BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs. The department is the worlds largest broadcast news organisation and generates about 120 hours of radio and television output each day, the service maintains 50 foreign news bureaux with more than 250 correspondents around the world. James Harding has been Director of News and Current Affairs since April 2013, the departments annual budget is in excess of £350 million, it has 3,500 staff,2,000 of whom are journalists. BBC News domestic and online news divisions are housed within the largest live newsroom in Europe, parliamentary coverage is produced and broadcast from studios in Millbank in London. Through the BBC English Regions, the BBC has regional centres across England, as well as national news centres in Northern Ireland, all nations and English regions produce their own local news programmes and other current affairs and sport programmes.
As with all media outlets, though, it has been accused of political bias from across the political spectrum. The British Broadcasting Company broadcast its first radio bulletin from radio station 2LO on 14 November 1922, on Easter weekend in 1930, this reliance on newspaper wire services left the radio news service with no information to report. The BBC gradually gained the right to edit the copy and, in 1934, however, it could not broadcast news before 6 PM until World War II. Gaumont British and Movietone cinema newsreels had been broadcast on the TV service since 1936, a weekly Childrens Newsreel was inaugurated on 23 April 1950, to around 350,000 receivers. The network began simulcasting its radio news on television in 1946, televised bulletins began on 5 July 1954, broadcast from leased studios within Alexandra Palace in London. The publics interest in television and live events was stimulated by Elizabeth IIs coronation in 1953 and it is estimated that up to 27 million people viewed the programme in the UK, overtaking radios audience of 12 million for the first time.
Those live pictures were fed from 21 cameras in central London to Alexandra Palace for transmission and that year, there were around two million TV Licences held in the UK, rising to over three million the following year, and four and a half million by 1955. This was followed by the customary Television Newsreel with a commentary by John Snagge. It was revealed that this had been due to producers fearing a newsreader with visible facial movements would distract the viewer from the story. On-screen newsreaders were finally introduced a year in 1955 – Kenneth Kendall, Robert Dougall, mainstream television production had started to move out of Alexandra Palace in 1950 to larger premises – mainly at Lime Grove Studios in Shepherds Bush, west London – taking Current Affairs with it. It was from here that the first Panorama, a new programme, was transmitted on 11 November 1953. On 28 October 1957, the Today programme, a radio programme, was launched in central London on the Home Service. In 1958, Hugh Carleton Greene became head of News and Current Affairs and he set up a BBC study group whose findings, published in 1959, were critical of what the television news operation had become under his predecessor, Tahu Hole
The village lies where the Kildonan Burn runs out to the sea, a few miles north of the Mull of Galloway. It is the most southerly in Scotland, and further south than the English cities of Durham and it is in the Dumfries and Galloway Council area and the parish and community of Kirkmaiden and is about 16 miles from the nearest major town, the ferry port of Stranraer. In 1998 the population was 310, Drummore shares its name with High Drummore a mile up Glen Lee, and with Drummore Glen half a mile to the east. A branch line was proposed in 1877 linking to the Portpatrick Railway, the southern Rhins was an area of early Christian activity following the missionary work of Ninian across Luce Bay in the Machars. Drummore is the largest settlement in the parish of Kirkmaiden, named after St Maiden or Medan. Following the Disruption of 1843, a new church was built, for worshippers in the Free Church of Scotland. Early in the 20th century the two congregations were reunited, now worship is habitually at the church within Drummore, with one service each month in the summer being held at Kirk Covenant.
