Scots Guards

The Scots Guards, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. Their origins lie in the personal bodyguard of King Charles I of Scotland, its lineage can be traced back to 1642, although it was only placed on the English Establishment in 1686. It is the oldest formed Regiment in the Regular Army, more so than any other in the Household Brigade; the regiment now known as the Scots Guards traces its origins to the Marquis of Argyll's Royal Regiment, a unit raised in 1642 by Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll in response to the 1641 Irish Rebellion. After the Restoration of Charles II, the Earl of Linlithgow received a commission dated 23 November 1660 to raise a regiment, called The Scottish Regiment of Footguards, it was used in the Covenanter risings of 1679, with James Douglas taking over from Linlithgow as Colonel in 1684. The regiment helped suppress Argyll's Rising in June 1685, expanded to two battalions. After the November 1688 Glorious Revolution, the first battalion was sent to Flanders.

George Ramsay became Colonel when Douglas died of disease in July 1691. After the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697, the regiment returned to England back to Scotland in 1699; when the War of the Spanish Succession began in 1702, Ramsay was appointed Commander-in-Chief and the regiment spent most of the war on garrison duties at home. The First Battalion was fought at Almenar and Saragossa in Spain, it was moved from Edinburgh to London. Both battalions remained in England during the 1715 Jacobite Rising and next saw active service during the 1740-1748 War of the Austrian Succession; the First Battalion was at Dettingen in 1743 and Fontenoy in April 1745, a British defeat famous for the Gardes françaises and Grenadier Guards inviting each other to fire first. The two battalions were in London during the 1745 Jacobite Rising. However, the Jacobite army turned back at Derby and they took no part in its suppression. In the absence of a modern police force, the military was used for crowd control. In April 1809 the 1st Battalion made their way to the Iberian Peninsula where they were to take part in the Peninsular War in Portugal and Spain.

On 12 May 1809, the 1st Battalion took part in the crossing of the River Douro, an operation that ended so that the French Army were in full retreat to Amarante after the actions in Oporto and its surrounding areas. In late July 1809 the regiment took part in the Battle of Talavera, one of the bloodiest and most bitter of engagements during the war; the 2nd Battalion's flank companies took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign in the Low Countries. The 1st Battalion went on to take part in the Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro in May 1811, the Battle of Salamanca in July 1812, the Siege of San Sebastián in Summer 1813 and the Battle of the Nive in December 1813. At the Battle of Waterloo in June 1815, the Scots Guards were positioned on the ridge just behind Hougoumont, while the light companies of the two battalions, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel James Macdonnell, garrisoned the Farm, a place on the right flank of the British and Allied army that would be a key position during the battle.

The 1st Battalion, part of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division, was part of the British Expeditionary Force which arrived in France in 1914. The Battalion took part in the Battle of Mons in August 1914, the First Battle of the Marne in September 1914 and the Battle of the Aisne in September 1914; the 1st and 2nd Battalions took part in the First Battle of Ypres in November 1914, the Battle of Aubers Ridge in May 1915 and the Battle of Loos in September 1915. In July 1916 the Scots Guards took part in the first Battle of the Somme and in July 1917, the regiment began its involvement in the Battle of Passchendaele. In March 1918 they fought at the second Battle of the Somme and in Autumn the regiment took part in the final battles of the war on the Western Front. In April 1940, the 1st Battalion, as part of the 24th Guards Brigade, took part in its first campaign of the war, during the expedition to Norway. In North Africa, as part of the 22nd Guards Brigade, the 2nd Battalion took part in fighting against the Italians in Egypt followed by tough fighting in Libya also controlled by Italy.

In North Africa, in March 1943, the 2nd Battalion took part in the defensive Battle of Medenine, after the Germans had counter-attacked the Allies. In September 1943, the 2nd Battalion, as part of the 201st Guards Brigade of the 56th Division, took part in the Landing at Salerno. In December 1943, the 1st Battalion, as part of 24th Guards Brigade, arrived in the Italian Theatre. At the Battle of Monte Cassino in early 1944, the 2nd Batt

Karl Gussow

Karl Gussow was a German painter and university professor. Gussow worked in Weimar. In the early 1870s, he taught at the Academy of Fine Arts, from 1876 to 1881 at the Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin, from 1883 in Munich. Among his students were Max Klinger, Hermann Prell, Carl von Marr, Adolf Rettelbusch, Ottilie Roederstein and Anna Gerresheim. In style, he was a Realist. Anton von Werner, the Director of the Berlin Academy, said that "the exact reproduction of nature" was Gussow's ideal, he used specially designed brushes. That type of brush is now known as the "Gussow-Pinsel". ArtNet: More works by Gussow. Gussow pinsels Google search results

Rose (heraldic tincture)

Rose is the non-traditional tincture of rose or pink as used in heraldry. Rose has been introduced in Canadian heraldry from the late 20th century, it is now considered a colour in Canadian heraldry, along with azure, gules and sable. The colour features in the coat of arms of former Canadian prime minister Kim Campbell, it remains to be seen. Although similar, it should not be confused with the tincture carnation used in French heraldry. Carnation is the color used to depict pale human skin, tends to be light pinkish-peach. Rose is much brighter, more saturated, closer to pink than carnation. No hatching pattern has been given to rose, since this colour is more recent than Fox-Davies' Complete Guide to Heraldry, the source of hatching patterns used in modern heraldry; as such, a logical option for hatching might be a semy of right-leaning slashes—mixing purpure, represented with right-leaning solid lines, argent, represented with blank space. This would avoid confusion with hatching for carnation, a semy of gules and argent