The A57 is a major road in England. It runs east from Liverpool to Lincoln, via Warrington, Irlam, Eccles and Manchester through the Pennines over the Snake Pass, around the Ladybower Reservoir, through Sheffield and past Worksop. Within Manchester a short stretch becomes the A57 motorway; the 3-mile £4 million Aston relief road in Sheffield opened in mid-1985, with the old route now designated as the B6200. The A57 begins as part of Water Street, it forms an east–west route through the north of the city centre with another one-way road system as Tithebarn Street, Great Crosshall Street and Churchill Way in the east direction and Churchill Way and Dale Street in the west direction. The connecting roads Moorfields and Hatton Garden are part of the A57, which join the east and west directions. In both directions, Churchill Way crosses the A59 near the entrance of the Queensway Tunnel, it overlaps with the A580 as Islington, separated as two one-way roads becomes Prescot Street, passing the Royal Liverpool University Hospital.
At the junction with the B5340, it becomes Kensington, meeting the A5089 to the south and B5188 to the north, becoming Prescot Road. It crosses a railway at Fairfield passing St Anne's Church on the left near the Stanley public house, overlapping with the B5189 Green Lane to the north, it meets the A5047 to the B5189 at Old Swan. At the junction with the A5058 Queens Drive it enters Knotty Ash, becoming East Prescot Road and a trunk road. There is a roundabout and it enters Dovecot before it passes through Huyton, it meets the A526 Seth Powell Way to the north, becoming Liverpool Road, At junction two of the M57, it meets the B5194 Knowsley Lane to the north and B5199 Huyton Lane to the south, the start of the A58. It passes through Prescot as the non-trunk Derby Street High Street, it meets the A58 again and becomes a trunk road meets the B5200 at a roundabout, becoming Warrington Road. It crosses the Liverpool to Wigan Line near Scotchbarn Leisure Centre, it meets the B5201 to the north opposite Whiston Hospital.
It passes through Rainhill. It passes Rainhill High School to the left St Bartholomew RC Primary School. At junction 7 of the M62, it meets the A557 and the St Helens Linkway A570; the road runs along the road from junction 7 for about 1 mile it meets the B5419 at a crossroads, the A569 to the left at Bold Heath near the Griffin Inn. At Lingley Green it enters as Liverpool Road, it crosses the Liverpool to Manchester Line. At Great Sankey, it meets the A562 at a roundabout; the original route through Warrington town centre included the narrow Sankey Street, which required special narrow buses to be operated. The road now bypasses Warrington town centre via a new elevated road, Midland Way, before emerging at a roundabout junction with the A49; the road becomes School Brow. Warrington Parish Church, St Elphin, is near the right turn for Church Street; the road becomes Manchester Road, meets the A50 at crossroads. It passes through Bruche, home of a former police training centre, its running track. At Paddington, the road becomes dual-carriageway as New Manchester Road, passing close to Woolston Community High School.
In Woolston, it becomes Manchester Road. It enters Martinscroft. At junction 21 of the M6, it becomes a trunk road and meets the B5210 Woolston Grange Avenue at a roundabout passes the Mascrat Manor at another roundabout, it traverses Rixton Moss. It passes through Rixton, with a right turn for Warburton over the Warburton toll bridge, becomes dual-carriageway at Hollins Green. At the end of the dual-carriageway is a left turn for the B5212 for Glazebrook and its railway station, it crosses Glaze Brook as Liverpool Road, entering the metropolitan district of Salford. There is a new roundabout with the former road through Cadishead, a new section of the A57 follows the Manchester Ship Canal, on the route of the MSC Railway; the former route is the B5417, continuing as Liverpool Road. The £11.3 million Cadishead Way opened on 16 September 2005. It meets the B5417 at a roundabout near Northbank Industrial Estate, it passes under the railway near the junction of the River Mersey and Manchester Ship Canal, there is a left turn for the B5311.
