click links in text for more info

Scheduled monument

In the United Kingdom, a scheduled monument is a nationally important archaeological site or historic building, given protection against unauthorised change. The various pieces of legislation used for protecting heritage assets from damage and destruction are grouped under the term ‘designation’; the protection provided to scheduled monuments is given under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979, a different law from that used for listed buildings. A heritage asset is a part of the historic environment, valued because of its historic, architectural or artistic interest. Only some of these are judged to be important enough to have extra legal protection through designation. There are about 20,000 scheduled monuments in England representing about 37,000 heritage assets. Of the tens of thousands of scheduled monuments in the UK, most are inconspicuous archaeological sites, but some are large ruins. According to the 1979 Act, a monument cannot be a structure, occupied as a dwelling, used as a place of worship or protected under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.

Scheduled monuments are defined in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. In England and Scotland they are referred to as a scheduled ancient monument, although the Act defines only ancient monument and scheduled monument. A monument can be: A building or structure, cave or excavation, above or below the surface of the land. A site comprising any vehicle, aircraft or other moveable structure. In Northern Ireland they are designated under separate legislation and are referred to as a scheduled historic monument or a monument in state care; the first Act to enshrine legal protection for ancient monuments was the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882. This identified an initial list of 68 prehistoric sites that were given a degree of legal protection; this was the result of strenuous representation by William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, founded in 1877. Following various previous attempts, the 1882 legislation was guided through parliament by John Lubbock, who in 1871 had bought Avebury, Wiltshire, to ensure the survival of the stone circle.

The first Inspector of Ancient Monuments, as set up by the act, was Augustus Pitt Rivers. At this point, only the inspector, answering directly to the First Commissioner of Works, was involved in surveying the scheduled sites and persuading landowners to offer sites to the state; the act established the concept of guardianship, in which a site might remain in private ownership, but the monument itself become the responsibility of the state, as guardian. However the legislation could not compel landowners, as that level of state interference with private property was not politically possible; the Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1900 extended the scope of the legislation to include medieval monuments. Pressure grew for stronger legislation. In a speech in 1907, Robert Hunter, chairman of the National Trust, observed that only a further 18 sites had been added to the original list of 68.'Scheduling' in the modern sense only became possible with the passing of the Ancient Monuments Consolidation and Amendment Act 1913.

When Pitt Rivers died in 1900 he was not replaced as Inspector. Charles Peers, a professional architect, was appointed as Inspector in 1910 in the Office of Works becoming Chief Inspector in 1913; the job title'Inspector' is still in use. Scheduling offers protection because it makes it illegal to undertake a great range of'works' within a designated area, without first obtaining'scheduled monument consent'. However, it does not affect the owner’s freehold title or other legal interests in the land, nor does it give the general public any new rights of public access; the process of scheduling does not automatically imply that the monument is being poorly managed or that it is under threat, nor does it impose a legal obligation to undertake any additional management of the monument. In England and Wales the authority for designating, re-designating and de-designating a scheduled monument lies with the Secretary of State for the Department for Culture and Sport; the Secretary of State keeps the schedule, of these sites.

The designation process was first devolved to Scotland and Wales in the 1970s and is now operated there by the Scottish Government and the Welsh Assembly respectively. The government bodies with responsibility for archaeology and the historic environment in Britain are: Historic England in England, Cadw in Wales, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland; the processes for application and monitoring scheduled monuments is administered in England by Historic England. In Northern Ireland, the term "Scheduled Historic Monument" is used; these sites protected under Article 3 of the Historic Monuments and Archaeological Objects Order 1995. The schedule contains over 1,900 sites, is maintained by the Department for Communities. There is no positive distinction yet for a single method of registering sites of heritage; the long tradition of legal issues did not lead to a condensed register nor to any single authority to take care of over the course of the last 130 years. The UK is a signatory to the EU Valletta Treaty which obliges it to have a legal system to protect archaeological

Nicholas Longworth II

Nicholas Longworth II was a lawyer from a prominent Cincinnati, Ohio family who served on the Ohio Supreme Court. Nicholas Longworth II was born June 1844 in Cincinnati to Joseph and Anna Rives Longworth. Joseph Longworth was the only son of Nicholas Longworth, a lawyer and land speculator, who came to Cincinnati in 1804, for the year 1850 had a tax bill of $17,000, second only to John Jacob Astor in the United States. Anna Rives was the niece of William Cabell Rives. Longworth was educated at the public schools in Cincinnati, graduated from Harvard University in 1866 with high honors, he studied law under his uncle, Rufus King at the Cincinnati Law School, was admitted to the bar in 1869. He had a partnership with his cousin, Edward L. Anderson, which dissolved in 1871. From 1871 to 1877 he practiced with King Longworth. In 1876, Longworth was elected to the Common Pleas Court of Hamilton County for a five year term. On October 11, 1881 he was elected on the Republican ticket to the Ohio Supreme Court.

