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Scouting in Hawaii

Scouting in Hawaii began in the 1900s. It serves thousands of youth in programs; the first troop in the islands, appropriately numbered Troop 1, was founded by a British Scouter just relocated, chartered to Kawaiahaʻo Church. One Saturday, former Queen Liliʻuokalani was driven past Kapiʻolani Park in Honolulu, noticed this troop going through Scouting drills, she stopped and enquired what manner of military play this was, the Scouts eagerly explained the concept of Scouting to her. On a following Saturday a month the Queen reappeared, presented to the troop a Hawaiian flag. Emblazoned upon the red-white-and-blue stripes were the Hawaiian royal crest and the lettering in gold The Queen's Own Troop, which she had labored at herself; as the Scoutmaster was an Englishman, in their tradition of naming rather than numbering troops, the appellation stuck. The unit claiming longest continuous charter is Troop 1. Troop 5 up until the early 1980s held the distinction of the longest continuously chartered unit in Hawaii.

It was Troop 5, known as "The Queen's Own Troop" that received the flag, made by her own hands. The flag was held by the Liliuokalani Trust until it was given to the Aloha Council BSA by a previous Assistant Scoutmaster, David Jeong of Troop 5; the flag was given as part of the Centennial Celebration of Scouting in 2010. One of Troop 5's Scoutmasters, "Kimo" James Austin Wilder was a founder of the Sea Scout program. David McHattie Forbes was the founder of Scouting in Waimea in the early 1900s. In 1946, Scouts helped re-introduce the endangered nene into the Haleakala National Park by carrying young birds into the Haleakala Crater in their backpacks; the Honolulu Council was founded in 1914, became the Honolulu County Council in 1924. In 1957, the council became the Aloha Council. In 1972, the third Hawaiian council, Kilauea Council based in Hilo merged with the Aloha Council. There are two Boy Scouts of America local councils in Hawaii. Maui County Council was founded in 1917, is one of the few councils that have not undergone a name change or merger in their entire history.

With headquarters in Wailuku, the council serves the islands of Moloka'i, Lana'i and Maui, may serve Kahoolawe, as it reverts to civilian control from being the Navy test range. Camp Maluhia Maluhia Lodge 554, chartered in 1962, is made up of Arrowmen from the Maui County Council; the lodge totem is a Hawaiian warrior wearing an ipu mask. Given that the word "maluhia" in Hawaiian means "peace", it is fitting that Lono, the Hawaiian god of peace, be represented as the lodgeʻs totem; the Aloha Council of the Boy Scouts of America is headquartered in Honolulu, supports Scouting units around the Pacific Basin. The Aloha Council encompasses Hawaii, American Samoa, the Northern Marianas, the Marshall Islands and Palau; the Aloha Council covers the largest geographical area in the world, over 8,000,000 square miles, spanning 3,000 miles on both sides of the equator and international dateline. In 2004, Scouts attended local council camps on American Samoa, Hawaii's Big Island, Guam and Oahu. Aloha Council Pacific Basin District outreach efforts in the Pacific continue to grow with over 835 Boy Scouts and 240 Cub Scouts attending camps on Chuuk, Kosrae, Kwajalein, Majuro and Palau.

In 2018, the 45-year-old council badge was changed to include a green sea turtle and names the three primary locations serviced, "Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi - American Samoa - Guam". Camp Alan Faye Camp Honokaia Camp Pupukea The Nā Mokupuni O Lawelawe Lodge 567, chartered in 1973, serves 300 Arrowmen as of 2017; the lodge totem is a pu'eo, the lodge symbol is a Hawaiian outrigger canoe, the name translates to "Islands of Service" in the Hawaiian language. In 1973, Kamehameha Lodge 454 and Achsin Lodge 565 merged with Pupukea Lodge 557 to form the larger lodge; the Hawaiiana Award is offered by the Aloha Council and is dedicated to the perpetuation of the skills crafts and legends of old Hawaii. The award was established in 1973 and has been offered continuously by the Aloha Council to its members and Scouts visiting the Hawaiian islands; the requirements for Hawaiiana include the composition of a 750 word essay on the pre-European history of the Hawaiian people. These broad and comprehensive requirements are detailed in the 168 page guidebook published by the Aloha Council and available at the Council offices.

