The Scarlet Witch is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Jack Kirby, first appearing in The X-Men #4 in the Silver Age of Comic Books, she is first portrayed as a supervillain along with her twin brother Quicksilver as a founding member of the Brotherhood of Mutants. In most depictions, she is portrayed as a mutant, a member of a fictional subspecies of humans born with superhuman abilities, for much of the character's history, was considered the daughter of the mutant Magneto; the Scarlet Witch possesses abilities to alter reality in unspecified ways and is a powerful sorceress. The Scarlet Witch is depicted as a regular member of the Avengers superhero team, she becomes the wife of fellow superhero and teammate Vision, with whom she has two sons and William. The character's in-universe backstory and parentage has been changed more than once. Depicted in the 1970s as the children of golden age superhero Whizzer, a retcon in the 1980s revealed the Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver to be the unknown offspring of supervillain Magneto.
Born to Magneto's estranged wife in Transia, Scarlet Witch and her brother are left in the care of their adoptive Romani parents and she is raised as Wanda Maximoff. In another retcon in the 2010s, it is revealed that Quicksilver and she are not mutants but were kidnapped and used as subjects of genetic experimentation by the High Evolutionary misled to believe Magneto was their father. Along with starring in two self-titled limited series of her own, the character appears in animated films, television series and video games as well as other Marvel-related merchandise. Wanda Maximoff/Scarlet Witch is portrayed by Elizabeth Olsen in the films Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Captain America: Civil War, Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Endgame from the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Elizabeth Olsen will reprise the role in the upcoming Disney+ series WandaVision and the film Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness; the Scarlet Witch debuted, together with her brother, Quicksilver, as a part of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants in X-Men #4.
They were depicted as reluctant villains, uninterested in Magneto's ideologies. The Scarlet Witch is depicted as calm and submissive, as with most female comic book characters of the time, her costume was composed of a bathing suit with straps, opera gloves, short boots, a leotard covering her body, a superhero cape, a wimple, all of which were colored in shades of red. She was created by Jack Kirby. Lee wrote the Avengers comic book, composed by the most prominent heroes of the editorial, he removed all of them, save for Captain America, replaced them with villains from other comics: the Scarlet Witch and Quicksilver from the X-Men, Hawkeye from Iron Man's adventures in Tales of Suspense. The team was known as "Cap’s Kooky Quartet". Although common in years, such a change in the roster of a super hero group was unprecedented. Lee and the following Avengers writer, Roy Thomas, hinted to other Avengers being romantically interested in the Scarlet Witch; those plots were not continued at the time, the twins were removed from the team after a crossover with the X-Men.
Some years Thomas started a long-running romantic relationship between the Scarlet Witch and the Vision, considering that it would help with the series' character development. He elected those characters because they were only published in the Avengers comic book, so it would not interfere with other publications; the first kiss took place during the Kree–Skrull War arc. Thomas added Hawkeye into a love triangle with both characters. Steve Englehart succeeded Thomas as writer of the Avengers, he gave her a more assertive personality, removed Quicksilver, expanded her powers by turning her into an apprentice of witchcraft. The Vision and the Scarlet Witch married in Giant-Size Avengers #4, the end of the Celestial Madonna arc; the couple starred a limited series of 4 issues, The Vision and the Scarlet Witch, by writer Bill Mantlo and penciller Rick Leonardi. In Giant-Size Avengers #4, Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch had been revealed to be the children of golden age superheroes Whizzer and Miss America.
However, in this limited series Magneto was retconned to be their father instead. Englehart returned to the characters with penciller Richard Howell for a second limited series, in which the Scarlet Witch gets pregnant by magical means and delivers two sons. Englehart would introduce the Vision and the Scarlet Witch to the West Coast Avengers, another title he was working with. John Byrne replaced Englehart, wrote the controversial "Vision Quest" storyline, where the Vision is dismantled and turned into an emotionless machine and the kids are treated as an offshoot of the devil and erased; the website Women in Refrigerators interviewed Englehart about the change. The West Coast Avengers title was closed, the team was renamed as Force Works in 1994; the new title ran for only a couple of years. By this time the character starred its own comic book, written by Andy Lanning and Dan Abnett, pencilled by John Higgins, which lasted for only 4 issues; the classic costume was removed, using instead a revealing one and without the tiara.