There is a new roundabout next to Irlam Locks and the Boat House pub and another with the B5320 at the end of the Cadishead Way, which bypasses Irlam. Entering Eccles as Liverpool Road, it passes Boysnope Park Golf Club on Barton Moss, where the road becomes dual-carriageway, it passes the City Airport Manchester on the left. At Peel Green, it meets the M60 at junction 11, with the Barton High Level Bridge and Barton-upon-Irwell close by to the south. Soon after this junction the road enters Patricroft and is no longer a trunk road, passing the Unicorn pub, it meets the B5211 at crossroads and crosses the Bridgewater Canal there is a left turn for the B5231 towards Patricroft railway station and Monton. Before long it enters the centre of Eccles proper, splitting into two as Church Street and Irwell Place going east, passing the library and a Morrisons, Corporation Road going
Lincoln County Hospital
Lincoln County Hospital is a large district general hospital on the eastern edge of north-east Lincoln, England. It is the largest hospital in Lincolnshire, offers the most comprehensive services, in Lincolnshire, it is managed by the United Lincolnshire Hospitals NHS Trust. The hospital has its origins in some rented accommodation in St Swithin's which opened in November 1769. A purpose-built facility was designed by John Carr and William Lumby and built in Drury Lane between 1776 and 1777. A new site was identified on Sewell Road and purchased in 1875. A new building, designed by Alexander Graham, was built on the new site and completed in 1878; the hospital joined the National Health Service in 1948. The Lincoln Hospitals' Radio Service, which first broadcast from St George's Hospital in December 1979, moved to Lincoln County Hospital in 1988, its founder, Ray Drury, had been a cartoonist with the Daily Express. In 2013 a review by Professor Sir Bruce Keogh found that there was a significant backlog of complaints and that there had been a noticeable increase in the ombudsman having to intervene to investigate complaints that had not been followed up.
Accordingly Keogh found. The trust implemented a new complaints system in response; the University of Nottingham Medical School has 330 nursing students and 30 midwifery students at its Lincoln Education Centre. Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire share the Nottinghamshire Air Ambulance. Pilgrim Hospital NHS Choices Hospital site map
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Odo of Bayeux
Odo of Bayeux, Earl of Kent and Bishop of Bayeux, was the half-brother of William the Conqueror, was, for a time, second in power after the King of England. Odo was the son of Herluin de Conteville. Count Robert of Mortain was his younger brother. There is uncertainty about his birth date; some historians have suggested he was born around 1035. Duke William made him bishop of Bayeux in 1049, it has been suggested that his birth was as early as 1030, making him about nineteen rather than fourteen at the time. Although Odo was an ordained Christian cleric, he is best known as a warrior and statesman, participating in the Council of Lillebonne, he found ships for the Norman invasion of England and is one of the few proven companions of William the Conqueror, known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The Bayeux Tapestry commissioned by him to adorn his own cathedral, appears to labour the point that he did not fight, to say shed blood, at Hastings, but rather encouraged the troops from the rear.
The Latin annotation embroidered onto the Tapestry above his image reads: "Hic Odo Eps Baculu Tenens Confortat Pueros", in English "Here Odo the Bishop holding a club strengthens the boys". It has been suggested that his clerical status forbade him from using a sword, though this is doubtful: the club was a common weapon and used by leadership including by Duke William himself, as depicted in the same part of the Tapestry. Odo was accompanied by William the carrier of his crozier and a retinue of servants and members of his household. In 1067, Odo became Earl of Kent, for some years he was a trusted royal minister. On some occasions when William was absent, he served as de facto regent of England, at times he led the royal forces against rebellions: the precise sphere of his powers is not certain. There are other occasions when he accompanied William back to Normandy. During this time Odo acquired vast estates in England, larger in extent than anyone except the king: he had land in twenty-three counties in the south east and in East Anglia.