The Hawaiiana award itself is in the form of a base metal medal with polished high

Mick Flannelly

Michael Peter "Mick" Flannelly is an Irish retired hurler who played as a right wing-forward for the Waterford senior team. Born in Waterford, Flannelly first arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of eighteen when he first linked up with the Waterford minor team, he made his debut during the 1949-50 league. Flannelly was a regular member of the team for over a decade and a half and won one All-Ireland medal and two Munster medals, her was an All-Ireland runner-up on two occasions. Flannelly was a member of the Munster inter-provincial team on several occasions, but failed to win a Railway Cup medal. At club level he was a fifteen-time championship medallist with Mount Sion, his father, enjoyed a distinguished Gaelic football career with Galway. Throughout his career Flannelly made 33 championship appearances, he retired from inter-county hurling following the conclusion of the 1965 championship. Mick came from a sporting family, his father, was a Mayo man who moved to Tuam, Co Galway in 1902.

Whilst there he won 6 county Galway senior football championships and having moved to Galway in 1910 he won a further 3 football championships. Between 1908 and 1920 he was a regular member of the Galway inter-county team and played in the All-Ireland final in 1919 when Galway lost to Kildare, he had played handball as a means of getting fit for football and after he moved to Waterford in 1920 continued with both games. In 1925, however, he decided to concentrate more on handball and in that year, partnered by Mick Batterberry, contested the All-Ireland senior doubles final. In 1928 he won his All-Ireland medal; that year, in company with Jack Flavin, they reached the All-Ireland senior doubles final only to be narrowly beaten. Matt had played football during his handball years - with Ballytruckle at first and Gracedieu, he played his last football game in 1933 - thirty years after he first graced the football fields of Galway. Matt had five sons, Matt jnr, Jim and Joe and all played with distinction for Mount Sion.

Patsy won a county junior football medal in 1939 before illness claimed his young life. In 1944 Matt and Jim figured in a losing display for the Mount Sion minor team that lost narrowly to a Dungarvan team that set up a unbeatable record of five minor crown in a row. In 1945 Jim and Joe were on the Mount Sion team; the age limit claimed Jim the next year but Mick and Joe remained together in 1946-48. Joe was there again in 1949 when he achieved a feat, unequalled in Ireland - a fifth successive county minor medal. In 1950, without any Flannelly, Mount Sion won a sixth county minor title in succession, thereby breaking Dungarvan's unbeatable record; every Gaelic family has its star and it is no reflection on his brothers to say that the brightest star in the Flannelly household was Mick. He is the most be-medalled Waterfod GAA player of all time having won 25 county medals in all grades: 15 county senior hurling, three minor hurling, 4 senior football and 3 junior football, he captained Waterford to its second All-Ireland minor hurling title in 1948.

In all, he played in 18 senior hurling county finals losing only three. He played in 4 All-Ireland senior hurling finals winning in 1959

Rodney Dangerfield

Jack Roy, popularly known by the stage name Rodney Dangerfield, was an American stand-up comedian, producer, screenwriter and author. He was known for his self-deprecating one-liner humor, his catchphrase “I don't get no respect!” and his monologues on that theme. He began his career working as a stand-up comic in the Borscht Belt resorts of the Catskill Mountains northwest of New York City, his act grew in notoriety as he became a mainstay on late-night talk shows throughout the 1960s and 1970s developing into a headlining act on the Las Vegas casino circuit. He appeared in a few bit parts in films such as The Projectionist throughout the 1970s, but his breakout film role came in 1980 as a boorish nouveau riche golfer in the ensemble comedy Caddyshack, followed by two more successful films in which he starred: 1983's Easy Money and 1986's Back to School. Additional film work kept him busy through the rest of his life in comedies, but with a rare dramatic role in 1994's Natural Born Killers as an abusive father.

Health troubles curtailed his output through the early 2000s before his death in 2004, following a month in a coma due to complications from heart valve surgery. Rodney Dangerfield was born Jacob Rodney Cohen in Babylon, in Long Island, New York, he was the son of Jewish parents, Dorothy "Dotty" Teitelbaum and the vaudevillian performer Phillip Cohen, whose stage name was Phil Roy. His mother was born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Cohen's father was home. Late in life, his father begged him for forgiveness, the son obliged. After Cohen's father abandoned the family, his mother moved him and his sister to Kew Gardens, he attended Richmond Hill High School, where he graduated in 1939. To support himself and his family, he delivered groceries and sold newspapers and ice cream at the beach. At the age of 15, he began to write for stand-up comedians while performing at a resort in Ellenville, New York. At the age of 19 he changed his name to Jack Roy, he struggled financially for nine years, at one point performing as a singing waiter until he was fired, before taking a job selling aluminum siding in the mid-1950s to support his wife and family.

