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Schneider Trophy

The Coupe d'Aviation Maritime Jacques Schneider called the Schneider Trophy or Schneider Prize, was a trophy awarded annually to the winner of a race for seaplanes and flying boats. The Schneider Trophy is now held at South Kensington, London. Announced in 1912 by Jacques Schneider, a French financier and aircraft enthusiast, the competition offered a prize of £1,000; the race was held twelve times between 1913 and 1931. It was intended to encourage technical advances in civil aviation but became a contest for pure speed with laps over a triangular course; the contests were staged as time trials, with aircraft setting off individually at pre-agreed times 15 minutes apart. The contests were popular and some attracted crowds of over 200,000 spectators. An earlier trophy presented by Jacques Schneider in 1910, in France, was the Schneider Cup, now in the possession of the RAF College Cranwell. If an aero club won three races in five years, they would retain the trophy and the winning pilot would receive 75,000 francs for each of the first three wins.

Each race was hosted by the previous winning country. The races were supervised by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale and the aero club in the hosting country; each club could enter up to three competitors with an equal number of alternatives. The race was significant in advancing aeroplane design in the fields of aerodynamics and engine design, would show its results in the best fighters of World War II; the streamlined shape and the low drag, liquid-cooled engine pioneered by Schneider Trophy designs are obvious in the British Supermarine Spitfire, the American North American P-51 Mustang, the Italian Macchi C.202 Folgore. The Schneider Trophy is bronze set on a marble base, it depicts a zephyr skimming the waves, a nude winged figure is seen kissing a zephyr recumbent on a breaking wave. The heads of two other zephyrs and of Neptune, the god of the Sea, can be seen surrounded by octopus and crabs; the symbolism represents speed conquering the elements of air. The first competition was held on 16 April 1913, at Monaco.

It was won by a French Deperdussin at an average speed of 73.56 km/h. The British won in 1914 with a Sopwith Tabloid flown by Howard Pixton at 139.74 km/h. After World War I, the competition resumed in 1919 at Bournemouth where in foggy conditions the Italian team won, they were disqualified and the race was voided. In 1920 and 1921 at Venice the Italians won—in 1920 no other nation entered and in 1921 the French entry did not start. After 1921, an additional requirement was added: the winning seaplane had to remain moored to a buoy for six hours without human intervention. In 1922 in Naples the British and French competed with the Italians; the British private entry, a Supermarine Sea Lion II, was the victor. The French aircraft did not start the race, which became a competition between the Sea Lion and three Italian aircraft, including a Macchi M.7 and a Savoia. The 1923 trophy, contested at Cowes, went to the Americans with a sleek, liquid-cooled engined craft designed by Glenn Curtiss, it used the Curtiss D-12 engine.

US Navy Lieutenant David Rittenhouse won the cup. In 1924 there was no competition as no other nation turned out to face the Americans—the Italians and the French withdrew and both British craft crashed in pre-race trials. In 1925 at Chesapeake Bay the Americans won again, the US pilot Jimmy Doolittle winning in a Curtiss R3C ahead of the British Gloster III and the Italian entry. Two British planes did not compete. Two of the American planes did not finish. In 1926, the Italians returned with a Macchi M.39 and won against the Americans with a 396.69 km/h run at Hampton Roads. In 1927 at Venice there was a strong British entry with government backing and RAF pilots for Supermarine and Shorts. Supermarine's Mitchell-designed S. 5s took second places. 1927 was the last annual competition, the event moving to a biennial schedule to allow for more development time. In 1929, at Calshot, Supermarine won again in the Supermarine S.6 with the new Rolls-Royce R engine with an average speed of 528.89 km/h.

Both Britain and Italy entered a backup plane from the previous race. In 1931 the British government withdrew support, but a private donation of £100,000 from Lucy, Lady Houston, allowed Supermarine to compete and win on 13 September against only British opposition, with half a million spectators lining the beachfronts; the Italian and German entrants failed to ready their aircraft in time for the competition. The remaining British team set both a new world speed record and won the trophy outright with a third straight win; the following days saw the winning Supermarine S.6B further break the world speed record twice, making it the first craft to break the 400 mph barrier on 29 September at an average speed of 655.8 km/h. Development of the other entrants did not cease there; the proposed Italian entrant which pulled out of the contest due to engine problems went on to set two new world speed records. In April 1933 it set a record with a speed of 682.36 km/h. Eighteen months in the same venue, it broke the 700 km/h barrier with an average speed of 709.202 km/h.

