The scrotum is an anatomical male reproductive structure that consists of a suspended dual-chambered sack of skin and smooth muscle, present in most terrestrial male mammals and located under the penis. One testis is lower than the other to avoid compression in the event of impact; the perineal raphe is a small, vertical raised ridge of scrotal skin under, found the scrotal septum. It appears as a thin longitudinal line; the scrotum contains the external spermatic fascia, testes and ductus deferens. It is a distention of the perineum and carries some abdominal tissues into its cavity including the testicular artery, testicular vein, pampiniform plexus. In humans and some other mammals, the scrotum becomes covered with pubic hair at puberty; the scrotum will tighten during penile erection and when exposed to cold temperature. The scrotum is biologically homologous to the labia majora in females. Although present in most mammals, the external scrotum is absent in streamlined marine mammals, such as whales and seals, as well as in some lineages of land mammals, such as the afrotherians and numerous families of bats and insectivores.
The skin on the scrotum is more pigmented compared to the rest of the body. The septum is a connective tissue membrane dividing the scrotum into two cavities; the scrotum lymph drains into the superficial inguinal lymph nodes, this drains into the deep inguinal lymph nodes. The deep inguinal lymph nodes drain into the common iliac which releases lymph into the cisterna chyli. One testis is lower than the other, believed to function to avoid compression in the event of impact. An alternative view is that testis descent asymmetry evolved to enable more effective cooling of the testicles. Additional tissues and organs reside inside the scrotum and are described in more detail in the following articles: Male sex hormones are secreted by the testes in embryonic life to cause the development of secondary sex organs; the scrotum is developmentally homologous to the labia majora. The raphe does not exist in females. Reproductive organs and tissues develop in females and males begin during the fifth week after fertilization.
The gonadal ridge grows behind the peritoneal membrane. By the sixth week, string-like tissues called primary sex cords form within the enlarging gonadal ridge. Externally, a swelling called. Up until the eighth week after fertilization, the reproductive organs do not appear to be different between the male and female and are called in-differentiated. Testosterone secretion starts during week eight, reaches peak levels during week 13 and declines to low levels by the end of the second trimester; the testosterone causes the masculinization of the labioscrotal folds into the scrotum. The scrotal raphe is formed when the embryonic, urethral groove closes by week 12. Though the testes and scrotum form early in embryonic life, sexual maturation begins upon entering puberty; the increased secretion of testosterone causes the darkening of the skin and development of pubic hair on the scrotum. The scrotum regulates the temperature of the testes and maintains it at 35 degrees Celsius, i.e. two or three degrees below the body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius.
Higher temperatures affect spermatogenesis Temperature control is accomplished by the smooth muscles of the scrotum moving the testicles either closer to or further away from the abdomen dependent upon the ambient temperature. This is accomplished by the cremaster muscle in the dartos fascia. Having the scrotum and testicles situated outside the abdominal cavity may provide additional advantages; the external scrotum is not affected by abdominal pressure. This may prevent the emptying of the testes before the sperm were matured sufficiently for fertilization. Another advantage is it protects the testes from jolts and compressions associated with an active lifestyle. Animals that move at a steady pace – such as elephants and marsupial moles – have internal testes and no scrotum. Unlike placental mammals, some male marsupials have a scrotum, anterior to the penis, although there are several marsupial species without an external scrotum. In humans, the scrotum may provide some friction during intercourse, helping to enhance the activity.
A study has indicated that use of a laptop computer positioned on the lap can negatively affect sperm production. The scrotum and its contents can incur injuries; these include: Scrotal infusion, a temporary form of body modification Sex organ Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection Testicular self-examination BooksThis article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1237 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy Van De Graaff, Kent M.. Concepts of Human Anatomy and Physiology. Dubuque, Iowa: William C. Brown Publishers. ISBN 978-0697056757. Elson, Lawrence; the Anatomy Coloring. New York, New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0064539142. "Gross Anatomy Image". Medical Gross Anatomy Atlas Images. University of Michigan Medical School. 1997. Retrieved 2015-02-23. Berkow, MD, Robert; the Merck Manual of Medical Information. Whitehouse Station, New Jersey: Merck Research Laboratories. ISBN 978-0911910872. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list
Katarina Živković is a Serbian pop star. Her debut studio album, Ludo srce, was released in 2013. Živković was born in the Serbian city Leskovac in July 1989. She finished high school in her hometown. Katarina showed interest for singing at a young age, she was a participant in a variety of cultural events for kids. Aged 18, she became a contestant on the television singing contest Zvezde Granda. Despite the fact that she didn't make into the grand finale, her engagement in the final ten brought the opportunity to sign a contract with the record label Grand Production; this led to her first single Kad te ne volim. Živković became the first female winner of the Serbian reality TV show Farma in December 2010, beating out Marijan Rističević and Ekrem Jevrić. After winning Farma, Živković began work on her first album as a solo artist. Ludo srce, her debut studio album, was released through Grand on 13 April 2013; the title song featured rappers DJ Sha. In April 2013, Živković's friend, Bosnian pop star Maya Berović, held her first concert in Belgrade.
