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Scott County, Missouri

Scott County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,191, its county seat is Benton. The county was organized in 1821 and named for U. S. Representative John Scott, the first federal representative from Missouri. Scott County comprises the Sikeston, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cape Girardeau-Sikeston, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area; the county is home to Scott County Central High School, which has won 18 state championships in boys basketball—the most of any high school in the state. This area along the Mississippi River was long occupied by indigenous peoples. In historic times, the large and powerful Osage people dominated a large territory including this area and up and west from the St. Louis, Missouri. Cape La Croix, a rock island in the Mississippi River, has a cross erected by Jesuit missionary Father De Montigny, who traveled with early French explorers in 1699; some French colonists established trading relationships with the Osage.

Spain had taken control in 1763. They laid out the King’s Highway in 1789, a north-south route crossing the county and extending through St. Louis, Missouri. In the late 1790s, Southerners were the first United States settlers on Spanish land grants in this area. France took back the territory sold it to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Delaware and Shawnee people migrated into the area in the 1820s from territories east of the Mississippi, pushed by European-American encroachment on their lands; the second county formed in Missouri’s Southeast Lowland Region, Scott County was created by the Missouri state legislature on December 28, 1821. The county was named in honor of the first congressman from Missouri. One of the earliest settlements was Commerce, long known as Tywapitty, derived from an Osage language term, it was an early French fur trading post. Under Spanish rule before 1800, Rezin Bowie was syndic of Tywappity Settlement; this was established as a river landing by 1803, residents formed the first Baptist Church in Missouri here in 1805.

The city was platted in 1823. It served as the Scott county seat from 1864–1878; the current county seat of Benton was laid out in 1822. S. Senators. New Hamburg, the third town founded in the county, was settled by a wave of German immigrants in the late 1840s, who came to this country after the German revolutions of 1848; the first log church was St. Lawrence Catholic Church. Sikeston, the largest city in the county and the fourth settlement to be founded, was settled in 1800 and was laid out in 1860 by John Sikes on the Cairo & Fulton Railroad; the county was devastated by guerrilla raids during the U. S. Civil War. Afterward, it developed from the 1870s to the early 1900s. Towns founded during this period included Diehlstadt, Oran, Blodgett, Vanduser, Fornfelt, Chaffee and Kelso; the Thebes-Mississippi River Railroad Bridge at Illmo was built in 1905. Located near Morley is the gravesite of Nathaniel W. Watkins, a state legislator and a general in the Missouri State Guards, he was a half-brother of statesman Henry Clay.

Wilson Brown, the ninth lieutenant governor of Missouri, lived in the county for a time. Noted early legislators such as Joseph Hunter II and Abraham Hunter lived here. Cotton, soybeans and grains were all common crops in rural Scott County. Between the Mississippi River and Little River District drainage ditches lies one of the oldest drainage systems in the United States, Crowley’s Ridge, established in 1905, is a remnant of an old coastal floodplain and natural levee that crosses the country. On January 28, 2004, the Scott County Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 426 square miles, of which 420 square miles is land and 5.9 square miles is water. The county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River. Cape Girardeau County Alexander County, Illinois Mississippi County New Madrid County Stoddard County Interstate 55 Interstate 57 U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 61 U. S. Route 62 Route 77 As of the census of 2000, there were 40,422 people, 15,626 households, 11,219 families residing in the county.

The population density was 37/km². There were 16,951 housing units at an average density of 16/km²; the racial makeup of the county was 87.68% White, 10.50% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 0.90% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 15,626 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 m

Paul Farley

Paul Farley, FRSL is a British poet and broadcaster. Farley was born in Liverpool, he studied painting at the Chelsea School of Art, has lived in London and Cumbria. His first collection of poetry, The Boy from the Chemist is Here to See You won a Forward Poetry Prize in 1998, was shortlisted for the Whitbread Prize; the book gained him the Somerset Maugham Award,and in 1999 he won the Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award. From 2000-2002 he was the poet-in-residence at the Wordsworth Trust in Grasmere, his second collection, The Ice Age, received the Whitbread Poetry Award. In 2004, Farley was named as one of the Poetry Book Society's Next Generation poets His third collection, Tramp in Flames, was shortlisted for the Griffin Poetry Prize,a poem from which, ‘Liverpool Disappears for a Billionth of a Second’, was awarded the Forward Prize for Best Individual Poem; the same year he published a study of Terence Davies' film, Distant Voices, Still Lives. In 2007 he edited a selection of John Clare for Faber's Poet to Poet series.