Both times the plane was piloted by Francesco Agello. This speed remains the fastest speed attained by a piston-en

Chris Morgan (rower)

Chris Morgan is an Australian rower. He is a national champion, two-time world champion, dual Olympian and Olympic medal winner from Adelaide, South Australia, he won world championships in both sculls and in sweep-oared boat classes. Raised in Adelaide, Morgan attended Norwood Morialta High School, he had no exposure to rowing before university. He has a Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Computer Science from the University of Adelaide and works as a software engineer. Morgan began his athletic career as a competitive walker, he took up rowing in 2003 after participating in an ergometer competition held by the Adelaide University Boat Club during the University's Orientation Week. He won the competition with the fastest time, was invited to join the Boat Club, he undertook a "Learn to Row" program and that same season was competing for Adelaide University in senior boats. At the end of Morgan's first season of rowing in 2003-04, he won a gold medal in a double scull at the World University Games in Brive-la-Gaillarde, France.

He was selected for the Australian rowing squad in 2005 and invited to train with the Australian Institute of Sport. In 2010, Morgan won the Australian national single scull championship, becoming the first South Australian to do so in 40 years. Morgan has represented for his state at the Interstate Regatta within the Australian Rowing Championships. In the twelve-year period 2005 to 2016 he raced for South Australia on nine occasions in King's Cup eights and on eight occasions he sculled in the President's Cup, he rowed in both boats at five championships. After graduation Morgan relocated to Sydney and continued his club rowing from the Sydney Rowing Club. Morgan represented Australia in the men's quad scull at the Beijing 2008 Olympics, his crew won their heat in a world's best time of 5:36.20, beating the previous fastest time, set by Poland, by a second. The Australians finished fourth in the final. At the 2010 World Rowing Championships Morgan won the coxed pair world championship title with partner Dominic Grimm and coxswain David Webster at Lake Karapiro, New Zealand.

At the 2011 World Rowing Championships in an upset, Morgan rowing in the Australian men's quad defeated the German crew to take gold. Following a costly mistake in the German boat, the Australian crew took the lead in the final metres and won the race by 0.25secs. At the 2012 London Olympics, Morgan won bronze in the men's quad scull in a time of 5:45.22. In 2016 Morgan qualified with West Australian David Watts to contest the men's double scull at the 2016 Rio Olympics, they were out-raced in the semi finals and won the B final for an overall seventh placing

William John Burchell

William John Burchell was an English explorer, traveller and author. His thousands of plant specimens, as well as field journals from his South American expedition, are held by Kew Gardens, his insect collection by the Oxford University Museum. William John Burchell was born in Fulham, the son of Matthew Burchell and owner of Fulham Nursery, his wife, his father owned nine and a half acres of land adjacent to the gardens of Fulham Palace. Burchell served a botanical apprenticeship at Kew and was elected F. L. S. in 1803. At about this time, he became enamoured of Lucia Green of Fulham, but faced strong disapproval from his parents when he broached the idea of an engagement. On 7 August 1805 Burchell at the age of 24 sailed for St. Helena aboard the East Indiaman Northumberland intending to set up there as a merchant with a partner from London, William Balcombe. After a year of trading, Burchell did not want to dissolved the partnership. Three months he accepted a position as schoolmaster on the island and as official botanist.

In 1810 he sailed to the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa on the recommendation of Gen. J. W. Janssens to add to his botanical collection. Burchell's intended wife had jilted him for the captain of the boat taking her to St. Helena to join him. Landing at Table Bay on 26 November 1810, after stormy weather had prevented a landing for 13 days, Burchell set about planning an expedition into the interior, he left Cape Town in June 1811. Burchell travelled in South Africa through 1815, collecting over 50,000 specimens, covering more than 7000 km, much over unexplored terrain, he described his journey in Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa, a two-volume work appearing in 1822 and 1824. He is believed to have planned a third volume, since the second ends long before he completed his journey. On 25 August 1815 he sailed from Cape Town with 48 crates of specimens aboard the vessel Kate, calling at St. Helena and reaching Fulham on 11 November 1815. Given his experience and knowledge of South Africa, in 1819 Burchell was questioned by a select committee of the British House of Commons about the suitability of the area for emigration.