On November 9, 1881, Washington W. Boynton resigned his seat three months before the end of his term due to ill health and meager salary, Longworth was seated on that day, his term was scheduled to end February, 1887. Longworth resigned from the court March 9, 1883, due to the failing health of his father, the need to look after his estate, he formed a short-live legal partnership with Thomas McDougall, which dissolved upon his father's death late in 1883. He managed the business affairs of the estate, travelled extensively, he translated Electra from Greek, had two stories published in 1889. He had a steam yacht, the C. O. on the Ohio River, raced yachts on Lake Erie. Longworth died of pneumonia at Rookwood, his estate on Mount Adams, on January 18, 1890, was buried at Spring Grove Cemetery, he was married on 3, 1869 to Susan Walker. She was the daughter of the late Timothy Walker, one of the founders and Dean of the Cincinnati Law School, they had three children, born November 5, 1869, Annie Rives, born December 10, 1870, Clara, born October 17, 1873.

Sophocles. Electra. Robert Clarke & Company. OCLC 002612474. Longworth family Nicholas Longworth - his son, Speaker of the US House Nicholas Longworth - his grandfather Maria Longworth Nichols Storer - his sister Timothy Walker - his father-in-law Clara Longworth de Chambrun - his daughter

The March of Time (radio program)

The March of Time is an American radio news documentary and dramatization series sponsored by Time Inc. and broadcast from 1931 to 1945. Created by broadcasting pioneer Fred Smith and Time magazine executive Roy E. Larsen, the program combined actual news events with reenactments; the "voice" of The March of Time was Westbrook Van Voorhis. The radio series was the basis of the famed March of Time newsreel series shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951; the March of Time had its origins in a 1928 radio series developed at WLW in Cincinnati, Ohio, by radio pioneer Fred Smith, who obtained permission to use material from Time magazine in his broadcasts. Smith and Roy E. Larsen, the first circulation manager for Time, developed Time magazine's own radio program, which they called Newscasting; that program evolved into The March of Time, the first network presentation of a dramatized "news" format. At Smith's suggestion, the program included the "10 best radio actors", an "announcer extraordinary", a "splendid orchestra" and a "clever director.""The March of Time was the first radio newsreel", wrote radio historian John Dunning, "dramatized news events, elaborately staged with sound effects and music, put together like a newspaper—often on deadline, with impact and accuracy its twin goals."The March of Time began airing as a weekly series March 6, 1931, on CBS Radio on over 32 stations on Friday evenings.

The half-hour program aired Fridays at 8:30 p.m. ET. In 1935 the program was trimmed to 15 minutes and aired five times a week, but after a year returned to its 30-minute weekly format. Suspended in 1939, the series was revived in 1941 with a new format, lasted until 1945. Time Inc. was the only sponsor of all of the shows. The March of Time aired on CBS through October 7, 1937, was subsequently broadcast on the Blue Network, NBC, ABC. One of radio's most popular programs, The March of Time was described by Variety as "the apex of radio showmanship." It reached millions of Americans during its 14-year history. The series's promotional value to Time Inc. proved to be incalculable, although Time had announced that it would discontinue the program after the first year. It was an expensive production requiring as many as 75 staff and 1,000 hours of labor to get each issue on the air; the full studio orchestra was conducted by Donald Voorhees. The sound effects team was led by Ora Daigle Nichols, the only woman who made a living as a sound engineer at that time.

She and her husband Arthur introduced sound effects to radio, drawing on many successful years of stage and silent film experience. They began to freelance their talents to radio in 1928, were put under contract by CBS as the demand for sound effects increased. After her husband's death in 1931, Nichols continued to lead the profession and was called the "first lady of sound effects." The media voted Nichols one of the most influential women in radio. The March of Time broadcasts began with the tramp-tramp-tramp of shuffling feet, to indicate "the relentless impersonal progress of events." The principal narrator was the Voice of Time. The first Voice of Time was Ted Husing. In fall 1931 Harry von Zell began a brief tenure as Time, but in October 1933 he moved to the role of announcer and Van Voorhis assumed the leading role, his voice—concluding most broadcasts with a booming, "Time … marches on!"—became synonymous with the program, both on radio and in the newsreel series. Written to match the style of Time magazine, radio scripts incorporated transcripts of statements and comments by the figures impersonated on The March of Time whenever possible.