He quipped that he was so little known when he gave up show business that "at the time I quit, I was the only one who knew I quit." In the early 1960s, he started down what would be a long road toward rehabilitating his career as an entertainer. Still working as a salesman by day, he returned to the stage, performing at many hotels in the Catskill Mountains, but still finding minimal success, he fell into debt, couldn't get booked. As he joked, "I played one club—it was so far out, my act was reviewed in Field & Stream."He came to realize that what he lacked was an "image", a well-defined on-stage persona that audiences could relate to, one that would distinguish him from other comics. After being shunned by some premier comedy venues, he returned home where he began developing a character for whom nothing goes right, he took the name Rodney Dangerfield, used as the comical name of a faux cowboy star by Jack Benny on his radio program at least as early as the December 21, 1941 broadcast as a pseudonym by Ricky Nelson on the TV program The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, a pseudonymous singer at Camp Records, which led to rumors that Jack Roy had been signed to Camp Records.

The Benny character, who received little or no respect from the outside world, served as a great inspiration to Dangerfield while he was developing his own comedy character. The "Biography" program tells of the time Benny visited Dangerfield backstage after one of his performances. During this visit Benny complimented him on developing such style. However, Jack Roy remained Dangerfield's legal name. During a question-and-answer session with the audience on the album No Respect, Dangerfield joked that his real name was Percival Sweetwater. On Sunday, March 5, 1967, The Ed Sullivan Show needed a last-minute replacement for another act, Dangerfield became the surprise hit of the show. Dangerfield began headlining shows in Las Vegas and continued making frequent appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show, he became a regular on The Dean Martin Show and appeared on The Tonight Show a total of 35 times. One of his quips as a standup comedian was, "I ordered a drink; the bartender says, ‘I can’t serve you.’ I said, ‘Why not?

I'm over 21!’ He said, ‘You’re just too ugly.’ I said as always, ‘Boy I tell you, I get no respect around here’.” The "no respect" phrase would come to define his act in the years. In 1969, Rodney Dangerfield teamed up with longtime friend Anthony Bevacqua to build the Dangerfield's comedy club in New York City, a venue he could now perform in on a regular basis without having to travel; the club became a huge success, remained in continuous operation into at least the 2000s. Dangerfield's was the venue for several HBO shows which helped popularize many stand-up comics, including Jerry Seinfeld, Jim Carrey, Tim Allen, Roseanne Barr, Robert Townsend, Jeff Foxworthy, Sam Kinison, Bill Hicks, Rita Rudner, Andrew Dice Clay, Louie Anderson, Dom Irrera, Bob Saget, his 1980 comedy album, No Respect, won a Grammy Award. One of his TV specials featured a musical number, "Rappin' Rodney", which would appear on his 1983 follow-up album, Rappin' Rodney. In December 1983, the "Rappin' Rodney" single became one of the first Hot 100 rap records, the associated

Sunset at Montmajour

Sunset at Montmajour is a landscape in oils painted by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh on July 4, 1888. It was painted while the artist was at Arles and depicts a landscape of garrigue with the ruins of Montmajour Abbey in the background; the painting is 73.3 cm × 93.3 cm and was on display from 24 September 2013 until 12 January 2014 as part of an exhibition at the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. Its authenticity was questioned several times before it was confirmed as a genuine van Gogh work in 2013, it is the first full-sized painting by Van Gogh to be newly confirmed since 1928. The painting was inventoried among Theo van Gogh's collection of his brother's works in 1890, it was sold in 1901, after which there is no enduring record of its provenance. The painting became "lost" though it was purchased shortly thereafter. In 1908 a Norwegian industrialist, Christian Nicolai Mustad, who believed it to be the work of van Gogh and displayed the painting at his home. According to Mustad's family, the French ambassador to Sweden, while a guest at Mustad's home, advised that it was not by van Gogh.

At that time Mustad took it down from display. The painting remained stored in his attic until Mustad's death, when it reappeared as part of his estate. In the 1990s, the painting was shown to staff at the Van Gogh Museum, but it was dismissed as not the work of van Gogh because it was not signed. With the development of improved investigative techniques, however, in 2011 a two-year investigation was launched by the Van Gogh Museum to examine the possible authenticity of the painting; the painting was subjected to a detailed investigation of style and materials. It was discovered to have been painted in the same range of paints that appears in works by van Gogh at that period, which led to further research. Among the evidence that confirmed the painting's authenticity was a letter written by Vincent van Gogh to his brother Theo on 5 July 1888, describing a landscape that he had painted the previous day: "Yesterday, at sunset, I was on a stony heath where small, twisted oaks grow, in the background a ruin on the hill, wheatfields in the valley.