As a broadcaster he has made many arts and documentary programmes for radio and television, as well as original radio dramas, his poems for radio are collected in Field Recordings:BBC Poems 1998-2008. He makes regular appearances on BBC Radio 4’s Saturday Review, Front Row and BBC Radio 3's The Verb, he presented the contemporary poetry programme The Echo Chamber on Radio 4 from 2012 to 2018, his book, Edgelands, a non-fiction journey into England’s overlooked wilderness was published by Jonathan Cape in 2011. His fourth collection The Dark Film, was a Poetry Book Society Choice in 2012. In 2009 he received the E. M. Forster Award from the American Academy of Letters, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2012. He lives in Lancashire and is Professor of Poetry at Lancaster University, his fifth collection The Mizzy has been shortlisted for the 2019 Costa Poetry Award and the T. S. Eliot Prize 2019 1996 ObserverArvon International Poetry Competition 1998 Geoffrey Dearmer Award 1998 Forward Poetry Prize for Best First Collection, The Boy from the Chemist is Here to See You 1999 Somerset Maugham Award 1999 Sunday Times Young Writer of the Year Award 2000 Arts Council Writer's Award 2002 Whitbread Poetry Award, The Ice Age 2005 Forward Poetry Prize for Best Single Poem, "Liverpool Disappears for a Billionth of a Second" 2007 Griffin International Poetry Prize, Tramp in Flames 2009 Royal Society of Literature Jerwood Award for Non-Fiction, Edgelands 2009 E. M. Forster Award 2009 Travelling Scholarship of the Society of Authors 2012 Foyles Best Book of Ideas, Edgelands 2012 Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature 2013 Cholmondeley Award of the Society of Authors 2019 T. S. Eliot Prize, The Mizzy 2019 Costa Poetry Award, The Mizzy The Boy from the Chemist is Here to See You ISBN 978-0-330-35481-3 The Ice Age ISBN 978-0-330-48453-4 Distant Voices, Still Lives ISBN 978-1-84457-139-0 Tramp in Flames ISBN 978-0-330-44007-3 Field Recordings: BBC Poems ISBN 978-0-9553604-6-6 The Atlantic Tunnel: Selected Poems ISBN 978-0-86547-917-3 Edgelands: Journeys into England's True Wilderness ISBN 978-0-224-08902-9 The Dark Film ISBN 978-1-4472-1255-3 Selected Poems ISBN 978-1-4472-2042-8 Deaths of the Poets ISBN 978-0-224-09754-3 The Mizzy ISBN 978-1-5290-0979-8As Editor John Clare Selected Poems ISBN 978-0-571-27427-7 British Council -- Contemporary Writers: Paul Farley Poetry Archive--Profile, including audio clips Griffin Poetry Prize biography, including video clip Keynote speech at the 2008 Griffin Poetry Prize awards gala, including video clips Granta 102: The New Nature Writing The Guardian: In conversation: Mark Haddon and Paul Farley 57 Productions: Interview 57 Productions: Liverpool Disappears for a Billionth of a Second Intelligent Life: Interview The Observer: Once upon a life

Super Smash Bros. Brawl

Super Smash Bros. Brawl is a crossover fighting video game developed by Sora Ltd. and Game Arts and published by Nintendo for the Wii. The third installment in the Super Smash Bros. series, it was announced at a pre-E3 2005 press conference by Nintendo president Satoru Iwata. Masahiro Sakurai, director of the previous two games in the series, assumed the role of director at Iwata's request. Game development began in October 2005 with a creative team that included members from several Nintendo and third-party development teams. After delays due to development problems, the game was released worldwide in 2008; the number of playable characters in Brawl has grown from that in Super Smash Bros. Melee, although some characters from Melee were cut in Brawl. Brawl is the first game in the series to have playable third-party characters. Like that of its predecessors, the objective of Brawl is to knock opponents off the screen, it is a departure from traditional fighting games, notably in its simplified move commands and emphasis on ring outs over knockouts.

