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Science-fiction fanzine

A science-fiction fanzine is an amateur or semi-professional magazine published by members of science-fiction fandom, from the 1930s to the present day. They were one of the earliest forms of fanzine, within one of which the term "fanzine" was coined, at one time constituted the primary type of science-fictional fannish activity; the first science-fiction fanzine, The Comet, was published in 1930 by the Science Correspondence Club in Chicago. The term "fanzine" was coined by Russ Chauvenet in the October 1940 issue of his fanzine Detours. "Fanzines" were distinguished from "prozines". Prior to that, the fan publications were known as "fanmags" or "letterzines." Traditionally, science-fiction fanzines were available for "the usual," meaning that a sample issue will be mailed on request. The LoC might be published in the next issue: some fanzines consisted exclusively of letter columns, where discussions were conducted in much the same way as they are in internet newsgroups and mailing lists, though at a slow pace.

Since 1955, the annual Worldcon has awarded Hugo Awards for Best Fanzine. During the 1970s and 1980s, some fanzines - sercon zines devoted to sf and fantasy criticism, newszines such as Locus - became more professional journals, produced by desktop publishing programs and offset printing; these new magazines were labeled "semiprozines", were sold rather than traded, paid their contributors. Some semiprozines publish original fiction; the Hugo Awards recognized semiprozines as a separate category from fanzines in 1984 after Locus won the award for best fanzine several years running.. Well-known semiprozines include Locus, The New York Review of Science Fiction, Interzone. Amateur press associations publish fanzines made up of the contributions of the individual members collected into an assemblage or bundle called an apazine; the first science-fiction APA was the Fantasy Amateur Press Association formed by a group of science-fiction fans in 1937. Some APAs are still active as hardcopy publications, some are published as virtual "e-zines," distributed on the internet.

The term "fanzine" is used to refer to fan-created magazines concerning other topics: the earliest rock-and-roll fanzines were edited by science-fiction fans. A significant part of modern computer/Web/Internet slang, etc. is derived from the jargon of the fanzine fans. See fanzine, fanspeak; the fanzine movement is now well represented on the Web. Fanzine readers and producers gather at science fiction conventions, but there are small conventions dedicated to fanzines; the first fanzine-only annual convention was Autoclave, held by a Detroit-based fan group for several years in the 1970s. In 1984, the first Corflu was held in California. A second convention, started in Toronto in 1988. Both of these conventions continue to take place each year. Fanspeak Fanzines at Curlie

Busitema University

Busitema University is a university in Uganda. It is degree-awarding institutions in the country. BU has as its focus the instruction of agricultural sciences, agricultural mechanization, agribusiness. BU has its main campus in Busitema, Busia District on the Jinja - Tororo Highway, about 30 kilometres, by road, southwest of Tororo; this location lies 206 kilometres, by road, east of Kampala, Uganda's capital and largest city. The coordinates of the university's main campus are 0°32'42.0"N, 34°01'30.0"E. The campuses of BU include the following: Main campus in Busia District - Faculty of Engineering - 1,300 acres Jinja campus - Non-operative - 9 acres Nagongera campus in Tororo District - Faculty of Science and Education - 850 acres Mbale campus in Mbale District - Faculty of Health Sciences - 30 acres Kaliro campus in Kaliro District - Non-operative - 198 acres Pallisa campus in Pallisa District 350 acres Arapai campus in Soroti District - Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences - 675 acres Namasagali campus in Kamuli District - Faculty of Natural Resources - 0 acres As of June 2014, the university offered the following courses: Bachelor of Science Education in computer studies - 3 years - Nagongera campus Bachelor of Science Education in physics - 3 years - Nagongera campus Bachelor of Science Education in mathematics 3 years - Nagongera campus Bachelor of Science Education in education - 3 years - Nagongera campus Bachelor of Animal Production and Management - 4 years - Arapai campus Bachelor of Science in agricultural mechanization & irrigation engineering - 4 years - Main campus Bachelor of Science in computer engineering - 4 years - Main campus Bachelor of Science in water resources engineering - 4 years - Main campus Bachelor of Science in textile engineering - 4 years - Main campus Bachelor of Science in mining engineering - 4 years - Main campus Bachelor of Science in natural resources economics - 4 years - Namasagali campus Bachelor of Science in hydrology - 4 years - Namasagali campus Bachelor of Science in agroprocessing engineering - 4 years - Namasagali campus Faculty of Health Sciences Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery - 5 years - Mbale campus, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital Bachelor of Science in Nursing - 3 years - Mbale campus, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences Diploma in Agricultural Engineering - 2 years - Busitema campus Diploma in Ginning Engineering - 2 years - Busitema campus Diploma in Animal Production and Management - 2 years - Arapai campus Diploma in Crop Production and Management - 2 years - Arapai campus Diploma in electronics and electrical engineering - 2 years - busitema campus Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Sciences Certificate in Agricultural Sciences - 1 year - Arapai campus The university offers three postgraduate programs.