Richard Plantagenet or Richard of Eastwell was a reclusive bricklayer, claimed to be a son of Richard III, the last Plantagenet King of England. According to Francis Peck's Desiderata Curiosa, Richard boarded with a Latin schoolmaster until he was 15 or 16, he did not know who his real parents were, but was visited four times a year by a mysterious gentleman who paid for his upkeep. This person once took him to a "fine, great house" where Richard met a man in a "star and garter" who treated him kindly. At the age of 16, the gentleman took the boy to see King Richard III at his encampment just before the battle of Bosworth; the King informed the boy that he was his son, told him to watch the battle from a safe vantage point. The king told the boy. If he lost, he told the boy to forever conceal his identity. King Richard was killed in the battle, the boy fled to London, he kept up the Latin he had learned by reading during his work. Around 1546 the bricklayer, by a old man, was working on Eastwell Place for Sir Thomas Moyle.
Moyle discovered Richard reading and, having been told his story, offered him stewardship of the house's kitchens. Richard declined the offer. Instead, he asked to live there until he died; this request was granted. A building called "Plantagenet Cottage" still stands on the site of the original, it has been suggested this Richard Plantagenet could have been Richard, Duke of York, one of the missing Princes in the Tower. The record of Richard's burial was re-discovered in the parish registers around Michaelmas 1720. Heneage Finch, 5th Earl of Winchilsea, came across it, he passed it on, along with family tradition of his story, to Thomas Brett, L. L. D. Brett communicated it in a letter to William Warren, L. L. D. president of Trinity Hall, who in turn passed it on to Peck. The burial record in the Eastwell Parish Register is a 1598 transcript of the original and is dated 22 December 1550; the handwriting is consistent and not considered a forgery. The register entry reads: "Rychard Plantagenet was buryed on the 22.
Daye of December, anno ut supra. Ex registro de Eastwell, sub anno 1550." In 1861, John Heneage Jesse published his Memoirs of King Richard III. He states: Anciently, when any person of noble family was interred at Eastwell, it was the custom to affix a special mark against the name of the deceased in the register of burials; the fact is a significant one, that this aristocratic symbol is prefixed to the name of Richard Plantagenet. At Eastwell, his story still excites curiosity and interest... A well in Eastwell Park still bears his name. A rubble-stone tomb with modern pointing, within the floor plan of the now ruined church of St Mary's, has a plaque with the following words: Reputed to be the tomb of Richard Plantagenet, 22. December 1550 Although his name is inscribed on one of the tombs, the grave is that of Sir Walter Moyle, who died in 1480; the church, a ruin since the 1950s, is cared for by a national charity, the Friends of Friendless Churches. "Richard of Eastwell" is the main character in Mark J.
T. Griffin's novel Richard of Eastwell""; the novel fictionalises the "legend". Richard's character is enigmatic and is either Richard III's illegitimate son or Richard, the surviving son of Edward IV. Richard Plantagenet a legendary tale, a poem by Thomas Hull was published in 1774, it is written in the first person, spoken by Richard. He meets his father just before the Battle of Bosworth, his father proposes to acknowledge him and raise him to royalty after the battle, but with the king's defeat, Richard spends the rest of his life as a lowly workman. The Sprig of Broom, Book 2 of the "Mantlemass" series for children written by Barbara Willard, imagines the life of Richard of Eastwell during the years from the Battle of Bosworth to his death at Eastwell, is told from the point of view of his fictional son. "Richard Plantagent" is referenced in the opening paragraph of Shirley Jackson's novel, We Have Always Lived in the Castle by protagonist Mary Katherine Blackwood, "I like my sister Constance, Richard Plantagenet, Amanita phalloides, the death cup mushroom."