It includes a more extensive single-player mode than its predecessors, known as the Subspace Emissary. This mode is a side-scrolling beat'em up featuring computer-generated cut scenes. Brawl supports multiplayer battles with up to four combatants, is the first game of its franchise to feature online battles via Nintendo Wi-Fi Connection; the game is unique in that it can be played with four different controllers, including the Wii Remote, Wii Remote with Nunchuk, GameCube controller, Classic Controller, simultaneously. Super Smash Bros. Brawl received universal acclaim, with praise centered on its entertainment value despite issues relating to its content loading times, its musical score, composed through a collaboration of 38 renowned video game composers, was lauded for its representation of different generations in gaming history. Brawl received an aggregate review score of 93% on Metacritic and was named the "Fighting Game of the Year" by the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences. In 2010, the game was included as one of the titles in the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You Die.

As of 2008, it is the eighth best-selling Wii game of all time, with over thirteen million copies sold worldwide. It was followed by Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U in 2014. Following its predecessors, Brawl uses a battle system unlike that of typical fighting games. Players can choose from a large selection of characters, each attempting to knock their opponents off the screen as they fight on various stages; the characters in Brawl include most of the same ones as the predecessors, such as Mario and Pikachu. Instead of using traditional health bars that start at a maximum value and lose value, Brawl characters start the game with 0%; as a character's percentage increases, the character flies further back. When a character is knocked beyond a stage's boundary and disappears from the screen, the character loses either a life, a point, or coins, depending on the mode of play. Brawl includes a function which allows players to create profiles with personalized button configurations for each control method along with their chosen username.

The characters in Brawl fight using a variety of attacks, that give the player a wider selection than the predecessors. Players execute each move by pressing a button in conjunction with a tilt of the control stick or a press of the D-pad, depending on the mode of control. In addition to basic attacks, characters have access to more powerful moves, known as smash attacks; each character has four unique moves, which cause effects besides damage to an opponent. Brawl introduces character-specific super attacks, referred to as "Final Smashes". More powerful than regular attacks, these moves have a wide variety of effects that range from nearly unavoidable blasts to temporary transformations. Final Smash moves can be performed by destroying a Smash Ball: a colorful floating orb bearing the Smash Bros. logo. Characters can use items ranging from projectiles to melee weapons. Although many items have returned from previous Super Smash Bros. games, new ones have been introduced as well. Some returning items have changed function.

Two varieties of items, Assist Trophies and Poké Balls, temporarily summon guest characters and Pokémon that aid the summoner. They cannot be controlled by players and are invincible. In addition to the standard multiplayer mode, Brawl features other multiplayer modes and options in Group mode. Special Melee, from the previous game, returns as Special Brawl. In this mode, players are able to battle in matches using special rules for a greater level of customization. Whereas standard options such as "Giant Melee" or "Invisible Melee" were limited to one feature per match, players may now select multiple options for a single match. Another returning game type, Tourney mode, enables players to create an elimination-based tournament, where up to 32 players can play, with a large number of game-controlled or human-controlled opponents. A "Rotation" feature has been introduced in Brawl, which allows up to sixteen players to compete in sequence by switching out winners or losers after each round. Like its predecessors, Super Smash Bros.

Brawl includes various modes of play from the previous game designed for a single player. In Classic Mode, players fight individual characters in a selected order; each match features an arena or opponent from a particular series, such as The Legend of Zelda or Pokémon. Several matches have a unique battle condition, such as a metal opponent, large opponent, or a two-on-two team battle. Similar to Classic mode are All


Procure-to-pay is a term used in the software industry to designate a specific subdivision of the procurement process. The procure-to-pay systems enable the integration of the purchasing department with the accounts payable department; some of the largest players of the software industry agree on a common definition of procure-to-pay, linking the procurement process and financial department. The steps included are: Supply management Cart or requisition Purchase order Receiving Invoice reconciliation Accounts payableUnlike source-to-pay systems, procure-to-pay systems do not include the function of sourcing. Notions of production planning and forecasting are excluded from this definition since it relates to the supply chain management. Procure-to-pay systems are designed to provide organizations with control and visibility over the entire life-cycle of a transaction, providing full insight into cash-flow and financial commitments. Most of the companies using these systems look for a centralization of their procurement department, or to set up a shared services organization for the same purpose.