Faculty of Health Sciences Masters of Medicine, Internal Medicine - 3 years - Mbale campus, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital Masters of Public Health - 2 years Mbale campus, Mbale Regional Referral Hospital Faculty of Science and Education Masters of Educational Leadership and Management Agriculture in Uganda Education in Uganda List of universities in Uganda List of hospitals in Uganda Busitema University Homepage Busitema University to Spearhead Textile Research in Uganda

Vehicle audio

Vehicle audio is equipment installed in a car or other vehicle to provide in-car entertainment and information for the vehicle occupants. Until the 1950s it consisted of a simple AM radio. Additions since have included FM radio, 8-track tape players, cassette players, record players, CD players, DVD players, Blu-ray players, navigation systems, Bluetooth telephone integration, smartphone controllers like CarPlay and Android Auto. Once controlled from the dashboard with a few buttons, they can now be controlled by steering wheel controls and voice commands. Implemented for listening to music and radio, vehicle audio is now part of car telematics, telecommunication, in-vehicle security, handsfree calling and remote diagnostics systems; the same loudspeakers may be used to minimize road and engine noise with active noise control, or they may be used to augment engine sounds, for instance making a smaller engine sound bigger. In 1904, well before commercially viable technology for mobile radio was in place, American inventor and self-described "Father of Radio" Lee de Forest did some demonstration around a car radio at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis.

Around 1920, vacuum tube technology had matured to the point where the availability of radio receivers made radio broadcasting viable. A technical challenge was that the vacuum tubes in the radio receivers required 50 to 250 volt direct current, but car batteries ran at 6V. Voltage was stepped up with a vibrator that provided a pulsating DC which could be converted to a higher voltage with a transformer and filtered to create higher-voltage DC. In 1924, Kelly's Motors in NSW, installed its first car radio. In 1930, the American Galvin Manufacturing Corporation marketed a Motorola branded radio receiver for $130, it was expensive: the contemporary Ford Model A cost $540. A Plymouth sedan, "wired for Philco Transistone radio without extra cost," is advertised in Ladies' Home Journal in 1931. In 1932 in Germany the Blaupunkt AS 5 medium wave and longwave radio was marketed for 465 Reichsmark, about one third of the price of a small car; because it took nearly 10 litres of space, it could not be located near the driver, was operated via a steering wheel remote control.

In 1933 Crossley Motors offer a factory fitted car radio. By the late 1930s, push button AM radios were considered a standard feature. In 1946, there were an estimated 9 million AM car radios in use. An FM receiver was offered by Blaupunkt in 1952. In 1953, Becker introduced the AM/FM Becker Mexico with a Variometer tuner a station-search or scan function. In April 1955, the Chrysler Corporation announced that it was offering a Mopar model 914HR branded Philco all transistor car radio, as a $150 option for its 1956 Chrysler and Imperial car models. Chrysler Corporation had decided to discontinue its all transistor car radio option at the end of 1956, due to it being too expensive, replaced it with a cheaper hybrid car radio for its new 1957 car models. In 1963, Becker introduced a tubeless solid state radio with no vacuum tubes. In 1964, Philips launched the Compact Cassette and, in 1968, a dashboard car radio with a built-in cassette player was introduced by Philips. In 1965, Ford and Motorola jointly introduced the 8-track tape in-car tape player as optional equipment for the new 1966 Ford car models.

In subsequent years, cassettes supplanted the 8-track and improved the technology, with longer play times, better tape quality, auto-reverse, Dolby noise reduction. They were popular throughout the'80s. While the CD had been on the market since 1982, it was in 1984 that Pioneer introduced the CDX-1, the first car CD player, it was known for its improved sound quality, instant track skipping and the format's increased durability over cassette tapes. Car CD changers started to gain popularity in the late 80s and continuing throughout the 90s, with the earlier devices being trunk mounted and ones being mounted in the head unit, able to accommodate six to ten CDs. Stock and aftermarket compact disc players began appearing in the late 1980s, competing with the cassette; the first car with an OEM CD player was the 1987 Lincoln Town Car, the last new cars in the American market to be factory-equipped with a cassette deck in the dashboard was the 2010 Lexus SC430, the Ford Crown Victoria. The car cassette adapter, invented by Larry Schotz, allowed motorists to plug in a portable music player.

In the 2010s, the AM/FM radio and CD player combination has remained a mainstay of car audio, despite being obsolete in non-car applications. From 1974 to 2005, the Autofahrer-Rundfunk-Informationssystem was used by the German ARD network. Developed jointly by the Institut für Rundfunktechnik and Blaupunkt, it indicated the presence of traffic announcements through manipulation of the 57kHz subcarrier of the station's FM signal. ARI was replaced by the Radio Data System. In the 2010s, new ways to play music came into competition with the CD and FM radio such as internet radio, satellite radio, USB and Bluetooth, in-dash slots for memory card. By this time some models were offering 5.1 surround sound. And the automobile head unit became important as a housing for front and backup dashcams and operating systems with multiple functions, such as Android Auto, CarPlay and MirrorLink. Latest models are coming equipped with features like Bluetooth technology along with HDMI port for better connectivity.

