Saxony the Free State of Saxony, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, bordering the federal states of Brandenburg, Saxony Anhalt and Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland and the Czech Republic. Its capital is Dresden, its largest city is Leipzig. Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18,413 square kilometres, the sixth most populous, with 4 million people; the history of the state of Saxony spans more than a millennium. It has been a medieval duchy, an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, a kingdom, twice a republic; the area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with Old Saxony, the area inhabited by Saxons. Old Saxony corresponds to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia. Saxony is divided into 10 districts: 1. Bautzen 2. Erzgebirgskreis 3. Görlitz 4. Leipzig 5. Meissen 6. Mittelsachsen 7. Nordsachsen 8. Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge 9. Vogtlandkreis 10. Zwickau In addition, three cities have the status of an urban district: Chemnitz Dresden Leipzig Between 1990 and 2008, Saxony was divided into the three regions of Chemnitz and Leipzig.

After a reform in 2008, these regions - with some alterations of their respective areas - were called Direktionsbezirke. In 2012, the authorities of these regions were merged into one central authority, the Landesdirektion Sachsen; the Erzgebirgskreis district includes the Ore Mountains, the Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge district includes Saxon Switzerland and the Eastern Ore Mountains. There are numerous rivers in Saxony; the Elbe is the most dominant one. Oder and Neisse define the border between Poland. Other rivers include the Weisse Elster; the largest cities in Saxony according to the 30 September 2018 estimate are listed below. To this can be added that Leipzig forms a metropolitan-like region with Halle, known as Ballungsraum Leipzig/Halle; the latter city is located just across the border of Saxony-Anhalt. Leipzig shares, for an S-train system and an airport with Halle. Saxony has, after the most vibrant economy of the states of the former East Germany, its economy grew by 1.9% in 2010.

Nonetheless, unemployment remains above the German average. The eastern part of Germany, excluding Berlin, qualifies as an "Objective 1" development-region within the European Union, was eligible to receive investment subsidies up to 30% until 2013. FutureSAX, a business plan competition and entrepreneurial support organisation, has been in operation since 2002. Microchip-makers near Dresden have given the region the nickname "Silicon Saxony"; the publishing and porcelain industries of the region are well known, although their contributions to the regional economy are no longer significant. Today, the automobile industry, machinery production, services contribute to the economic development of the region. Saxony is one of the most renowned tourist destinations in Germany - the cities of Leipzig and Dresden and their surroundings. New tourist destinations are developing, notably in the lake district of Lausitz. Saxony reported an average unemployment of 5.5% in 2019. The Leipzig area, which until was among the regions with the highest unemployment rate, could benefit from investments by Porsche and BMW.

With the VW Phaeton factory in Dresden, many parts suppliers, the automobile industry has again become one of the pillars of Saxon industry, as it was in the early 20th century. Zwickau is another major Volkswagen location. Freiberg, a former mining town, has emerged as a foremost location for solar technology. Dresden and some other regions of Saxony play a leading role in some areas of international biotechnology, such as electronic bioengineering. While these high-technology sectors do not yet offer a large number of jobs, they have stopped or reversed the brain drain, occurring until the early 2000s in many parts of Saxony. Regional universities have strengthened their positions by partnering with local industries. Unlike smaller towns and Leipzig in the past experienced significant population growth. Saxony is a export-oriented economy. In 2018, exports amounted to 40,48 billion euro; the largest export partner of Saxony is China with an amount of 6,72 billion euro, while the second largest export market are the United States with 3.59 billion.

The largest exporting sectors are mechanical engineering. Saxony is a densely populated federal state if compared with more rural federal states such as Bavaria or Lower Saxony. However, the population has declined over time; the population of Saxony began declining in the 1950s due to emigration, a process which accelerated after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. After bottoming out in 2013, the population has stabilized thanks to increased immigration and higher fertility rates; the cities of Leipzig and Chemnitz, the towns of Radebeul and Markkleeberg in their vicinity, have seen their populations increase since 2000. The following table illustrates the population of Saxony since 1816: The average number of children per woman in Saxony was 1.60 in 2018, the fourth-highest rate of all German states. Within Saxony, the highest is the Bautzen district with 1.77

The Puffy Shirt

"The Puffy Shirt" is the second episode of the fifth season of the American NBC sitcom Seinfeld. It was the 66th episode and aired on September 23, 1993. Larry David, the creator of the show, came up with the idea to use the shirt, cites this episode as one of his favorites in the series. Kramer is dating a woman, Leslie, a "low-talker", whom everyone struggles to understand due to her quiet speaking voice; when Jerry and Elaine have dinner with them, Kramer explains that Leslie is a fashion designer and has designed a new puffy shirt "like the pirates used to wear." Elaine tells Leslie that Jerry is making an appearance on The Today Show to promote a Goodwill benefit to clothe the poor and homeless. Leslie says something in response. To be polite, they nod their heads; the next day Kramer delivers the shirt to Jerry, who realizes that he had inadvertently agreed to wear Leslie's puffy shirt on The Today Show. The idea of wearing such an ostentatious shirt while promoting a benefit for the poor outrages Elaine.

At a restaurant with his parents, George accidentally bumps into a woman, who turns out to be a modeling agent. When she notices his hands, she declares that he should become a hand model, he agrees, in preparation for his first photo shoot becomes protective of his hands, having manicures and shielding them with oven mitts. During the Today Show, host Bryant Gumbel mocks Jerry's shirt, driving him to angrily denounce it on air. Leslie raises her voice to call Jerry a "bastard!" in anger. After the show, George arrives at the dressing room and takes off his oven mitts to show off his hands; when he mocks the puffy shirt, Leslie angrily pushes him, causing him to fall onto a hot clothes iron and ruin his hands, ending his hand model career. Elaine is fired from the Goodwill benefit committee, Jerry is heckled about the shirt during his stand-up comedy; the stores cancel their pre-orders and the unsold shirts are given to Goodwill. As Jerry, Kramer and George walk down the street, they see homeless men dressed in the puffy shirts.

Jerry remarks. "The Puffy Shirt" on IMDb "The Puffy Shirt" at

Azumasan Maru (1933)

Azumasan Maru was a 7,623-gross register ton freighter, built by Mitsui Bussan Kaisha, Tama for Mitsui Bussan Kaisha launched in 1933. She was fitted out as a troop transport, she was part of the invasion fleet that landed troops during the invasion of Tulagi on 3 May 1942. She was anchored at Purvis Bay, Florida Island when the Tulagi invasion fleet was attacked by aircraft of the United States Navy's aircraft carrier USS Yorktown, with Azumasan Maru being damaged in the attack. Azumasan Maru left Rabaul in a convoy to resupply Guadalcanal. Disembarkation began near Bunani Point on 15 October; the ships of the convoy came under bombardment from SBD Dauntless dive bombers from Henderson Field. The ship was beached to prevent sinking after suffering severe damage. On 16 October, B-17s further damaged the ship, with the result that at night she slipped off the reef and sank to a depth of 39 metres at the bow and over 80 metres at the stern, at coordinates 9-25S, 159-55E. Foreign commerce and shipping of Empire of Japan Azumasan Maru Chronological List of Japanese Merchant Vessel Losses