343 families residing in the county; the population density was 34.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 8,437 housing units at an average density of 19.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 0.8% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 40.4% were German, 14.0% were Irish, 11.2% were English, 10.6% were American. Of the 6,622 households, 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.80.
The median age was 46.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $44,805 and the median income for a family was $55,341. Males had a median income of $42,421 versus $27,552 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,914. About 7.8% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over. Chadwick-Milledgeville Community Unit School District 399 Eastland Community Unit School District 308 West Carroll Community Unit School District 314 Lanark Mt. Carroll Savanna Milledgeville Chadwick Shannon Thomson Carroll County is divided into these twelve townships: John Acker, Illinois state representative, was born on a farm near Savanna. Willis J. Bailey, United States Representative from Kansas and the 16th Governor of Kansas David J. Summerville, Wisconsin State Assemblyman As a part of Yankee-settled Northern Illinois, Carroll County became solidly Republican upon that party's formation in the 1850s.
Of all the counties won by inaugural Republican Party presidential nominee John Charles Frémont in 1856, Carroll County was to maintain the longest unbroken string of supporting the GOP in subsequent elections. It would give a plurality to every subsequent Republican Presidential nominee up to George W. Bush in 2004, beating by three elections the second longest run of Indiana's Porter County, to give a plurality to Bill Clinton in 1996. In that 1996 election Bob Dole won Carroll County by only 1.51 percentage points – the smallest margin by a Republican to that point – and in 2008 Illinois native Barack Obama broke this last remaining GOP streak stretching back to Frémont by carrying the county by 4.80 percentage points. Obama was to repeat his win in 2012 by 1.49 percent, but a dramatic swing to Republican Donald Trump in 2016 saw him win by the largest margin since Ronald Reagan’s 1984 landslide. National Register of Historic Places listings in Carroll County, Illinois Carroll County Government Visit Carroll County Village of Chadwick City of Lanark Village of Milledgeville City of Mt. Carroll City of Savanna Visit Savanna Village of Shannon Village of Thomson Visit Thomson United States Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles United States Board on Geographic Names United States National Atlas
Billy Zoom is an American guitarist, best known as one of the founders of the punk rock band X. He owns the Billy Zoom Custom Shop near Old Towne Orange. At 68 years old, Zoom was diagnosed in 2015 with an aggressive form of bladder cancer and began immediate treatment, he has since stated that he will continue receiving chemotherapy treatments. The son of a big band woodwinds player, Kindell began playing a variety of instruments, including violin, piano, tenor and baritone saxophones, flute and guitar. Upon moving to Los Angeles in the 1960s, he worked as a session guitarist while attending technical school for training in electronics repair, he has an insider's reputation as an expert in the maintenance and modification of vintage tube amplifiers and combo organs. He has performed custom technical work on the amps for a host of electric bassists. Although best known as guitarist and founding member of punk rock band X, Zoom has worked with rockabilly legend Gene Vincent, The Blasters, Etta James, Big Joe Turner, Mike Ness, dozens of other major recording artists.
On stage, he is known for his wide-legged stance, big grin and tendency to make eye contact with audience members. He adopted this presence in reaction to many guitarists whose body histrionics and facial expressions gave the impression that they were playing difficult parts on their instruments. Zoom wanted to make everything look easy. In June 2008, in honor of his contributions to both the world music community and the legacy of Gretsch guitars, Gretsch unveiled the G6129BZ Billy Zoom Custom Shop Tribute Silver Jet. Billy Zoom Music Gretsch Billy Zoom G6129BZ SilverJet Guitar Rockabilly Hall of Fame: Billy Zoom Billy Zoom Interview on RocknRollDating.com