click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Scouting in North Carolina

Scouting in North Carolina has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. The Boy Scout program began in England under the leadership of Robert Baden-Powell. Baden-Powell gained fame in Britain through his leadership of British troops during the siege of Mafeking during the Boer War in South Africa in 1899-1900. Following this event a military training manual he wrote called "Aids to Scouting" gained popularity amongst boys in Britain. In the early 1900s Baden-Powell began developing the concepts of scouting and he put his theories to the test during the summer of 1907, he took a group of 22 boys to Brownsea Island. He divided the boys into four groups and established the "patrol method". In 1908 Baden-Powell published "Scouting for Boys", the first Boy Scout handbook. Scouting came to the United States a short time later. There were boy organizations in the US under the leadership of Daniel Carter Beard, Ernest Thompson Seton and the YMCA.

Chicago publisher William D. Boyce learned about Scouting during a visit to London in 1909. A young boy assisted Mr. Boyce to his destination and declined a tip offered to him saying that he was a Scout. Boyce visited the London headquarters of the Boy Scouts, he felt that boys in the US could benefit from this program. On February 8, 1910 the Boy Scouts of America was incorporated. A National Office was established in New York City and James E. West was hired to lead the new organization. Boy Scout troops were formed in North Carolina as early as 1910. Troops were formed at schools and churches in Greensboro, Burlington, Charlotte, Winston-Salem, other communities. Adult volunteers in each area worked with boys in teaching outdoor skills, first aid, swimming and leadership; these troops registered with the BSA and as communities established multiple Boy Scout troops the volunteers began seeking professional leadership. Boy Scout Councils were chartered through the BSA. Scouting groups in the major cities formed councils.

There was the Greensboro Area Council, Winston-Salem Council, Raleigh Council, Durham Council. Over the next few years as Scouting spread throughout the counties the small councils consolidated and changed their names. By 1950 North Carolina was served by thirteen Boy Scout councils: Camping was an emphasis for the councils from their formation; each council leased land for establishing Boy Scout camps. During the summer each camp was open for several weeks with a trained staff of older boys and adults to teach the Scouts various Scouting skills. In the mid-1930s most councils began holding annual "camporees." These events were held over a weekend with Scouts camping by troop with their patrols competing and demonstrating various Scouting skills. There are eleven Boy Scouts of America councils in North Carolina. Served by the Order of the Arrow through Klahican Lodge 331 Coastal District Lakes District Lumber River District Northeast Cape Fear DistrictCounties served: Bladen, Columbus, New Hanover, Pender and Scotland.

Served by the Order of the Arrow through Itibapishe iti Hollo Lodge 188 Anson District Concord District Kannapolis District Montgomery District Richmond District Rowan District Stanly District Union DistrictCounties served: Anson, Montgomery, Rowan and Union. Served by the Order of the Arrow through Tsali Lodge 134 Nantahala District Cataloochee District SoQua District Terrora District Toe River DistrictCounties served: Avery, Cherokee, Graham, Henderson, Macon, Mitchell, Swain and Yancey. Served by the Order of the Arrow through Croatan Lodge 117 Blackbeard District Caswell District Croatan Trails District Neuse Basin District Pitt District Tar River District Tri-County District White Oak River District Wilson DistrictCounties served: Beaufort, Carteret, Craven, Greene, Hertford, Jones, Martin, Northampton, Pamlico, Tyrrell and Wilson. Served by the Order of the Arrow through Catawba Lodge 459 Apache District Etowah District Hornets Nest District Special Initiatives Districts - Pueblo and WunitaCounties served: Mecklenburg.

Served by the Order of the Arrow through Occoneechee Lodge 104. Cape Fear District Crosswinds District Great Northern District Hemlock District Impeesa District Kia Kima District Mawat District Moore District Neuse River District Orange District Three Rivers District Tuocs DistrictCounties served: Chatham, Durham, Granville, Lee, Orange, Vance and Warren. Served by the Order of the Arrow through Wahissa Lodge 118. Blue Ridge District Dogwood District Hanging Rock District Laurel District Wachovia District Wilkes DistrictCounties served: Alleghany, Forsyth, Surry, Watauga and Yadkin. Alleghany District was merged into Laurel District in late 2010. Piedmont and Salem Districts were combined into the new Wachovia District serving Forsyth County in 2015; the Old North State Council serves the Piedmont Triad region of North Carolina. The council's name is taken from The Old North State. Old North State Council's Order of the Arrow counterpart is Tsoiotsi Tsogalii Lodge. Akela District Alamance District Cherokee District Guilford District Uwharrie Dis