According to the Aberdeen Group, despite the availability of technology which can reduce the mountains of paperwork and inefficiencies plaguing accounts payable, few companies have addressed AP transformation like other processes essential to the business. As with any system that touches a significant number of users, implementing a procure-to-pay system requires significant knowledge of the as-is business processes as well as the to-be. Change management is a key component in implementing a procure-to-pay solution. According to Deloitte, a few procure-to-pay challenges which impair the ability to manage and execute key activities are: "Finance does not provide sufficient information to support decision making" "Data governance and quality are inadequate to make informed decisions and meet Finance stakeholder needs" "The absence of, limited, or multiple/unintegrated systems supporting the process" "Customization of ERP which leads to abnormal entries being processed" "Lack of ERP knowledge/training among users which facilitates incorrect transaction processing" Supply chain and supply chain management E-procurement Purchase-to-pay Spend management Contract management Purchasing Procurement outsourcing Shared services

Lecythis minor

Lecythis minor, the monkey-pot tree, is a small tree with toxic seeds that occurs in South America. Lecythis minor is a small to medium-sized tree that ranges from 5–25 m in height and has a 70 cm diameter at breast height, its bark is grey, is smooth when the tree is young but develops deep vertical fissures as the tree ages. It has ovoid leaves; the leaves are coriaceous, with serrated margins. The leaves have 12 to 19 pairs of lateral veins, the leaf stalks are 5–20 mm and puberulous; the flowers of Lecythis minor are arranged on a rachis, being 10–35 cm long, the inflorescences are white to yellow, green while budding. Each rachis has 10 to 75 flowers, the rachides are pubescent; the fruit of the tree have a distinct cup shape representative of the genus Lecythis, are spherical with a 7.5–11 mm thick pericarp. The seeds are reddish-brown and fusiform, contain toxic amounts of selenium; the seeds tolerate a low pH. Lecythis minor is common in South America, it ranges from the Maracaibo lowlands of Venezuela to the northern coast of Colombia where it ascends the Magdalena and Cauca valleys.

It was introduced in many other places in South America as well, from La Lima in Honduras to Soledad in Cuba. It occurs in dry and disturbed habitats, where it grows as a small and many-branched tree, it can be found in moister forests where it forms a taller, single-trunked tree. It grows well along rivers in tropical forests; the tree tolerates an annual precipitation of 9.1–22.8 dm, an annual temperature of 24.4–26.5 °C, a soil pH of 5.0 to 8.0. The tree is pollinated by bees and seeds are dispersed by fruit bats, it is cultivated as an ornamental tree such as the Summit Gardens in Panama. The nuts of the tree are collected when ripe, the tree can produce fruit as young as 2 m tall. In indigenous medicine, the fruit is antiasthmatic and depilatory; the seeds are toxic when consumed in large quantities. The toxicity is derived from the amino acid in the plant, a selenium analog to cystathionine, through which selenium is stored in the seeds during reproductive growth; the seeds contain 85% of the tree's total selenium in the form of selenomethionine.

The seeds taste agreeable, but can induce nausea and giddiness, can cause loss of hair and fingernails. Dickinson found; the toxicity can vary depending on the soil, as some evidence suggests that seed toxicity increases as the amount of selenium in the soil increases

Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables

Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering nuclear physics. It is published by Elsevier and was established in 1969; the journal was established with the aid of Katharine Way, who served as its editor until 1973. As of 2016, Boris Pritychenko is the journal's editor-in-chief; the journal is abstracted and indexed in: Chemical Abstracts Service Current Contents/Physics, Chemical, & Earth Sciences Energy Research Abstracts Science Citation Index ScopusAccording to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 2.458. Official website