The harbour, facing north and shielded by the Rhins from the prevailing wind, was developed with a jetty in the early 19th century to serve a lime manufacturing industry. Failure of the Drummore Harbour Trust to widen its membership beyond the two individual members, or to begin its promised investment programme, caused increasing concern. As of March 2012 this had not been achieved. Older residents recall a time when the streets were full of shops. Even recently there have been significant casualties, including on Mill Street the bank, the butchers, the Kirkmaiden Community Council meets monthly in Drummore. Housing is mixed, ranging from listed Victorian residential and commercial properties to modern bungalows, within living memory a number of street names have changed, notably Stair Street, Mill Street and Harbour Road. Following a landslip in the 1960s the former Lower Road, which had brought traffic in along the coast to Shore Street, was barred to traffic. It is now a footpath, set thickly about by Japanese knotweed, in the summer of 2014 it was decorated anonymously with fairy doors
London Fire Brigade
The London Fire Brigade is the statutory fire and rescue service for London. It was formed by the Metropolitan Fire Brigade Act of 1865 under the leadership of superintendent Eyre Massey Shaw. Dany Cotton is the Commissioner for Fire and Emergency Planning, which includes the position of Chief Fire Officer, statutory responsibility for the running of the brigade lies with the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2013/14 the LFB handled 171,067999 emergency calls, of the calls it actually mobilised to,20,934 were fires, including 10,992 that were of a serious nature, making it one of the busiest fire brigades in the world. In the same 12-month period, it received 3,172 hoax calls, the highest number of any UK fire service, in 2015/16 the LFB received 171,488 emergency calls. These consisted of,20,773 fires,30,066 special service callouts and it conducts emergency planning and performs fire safety inspections and education. He introduced a uniform that, for the first time, included personal protection from the hazards of firefighting.
With 80 firefighters and 13 fire stations, the unit was still a private enterprise, funded by the insurance companies, in 1904 it was renamed as the London Fire Brigade. The LFB moved into a new headquarters built by Higgs and Hill on the Albert Embankment in Lambeth in 1937, during the Second World War the countrys brigades were amalgamated into a single National Fire Service. The separate London Fire Brigade for the County of London was re-established in 1948, in 1986 the Greater London Council was disbanded and a new statutory authority, the London Fire and Civil Defence Authority, was formed to take responsibility for the LFB. The LFCDA was replaced in 2000 by the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority, at the same time, the Greater London Authority was established to administer the LFEPA and coordinate emergency planning for London. Consisting of the Mayor of London and other elected members, the GLA takes responsibility for the Metropolitan Police Authority, Transport for London, in 2007 the LFB vacated its Lambeth headquarters and moved to a site in Union Street, Southwark.
In the same year, the Department for Communities and Local Government announced that LFB Commissioner Ken Knight had been appointed as the first Chief Fire, Knight was succeeded as Commissioner at that time by Ron Dobson, who served for almost ten years. Dany Cotton took over in 2017, becoming the brigades first female commissioner, dany Cotton is the current commissioner, having taken up the role on 1 January 2017. She holds the Queens Fire Service Medal, frank Jackson, CBE1938 to 1941, Cdr. Sir Aylmer Firebrace, CBE1933 to 1938, Maj. Cyril Morris 1918 to 1933, Arthur Reginald Dyer 1909 to 1918, sir Sampson Sladen 1903 to 1909, RAdm. James de Courcy Hamilton 1896 to 1903, lionel de Latour Wells 1891 to 1896, James Sexton Simmonds 1861 to 1891, Capt. Both divisions were divided into three districts, each under a Superintendent with his headquarters at a superintendent station, the superintendent stations themselves were commanded by District Officers, with the other stations under Station Officers
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles, the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles, the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland, Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law.
Glasgow, Scotlands largest city, was one of the worlds leading industrial cities. Other major urban areas are Aberdeen and Dundee, Scottish waters consist of a large sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union. This has given Aberdeen, the third-largest city in Scotland, the title of Europes oil capital, following a referendum in 1997, a Scottish Parliament was re-established, in the form of a devolved unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, having authority over many areas of domestic policy. Scotland is represented in the UK Parliament by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs, Scotland is a member nation of the British–Irish Council, and the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland comes from Scoti, the Latin name for the Gaels, the Late Latin word Scotia was initially used to refer to Ireland. By the 11th century at the latest, Scotia was being used to refer to Scotland north of the River Forth, alongside Albania or Albany, the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass all of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages.