When these could not be obtained, writers were allowed to "re-create" appropriate dialogue. Actors researched and rehearsed with great care to mimic the precise voice patterns and characteristics of the people they were impersonating. March of Time creator Roy E. Larsen recalled that only one person, Franklin D. Roosevelt complained about their treatment on the program; the President was annoyed because he was getting calls from political advisors regarding statements spoken on The March of Time that he had not uttered though they matched his policies. White House complaints continued until 1937, when The March of Time stopped imitating FDR altogether."From the beginning it was known that The March of Time would face the stiffest production challenges that radio had yet known", wrote John Dunning: When a big story broke at the last minute, a polished ready-to-air show was reorganized: the entire menu was shifted as events demanded. Newspapers are accustomed to this … but in radio, a new breed of actor had come to the fore, players who could deliver superb performances from scripts they had never seen before going live on the air.

Sight reading, they called it: reading always two lines ahead and acting the lines they had read. Actors, sound artists, musicians worked feverishly to accommodate the bulletins from Time's reporters in the field. Seven or eight sketches were featured in each show, varying in length from 90 seconds to four minutes. Newspapers were sometimes scooped by the radio docudrama. On May 6, 1937, the Hindenburg disaster took place two hours before air time, The March of Time created a segment that focused on the history of airship travel and ended with the news of the disaster in Lakehurst, New Jersey. Herbert Morrison's recorded radio eyewitness report from the landing field was not broadcast until the

Haller von Hallerstein

Haller von Hallerstein is a Bavarian noble family. The noble house is divided in one Bavarian family and the other Hungarian; this catholic family comes from the nurnbergian late Middle Ages patriate. In the XVth century the family economic, political power contributed to the cultural development of the city. Multiple important members were incorporated into the imperial nobility. Other members married into other important Catholic families. Ferdinand Augustin Hallerstein Carl Haller von Hallerstein: Architect Benedictus Haller von Hallerstein, OCist,: Monk in St. Bernard's Abbey, Mysticus. Berthold Haller zu Grafenberg. Paulus Haller zu Siegelstein, died 1474: founder of the Paulinian branch. Erasmus Haller zu Ziegelstein. Sebald Haller von Hallerstein, died 1578: imperial Rattherr of Charles V, diplomat. Marries in 1528 to Maria im Hoff. Ruprecht I Haller von Hallerstein, born 1419, descendants: Wolf II Haller von Hallerstein,: Imperial counselor. Married to Elisabeth van Logenhagen. Maria Haller von Hallerstein, 1538 Johanna Haller von Hallerstein, 1539 Louisa Haller von Hallerstein, 1540: Abbes of Soleilmont abbey.

Carl Haller von Hallerstein, 1542 Isabella Haller von Hallerstein, 1544 Philipp Haller von Hallerstein, 1550 Bartholomeus Haller von Hallerstein,: royal Secretary of queen Mary of Hungary. Christoph Haller von Hallerstein zu Zieglstein, died 1581. Wolf III Haller von Hallerstein, died 1571. Ruprecht Haller von Hallerstein, born 1533. Ludwig Haller von Hallerstein, born 1550: friend of Ortelius

Bicycle Music Company

Bicycle Music Company was a music publishing company founded independently, after growing for a number of years was merged with Concord Music Group in 2015. As of 2010, it administered over 12,000 works from songwriters; the Bicycle Music Company was founded in 1974 by music publishing executive David Rosner, veteran of the CBS publishing division April/Blackwood Music and longtime publishing representative to singer-songwriter Neil Diamond. One of the company's early international hits was “Let Your Love Flow,” written by Neil Diamond's guitar technician, Larry E. Williams. Rosner's son, joined Bicycle Music and expanded the company's contemporary writer relationships. In 2005, Rosner sold Bicycle Music to Clear Channel Entertainment and the latter's newly formed music rights acquisition company Sound Investors, LLC, owned by Clear Channel Entertainment executive Stephen Smith. Concord's Chief Publishing Executive, Jake Wisely, joined the management team at the closing of the acquisition. By the end of that year, following Clear Channel's decision to divest significant entertainment assets and spin off the balance of its holdings into a separately traded public company called Live Nation, Smith became the company's sole owner.

