Schwerin is the capital and second-largest city of the northeastern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It has a population of about 100,000. Schwerin was first mentioned in 1018 as Wendenburg and was granted city rights in 1160 by Henry the Lion, thus it is the oldest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, it is globally known for its romantic Schwerin Palace, situated on an island in Lake Schwerin. The palace was one of the main residences of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg until 1918 and is the official seat of the state parliament since 1990; the city has a intact old town, thanks to only minor damage in World War II. Schwerin is located within the Hamburg Metropolitan Region and close to Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region, to nearby regiopolises of Rostock and Lübeck. Major industries and employers include high technology, machine building, government agencies, railway supply, consumer goods and tourism. Schwerin has the FHM, HdBA and the Design School. Schwerin is enclosed by lakes.
The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km2. In the middle part of these lakes there was a settlement of the Slavic Obotrite; the area was called Zuarin, the name Schwerin is derived from that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites and captured Schwerin; the town was expanded into a powerful regional centre. A castle was built on this site, expanded to become a ducal palace, it is haunted by the small, impious ghost, called Petermännchen. In 1358, Schwerin became a part of the Duchy of Mecklenburg, making it the seat of the duchy from on. About 1500, the construction of the Schwerin Palace began, as a residence for the dukes. After the division of Mecklenburg, Schwerin became the capital of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1765 and 1837, the town of Ludwigslust served as the capital. In the mid-1800s, many residents from Schwerin moved to the United States, many to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Today Milwaukee and Schwerin are sister cities. After 1918, during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicated.
Schwerin became capital of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern thereafter. At the end of World War II, on 2 May 1945, Schwerin was taken by United States troops, it was turned over to the British on 1 June 1945, one month on 1 July 1945, it was handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones. Schwerin was in the Soviet Occupation Zone, to become the German Democratic Republic, it was the capital of the State of Mecklenburg which at that time included the western part of Pomerania. After the states were dissolved in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin served as the capital of the Schwerin district. After reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was recreated as one of the Bundesländer. Rostock was a serious contender for state capital but the decision went in favour of Schwerin; the urban area of Schwerin is divided into each with a local council. The districts consist of one or more districts.
The local councilors have between 15 members depending on the number of inhabitants. They are determined by the city council for the duration of the election period of the city council after each municipal election; the local councilors are to hear important matters concerning the district and have a right of initiative. However, the final decisions are made by the city council of the city as a whole; the eighteen current districts are the following: District 1: Schelfstadt, Schelfwerder District 2: Altstadt, Paulsstadt, Lewenberg District 3: Grosser Dreesch District 4: Neu Zippendorf District 5: Mueßer Holz District 6: Gartenstadt, Ostorf District 7: Lankow District 8: Weststadt District 9: Krebsförden District 10: Wüstmark, Göhrener Tannen District 11: Görries District 12: Friedrichsthal District 13: Neumühle, Sacktannen District 14: Warnitz District 15: Wickendorf Locality 16: Medewege Locality 17: Zippendorf Locality 18: Mueß Schwerin is twinned with: Vidin, Bulgaria City buses and trams are run by NVS.
Schwerin Hauptbahnhof is connected by rail to Berlin and Rostock. The landmark of the city is the Schwerin Palace, located on an island in the lake of the same name, it was, for centuries, the residence of the Dukes of Mecklenburg and today is the seat of the Landtag. Schwerin Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic style; the Alter Garten square, surrounded by buildings such as the 18th-century Altes Palais, the neoclassical Staatliches Museum Schwerin, the Staatstheater. The town hall. Schelfkirche built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 after destruction by a storm. TV Tower Schwerin-Zippendorf; the Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen houses a remarkable collection of 17th-century Dutch paintings and German art from medieval and renaissance masters up to the present day. There are a collection of Greek vases, the notable collection of Paintings of Jean-Baptiste Oudry, a collection of sculptures of Houdon, German 18th-century court paintings, works by such modern artists as Max Liebermann, Franz Stuck, Marcel Duchamp etc.
