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Scottish Cup

The Scottish Football Association Challenge Cup known as the Scottish Cup, is an annual association football knock-out cup competition for men's football clubs in Scotland. The competition was first held in 1873–74. Entry is open to all 98 clubs with full membership of the Scottish Football Association, along with up to eight other clubs who are associate members; the competition is called the William Hill Scottish Cup for sponsorship reasons. Although it is the second oldest competition in association football history, after the FA Cup, the Scottish Cup trophy is the oldest in association football and is the oldest national trophy in the world, it was first presented to Queen's Park, who won the final match of the inaugural tournament in March 1874. The current holders are Celtic, who won the tournament for a 39th time by defeating Hearts 2–1 in the 2019 final; the tournament starts in the middle of August. The Scottish Cup Final is the last game of the season, taking place at the end of May.

Participating teams enter the tournament at different stages depending on their league ranking. The lowest ranked clubs enter the tournament at the preliminary round whilst the highest ranked, those that compete in the Scottish Premiership, enter at the fourth round stage; the competition is a knock-out tournament. In each round of games the teams are paired at random, with the first team drawn listed as the home team; every game lasts 90 minutes plus any additional stoppage time. The winner of each game advances to the next round, whilst the loser is eliminated from the tournament. If a game ends in a draw, the fixture is replayed at the home ground of the other team at a date. If the replay ends in a draw, 30 minutes of extra time is played followed by a penalty shoot-out if there is still no clear winner. In the semi-final and final rounds, if the game ends in a draw there is no replay; the competition has a staggered entry system. For the 2019–20 edition, two preliminary rounds are contested by 27 clubs, featuring those qualifying from Junior and Amateur competitions plus clubs with full membership of the Scottish Football Association.

Sixteen Highland League and thirteen Lowland League clubs begin in the first round. Scottish League Two clubs enter the second round along with the top two clubs from the previous season's Highland League and Lowland League. Scottish League One and six Scottish Championship clubs start in the third round, while the remaining four Championship clubs and all 12 Scottish Premiership clubs enter in the fourth round. Any club, a full or associate member of the Scottish Football Association is entitled to compete in the tournament. Full members qualify automatically, which includes every team that plays in the Scottish Professional Football League, Highland League or Lowland League. Between 1895 and 2007, clubs that were SFA members but not competitors in the country's professional football leagues could only qualify for the tournament through the Scottish Qualifying Cup. Clubs which are not full members of the SFA may still qualify for the tournament by winning the East of Scotland or South of Scotland senior leagues, or the South & East of Scotland Cup-Winners Shield.

Clubs that are members of the Scottish Junior Football Association have been able to qualify since 2007 by winning the Scottish Junior Cup or as champions of the top division in one of the SJFA's three regions. Two junior clubs, Banks O' Dee and Girvan, are full SFA members and therefore qualify automatically. Since 2015, the winners of the Scottish Amateur Cup are eligible to qualify. Players that are registered with a competing club are eligible to play, cannot represent more than one club during the same tournament; each club names eleven up to seven substitutes before every match. In order to play in the final match, a player must have been registered to compete in the semi-final round for the same club. If a club fields a player, not registered, the club may be expelled from the tournament. Before the semi-final and final rounds, the venue of each match is determined when the fixtures are drawn. In the event of a game ending in a draw, the venue for the replay is the home ground of the second club drawn.

The semi-final ties are played at a neutral venue. On occasions when Hampden has been unavailable, such as when it was being renovated in the late 1990s and when it was being transformed into an athletics stadium for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, the semi-finals have been hosted at Celtic Park and Ibrox Stadium in Glasgow. Hampden Park usually hosts the final match of the tournament; the venue has hosted the majority of finals including the first in 1874. Other venues that have hosted the final in the tournament's early years are Hamilton Crescent, Kinning Park and Cathkin Park; the last game of the 1896 tournament is the only final, hosted outside Glasgow when rivals Heart of Midlothian and Hibernian played at New Logie Green in Edinburgh. Hampden Park has held world and European records for the highest attendance, some of which were recorded at Scottish Cup games; the 1937 final played between Aberdeen and Celtic attracted a crowd of 147,365 spectators, a world record for a national cup final and remains a European record.