A year Sound Investors contributed its interest in Bicycle to a new rights management partnership with Wood Creek Capital Management. By this time, Bicycle oversaw the publishing concerns of a catalog including Marvin Hamlisch, Glen Ballard, many others. By 2010, Bicycle Music had purchased additional song catalogs including artists Cyndi Lauper, Tammy Wynette, Marshall Goodman, Dwight Yoakam, Montell Jordan, more. Bicycle Music had completed over 100 publishing and master recording catalog deals by 2015; that year, the Bicycle Music Company was merged with Concord Music Group to form the fully-integrated global music company called Concord Bicycle Music

Henry George

Henry George was an American political economist and journalist. He promoted the "single tax" on land, his writing was immensely popular in the 19th century America, sparked several reform movements of the Progressive Era. He inspired the economic philosophy known as Georgism, based on the belief that people should own the value they produce themselves, but that the economic value derived from land should belong to all members of society, he argued that a single tax on land would itself reform economy. His most famous work and Poverty, sold millions of copies worldwide more than any other American book before that time; the treatise investigates the paradox of increasing inequality and poverty amid economic and technological progress, the cyclic nature of industrialized economies, the use of rent capture such as land value tax and other anti-monopoly reforms as a remedy for these and other social problems. The mid-20th century labor economist and journalist George Soule wrote that George was "By far the most famous American economic writer," and "author of a book which had a larger world-wide circulation than any other work on economics written."

George was born in Philadelphia to a lower-middle-class family, the second of ten children of Richard S. H. George and Catharine Pratt George, his father was a publisher of religious texts and a devout Episcopalian, sent George to the Episcopal Academy in Philadelphia. George left the academy without graduating. Instead he convinced his father to hire a tutor and supplemented this with avid reading and attending lectures at the Franklin Institute, his formal education ended at age 14 and he went to sea as a foremast boy at age 15 in April 1855 on the Hindoo, bound for Melbourne and Calcutta. He ended up in the American West in 1858 and considered prospecting for gold but instead started work the same year in San Francisco as a type setter. In California, George fell in love with Annie Corsina Fox, an eighteen-year-old girl from Sydney, orphaned and was living with an uncle; the uncle, a prosperous, strong-minded man, was opposed to his niece's impoverished suitor. But the couple, defying him and married in late 1861, with Henry dressed in a borrowed suit and Annie bringing only a packet of books.

The marriage was a happy four children were born to them. On November 3, 1862 Annie gave birth to future United States Representative from New York, Henry George Jr.. Early on with the birth of future sculptor Richard F. George, the family was near starvation. George's other two children were both daughters; the first was Jennie George to become Jennie George Atkinson. George's other daughter was Anna Angela George, who would become mother of both future dancer and choreographer, Agnes de Mille and future actress Peggy George, born Margaret George de Mille. Following the birth of his second child George had to beg for food; as he approached the first well-dressed stranger he saw in the street, George a lawful man, decided to rob him if he was unwilling to help. The man took pity on him and gave him five dollars. George was raised as an Episcopalian, but he believed in "deistic humanitarianism", his wife Annie was Irish Catholic, but Henry George Jr. wrote that the children were influenced by Henry George's deism and humanism.

After deciding against gold mining in British Columbia, George was hired as a printer for the newly created San Francisco Times, was able to submit editorials for publication, including the popular What the Railroads Will Bring Us. which remained required reading in California schools for decades. George climbed the ranks of the Times becoming managing editor in the summer of 1867. George worked for several papers, including four years as editor of his own newspaper San Francisco Daily Evening Post and for a time running the Reporter, a Democratic anti-monopoly publication; the George family struggled but George's increasing reputation and involvement in the newspaper industry lifted them from poverty. George began as a Lincoln Republican, but became a Democrat, he was a strong critic of railroad and mining interests, corrupt politicians, land speculators, labor contractors. He first articulated his views in an 1868 article entitled "What the Railroad Will Bring Us." George argued that the boom in railroad construction would benefit only the lucky few who owned interests in the railroads and other related enterprises, while throwing the greater part of the population into abject poverty.

This had led to him earning the enmity of the Central Pacific Railroad's executives, who helped defeat his bid for election to the California State Assembly. One day in 1871 George went for a horseback ride and stopped to rest while overlooking San Francisco Bay, he wrote of the revelation that he had: I asked a passing teamster, for want of something better to say, what land was worth there. He pointed to some cows grazing so far off that they looked like mice, said, "I don't know but there is a man over there who will sell some land for a thousand dollars an acre." Like a flash it came over me. With the growth of population, land grows in value, the men who work it must pay more for the privilege. Furthermore, on a visit to New York City, he was struck by the apparent paradox that the poor in that long-established city were much worse off than the poor in less developed California; these observations supplie