The Graphic cabinet houses rich coll
Vijaya Nirmala was an Indian film actress and director known for her works predominantly in Telugu cinema. She directed 44 films in Telugu. In 2002, she entered the Guinness Book of Records as the female director of the most films. In 2008, she received the Raghupathi Venkaiah Award for her contributions to Telugu cinema. She, fellow Telugu actress Savitri, are the only female directors to have directed actor Sivaji Ganesan. Vijaya Nirmala was born in Tamil Nadu into a film producing Nidudavolu Brahmin family, her father was a film producer. Her paternal uncle is literary historian, Nidudavolu Venkatarao. Actress Jayasudha is Venkatrao's grand daughter while singer Raavu Balasaraswathi is her paternal aunt's daughter, her son Naresh from her first marriage to Krishna Murthy, is an actor. After divorcing her first husband, she married actor Krishna. Vijaya Nirmala died on 27 June 2019, at the age of 73, in Hyderabad at Continental hospital, Gachibowli of a heart attack. Vijaya Nirmala entered cinema at the age of seven as a child artist with a Tamil movie Machcha Rekhai.
At age eleven she debuted in Telugu films with the movie Panduranga Mahatmyam. In 1964, she rose to stardom with the Malayalam Bhargavi Nilayam. In 1967, she starred again opposite Prem Nazir in Udhyogastha, by P. Venu, she debuted in the Telugu industry in the film Rangula Ratnam. Her first film in Tamil was Engaveettu Penn, followed by Panama Paasama, En Annan and Uyira Maanama, she met her second husband Krishna on the sets of Saakshi, her second film in Telugu, they starred together in 47 films. It was Saakshi, she has acted in over 200 films with 25 each in Malayalam and Tamil, the remaining in Telugu. Her small screen debut came with Balaji Telefilms' Pelli Kanuka. Soon after, she produced 15 films, she made her directorial debut with a Malayalam film on a budget of 3 lakhs. She made her directorial debut in Telugu with Meena and directed 40 films in Telugu and one film each in Malayalam and Tamil; the actress-director was based in Hyderabad and managed Padmalaya Studios and Padmalaya Telefilms Ltd.
Raghupathi Venkaiah Award Vijaya Nirmala on IMDb
Church Ope Cove is a small secluded beach on the sheltered eastern side of the Isle of Portland in Dorset, southern England and is part of the Jurassic Coast. It is found close to the village of Wakeham; the beach has many unusual features for the Isle of Portland. The beach used to be sandy, but quarry debris now covers the sand, has been worn into rounded pebbles; the pebbles cover a small stream which runs to the sea, one of the few active streams remaining on the Isle of Portland. In 789 AD, the first recorded Viking attack within British Isles, including Ireland, occurred on Portland's coast, it is believed. The exposed location was defended by the Norman 12th-century Rufus Castle, built on the cliff-top overlooking the beach; the remaining castle seen today dates from the late 15th-century. The cove's area was used for the building of Portland's first parish church, St Andrews Church, first established above the cove by the Saxons. Between 1797-1800, John Penn, Governor of Portland and grandson of William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, had the Gothic revival mansion Pennsylvania Castle built on a platform above the cove.
During the early 19th-century he had a bath built below the gardens of his castle, known as John Penn's Bath. However, when it was completed, the Court Leet demanded an annual rent for its use after it was built on Common Land. Penn refused to pay, the bath was abandoned, with the remains still in existence today. Penn's servants would have been tasked with bringing water up from the cove to the bath. Portland had a large history of smuggling, Church Ope Cove was one of the famous smuggling beaches. Into the 20th-century, fishing was still an industry. For decades, an old rusting hand winch has been left lying on the beach, is a reminder of the fishing trade; as part of the anti-invasion measures during World War II, two pillboxes were constructed to look over Church Ope Cove. A minefield was placed at the back of the cove; the beach is one of the few beaches on Portland, due to having cliffs on three sides, is sheltered from prevailing wind. As the fishing industry declined, the cove became a favourite sheltered beach for swimming and today continues to be popular for fishing and swimming.
The beach provides diving access to the numerous wrecks in the surrounding waters too, which has made it a popular area for diving too. To access the beach there are two paths; the main path follows the road past Portland Museum and leads under the arch bridge of Rufus Castle down concrete steps to the cove. These were laid out by the local council in 1906, at a time when the beach was becoming popular as a recreational area; the view point above the steps, looking down on the cove, is part of the coastal path. The other path runs through a small area of woodland around the outside of Pennsylvania Castle, passes through the ruins of St Andrew's Church, before linking up over midway down the concrete steps to the cove. List of Dorset beaches Portland Museum, close to the cove