In 1076 at the Trial of Penenden Heath Odo was tried in front of a large and senior assembly over the course of three days at Penenden Heath in Kent for defrauding the Crown and the Diocese of Canterbury. At the conclusion of the trial he was forced to return a number of properties and his assets were re-apportioned. In 1082, Odo was disgraced and imprisoned for having planned a military expedition to Italy, his motives are not certain. Chroniclers writing a generation said Odo desired to make himself pope during the Investiture Controversy while Pope Gregory VII was in severe difficulty in his conflict with Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, the position of pope was in contention. Whatever the reason, Odo spent the next five years in prison and his English estates were taken back by the king, as was his office as Earl of Kent. Odo was not deposed as Bishop of Bayeux. On his deathbed in 1087, King William I was reluctantly persuaded by his half-brother, Count of Mortain, to release Odo. After the king's death, Odo returned to England.
William's eldest son, Robert Curthose, had been made duke of Normandy, while Robert's brother William Rufus had received the throne of England. The bishop supported Robert Curthose's claim to England; the Rebellion of 1088 failed and William Rufus permitted Odo to leave the kingdom. Afterwards, Odo remained in the service of Robert in Normandy. Odo joined the First Crusade and started in the duke's company for Palestine, but died on the way at Palermo in January or February 1097, he was buried in Palermo Cathedral. William Stearns Davis writes in Life on a Medieval Barony: Bishop Odo of Bayeux fought at Hastings before any such authorized champions of the church existed.... That bishops shall restrain from warfare is a pious wish not in this sinful world to be granted. On screen, Odo has been portrayed by John Nettleton in the two-part BBC TV play Conquest, part of the series Theatre 625, by Denis Lill in the TV drama Blood Royal: William the Conqueror. Bates, David. "Odo, earl of Kent". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.
Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20543. Retrieved 23 August 2010. Ireland, William Henry. England's Topographer: or A Complete History of the County of Kent. London: G. Virtue. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Odo of Bayeux". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press. Bates, David,'The Character and Career of Odo, Bishop of Bayeux', in: Speculum, vol. 50, pp. 1–20. LePatourel, John. "The Date of the Trial on Penenden Heath". The English Historical Review. 61: 378–388. Doi:10.1093/ehr/LXI. CCXLI.378. "Odo of Bayeux". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 12 August 2010. Rowley, The Man Behind the Bayeux Tapestry: Odo, William the Conqueror's Half-Brother ISBN 978-0-7524-6025-3 Nakashian, Craig M, Warrior Churchmen of Medieval England, 1000-1250 ISBN 978-1-7832-7162-7
Lincolnshire Police is the territorial police force covering the non-metropolitan county of Lincolnshire in the East Midlands of England. Despite the name, the force's area does not include North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire, which are covered by Humberside Police instead. In terms of geographic area the force is one of the largest in the England and Wales covering 2,284 square miles; the population of the area covered by the force is 736,700. As of 2010 the force employs over 2,500 people; as at May 2016, there were 200 Special Constables and 149 PCSO's. Lincolnshire Constabulary was formed in 1856 under the County and Borough Police Act 1856. Several other borough police forces used to exist in the county, but these were combined with the Lincolnshire force. Under the Police Act 1946, Boston Borough Police and Grantham Borough Police were merged, while Lincoln City Police and Grimsby Borough Police were absorbed under the Police Act 1964. Lincolnshire lost part of its area to the new Humberside Police in 1974.
In 1965, the force had an establishment of 918 officers and an actual strength of 883. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with the other four East Midlands forces to form a strategic police force for the entire region; these proposals were ended by John Reid in June 2006. The police authority received £287,600 from the Home Office for costs of preparing the ill-fated merger. In 2008 the Lincolnshire Police Authority experienced a funding crisis; the authority claimed that the central government grant was insufficient to provide efficient policing in Lincolnshire, due to the unfavourable working of the formula used by the government to assess police grants. The authority decided to reduce the shortfall by making a 79% increase in its precept; the government announced its intention to "cap" this demand, resulting in a net 26% increase. The Chief Constable is Bill Skelly. Lincolnshire Police has an establishment of about 1,100 police officers. In 2011, the force underwent major changes to its organisation.