Repeated glaciations, which covered the land mass of modern Scotland. It is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, the groups of settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, and the first villages around 6,000 years ago. The well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period and it contains the remains of an early Bronze Age ruler laid out on white quartz pebbles and birch bark. It was discovered for the first time that early Bronze Age people placed flowers in their graves, in the winter of 1850, a severe storm hit Scotland, causing widespread damage and over 200 deaths. In the Bay of Skaill, the storm stripped the earth from a large irregular knoll, when the storm cleared, local villagers found the outline of a village, consisting of a number of small houses without roofs. William Watt of Skaill, the laird, began an amateur excavation of the site, but after uncovering four houses
Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service
Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service was a Local Authority fire and rescue service covering an area of 2,500 square miles of south east Scotland, and serving a total population of 890,000. It was amalgamated into the single Scottish Fire and Rescue Service in April 2013 and it was the oldest municipal fire brigade in the UK and the world, founded in 1824 under the leadership of James Braidwood, who went on to establish the London Fire Brigade. The last Chief Officer, Jimmy Cambell, started his career as a Fireman with the Service in 1975 and he returned as its Chief Officer in April 2010. Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service, along with the seven fire and rescue services across Scotland, was amalgamated into a single, new Scottish Fire. This replaced the system of eight regional fire and rescue services across Scotland which had existed since 1975. The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has its headquarters in Perth, the Lothian & Borders Service had a total of 36 operational fire stations, separated into 11 groups, with each covering a different area of Lothian and Borders.
It had separate training and Logistical Support Centres at Goldenacre and Newbridge, Fire Services in Scotland FiReControl Fire apparatus Fire engine Fire Fire and Rescue Authority lothian. fire-uk. org
Dingwall is a town and former royal burgh in the Highland council area of Scotland. It has a population of 5,491 and it was formerly an east-coast harbour but now lies inland. Dingwall Castle was once the biggest castle north of Stirling, on the towns present-day outskirts lies Tulloch Castle, parts of which may date back to the 12th-century building. In 1411 the Battle of Dingwall is said to have taken place between the Clan Mackay and the Clan Donald, the site of the Þingvöllr, and of the medieval Moothill, lies beneath the Cromartie memorial. Dingwall formerly served as the county town of the county of Ross and it lies near the head of the Cromarty Firth where the valley of the Peffery unites with the alluvial lands at the mouth of the Conon,14 miles northwest of Inverness. In the early Middle Ages Dingwall was reputed to have the largest castle north of Stirling, king Alexander II created Dingwall a royal burgh in 1226, and James IV renewed its charter. On the top of Knockfarrel, a hill three miles to the west, stands a large and very complete vitrified fort with ramparts.
The 18th-century town house, and some remains of the ancient mansion of the powerful earls of Ross. An obelisk,51 feet high, was erected over the grave of Sir George Mackenzie, 1st Earl of Cromartie and it was affected by subsidence, becoming known as the Leaning Tower, and was replaced by a much smaller replica in the early years of the 20th century. However even this is now marked by signs saying Keep Out on the grounds that it is a dangerous structure, Dingwall is the home of football team Ross County, who won promotion to the Scottish Premier League in 2012 and finished the 2012/13 season in fifth place. Despite the towns population, Ross County attract sizeable crowds to Victoria Park thereby maintaining the UKs most northerly full-time squad. The team reached the 2010 Scottish Cup Final, having knocked out Celtic in the previous round, over 17,000 Staggies fans travelled to the match. Ross County won their first piece of silverware in 2016 by winning the Scottish League Cup beating Hibernian 2-1 in the final with the goal by Alex Schalk.
Dingwall railway station has lain on what is now called the Far North Line since circa 1865 and it serves the Kyle of Lochalsh Line, with the junction between the two lines being located within the town. The station is served with around 26 trains a day,14 of which go to Inverness, the town contains the shortest and most northerly canal in the UK, the Dingwall Canal. The majority of the High Street is pedestrianised, on the outskirts of Dingwall a new mini shopping mall, named DingMall, opened in November 2012. The Highland Theological College is located within the town, Cromarty was added to the list in 1832. The constituency was a district of burghs known as Tain Burghs until 1832 and it was represented by one Member of Parliament
Raasay is an island between the Isle of Skye and the mainland of Scotland. It is separated from Skye by the Sound of Raasay and from Applecross by the Inner Sound and it is most famous for being the birthplace of the poet Sorley MacLean, an important figure in the Scottish literary renaissance. Traditionally the home of Clan MacSween, the island was ruled by the MacLeods from the 15th to the 19th century, subsequently, a series of private landlords held title to the island, which is now largely in public ownership. Raasay House, which was visited by James Boswell and Samuel Johnson in 1773, is now an activity centre. Raasay means Isle of the Roe Deer and is home to a subspecies of Bank Vole. The current Chief of the Island is Roderick John Macleod of Raasay, about 14 miles north to south and 3 miles east to west, Raasays terrain is varied. The highest point at 443 metres is Dùn Caan, an unusual, the island of Rona lies just off the north coast and the tidal islets of Eilean Fladday and Eilean Tigh are to the northwest.