It was romantic, it couldn’t be more so, à la Monticelli, the sun was pouring its yellow rays over the bushes and the ground a shower of gold. And all the lines were beautiful, the whole scene had a charming nobility. You wouldn’t have been at all surprised to see knights and ladies appear, returning from hunting with hawks, or to hear the voice of an old Provençal troubadour; the fields seemed the distances blue. And I brought back a study of it too, but it was well below what I’d wished to do." On 9 September 2013, the Van Gogh Museum announced in a public unveiling of the painting, that the work had been confirmed as a painting by van Gogh. Martin Bailey praised Sunset at Montmajour as "a major addition to oeuvre." List of works by Vincent van Gogh Media related to Sunset at Montmajour at Wikimedia Commons

Just in Time (song)

"Just in Time" is a popular song with the melody written by Jule Styne and the lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. It was introduced by Judy Holliday and Sydney Chaplin in the musical Bells Are Ringing in 1956. Judy Holliday and Dean Martin sang the song in the 1960 film of Bells Are Ringing. Martin recorded it for his 1960 album, This Time I'm Swingin'!. Peggy Lee covered "Just in Time" in 1958 on Jump for Joy. Blossom Dearie covered the song in 1959 on Green. A recording of the song made by Tony Bennett on September 19, 1956 was a minor hit in 1956. Frank Sinatra - for his album Come Dance with Me! Eddie Fisher included the song on his 1961 LP of Broadway musical tunes entitled Tonight With Eddie Fisher. Barbra Streisand included it in her album The Third Album It was covered in the 1960s by artists, among others, such as Judy Garland, Sarah Vaughan and Nina Simone. Decades Tony Bennett recorded it again with Michael Bublé as part of his 2006 album Duets: An American Classic. Singer actress Joan O'Brien turns in a rousing version of this song on a 1963 episode of the 1960s TV sitcom, The Dick Van Dyke Show

Amirani (volcano)

Amirani is an active volcano on Jupiter's moon Io, the inner-most of the Galilean Moons. It is located on Io's leading hemisphere at 24.46°N 114.68°W / 24.46. The volcano is responsible for the largest active lava flow in the entire Solar System, with recent flows dwarfing those of other volcanos on Io; the volcano was first observed in images acquired by the Voyager 1 spacecraft in March 1979. That year, the International Astronomical Union named this feature after a Georgian fire god, Amirani. Amirani is about the same age as Jupiter, around 4.5 billion years old. It is surrounded by the Gish Bar Patera. Within the mountains of the crater, Amirani lies at the center of a frozen sulphuric lava field that consists of a half-circle shaped, 37 kilometer wide volcanic pit, connected to a 330 kilometer compound lava flow by a narrow channel; the southern half of the Amirani flow field is surrounded by a white plume of bright sulfuric dioxide diffuse deposits composed of basalt and silica, that freeze and fall to the ground during eruptions.

The recent lava flows observed by the Galileo appeared to have covered about 620 square kilometers of Io in less than five months, 6 times greater than Hawaiian volcano Kīlauea covered in the span of 21 years. This volcano takes on characteristics of a shield volcano on Earth, in which its eruptions create pahoehoe-like lava flows and produce massive amounts of lava consisting of basaltic material and sulfur, its geological activity is created by the tidal forces brought on by Jupiter. Amirani's eruptions are controlled by the orbit; the volcano erupts at temperatures of up to 1,650 degrees Celsius on to the surface of Io, which has an average temperature of negative 95 degrees Celsius. Unlike volcanoes on Earth, Amirani can erupt for years at a time with constant lava flows pouring out onto Io's surface; the volcano was named Amirani after the Georgian mythical hero from 3,000 to 2,000 BC. Amirani was considered the equivalent of Prometheus, the Greek Titan, the name of another volcano on Io.

It is said that Amirani, son of Dali, the great Goddess of the hunt, defied God by introducing the use of metal to all whom he came in contact with. Amirani's punishment was that he was to be left for dead; as Amirani struggled to free himself, an eagle attacked his liver every day. Keszthelyi L.. "Geologic mapping of the Amirani–Gish Bar region of Io: Implications for the global geologic mapping of Io". Icarus. 186: 204–217. Bibcode:2007Icar..186..204W. Doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2006.08.023. Archived from the original on 2014-08-07