62nd Airlift Squadron

The 62nd Airlift Squadron, sometimes written as 62d Airlift Squadron, is part of the 314th Airlift Wing at Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas. Constituted in 1942 as the 62nd Troop Carrier Squadron, it first deployed to Morocco in 1943, remaining in Europe until its inactivation in 1946, it reactivated three years and deployed to Japan during the Korean War. In 1967, the unit was redesignated the 62nd Tactical Airlift Squadron, in 1991 the 62nd Airlift Squadron, it operates Lockheed C-130J Super Hercules aircraft and provides advanced training to pilots and loadmasters for combat airlift and airdrop operations. Activated in late 1942 under I Troop Carrier Command and equipped with Douglas C-47 Skytrains. Trained in various parts of the eastern United States. Deployed to French Morocco in May 1943 and assigned to Twelfth Air Force to support combat operations in the North African Campaign. Remained with Twelfth Air Force, moving to Tunisia and Sicily providing transport and resupply operations as well as casualty evacuation of wounded personnel in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations.

Reassigned to IX Troop Carrier Command in England during early 1944 as part of the build-up of Allied forces prior to the D-Day invasion of France. Began operations by dropping paratroops into Normandy on D-Day and releasing gliders with reinforcements on the following day; the unit received a French citation for these missions. After the Normandy invasion the squadron ferried supplies in the United Kingdom; the squadron hauled food, medicine, ordnance equipment, other supplies to the front lines and evacuated patients to rear zone hospitals. It dropped paratroops near Nijmegen and towed gliders carrying reinforcements during the airborne attack on the Netherlands. In December, it participated in the Battle of the Bulge by releasing gliders with supplies for the 101st Airborne Division near Bastogne. Moved to Belgium in early 1945, participated in the Western Allied invasion of Germany, participating in the air assault across the Rhine River in March 1945, each aircraft towed two gliders with troops of the 17th Airborne Division and released them near Wesel.

After V-E Day, became part of the United States Air Forces in Europe, at Villacoublay Airfield and was part of the European Air Transport System, supporting the occupation forces in Germany as well as carrying supplies and personnel between various stations in Western Europe. Inactivated in early 1946 while stationed in France. Reactivated as part of Tactical Air Command in 1949 with Fairchild C-82 Packets and various gliders as an assault squadron. Deployed to Japan for combat operations in 1950 for the Korean War. Furnished airlift between Japan and Korea and airdropped paratroops and supplies at Sukchon/Sunchon and Munsan-ni. was part of airborne assaults on Sukchon and Munsan-ni. Returned to the United States in 1954, was equipped by TAC as one of the first Lockheed C-130 Hercules squadrons when the aircraft came into operational service; the squadron flew airlift from the Philippines into Vietnam, March–May 1965. It has conducted C-130 Training since 1971. Campaigns. World War II: Sicily. Korea: UN Defensive.

Vietnam: Vietnam Defensive. Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Sicily, 11 July 1943. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 6 May 1953 – 10 September 1954. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation, 1 July 1951 – 27 July 1953. Constituted as the 62d Troop Carrier Squadron on 27 November 1942Activated on 5 December 1942 Inactivated on 27 August 1946Redesignated 62d Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 20 September 1949Activated on 17 October 1949 Redesignated 62d Troop Carrier Squadron on 1 March 1966 Redesignated 62d Tactical Airlift Squadron on 1 May 1967 Redesignated 62d Airlift Squadron on 1 December 1991 315th Troop Carrier Group, 5 December 1942 314th Troop Carrier Group, 15 March 1943 Third Air Force, Aug-27 August 1946 314th Troop Carrier Group, 17 October 1949 314th Troop Carrier Wing, 8 October 1957 839th Air Division, 1 December 1965 64th Troop Carrier Wing, 1 July 1966 314th Tactical Airlift Wing, 31 May 1971 34th Tactical Airlift Training Group, 1 November 1978 314th Operations Group, 1 December 1991 – present Douglas C-47 Skytrain Fairchild C-82 Packet Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar Lockheed C-130 Hercules This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

Anderso

Statues of the Liberators

A series of Statues of the Liberators of western-hemisphere countries from colonial rule is found along Virginia Avenue, N. W. in Washington, D. C.. Several statues have been erected on Virginia Avenue, N. W. between 18th and 25th Streets, by various Latin American countries honoring their liberators and other national figures. The statues are maintained by the National Park Service; the location on Virginia Avenue was chosen because of its proximity to the headquarters of the Organization of American States, located at Virginia Avenue and 18th Street, to the Pan American Health Organization, located at Virginia Avenue and 23rd Street. Ordered going from East to West: The statue of Gálvez is idiosyncratic in that it both celebrates a Spanish loyalist and was given by the King of Spain to the United States in 1976 in celebration of the Bicentennial, it is Gálvez's role as a helper of the rebellious colonies during the American Revolution, here celebrated. The statue of Benito Juarez relates to the reforms made by him to control power from the Church in México.

