click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Schwaz

Schwaz is a city in the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is the administrative center of the Schwaz district. Schwaz is located in the lower Inn valley. Schwaz lies in the middle of the Lower Inn Valley at the foot of the Kellerjoch and Eiblschrofen mountains, it is located 30 km east of Innsbruck. The city covers an area of 20.17 km2. Neighbouring communities include: Buch bei Jenbach, Fügenberg, Pill and Vomp; the Counts of Tyrol guarded Schwaz from nearby Burg Freundsberg. At the town's height during the 15th and 16th centuries, it was an important silver mining center, providing mineral wealth for both the Fugger banking family and, through them, for the Austrian emperors. During this period, its population of about 20,000 inhabitants made it the second largest city in the Austrian Empire, after Vienna. Schwaz received its city rights in 1898 by Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria. Schwaz is the birthplace of 16th-century pulpit orator Georg Scherer and 20th-century philosopher Hans Köchler. Three large industrial companies have their headquarters in Schwaz: Tyrolit – a globally active producer of bonded abrasives Adler Lacke – a family-run producer of coating systems DAKA – a regional waste management company Schwaz is twinned with: Web site of the municipality of Schwaz Schwaz Silver Mine official tourism information of Schwaz About Schwaz and surrounding

Geography of the Alps

The Alps cover a large area. This article describes the delimitation of the Alps as a whole and of subdivisions of the range, follows the course of the main chain of the Alps and discusses the lakes and glaciers found in the region; the Alps form a large mountain range dominating Central Europe, including parts of Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and Hungary. In some areas, such as the edge of the Po Basin, the edge of the range is unambiguous, but where the Alps border on other mountainous or hilly regions, the border may be harder to place; these neighbouring ranges include the Apennines, the Massif Central, the Jura, the Black Forest, the Böhmerwald, the Carpathians, the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula. The boundary between the Apennines and the Alps is taken to be the Colle di Cadibona, at 435 m above sea level, above Savona on the Italian coast; the Rhône forms a clear boundary between the tectonically-formed Alps and the volcanically-formed Massif Central. Moving upstream, the Rhône turns to the east near Lyon, passes to the south of the Jura range before reaching Lake Geneva.

An area of flat ground reaches from there to Lake Neuchâtel, continuing the border, with the Jura to the north-west and the Alps to the south east. From Lake Neuchâtel to its confluence with the Rhine, the Aare forms the border; the Black Forest is separated from the Alps by the Rhine and Lake Constance, but exact delimitation is difficult in southern Germany, where the land slopes up to meet the mountains. In Austria, the Danube runs to the north of the Alps, separating it from the majority of the Böhmerwald, although some small areas, such as the Dunkelsteiner Wald south of the Wachau, belong geologically to the Böhmerwald despite being south of the Danube; the Wienerwald near Vienna forms the north-eastern corner of the Alps, here the Danube passes at its closest to the Alps. East of Vienna, only the Marchfeld, a 30-km wide flood plain separates the easternmost Alps from the Lesser Carpathians. After Vienna, the Pannonian Basin, a large area of steppe, meets the edge of the Alps delimiting the eastern limit of the Alps.

The south-easternmost extension of the Alps is to be found in Slovenia, including Pohorje, the Kamnik Alps and the Julian Alps. The town of Idrija may be taken as marking the dividing line between the Alps to the north and the Karst plateau to the south, which leads on to the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula; the remainder of the southern edge of the Alps is delimited by the basin of the Po. This delimitation of the Alps is, however subjective and open to argument. In particular, some people restrict the use of the term "Alps" to the higher mountains in the centre of the range, relegating the surrounding hills and mountains to the status of "pre-Alps" or foothills; this can sometimes lead to conflicting definitions, such as Mont Ventoux being considered to lie outside the Alps. It is not possible to define the Alps geologically, since the same orogenous events that created the Alps created neighbouring ranges such as the Carpathians. See Geology of the Alps; the Alps are a distinct physiographic province of the larger Alpine System physiographic division, but the Alps are composed of three distinct physiographic sections, the Eastern and Southern Alps physiographic sections.