There were three "divisions" with Lincoln and Grantham hosting the divisional headquarters of each. The county is divided into four "districts" for the purposes of policing; these areas each pair two district/borough council areas into one policing district, are: Lincoln & West Lindsey North & South Kesteven Coast & Wolds Boston & South Holland. The force has round the clock armed. Front line officers in Lincolnshire carry Taser electronic incapacitating devices; these use electricity to cause neuromuscular incapacitation to render subjects incapable of free bodily movement for a short period of time whilst the device is operating. Taser is carried in addition to PAVA incapacitant spray. Officers used CS spray, however this was removed from service due to it being flammable. PAVA is a non flammable spray liquid. Officers from Lincolnshire are detached to EMSOU, East Midlands Special Operations unit; the force has its own underwater search unit that consists of one part-time team of around ten officers and this unit is based permanently at the Lincolnshire Police Headquarters.
As with all police forces, Lincolnshire Police has many specialist departments aside from the officers and PCSOs that respond to calls from the public. These include the Roads Policing Unit, Dog section, Public Protection Unit, Scenes Of Crime, Custody suites, the Force Control Room. In addition to this are other support departments such as IT and HR. Officers and Police Staff forming these departments are based across the county, but most having their main office at Force Headquarters in Nettleham. Lincolnshire Police operates a Special Constabulary that has 200 officers from the rank of Special Constable to Special Superintendent. Officers are based throughout the county out of local police stations. Lincolnshire Special Constabulary has offices deployed in specialist units such as wildlife crime and Safer Roads unit; as of July 2018 Lincolnshire Special Constabulary is recruiting. 1856–1901: Captain Philip Bicknell. 1901–03: Major Charles Brinkley. 1903–31: Captain Cecil Mitchell-Innes. 1931–34: Colonel Gordon Herbert Ramsay Halland.
1934–54: Sir Raymond Hatherell Fooks. 1954–56: Herman Graham Rutherford. 1956–69: John William Barnett, OBE. 1970–73: George Walter Roberts Terry. 1973–77: Lawrence Byford, QPM. 1977–83: James Kerr. 1983–?: Stanley William Crump, QPM.?–1994: Neville Gilbert Ovens, QPM. 1994–98: John Peter Bensley, QPM. 1998–2003: Richard John Nicholas Childs, QPM. 2003–08: James Anthony Lake. 2008–12: Richard Philip deJordan Crompton 2012–17: Neil Rhodes 2017: Bill Skelly Lawrence Byford - father of Mark Byford Arthur Troop - police sergeant who started the International Police Association on 1 January 1950, with initial resistance from his superiors. Lincolnshire Police and Crime Commissioner List of police forces in the United Kingdom Policing in the United Kingdom Lincolnshire Police Lincolnshire Police Authority explain their big incre
East Midlands Ambulance Service
East Midlands Ambulance Service National Health Service Trust provides emergency 999, urgent care and patient transport services for the 4.8 million people within the East Midlands region of the UK - covering Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire. In 2016/17 EMAS received over 938,837 emergency 999 calls with ambulance clinicians dispatched to 653,215 incidents. EMAS employs about 3,290 staff at more than 70 locations, including two control rooms at Nottingham and Lincoln - the largest staff group are those who provide accident and emergency responses to 999 calls. In 2013 EMAS took on 140 new emergency care assistants. In 2014 EMAS announced. In 2010 − 11 EMAS missed key performance targets after a cold spell brought ice. By June 2015 EMAS had failed to meet their category 1 response times for the fifth successive year. EMAS provided patient transport services until contracts worth £20 million per year were taken over in 2012 by two private sector companies. In 2012−13 EMAS had a budget of £148 million.
The Trust spent £4.3 million on voluntary and private ambulance services in 2013−14 for support in busy periods. In 2015 the service faced a drop in funding of around £6 million a year. In October 2014 the Trust decided to spend £88,000 on upgrading its computer equipment. In 2018 the trust said it would need an extra £20 million a year to meet the new ambulance performance standards. Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom Official website