Scotch College is an independent Presbyterian day and boarding school for boys, located in Hawthorn, an inner-eastern suburb of Melbourne, Australia. Studies have found that Scotch had more alumni mentioned in Who's Who in Australia than any other school, it is one of the wealthiest schools in Australia. In 2010 The Age reported that Scotch College "has educated more of Australia's most honoured and influential citizens than any other school in the nation", based on research that revealed its alumni had received more top Order of Australia honours than any other school; the college was established in 1851 as The Melbourne Academy in a house in Spring Street, Melbourne, by James Forbes of the Free Presbyterian Church of Victoria. It is the oldest extant secondary school in Victoria and celebrated its sesquicentenary in 2001. Scotch is a founding member of the Associated Public Schools of Victoria, is affiliated with the International Boys' Schools Coalition, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia, the Australian Boarding Schools' Association, the Association of Independent Schools of Victoria, the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
The School is a former member of the G20 Schools Group and a current member of the Global Alliance of Leading-Edge Schools. Scotch College is the oldest surviving secondary school in Victoria, its foundation was due to the initiative of James Forbes, of the Free Presbyterian Church, who arrived in 1838 as the first settled Christian minister in what became the colony of Victoria in 1851. It is "the outcome of the old Scottish ideal of education", in which church and school were inextricably connected; the school opened on 6 October 1851, under the name of the Melbourne Academy in a small house in Spring Street, with Robert Lawson, a Scot from Edinburgh University, as the first principal. The house was soon outgrown, as was a larger one on the northwest corner of Spring and Little Collins Streets and the Church applied to the government for a grant of land. Two acres were reserved for the school on Eastern Hill and substantial new buildings were erected there in 1853; the cost was met by a government grant and from funds raised by the friends of the school.
Lawson resigned in 1856. Under his successor, Alexander Morrison, the school prospered. Morrison had been Rector of Hamilton Academy and remained at Scotch for 46 years, during all of which time his brother Robert was a master of the college. William Still Littlejohn, who took over the school in 1904, served for 29 years, his successor, Colin Macdonald Gilray, for 19. So, when the school became the first in Victoria to celebrate its centenary, Gilray was only the fourth principal. Gilray was succeeded in 1953 by R. Selby Smith, an Old Rugbeian who had served in the Royal Navy during the war and was at the time of his appointment Deputy Director of Education for Warwickshire. Smith resigned in 1964 to become the Foundation Dean of Education at Monash University. C. O. Healey, Headmaster of Sydney Grammar School since 1951, succeeded Smith. Healey retired in January 1975. In the following May, P. A. V. Roff Headmaster of Scotch College, was installed as the seventh principal of the college. Roff's tenure, though a brief seven years, was characterised by an expanding voice for staff in the day-to-day management of the school, the establishment of a Foundation Office at the School under the direction of a Development Officer and the widening of the House System to provide greater depth in pastoral care.
His last few years saw the school in dispute over ownership and, for the principal and his school community, it was a time of stress. In 1980 the decision was made to incorporate the school and a new Council was appointed, with representatives from the Presbyterian Church, the Old Scotch Collegians' Association and the community at large. F. G. Donaldson, a vice principal from Wallace High School, with a Ph. D. in atomic physics from Queens University Belfast, succeeded Roff in 1983. Under his principalship there was a significant building program that created new facilities for the education of boys, the development of ICT for administrative and educational purposes, enhanced pastoral care of students. I. Tom Batty was appointed as the ninth principal of Scotch and installed into office on 14 July 2008. Prior to his appointment he was Housemaster of Villiers House, Eton College in the UK; the early years of Batty's tenure have seen the introduction of a new House-based pastoral care structure in the Upper School, which began at the start of the 2011 school year.