The 1820 Settlers went out from England a year later. He spent time cataloguing and processing his specimens, raising funds for his next expedition. Burchell travelled in Brazil between 1825 and 1830, again collecting a large number of specimens, including more than 20,000 insects; the journals covering his Brazil expedition are missing, as are his diaries relating to his travels. His field note books, detailing his plant collections, are held in the collection of Kew Gardens. Historians have used them to reconstruct the latter part of his trip. Burchell's extensive African collections included plants, animal skins, insects, seeds and fish. After his death, his plant specimens and manuscripts, both South African and Brazilian, were presented by his sister, Anna Burchell, to Kew Gardens and the insects to Oxford University Museum, he is known for the copious and accurate notes he made to accompany every collected specimen, detailing habit and habitat, as well as the numerous drawings and paintings of landscapes, costumes, people and plants.

Burchell died in Fulham in 1863, ending his own life by hanging himself in a small outhouse in his garden, after a non-fatal suicide attempt by shooting. He is buried near his home at All Saints Fulham, he is commemorated in the monotypic plant genus Burchellia R. Br. Numerous animal species were named for him: Burchell's zebra, Burchell's coucal, Burchell's sandgrouse, Burchell's courser, the Eciton burchellii army ant. A species of African lizard, Pedioplanis burchelli, is named in his honor. Burchell's Shelter Trekking Burchell’s Wagon Route Burchell’s Travels by Bike.

Sabaash Naidu

Release date: April 11 2020 Sabaash Naidu in Tamil and Telugu, titled Shabhash Kundu in Hindi, is an unreleased Indian spy comedy-adventure film, written, co-produced and directed by Kamal Haasan. Starring Haasan in the lead, he will reprise the role of Balram Naidu, a spin off of one of the characters which he played in Dasavathaaram; the film stars his daughter Shruti Haasan and Ramya Krishnan in major roles. The film was shot in Tamil and Hindi languages and the film's principal photography commenced in June 2016 at Los Angeles, United States; the film's music will be composed by Ilaiyaraaja and Jaya Krishna Gummadi will be the cinematographer. The film was to be directed by T. K. Rajeev Kumar whose debut directorial was a Kamal Haasan starrer Chanakyan released in 1989, but Kumar felt ill on the fourth day of the schedule and Haasan had to direct a song to avoid the delay, officially took over as the director as Kumar was diagnosed with Lyme disease. Kamal Haasan developed the story of Balram Naidu, the RAW operative featured in his 2008 film Dasavathaaram for Sabaash Naidu, T. K. Rajeev Kumar was handed directorial duties.

Kamal Haasan's daughter, Akshara Haasan joined the team as an assistant director. The team left for Los Angeles on 24 May for the first schedule. Haasan signed his elder daughter Shruti Haasan along with Ramya Krishnan and Anant Mahadevan for the film. Brahmanandam was signed to portray the role of his aide in Tamil and Telugu versions, while actor Saurabh Shukla will play the same role in the Hindi version. Music was set to be scored by Ilaiyaraaja, to work with Haasan after a decade; the major location for Sabaash Naidu is Los Angeles and other parts of USA. A song was picturised on Shruthi Haasan, choreographed by Jamal Sims of Step Up film series; the shoot of the film was put on hold in June 2016 after the original director T. K. Rajeev Kumar was diagnosed with Lyme disease, prompting Kamal Haasan to takeover as the director. Two days after Rajeev Kumar's exit, the film's editor James Joseph withdrew from the project after his wife had met with an accident. After the completion of the film's schedule in the US, Kamal Haasan chose to replace the original cinematographer Jaya Krishna Gummadi after being unimpressed with his work.

In July 2016, Kamal Haasan fractured his leg after falling at his home in Chennai, with the incident leading to an indefinite delay of the project. During the period of the production delay, in November 2016, Kamal Haasan split with his long time partner Gautami, who had worked in the project as a costume designer. Delays meant that the actors in the project had committed to other films and it became difficult to coordinate all the cast members to partake in the shoot at short notice. In January 2017, plans to begin the film again were delayed following the death of Githamani, the wife of co-producer Chandrahasan. Two months after the death of his wife, Chandrahasan died of a heart attack while visiting London; the film was further delayed as a result of Kamal Haasan's entry into politics, though he pledged to finish the films he had signed on for. Sabaash Naidu on IMDb Sabaash Naidu