Other smaller surrounding islands are Eilean Aird nan Gobhar, Eilean an Inbhire, Holoman Island, Manish Island, Fraoch Eilean, Glas Eilean, Griana-sgeir, the main village of Inverarish is near the southwest coast. Geologically interesting, the island is visited by many students engaged in mapping projects, the south is mainly Torridonian sandstone and shale, the north is grey-banded Archaean Lewisian gneiss and granulite. There are outcrops of Jurassic shales and sandstones occasionally interspersed with limestone. The related ironstone beds contain low grade oolitic siderite and chamosite ores which were worked commercially in the early 20th century, remaining reserves are estimated at 10 million tonnes. The seas to the east and west are deep, large troughs having been created by the Skye icecap in the Pleistocene. The primary employment is in tourism, working for the company and fishing. There is a school, but older students go to Portree by ferry. A twenty-five-minute ferry ride connects the island with Sconser on Skye, sites of interest include the remains of a broch, the ruins of Brochel Castle, inscribed stones, abandoned crofting communities, and many walking paths.
There is a shop/post office located in Inverarish, accommodation is available in the old manor of Raasay House, and at various B&Bs. There are significant numbers of incomers and holiday homes especially in the south of the island and this has helped to arrest the population decline from over 900 in 1803 to 194 in 2001. Some inhabitants belong to the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland, which observes the Sabbath
Fire services in the United Kingdom
The fire services in the United Kingdom operate under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland. Emergency cover is provided by over fifty fire and rescue services, many FRS were previously known as brigades or county fire services, but almost all now use the standard terminology. They are distinct from and governed by an authority, which is the legislative and administrative body. Fire authorities in England and Wales, and therefore fire and rescue services and Northern Ireland have centralised fire and rescue services, and so their authorities are effectively committees of the devolved parliaments. The total budget for services in 2014-15 was £2.9 billion. The devolved government in Scotland has an agency, HMFSI Scotland. This Act provided for centralised co-ordination of fire brigades in Great Britain,1947, Fire Services Act 1947 This Act transferred the functions of the National Fire Service to local authorities. Now repealed entirely in England and Wales by Schedule 2 of the Fire,1959, Fire Services Act 1959 This Act amended the 1947 Act, it dealt with pensions, staffing arrangements and provision of services by other authorities.
It was repealed in England and Wales along with the 1947 Act,1999, Greater London Authority Act 1999 This act was necessary to allow for the formation of the Greater London Authority and in turn the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority. In 2002, there was a series of fire strikes. In December 2002, the Independent Review of the Fire Service was published with the action still ongoing. Bains report ultimately led to a change in the relating to firefighting. 2002, Independent Review of the Fire Service published 2004, Fire and Rescue Services Act 2004, generally only applying to England and it came into force on 1 October 2006. The DfCLG has published a set of guides for non-domestic premises,2006, The Government of Wales Act 2006 gave the National Assembly for Wales powers to pass laws on Fire, promotion of fire safety otherwise than by prohibition or regulation. But does not prevent future legislation being passed by the UK government which applies to two or more constituent countries, There are further plans to modernise the fire service according to the Local Government Association.
The fire service in England and Wales is scrutinised by a House of Commons select committee, in June 2006, the fire and rescue service select committee, under the auspices of the Communities and Local Government Committee, published its latest report. For example, where FRSs were historically inspected by HMFSI, much of this work is now carried out by the National Audit Office, Fire Control On 8 February 2010 the House of Commons Communities and Local Government Select Committee heard evidence on the Fire Control project. Called to give evidence were Cllr Brian Coleman and Cllr James Pearson from the Local Government Association, giving evidence Matt Wrack from the Fire Brigades Union and John Bonney Chief Fire Officers Association
The National (Scotland)
The National is a Scottish daily newspaper owned by Newsquest that began publication on 24 November 2014, and the first daily newspaper in Scotland to support Scottish independence. Initially published on weekdays, a Saturday edition was added in May 2015, the National is printed in tabloid format, and is available via online subscription. Details of its launch were announced on 21 November, with information given at a Scottish National Party rally the following day. By January 2015, daily sales had fallen to below 20,000, the first front page carried a story about charities urging devolution of powers over welfare legislation to Scotland. Reception to the launch was mixed in both media and political circles. However, the Scottish journalist and broadcaster Lesley Riddoch was more positive, upon its launch, The National stated that it is a separate entity from the SNP. The National describes itself as the newspaper that supports an independent Scotland, details of the newspaper were revealed on 21 November 2014 after The Guardian obtained a copy of a letter being circulated to retailers by Newsquest announcing its forthcoming publication.