While smaller groups within the Alps may be defined by the passes on either side, defining larger units can be problematic. A traditional divide exists between the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps, which uses the Splügen Pass on the Swiss-Italian border, together with the Rhine to the north and Lake Como in the south as the defining features. While the Splügen Pass is neither the lowest nor the most important pass in the Alps, it is halfway along the main chain, makes a convenient boundary; the Eastern Alps are subdivided according to the different lithology of the more central parts of the Alps and the groups at its northern and southern fringes: Flysch zone. Northern Limestone Alps, peaks up to 3000 m; the border between the Central Eastern Alps and the Southern Limestone Alps is the Periadriatic Seam. The Northern Limestone Alps are separated from the Central Eastern Alps by the Grauwacken Zone. However, the geologic subdivision, based on tectonics, suggests a different system: The Helvetic system in the north, the Penninic system: Central Alps and Flysch Alps, the Austroalpine system: Northern Limestone Alps, Graywacke-Schist zone, Central Crystalline, the Southern Alps south of a huge geologic fault parts of the Dinarides.

The Western Alps are subdivided into the following: Ligurian Alps Maritime Alps Cottian Alps Dauphiné Alps Graian Alps Chablais Alps Pennine Alps Lepontine Alps (from Simplon

24 Carat Purple

24 Carat Purple is the first compilation album of the hard rock band Deep Purple released worldwide on their own record company and the third in a long line of compilation albums. It was released in June 1975; the live version of "Black Night", here on LP for the first time, was recorded in Japan in 1972, appeared as the B-side of "Woman From Tokyo". All tracks are written by Ian Gillan, Roger Glover, Jon Lord and Ian Paice. Ritchie Blackmoreguitar Ian Gillan – vocals Jon Lord – keyboards Roger Glover – bass guitar Ian Paice – drums Martin Birch - Engineer BPI certification

Gerhard Armauer Hansen

Gerhard Henrik Armauer Hansen was a Norwegian physician, remembered for his identification of the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae in 1873 as the causative agent of leprosy. Hansen was born in Bergen and attended the Bergen Cathedral School, he worked at Rikshospitalet as a doctor in Lofoten. In 1868 Hansen returned to Bergen to study leprosy while working at Lungegård Hospital with Daniel Cornelius Danielssen, a noted expert. Leprosy was regarded as hereditary or otherwise miasmic in origin. Hansen concluded on the basis of epidemiological studies that leprosy was a specific disease with a specific cause. In 1870–71 Hansen travelled to Bonn and Vienna to gain the training necessary for him to prove his hypothesis. In 1873, he announced the discovery of Mycobacterium leprae in the tissues of all sufferers, although he did not identify them as bacteria, received little support; the discovery was made with a "new and better" microscope. In 1879 Hansen gave tissue samples to Albert Neisser, who successfully stained the bacteria and announced his findings in 1880, claiming to have discovered the disease-causing organism.

There was some dispute between Neisser and Hansen, Hansen as discoverer of the bacillus and Neisser as identifier of it as the etiological agent. Neisser tried to downplay the assistance of Hansen. Hansen's claim was weakened by his failure to produce a pure microbiological culture in an artificial medium, or to prove that the rod-shaped organisms were infectious. Further Hansen had attempted to infect at least one female patient without consent and although no damage was caused, that case ended in court and Hansen lost his post at the hospital. Hansen remained medical officer for leprosy in Norway and it was through his efforts that the leprosy acts of 1877 and 1885 were passed, leading to a steady decline of the disease in Norway from 1,800 known cases in 1875 to just 575 cases in 1901, his distinguished work was recognized at the International Leprosy Congress held at Bergen in 1909. Hansen had died of heart disease, he was an atheist. Leprosy Museum at St. Jørgen Hospital in Bergen has been dedicated to Hansen.