The Libertator of México is Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla. México was the first country to fight against the Spanish Kingdom. Hidalgo was the first one to start the Liberty movement in Latin America. In the year 1972, the statue of San Martín was removed to its present location from Judiciary Square, where it had been erected in 1925 at a ceremony including President Calvin Coolidge; this move was necessitated by the construction of the Washington Metro station at Judiciary Square. The statue is a copy of the statue of San Martín. Another statue that might be, but only considered a piece of this collection is the statue of the would-be liberator, Don Quixote de La Mancha, on the grounds of the John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts. Sculpted by Aurelio Teno, the Don Quixote statue was presented by the King of Spain, as was the Gálvez statue, on his 1976 visit to the United States. Libertadores Latin American wars of independence Diego de Gardoqui National Mall Art Museum of the Americas National Park Service's Cell Phone Tour Walking Tour Schedule for 2012 on National Park Service's Washington, D.

C. Website National Park Service's Report on American Latino Heritage Initiative Self-guided walking tour of statues published by the National Park Service "D. C. Memorials.com" Web Page with many photographs Washington Times article of May 24, 2007. Art Museum of the Americas Speech given by President Coolidge at Presentation of San Martín statue in 1925 Time Magazine article from November 1925 about San Martín statue dedication Smithsonian Institution inventory entry for the Don Quixote statue at the Kennedy Center. Smithsonian Institution inventory entry for the Jose de San Martin statue

Raheja Towers, Chennai

Raheja Towers is an 11-storied building in Chennai, India. Located on the arterial Anna Salai, the building has a total built-up area of 399,000 sq ft, it is one of the earliest Grade A commercial projects of the city, which were developed in the second half of the 1990s. The project, a commercial property, is a joint venture between the Union Motors Ltd and the K. Raheja group; the land on which the building has been built belongs to Union Motors. The building is built on a land measuring 60 grounds; the building has 11 floors, reaching an overall height of 43.73 m. Total floor area of the building is about 399,000 sq ft, with a floor plate area of around 38,000 sq ft; the building has an optical fibre exchange provided by BSNL capable of catering to about 2,500 optical fibre lines. In March 2002, the World Bank inaugurated its back office centre spread over 26,000 sq ft in the building, with about 180 staff, it moved to its own building in Taramani. In 2010, the Regional Passport Office at Shastri Bhavan on Haddows Road at Nungambakkam was shifted to its own premises in Raheja towers, shifted to Rayala Towers situated opposite Raheja towers

Demographics of the Netherlands Antilles

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the former Netherlands Antilles, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. According to the official estimates of the Central Bureau of Statistics of the Netherlands Antilles, the five islands had a combined population of 211,871 as at 1 January 2013; the population of the individual islands was as follows: Bonaire - 17,408 Curaçao - 154,843 Saba - 1,991 Sint Eustatius - 4,020 Sint Maarten - 33,609For comparison: Aruba - 103,400 The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. The capital and largest city was Willemstad. Age structure: 0–14 years: 23,9% 15–64 years: 67.3% 65 years and over: 8.7% Population growth rate: 0,79% Birth rate: 14,78 births/1,000 population Death rate: 6,45 deaths/1,000 population Net migration rate: -0.4 migrant/1,000 population Human sex ratio: at birth: 1,05 male/female under 15 years: 1,05 male/female 15–64 years: 0,92 male/female 65 years and over: 0,7 male/female total population: 0,93 male/female Infant mortality rate: 9,76 deaths/1,000 live births Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76,03 years male: 73,76 years female: 78,41 years Total fertility rate: 1.98 children born/woman Nationality: by law: Dutch noun: Netherlands Antillean adjective: Netherlands AntilleanEthnic groups: mixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, East Asian 15% Religions: Roman Catholic 72%, Pentecostal 4,9%, Protestant 3.5%, Seventh-day Adventist 3,1%, Methodist 2,9%, other Christian 4,2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1,7%, Jewish 1,3% Languages: Dutch and Papiamento are official languages.