Richard Walker, editor of the Sunday Herald, was announced as the new papers editor, copies would cost 50p, while an online version would be available via subscription. The paper was launched with an initial print-run of 60,000, initial contributors included Sunday Herald journalists Jamie Maxwell and Peter Geoghegan, as well as freelance reporter Sarah Cooper. During the initial week of publication, Walker spoke of his belief that The National would continue beyond the trial period, following healthy sales in the first few days, Newsquest executives decided on 27 November to continue printing the newspaper, and to allocate it additional resources. On the same day, Neil Mackay, The Nationals news editor, publication continued on weekdays until the introduction of a Saturday edition in May 2015. On 27 November 2014, Alex Salmond, the former First Minister of Scotland, on 27 January 2015, Newsquest area manager Tim Blott announced that the newspapers website would be relaunched in February, while Callum Baird would be appointed as assistant editor.
The first Saturday edition of The National was published on 9 May to provide coverage of the results of the 2015 UK general election. Walker subsequently described the response as very strong and said that the newspaper would continue to be printed on a Saturday for as long as there’s a public demand for it. In September 2015 Walker announced his resignation from Newsquest, and consequently the Sunday Herald and The National and he was succeeded as editor by Callum Baird. As Scotland prepared to welcome its first batch of refugees from the Syrian Civil War an edition of the newspaper published on 17 November 2015 carried the headline Welcome to Scotland. The Independent reported that an image of the front page was subsequently shared multiple times among users of social media. The Press Gazette reported that 80,000 copies were produced on the third day, other sources, including The Guardian, and subsequently The National itself, put the online subscription figure at 11,000
Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961. It is published in London and has been edited by Ian Hislop since 1986 and it is known for its in-depth investigative journalism into under-reported scandals and cover-ups. Private Eye is Britains best-selling current affairs magazine, and such is its long-term popularity, the magazine bucks the trend of declining circulation for print media, having recorded its highest ever circulation in the second half of 2016. The forerunner of Private Eye was a magazine, The Salopian, published at Shrewsbury School in the mid-1950s and edited by Richard Ingrams, Willie Rushton, Christopher Booker. After National Service and Foot went as undergraduates to Oxford University, the magazine proper began when Usborne learned of a new printing process, photo-litho offset, which meant that anybody with a typewriter and Letraset could produce a magazine. The publication was funded by Osmond and launched in 1961. It was named when Osmond looked for ideas in the recruiting poster of Lord Kitchener and, in particular.
After the name Finger was rejected, Osmond suggested Private Eye, the magazine was initially edited by Booker and designed by Rushton, who drew cartoons for it. Its subsequent editor, who was pursuing a career as an actor, shared the editorship with Booker, from around issue number 10. At first, Private Eye was a vehicle for jokes, an extension of the original school magazine. However, according to Booker, it got caught up in the rage for satire, others essential to the development of the magazine were Auberon Waugh, Claud Cockburn, Barry Fantoni, Gerald Scarfe, Tony Rushton, Patrick Marnham and Candida Betjeman. Christopher Logue was another contributor, providing the column True Stories. The gossip columnist Nigel Dempster wrote extensively for the magazine before he fell out with Ian Hislop and other writers, while Foot wrote on politics, local government, Ingrams continued as editor until 1986, when he was succeeded by Hislop. Ingrams remains chairman of the holding company, Private Eye often reports on the misdeeds of powerful and important individuals and, has received numerous libel writs throughout its history.
