The Scottish Parliament is the unicameral legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood area of the capital city, Edinburgh, it is referred to by the metonym Holyrood; the Parliament is a democratically elected body comprising 129 members known as Members of the Scottish Parliament, elected for four-year terms under the additional member system: 73 MSPs represent individual geographical constituencies elected by the plurality system, while a further 56 are returned from eight additional member regions, each electing seven MSPs. The most recent general election to the Parliament was held on 5 May 2016, with the Scottish National Party winning a plurality; the original Parliament of Scotland was the national legislature of the independent Kingdom of Scotland, existed from the early 13th century until the Kingdom of Scotland merged with the Kingdom of England under the Acts of Union 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain. As a consequence, both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England ceased to exist, the Parliament of Great Britain, which sat at Westminster in London was formed.
Following a referendum in 1997, in which the Scottish electorate voted for devolution, the powers of the devolved legislature were specified by the Scotland Act 1998. The Act delineates the legislative competence of the Parliament – the areas in which it can make laws – by explicitly specifying powers that are "reserved" to the Parliament of the United Kingdom; the Scottish Parliament has the power to legislate in all areas that are not explicitly reserved to Westminster. The British Parliament retains the ability to amend the terms of reference of the Scottish Parliament, can extend or reduce the areas in which it can make laws; the first meeting of the new Parliament took place on 12 May 1999. The competence of the Scottish Parliament has been amended numerous times since most notably by the Scotland Act 2012 and Scotland Act 2016, with some of the most significant changes being the expansion of the Parliament's powers over taxation and welfare. Before the Treaty of Union 1707 united the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England into a new state called "Great Britain", Scotland had an independent parliament known as the Parliament of Scotland.
Initial Scottish proposals in the negotiation over the Union suggested a devolved Parliament be retained in Scotland, but this was not accepted by the English negotiators. For the next three hundred years, Scotland was directly governed by the Parliament of Great Britain and the subsequent Parliament of the United Kingdom, both seated at Westminster, the lack of a Parliament of Scotland remained an important element in Scottish national identity. Suggestions for a'devolved' Parliament were made before 1914, but were shelved due to the outbreak of the First World War. A sharp rise in nationalism in Scotland during the late 1960s fuelled demands for some form of home rule or complete independence, in 1969 prompted the incumbent Labour government of Harold Wilson to set up the Kilbrandon Commission to consider the British constitution. One of the principal objectives of the commission was to examine ways of enabling more self-government for Scotland, within the unitary state of the United Kingdom.
Kilbrandon published his report in 1973 recommending the establishment of a directly elected Scottish Assembly to legislate for the majority of domestic Scottish affairs. During this time, the discovery of oil in the North Sea and the following "It's Scotland's oil" campaign of the Scottish National Party resulted in rising support for Scottish independence, as well as the SNP; the party argued that the revenues from the oil were not benefitting Scotland as much as they should. The combined effect of these events led to Prime Minister Wilson committing his government to some form of devolved legislature in 1974. However, it was not until 1978 that final legislative proposals for a Scottish Assembly were passed by the United Kingdom Parliament. Under the terms of the Scotland Act 1978, an elected assembly would be set up in Edinburgh provided that a referendum be held on 1 March 1979, with at least 40% of the total electorate voting in favour of the proposal; the 1979 Scottish devolution referendum failed: although the vote was 51.6% in favour of a Scottish Assembly, with a turnout of 63.6%, the majority represented only 32.9% of the eligible voting population.
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, demand for a Scottish Parliament grew, in part because the government of the United Kingdom was controlled by the Conservative Party, while Scotland itself elected few Conservative MPs. In the aftermath of the 1979 referendum defeat, the Campaign for a Scottish Assembly was initiated as a pressure group, leading to the 1989 Scottish Constitutional Convention with various organisations such as Scottish churches, political parties and representatives of industry taking part. Publishing its blueprint for devolution in 1995, the Convention provided much of the basis for the structure of the Parliament. Devolution continued to be part of the platform of the Labour Party which, in May 1997, took power under Tony Blair. In September 1997, the Scottish devolution referendum was put to the Scottish electorate and secured a majority in favour of the establishment of a new devolved Scottish Parliament, with tax-varying powers, in Edinburgh. An election was held on 6 May 1999, on 1 July of that year power was transferred from Westminster to the new Parliament.
Since September 2004, the official home of the Scottish Parliament has been a new Scottish Parliament Building, in the Holyrood area of Edinburgh. The Scottish Parliament building was designed by Spanish architect Enric Miralles in partnership with local Edinburgh A
Kismet is a city in Seward County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 459; the first post office in Kismet was established in November 1888. Kismet is located at 37°12′18″N 100°42′4″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.24 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 459 people, 145 households, 115 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,912.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 155 housing units at an average density of 645.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.1% White, 0.7% African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 9.4% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.5% of the population. There were 145 households of which 48.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.6% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 20.7% were non-families.
19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.64. The median age in the city was 29.1 years. 37.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 484 people, 159 households, 123 families residing in the city; the population density was 2,097.0 people per square mile. There were 172 housing units at an average density of 745.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 71.90% White, 1.24% African American, 0.62% Native American, 21.07% from other races, 5.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.23% of the population. There were 159 households out of which 54.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.6% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.51. In the city, the population was spread out with 37.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,531, the median income for a family was $38,750. Males had a median income of $25,729 versus $29,583 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,600. About 10.5% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Kismet is a part of USD 483 Southwestern Heights; the district high school, Southwestern Heights, is located between Plains. The Southwestern Heights High School mascot is Southwestern Heights Mustangs. Kismet High School was closed through school unification.
Vellachi is a 2013 Indian Tamil-language romance film written and directed by Velu Vishwanath. The film stars Suchitra Unni, it was released on 1 March 2013. Pintu as Ganesh Suchitra Unni as Vellachi Vellachi was written and directed by Velu Vishwanath, produced by Ambur K. Ananthan Naidu under Geethalaya Movies; the film marked the acting debut of actor Pandu's son Pintu. Cinematography was handled by Sai Natraj. Principal photography began in June 2012, taking place in locations like Vellore and Palamathi; as of December 2012, the film was in post-production. The soundtrack was composed by Bhavatharini, it marked her return to music composing after Ilakkanam. Vellachi was released on 1 March 2013. Maalai Malar wrote that though the opening scenes were moving the latter part of the story was fast paced with love and conflict; the critic appreciated Sai Natraj's cinematography, the songs composed by Bhavatharini. Sidharth Varma from The Times of India wrote, "Tamil films with rural themes have helped several debutants make a mark, but sadly Vellachi does not work for comedian Pandu's son Pintu.
For, the movie suffers from several inconsistencies in the script and pacing." Vellachi on IMDb