Adolph Schreiber House

The Adolph Schreiber House is a 2-story, Neoclassical Revival house in Boise, Idaho designed by Tourtellotte & Hummel and constructed by contractor O. W. Allen in 1915; the design included a second-story apartment accessed from a side entrance. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Adolph Schreiber was a funeral embalmer in Boise from 1902 until the late 1930s, he was continued in that office for several years. Schreiber was in partnership with embalmer Edward Brennan, Schreiber & Brennan, from 1904 until 1906, he formed a partnership with William Sidenfaden, Schreiber & Sidenfaden, that lasted until 1925. Boise's first ambulance was purchased by Schreiber & Brennen in 1904. William Sidenfaden House Fort Street Historic District Media related to Adolph Schreiber House at Wikimedia Commons

Jan Suchorzewski

Jan Suchorzewski was a Polish noble of the Zaremba coat of arms and politician. He held the title of the wojski of Wschowa, he was a deputy from Gniezno to the Sejm of 1786 and deputy from Kalisz to the Great Sejm of 1788-1792. He would be best remembered for his theatrical gestures from that period. Kazimierz Bartoszewicz compared Suchorzewski's look and attitude to that of Zagłoba from Henryk Sienkiewicz's famous trilogy, if more misguided, he became an opponent of the reforms, joined the Confederation of Targowica. Jan was born in 1754 as the son of Jakub Suchorzewski and Jadwiga Zajączek. Around 1770 he married Joanna Przyjemska. During the Great Sejm Suchorzewski was at first a supporter of the Patriotic Party. In 1789 he published a brochure on law. However, he switched sides and joined the Hetman Party opposed to the reforms. Around 18 January 1791 he criticized the premiered The Return of the Deputy comedy of Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz for its political content. Despite his opposition of many reforms, he nonetheless played a major, if not intentional, role in the passage of the Free Royal Cities Act in April 1791, as his rather unexpected involvement in the discussion boosted the supporters of the act and eased its passing.

For that, the king rewarded him with the Order of Saint Stanislaus. Suchorzewski unsuccessfully attempted to prevent the king from signing the Constitution of 3 May, blocking his way and threatening to kill his own son to save him from the "slavery of the Constitution". In this way he repeated, in the gesture of Tadeusz Rejtan; this incident was immortalized on Jan Matejko's painting Constitution of May 3, 1791. From Suchorzewski's pocket, a deck of cards has fallen out, an allusion to the way he was bribed by the Hetman Party leaders, Russian ambassador Otto Magnus von Stackelberg and hetman Branicki, he would publish a critique of the constitution in the brochure Uwagi nad konstytucją polską 3 maja 1791 and Odezwa do narodu wraz z protestacyją dla Śladu Gwałtu i Przemocy, do której prawie w całym Sejmie zbliżano, a w dniu 3 maja 1791 dokonano. Suchorzewski, with several other opponents of the constitution, departed to Saint Petersburg in the Russian Empire, where he became one of the founding members and high-ranking officials of the Confederation of Targowica.

Derdej speculated that out of all those who signed the act of the Confederation, Suchorzewski was the only one who might have thought they were acting in the country's best interest. He commanded a cavalry brigade in the Confederation forces during the War in Defense of the Constitution that the Confederates won, overthrowing the Constitution. During the Kościuszko Insurrection he was sentenced, in absentia, to a death by hanging, eternal infamy, loss of all titles and confiscation of possessions, his effigy was hanged on the 29 September 1794. A ^ Sources vary with regards to his dates of births and death. Rabowicz and Maksimowicz, as well as Jezierski, give them as 1740-1809. However, the Polski Słownik Biograficzny gives them as 1754-1804 or 1809.b ^ There are several different versions of the story, which could be explained by the fact that Suchorzewski was known for theatrical gestures and declarations, some of which might have been differently described by contemporary sources. Bartoszewski cites several incidents of Suchorzewski's theatrics.

In one, Suchorzewski would threaten his son upon return to his house, causing a large commotion there. In another, Suchorzewski would declare his intention, without moving to threaten his son. In yet another one, that Bartoszewski describes three times in a different fashion, Suchorzewski would try to block the king's way, imitating Reytan's gesture, but without involving his son. At another time, he would crawl on the parliament's floor, deliver a speech in this fashion, an incident which caused the bishop Adam Krasiński to demand that "somebody take this insane person to the asylum". A poem for Suchorzewski, quoted by Bartoszewski on p. 220-221