Haukeland University Hospital has established Armauer Hansens hus as a research facility operated by the University of Bergen. In Jerusalem, a 19th-century leprosarium has borne Hansen's name since 1950, it has been reconstructed into an art center while preserving the physician's surname in its title. Works by or about Gerhard Armauer Hansen at Internet Archive

Long Ridge Village Historic District

The Long Ridge Village Historic District is a historic district in the city of Stamford, Connecticut. The district, located in rural northern Stamford near the border with New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987. Although the district includes a few early 19th-century properties, the area was most developed between 1850 and 1920, was a local center of shoe manufacturing until it was bypassed by railroads, sending the business nearer to downtown Stamford; the district extends along Old Long Ridge Road, includes several property on adjacent Rock Rimmon Road. There are 34 significant houses, two churches. Significant contributing properties include: St. Francis Episcopal Church, 503 Old Long Ridge Road, Hickford Marshall House, 528 Old Long Ridge Road

John Michael Małek

John Michael Małek is a Polish-American engineer, real estate investor and developer, economics enthusiast, activist and philanthropist. Małek received a master's degree in chemical engineering from Warsaw University of Technology and subsequently worked in the pharmaceutical industry. In 1958, unable to tolerate Poland's Soviet-imposed communist system which squelched political and economic freedom and private enterprise, he succeeded in leaving Poland for France where he was granted political asylum in Paris and worked as an engineer for 8 years. Małek arrived in the United States in the summer of 1967 and worked for 10 years at two successive engineering companies as a chemical process engineer. During his time as an engineer and inventor, Małek obtained several US patents for his innovations in the field of coal liquefaction. After several years of engineering and consultation practice, he began to divide his time and endeavors between real estate investments & development and philanthropic activities – areas in which he is still active today.

Despite emigrating from Poland, Małek continued to care for his fatherland. He became an active member of various Polish-American organizations, including the Polish American Congress and the North American Study Center for Polish Affairs, an organization composed of American and Canadian university professors of Polish origin. After the introduction of martial law in Poland in 1981, Małek became involved in the anti-Yalta movement and in the Pomost organization, whose main purpose was to serve as a bridge between American Polonia and the Solidarity movement in Poland. After the fall of communism in Poland, Małek became involved in promoting economic education with the goal of familiarizing Poles with the principles of the free market economy including the mechanisms of national wealth creation. In the early 1990s, he translated from English into Polish the book Anti-Capitalistic Mentality written by the famous economist and propagator of the free market Ludwig von Mises, he contributed financially or as translator to the publication of other important free market books in Poland, including Mises’ Human Action, Hernando de Soto’s The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else, the anthology Clichés of Politics.

This undertaking led Małek to found the Polish-American Foundation for Economic Research and Education in the year 2000 and its Polish counterpart – PAFERE Polska – in 2007. The guiding philosophy of PAFERE is that the injunctionThou Shalt not Steal!” is the most important imperative for the economy. Compliance with this injunction, by bothgovernments and citizens, is a prerequisite for optimal economic development and prosperity. John Michael Małek is a member of the prestigious Mont Pelerin Society, whose membership includes over 500 economists from around the world, including at least six Nobel Prize winners. Along with Zbigniew Zarywski, a Polish entrepreneur, Małek established a literary prize named in honor of famous Polish writer Józef Mackiewicz The Mackiewicz Prize has been awarded every year since 2002 at a special ceremony at the Literary Institute in Warsaw on Polish Independence Day, November 11. In 2015, Małek co-founded Polonia Institute, a tax-exempt organization in the United States, whose mission is to protect the reputation of Poland and Polonia in the United States and around the world, as well as to advocate for Poland's and Polonia's aspirations via education, analysis and legal solutions.

On November 22, 2016, John Michael Małek was awarded the Commander's Cross of Polonia Restituta for lifetime achievements in furthering the good of Polonia and Poland by the President of the Polish Republic. Małek is married to Krystyna and has one daughter and two grandchildren