Papiamento predominates on Curaçao and Bonaire, while English is spoken. English is the most spoken language on Sint Maarten and Sint Eustatius. Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 96,7% male: 96,7% female: 96,8%

Fire knife

The fire knife is a traditional Samoan cultural implement, used in ceremonial dances. It was composed of a machete wrapped in towels on both ends with a portion of the blade exposed in the middle. Tribal performers of fire knife dancing dance while twirling the knife and doing other acrobatic stunts; the towels are set afire during the dances thus explaining the name. The Siva Afi was performed with the Nifo Oti, dangerous as the steel of the Nifo oti heats up and burns; the modern fire knife dance has its roots in the ancient Samoan exhibition called "ailao" – the flashy demonstration of a Samoan warrior's battle prowess through artful twirling and catching, dancing with a war club. The'ailao could be performed with any warclub, some colonial accounts confirm that women performed'ailao at the head of ceremonial processions daughters of high chiefs. During night dances torches were twirled and swung about by dancers, although a warclub was the usual implement used for'ailao. Before the introduction of metals, the most common clubs that were wielded and displayed in the'ailao fashion were elaborately carved heirloom clubs called "anava".

These'anava were carved with serrated edges and jagged "teeth" which characterized the unique Samoan weapon called the "nifo'oti". When European and American whalers and traders began commercial ventures in Samoa, they introduced the natives to the long-handled blubber knife and the hooked cane knife; the characteristic metal hook of these tools was incorporated into the Samoan wooden nifo'oti, which bears the unique hooked element whether carved from wood or forged from steel. One common claim is that the word "nifo'oti" means "tooth of death", but this is not linguistically accurate as Samoan syntax places the modifier after the subject. One more linguistic issue remains to be worked out in regards to'oti and "oti"; when pronounced with the glottal stop, the word'oti does not mean "death" at all. Therefore, the most probable derivation of the term "nifo'oti" stems from the resemblance of the weapon's hook to the curved horn of a goat, or from the serrated teeth that formed the weapon's cutting edge.

The young man Tavita Vaoifi revived the Samoan ailao Siva Afi dance, to bring it home to Samoa. He had won a scholarship from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; this was while WWII was being fought in his beloved South Pacific. When he was able to come to America he went to school and danced. After he read this information, in his spare time, he researched anything that he could find about his homeland; this story stuck him because he had never heard of this from his elders. He was determined to incorporate this treasure into his island dance routine. After many cuts and narrow escapes he was able to perfect this dance to the point where he performed it nightly at clubs and shows throughout, not only the San Francisco area but the entire country. Fire was added to the knife in 1946 by a Samoan knife dancer named Freddie Letuli to become Paramount Chief Letuli Olo Misilagi. Letuli was performing in San Francisco and noticed a Hindu Fire eater and a little girl with lighted batons; the fire eater loaned him some fuel, he wrapped some towels around his knife, the fire knife dance was born.

Although today many commercial performers perform the dance with short staffs or unbladed knives, this is not authentic fire knife dance and is unacceptable in the Samoas except for training purposes. The knives used by performers in American Samoa are still made of machetes, although they are dulled for younger dancers. Traditional competitions were hotly contested, their exhibitionists would rather die than seek medical care for injuries incurred while performing. Today, modern competitions are held annually at the Polynesian Cultural Center to name the World Fireknife Champion; the competition is always held during the third week of May. In 2007, the championships were expanded to welcome competitors in a duet category and a women's category. In 2010 the event expanded to four nights including a three-person final competition. Champions by year are: 2017: Falaniko Penesa 2016: Mikaele Oloa 2015: Joseph Cadousteau 2014: Viavia Tiumalu,Jr. 2013: Joseph Cadousteau 2012: Joseph Cadousteau 2011: Viavia Tiumalu, Jr. 2010: Mikaele Oloa 2009: Mikaele Oloa 2008: Viavia Tiumalu, Jr. 2007: Andrew "Umi" Sexton 2006: Mikaele Oloa 2005: Mikaele Oloa 2004: Alex Galeai 2003: David Galeai 2002: Pati Levasa 2001: Pati Levasa 2000: David Galeai 1999: David Galeai 1998: Pati Levasa 1997: Pati Levasa 1996: Ifi Soo 1995: Ifi Soo 1994: Ifi Soo 1993: Tauasa Sielu Avea The Samoan Siva Afi has become an integral part of any Polynesian Luau or show.

Many other Polynesian Islands have implemented the Siva Afi into their own Island shows in the Islands of Tahiti, Hawai'i, Cook Islands Fiji and Tonga. Because of the close familial Tribal ties with the aforementioned Islands and the Samoa