As Scotland is a member of the Union of European Football Associations, the winner of the Scottish Cup qualifies to compete in European-wide competitions organised by UEFA. Between 1960 and 1998

Benjamin (Benji) Ungar

Benjamin "Benji" Nathanial Ungar is a US Men's Épée fencer. He was the NCAA Men's Épée Champion in 2006, was a member of the USA Men's Épée team that won the silver medal at the 2010 World Fencing Championships. Ungar is a native New Yorker, has lived in The Bronx in New York, he was a child actor, with film credits in The Substance of Billy Budd. His brother, Jonathan Ungar fenced at Harvard. Ungar was the valedictorian of his class at Bronx High School of Science. In high school, Ungar was a member of the National Honors Society and was a National Merit Scholarship Finalist. Ungar has fenced with the New York Athletic Club, he was a member of US National Men's Epee Team at Cadet and Junior World Championships in 2002, 2003, 2006. He was a bronze medalist at the World Fencing Junior Championships. Ungar was the first American to win a Junior Épée World Cup, winning the Junior Men's Épée World Cup in 2006, he was the Junior Men's Épée World Championships Bronze Medalist in 2006. Fencing for Harvard University as a sophomore, Ungar was the NCAA Men's Épée Champion in 2006.

His win was listed as one of Harvard's 25 greatest athletic accomplishments. Ungar became the third Harvard men's fencer to win an NCAA individual title, was Academic All-Ivy League, he was Harvard University's Male Athlete of the Year 2006. Ungar was a two time All-American and two-time All-Ivy League honoree. Ungar was a Senior Men's Épée World Championships Silver Medalist in 2010. Ungar is in medical school at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. In 2011, he accepted an award for Best Basic Science Paper by the International Society for the Advancement of Spine Surgery. List of select Jewish fencers

Stephen Quartermain

Stephen William Quartermain is an Australian television personality and journalist/presenter. Quartermain is a sport presenter on 10 News First in Melbourne. Quartermain began his career as a cadet journalist with Leader Newspapers in January 1980, he joined the ABC in 1982 where he worked as a radio and television journalist covering general news, police rounds, industrial affairs and sport. In December 1984, Quartermain joined Network Ten where, during the 1980s, he covered events such as the Seoul Olympics, The Ashes and the world gymnastics championships, he was a member of the "Eyewitness News Team". In 1991, he hosted the sports program Sportsweek, he covered Commonwealth games, the Sydney Olympics and other special sporting events including AFL, Rugby League and Swimming. From 1998 until 2004, he appeared on shows such as The Panel, providing sports reports, commentated Australian Football League matches for Network Ten when they gained the rights in 2002. Starting with the 2009 season, he has co-hosted with Robert Walls the new football discussion show One Week at a Time on Network Ten's HD channel One.

Stephen hosted five Brownlow Medal ceremony presentations and called eight AFL Grand Finals until Network Ten lost the football rights at the end of the 2011 season. After Network Ten lost the rights to televise AFL, Quartermain remained at the network, retaining his role as weekday sports presenter for the Ten Eyewitness News bulletin in Melbourne. In 2013, he became the Friday presenter of Ten Eyewitness News, with Mal Walden wanting to downscale his on-air role. In December 2013, after presenting the main news bulletin for two days per week for some months, Quartermain replaced Walden and became the full-time presenter of Ten Eyewitness News Melbourne. Stephen was an occasional fill-in host on morning show, 9am with David and Kim, he is a member of the MCG Media Hall of Fame and a life member of the Australian Football Media Association. In 2015, Quartermain celebrated three decades with Network Ten. In May 2018, Quartermain was removed as the presenter of 10 News First Melbourne in favour of former Seven News Melbourne Friday-Saturday presenter Jennifer Keyte.

In July 2018, it was announced that Quartermain would remain on 10 News First Melbourne, returning to his former role as the sport presenter. Quartermain began his AFL radio commentary career at Magic in 1995 before joining Triple M where he worked from 1997 to 2011. In 2013, Quartermain joined radio station 3AW as an AFL commentator but left at the end of the season following his appointment as the chief news presenter at Network Ten Melbourne. In 2017 Quartermain replaced Rex Hunt as a caller for Crocmedia. Quartermain was married to Keno presenter Julie Quartermain from 1992 until their divorce in 2000, he married again in 2003 to Paige, has a son from his first marriage and a daughter from his second marriage. He is a supporter of the Hawthorn Football Club. Network Ten Profile Ovations Speakers Profile Steven Quartermain on IMDb