The Parallel, or a Collection of Extraordinary Cases Relating to Concealed Births, disputed successions. 1774. The History of King Richard III. Edited by A. N. Kincaid. 1974. The Hopper Ring; the Ricardian Bulletin. December 1991. Robert Hamblin, with acknowledgement to Audrey Cartwright Notes on Royal Bastardy, Ricardian Bulletin numbers 5 and 6; the Royal Bastards of England. Givens-Wilson and Curteis The Illegitimate Children of Richard III. Peter Hammond. Richard III, the Road to Bosworth Field. 1985. Peter Hammond and Anne Sutton Eastwell Parish Registers People. 1985. Edited by J. Petre. Richard III Society Richard III's Children, article by P W Hammond Richard of Eastwell novel
Iris heylandiana is a species in the genus Iris, it is in the subgenus of Iris, in the Oncocyclus section. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from the fields of Iraq, it has short, linear or sickle shaped grey-green leaves, slender stem, a single flower in spring, which has a dingy-white, whitish, or pale background, covered in many spots or dark veining, in black-purple, brown-purple, or brown violet, or brown shades. It has a dark brown or burgundy brown signal patch and white tinged with yellow or orange white sparse beard, it is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions, as it needs dry conditions during the summer. It has a short, brown rhizome, creeping and stoloniferous, it has 5-7 leaves, which are linear in the middle, but sickle-shaped, on the outside. They are narrower; the glaucescent, greyish green leaves, can grow up to between 20–23 cm long, between 0.8mm and 1.2 cm wide. After flowering they begin to fade away, before regrowing in spring, it has a slender peduncle, that can grow up to between 15 -- 45 cm tall.
The flowers are high above the foliage. The stem has 1 green, membranous, 7.5 cm long. The stem has a terminal flower, blooming in Spring between April, June; the flowers are 8–9 cm in diameter, they have a dingy-white, whitish, or pale background, which has many spots and dark veining, in black-purple, brown-purple, or brown violet, or brown shades. Like other irises, it has 2 pairs of petals, 3 large sepals, known as the'falls' and 3 inner, smaller petals, known as the'standards'; the obovate or cuneate falls, are 5.5–7.5 cm long and 3.5–4 cm wide. In the centre of the fall, is a signal patch, dark brown, or burgundy brown, in the middle of the falls, it has a row of short hairs called the'beard', sparse, white with a yellow tint, or orange-white, it has broader standards, which are orbicular, or unguiculate, they are 5.5–7.5 cm cm long and 4.5–5 cm wide. It has short, 3.5 to 5 cm long and crenulated crests, a 2.5 cm long perianth tube. After the iris has flowered, it produces a trigonal and 6 cm long seed capsule.
As most irises are diploid, having two sets of chromosomes, this can be used to identify hybrids and classification of groupings. It has a chromosome count: 2n, similar to other Oncocyclus irises; the Latin specific epithet heylandiana refers to the German botanical artist Jean-Christophe Heyland, he lived in Switzerland, working for Delessert, Webb and other botanists. It was found in Mesopotamia, called Iris iberica var. heylandiana by John Gilbert Baker in 1877 in the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society Vol.16 on page 142. It was soon re-named as Iris heylandiana in 1882 by Boiss. in Fl. Orient. Vol.5 on page 130. In 1893, Foster described the species in The Garden of 18 February, but in 1977 S. A Chaudhary worked out, it was found that Boissier & Reuter had named two specimens Iris heylandiana, but one of these was determined to be I. gatesii by Chaudhary. It has been confused with Iris nectarifera, as both of these species have been found in the Derbassieh area in Syria. Although I. nectarifera is from adjacent Turkey.
It was verified by United States Department of Agriculture and the Agricultural Research Service on 4 April 2003 altered on 2 December 2004. It is listed in the Encyclopedia of Life, in the Catalogue of Life, it is native to temperate Asia. It is found from Mosul to Baghdad, it is once thought to occur in north-east Syria, found in Palestine in 1888. Iris maculata was found near Mardin, it grows on drained marshlands, fields. It was listed as Endangered in 1991. In general, ` Oncocyclus Section' Irises need minimal summer rainfall and dry winters. In temperate areas, they are only suitable for growing by specialist iris growers, within a bulb frame or greenhouse, they can be grown under glass, to protect the irises from excess moisture and to ensure the rhizomes get the best temperatures during the growing season. They can be grown in pots. Watering is one of the most critical aspects of iris cultivation, it can suffer from aphids and rots. A herbarium specimen can be found in Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
Irises can be propagated by division, or by seed growing. Irises require a period of cold a period of warmth and heat they need some moisture; some seeds need stratification, which outdoors. Seedlings are potted on when they have 3 leaves. Like many other irises, most parts of the plant are poisonous, if mistakenly ingested can cause stomach pains and vomiting. Handling the plant may cause a skin irritation or an allergic reaction. Mathew, B; the Iris. 1981 51-52. Rechinger, K. H. ed. Flora iranica. 1963- Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- from Benjamin Maund's book The Botanic Garden Data related to Iris heylandiana at Wikispecies