Screen size varies from 5-inch to 7-inch for the double Din car stereos. The automobile sound system may be part of an active noise control system which reduces engine and road noise for the driver and passengers. One or more microphones are used to pick up sound

The Iron Crypt of the Heretics

Iron Crypt of the Heretics is a d20 Dungeon Crawl Classics adventure written for Dungeons & Dragons by Harley Stroh. In 2006, Iron Crypt of the Heretics was released in a 1e version at GenCon Indy; the 1e release included new encounters by Harley Stroh, the 1e conversions by Jon Hershberger. After all copies sold out the first day of the convention, the 1e version was printed a second time. For character levels 11-13, DCC #12.5 send the PCs into a forbidden crypt rife with deadly traps and challenging puzzles. The first printing of the 1e version of the adventure is sought after, sellers sometimes misrepresent the original 3.5 version, the second 1e printing as the true GenCon first printing. Identifying characteristics of the 1e version is the starbust on the cover that mark the adventure as an ENnie nominee. Identifying characteristics of the true 1e first printing are the mis-numbered area key on the map on the inside cover. Buyers should be wary if they believe they are purchasing the true 1e first printing.

DCC #12.5 received a nomination for Best Adventure, ENnies 2006


Probable dolichyl pyrophosphate Glc1Man9GlcNAc2 alpha-1,3-glucosyltransferase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the ALG8 gene. This gene encodes a member of the ALG6/ALG8 glucosyltransferase family; the encoded protein catalyzes the addition of the second glucose residue to the lipid-linked oligosaccharide precursor for N-linked glycosylation of proteins. Mutations in this gene have been associated with congenital disorder of glycosylation type Ih. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation Overview Human ALG8 genome location and ALG8 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser


The Königssee is a natural lake in the extreme southeast Berchtesgadener Land district of the German state of Bavaria, near the Austrian border. Most of the lake is within the Berchtesgaden National Park. Situated within the Berchtesgaden Alps in the municipality of Schönau am Königsee, just south of Berchtesgaden and the Austrian city of Salzburg, the Königssee is Germany's third deepest lake. Located at a Jurassic rift, it was formed by glaciers during the last ice age, it is about 1.7 km across at its widest point. Except at its outlet, the Königsseer Ache at the village of Königssee, the lake is similar to a fjord, being surrounded by the steeply-rising flanks of mountains up to 2,700 m, including the Watzmann massif in the west; the literal translation of the name, Königssee, appears to be "king's lake". Therefore, the name more stems from the first name Kuno of local nobles, who appear in several historical sources referring to the donation of the Berchtesgaden Provostry in the twelfth century.

The Königssee Railway served the lake from 1909 until 1965. Its last tracks were dismantled during 1971, the former station of the Königssee Railway in Berchtesgaden was demolished in 2012; the only remaining element of the railway is the Königsee station, now a restaurant. The track route is used as a walking path. In 1944 a sub-camp of the Dachau concentration camp was located near where Heinrich Himmler had a residence built at Schönau for his mistress Hedwig Potthast; the lake is advertised as the cleanest lake in Germany. For this reason, only electric-powered passenger ships and pedal boats have been permitted on the lake since 1909. Passenger services along the length of the lake are operated by the Bayerische Seenschifffahrt company and call at Seelände, St. Bartholomä, Kessel. In ideal conditions, the longest tour takes two hours from Seelände to Salet. Swimming is permitted except in the lock area at Seelände. Due to its picturesque setting, the lake and surrounding parklands are popular with tourists and hikers.

In addition, the surrounding sheer rock walls create an echo known for its clarity. On boat tours, it has become traditional to stop and play a flugelhorn or trumpet to demonstrate the echo. Demonstrated by shooting a cannon, the echo can be heard to reverberate up to seven times; the trumpeter plays along with the echo. St. Bartholomä, a famous pilgrimage church with an inn nearby, is located on a peninsula about halfway down the western lake shore; the small Christlieger island is located near its northern end. South of the Königssee, separated by the Salet moraine, is the smaller Obersee lake with the 470 m high Röthbach waterfall; because there is no lakeside path on the steep shore of the Königssee, St. Bartholomä and the southern edge can only be reached by boat, or via hiking trails up the surrounding mountains, except during harsh winters when the lake freezes over. Stepping on the ice, can be fatal, as it was for a motorist who drowned in his Volkswagen Beetle on the way back from St. Bartholomä in January 1964.

The car was found only in 1997 at a depth of about 100 m. Königssee bobsleigh and skeleton track Media related to Königssee at Wikimedia Commons Nixdorf, B.. "Königssee", Dokumentation von Zustand und Entwicklung der wichtigsten Seen Deutschlands, Berlin: Umweltbundesamt, p. 45