Its defenders point out that it often carries news that the press will not print for fear of legal reprisals or because the material is of minority interest. As well as covering a range of current affairs, Private Eye is known for highlighting the errors. It reports on parliamentary and national issues, with regional and local politics covered in equal depth under the Rotten Boroughs column. Extensive investigative journalism is published under the In the Back section, often tackling cover-ups, Stories sometimes originate from writers for more mainstream publications who cannot get their stories published by their main employers
Baltasound is the largest settlement on the island of Unst in Shetland. Unst is the most northerly inhabited island in the United Kingdom, the village lies halfway along the islands east coast on a sheltered bay called Balta Sound. Baltasound was formerly the most important herring port in Shetland, in 1902 its catch exceeded that of the Shetland capital Lerwick, the herring trade declined rapidly after 1905 but the physical remains of the herring boom remained long after. Baltasound was the home of the noted Victorian botanist Thomas Edmondston, a memorial stone erected outside the house by the elder Thomas Edmondston commemorates scientific studies undertaken there by the French physicist Jean-Baptiste Biot. Baltasound can lay claim to the most northerly wood in the British Isles, many of Baltasounds current amenities hold the record for the most northerly in the UK, Airport - Baltasound Airport - Airport code UNT, runway length 2,099 feet. Currently only used by emergency services, leisure Centre School - Baltasound Junior High School Hotel - The Baltasound Hotel Post Office - Baltasound Post Office is now the most northerly post office.
For many years this record was held by the post office at Haroldswick until its closure in 1999, the Unst Bus Shelter, known as Bobbys Bus Shelter, is a famous bus shelter and bus stop near the village. It is maintained by the Shetland Islands Council, like other narrow gauge railways in the Shetland Islands it did not survive. Baltasound is home to the most northerly Met Office weather station in the United Kingdom, similar to fellow Shetland station Lerwick, Baltasound experiences a cool oceanic climate that borders a subpolar climate, with winters that are mild for the latitude, and short, cool summers. Precipitation is abundant and occurs year-round, Baltasound holds the record for the highest temperature recorded in the Shetland Islands,25.0 °C on 2 July 1958. It possibly holds the record for the lowest Shetland temperature, during the Winter solstice the sun fails to reach 6° above the horizon, classified as solar twilight. Baltasound pictures on official Unst website
Scottish Ambulance Service
The Scottish Ambulance Service is part of NHS Scotland, and serves all of Scotland. It is a health board funded directly by the Health. The service was known as the St Andrews and Red Cross Scottish Ambulance Service, the Red Cross withdrew from the service in 1967, the service was renamed the St Andrews Scottish Ambulance Service. In 1974 the service was taken over by the NHS, the title being shortened to the Scottish Ambulance Service, St. Andrews First Aid, which is the trading name of St. Andrews Ambulance Association, continues as a voluntary organisation. In 2003 there was a reorganisation of the control centres across Scotland. The original uniform for the service consisted of a blue shirt, black clip-on tie, navy blue sweater. These uniforms were an Irish green colour for Emergency staff and a blue shade for Patient Transport staff. In 2013/2014, the uniform was changed to mirror the NHS National Uniform standard. It is now supplied by Dimensions and is similar to all other Ambulance Services in the UK.
All staff, including control centre staff, now wear the national uniform unless otherwise authorised, the national headquarters are in west side of Edinburgh and there are five divisions within the Service, The Patient Transport Service carries almost 1.6 million patients every year. This service is provided to patients who are physically or medically unfit to travel to hospital out-patient appointments by any means can still make their appointments. The service handles non-emergency admissions, transport of palliative care patients, Patient Transport Vehicles come in a variety of forms and are staffed by Ambulance Care Assistants, whom work either double or single crewed. They are trained to look after patients during the journey, the service has the only government-funded air ambulance service in the UK, operated under contract by Gama Aviation. In 2015/16, the air crews flew 3,849 missions. One helicopter and one King Air are based at a Gama Aviation facility at Glasgow Airport, the other operating bases are Inverness Airport and Aberdeen Airport.
The aircraft based in Glasgow are regularly used by the UKs only Emergency Medical Retrieval Service, the air ambulance service was occasionally featured as part of the popular Channel 5 television documentary series Highland Emergency. In late 2012 a charity was founded to provide an air ambulance, based at Perth Airport. Scotlands Charity Air Ambulance commenced operations in May 2013 with a Bolkow 105 airframe, since November 2015, SCAA operates a Eurocopter EC-135 helicopter