The School was called "The Melbourne Academy", after its location, when it opened in 1851. In its early years it was known as Mr Lawson's Academy - named after the first principal, Robert Lawson The Grammar School The Scots' College - the college of the Scots The Scotch College - the college, ScottishFor a while all of these names were used concurrently until in the 1860s the usage settled on "The Scotch College", shortened to be "Scotch College"; the School's coat-of-arms features the following elements: The Burning Bush - the Burning Bush, from the Book of Exodus, is a common symbol used by the Presbyterian Church, representing Christian faith. A white saltire on a blue background - the flag of Scotland representing the School's Scottish heritage; the Southern Cross - the Southern Cross constellation is a common symbol for Australia, representing the School's location and home. A crown - representing loyalty to the sovereign and legitimate government. A ly
Shawn William Barber is a former American football linebacker in the National Football League. He was drafted by the Washington Redskins in the fourth round of the 1998 NFL Draft, he played college football at Richmond. He played for the Philadelphia Eagles, Kansas City Chiefs and Houston Texans. Barber was an all-region player as a safety at Hermitage High School in Richmond. Despite not playing football until he was a junior, he returned three interceptions for touchdowns and averaged over 20.0 yards per catch as a senior. He earned all-district honors in basketball and lettered once in track. In addition, he letter in baseball his senior year, he dabbled in gymnastics in middle school. Barber began his collegiate career at the University of Richmond as a safety but was moved to linebacker in his sophomore year; as a junior, Barber was an All-American honorable mention by the Associated Press and an all-Yankee Conference first-team selection. He recorded 94 total tackles, six sacks, 13 tackles for a loss, a forced fumble en route to becoming the Atlantic 10 Conference Defensive Player of the Year in 1997 as a senior.
He added three interceptions and on special teams he blocked two kicks. In his four seasons at Richmond, Barber played in a total of 44 games with 33 starts and totaled 305 tackles, 20 sacks, 30 tackles for a loss, five interceptions. Barber was drafted in the 1998 NFL Draft by the Washington Redskins. In 1998, Barber saw duty in 16 games for the Redskins, amassing 34 tackles, one interception, two passes defensed and a forced fumble. Added a team-high 15 special teams tackles. During the 1999 season, he opened all 16 Redskins games for the first time in his career and totaled a career-high 148 tackles, 1 sack, five passes defensed, three forced fumbles and eight special teams tackles, he added two interceptions for 70 yards with a touchdown. In 2000, Barber was inactive for two games; that season, he registered 82 tackles, 2.0 sacks, two fumble recoveries and two special teams tackles. His last year as a Redskin was 2001. While he was a Redskin he appeared in 49 games, amassing 281 tackles, 3 sacks, three interceptions with one touchdown, two fumble recoveries, four forced fumbles and added 25 special teams tackles.
While he was there, he started two playoff games in 1999, amassing 16 tackles, a sack and a forced fumble. Barber's first season with the Philadelphia Eagles was in 2002, he started all 16 games as a linebacker and produced 119 tackles, one sack, two interceptions, including a career-long 80-yard touchdown, a career-high three fumble recoveries, one forced fumble, seven passes defensed. In 2003, Barber was signed by the Kansas City Chiefs, as an unrestricted free agent where he started 16 games, he ranked second on the team with 112 tackles, was tied for second on the team with a career-high five sacks and had two forced fumbles, one interception, five passes deflected. He started his first game in a Chiefs uniform against the San Diego Chargers on September 7, recording seven tackles and a team-high two passes deflected. During the 2004 season, he started the season's first eight games at linebacker and finished with 42 tackles and a sack, as well as five passes deflected, a forced fumble, two quarterback pressures and an interception.
In 2005, he only played three games for the Chiefs. Due to salary cap issues, the Chiefs released him on March 2, 2006. Barber was signed by the Eagles to a one-year deal on March 8, 2006. On March 19, 2007, Barber signed a three-year contract with the Houston Texans, he was released on February 20, 2008. Barber became a coaching intern for the Philadelphia Eagles during the 2010 offseason
Sarcohyla celata known as the Oaxaca treefrog, is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is endemic to Mexico and only known from the northern slope of Cerro Pelón, in Sierra de Juárez in northern Oaxaca. After having not been seen after 1984, it was feared. However, the species was rediscovered in field surveys in 2011–2014; this species was described in 1995 based on specimens collected in 1969–1970 that were first identified as Hyla siopela, as well as few specimens collected from another nearby locality in 1978–1981. Sarcohyla celata is a moderately-sized frog. Adult males measure 38–56 mm and females 38–51 mm in snout–vent length; the snout is blunt. The tympanum is evident; the fingers have vestigial webbing whereas the toes are moderately webbed. The dorsum is bronze brown or leaf green and has scattered, distinct black flecks on the lateral surfaces of the body; the eyes are bronze with black reticulations. Adult males have prepollex, ossified and blunt, bears small nuptial excrescences.
The species' natural habitats are cloud forests with pristine streams at elevations of 2,640–2,890 m above sea level. They breed in streams. Individuals have been found on a mossy rock wall at night, sitting in the spray of a small waterfall, in direct sunlight on rocks in the middle of a stream. Sarcohyla celata has always been a rare species; the decline of the species is attributed to chytridiomycosis, habitat loss and change caused by logging and other human activities, desiccation