Loumanagh, or Lamanaugh is a townland situated in west of Boherbue in north County Cork, Ireland, it is divided between Loumanagh North and Loumanagh South. The road, which divides Loumanagh into north and south, was built in the 17th century to connect Kanturk to Killarney. Ancient and historical monuments in the townlands of Loumanagh North and Loumanagh South, as listed in the Record of Monuments and Places, include several ringforts, fulacht fiadh, a burial ground. Loumanagh is located on a hillock west of Boherbue village towards Knocknagree; the townlands with which it shares borders are Gneeves and Derryleigh to the east, Ruhill to the north, Islandbrack to the west, to the south is Knocknageeha and Lisheenafeela. Boherbue Presbytery is located on the eastern edge of Lamanaugh
In Ancient Chinese philosophy and yang is a concept of dualism, describing how opposite or contrary forces may be complementary and interdependent in the natural world, how they may give rise to each other as they interrelate to one another. In Chinese cosmology, the universe creates itself out of a primary chaos of material energy, organized into the cycles of Yin and Yang and formed into objects and lives. Yin is the receptive and Yang the active principle, seen in all forms of change and difference such as the annual cycle, the landscape, sexual coupling, the formation of both women and men as characters and sociopolitical history. There are various dynamics in Chinese cosmology. In the cosmology pertaining to Yin and Yang, the material energy, which this universe has created itself out of, is referred to as qi, it is believed that the organization of qi in this cosmology of Yang has formed many things. Included among these forms are humans. Many natural dualities are thought of as physical manifestations of the duality symbolized by yin and yang.
This duality lies at the origins of many branches of classical Chinese science and philosophy, as well as being a primary guideline of traditional Chinese medicine, a central principle of different forms of Chinese martial arts and exercise, such as baguazhang and qigong, as well as appearing in the pages of the I Ching. The notion of a duality can be found in many areas, such as Communities of Practice; the term "dualistic-monism" or dialectical monism has been coined in an attempt to express this fruitful paradox of simultaneous unity and duality. Yin and yang can be thought of as complementary forces that interact to form a dynamic system in which the whole is greater than the assembled parts. According to this philosophy, everything has yang aspects. Either of the two major aspects may manifest more in a particular object, depending on the criterion of the observation; the yin yang shows a balance between two opposites with a portion of the opposite element in each section. In Taoist metaphysics, distinctions between good and bad, along with other dichotomous moral judgments, are perceptual, not real.
In the ethics of Confucianism on the other hand, most notably in the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu, a moral dimension is attached to the idea of yin and yang. These Chinese terms yin 陰 or 阴 "shady side" and yang 陽 or 阳 "sunny side" are linguistically analyzable in terms of Chinese characters and etymology, meanings and loanwords; the Traditional Chinese characters 陰 and 陽 for the words yīn and yáng are both classified as radical-phonetic characters, combining the semantically significant "mound. The first phonetic yīn 侌 "cloudy" ideographically combines jīn 今 "now; the second phonetic yáng 昜 "bright" pictured 日 the "sun" with 勿 "rays coming down". This phonetic is expanded with the "sun" radical into yáng 暘 "rising sun; the "mound. The Simplified Chinese characters 阴 and 阳 for yīn and yáng combine the same "hill" radical 阝 with the non-phonetic yuè 月 "moon" and rì 日 "sun", graphically denoting "shady side of a hill" and "sunny side of a hill". Compare the Classical Chinese names for these two heavenly bodies: Tàiyīn 太陰 "moon" and Tàiyáng 太陽 "sun".
The Modern Standard Chinese pronunciation of 陰 or 阴 is level first tone yīn "shady. Sinologists and historical linguists have reconstructed Middle Chinese pronunciations from data in the Qieyun rhyme dictionary and rhyme tables, subsequently used to reconstruct Old Chinese phonology from rhymes in the Shijing and phonological components of Chinese characters. Reconstructions of Old Chinese have illuminated the etymology of modern Chinese words. Compare these Middle Chinese and Old Chinese reconstructions of yīn 陰 and yáng 陽: ˑiəm < *ˑiəm and iang < *diang *ʔjəm and *raŋ ʔjum and *ljang ʔjəm < *ʔəm and jiaŋ < *laŋ'im < *qrum and yang < *laŋ Schuessler gives probable Sino-Tibetan etymologies for both Chinese words. Yin < *ʔəm compares with Burmese ʔumC "overcast. Yang < *laŋ compares with Lepcha a-lóŋ "reflecting light", Burmese laŋB "be bright" and ə-laŋB "light". To this word-family, Unger includes 炳 bǐng < *plaŋʔ "bright".
"The 30% Iron Chef" is the 22nd episode and last episode in season three of Futurama. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on April 14, 2002. Bender aspires to be a cook for the Planet Express crew. One day, Bender overhears the crew complaining about one of his meals and is overcome by feelings of worthlessness and self-pity. Bender aspires to be a cook for the Planet Express crew. One day, Bender overhears the crew complaining about one of his meals and is overcome by feelings of worthlessness and self-pity. Meanwhile, Zoidberg accidentally destroys a scale replica of the universe's largest bottle that Professor Farnsworth has just made, he frames Fry for the Professor demands that Fry pay $10 for the material cost. Fry is persuaded to make the payment, not having the wherewithal to defend himself. Zoidberg is riddled with guilt. After running away, Bender asks Elzar to teach him how to cook. Bender becomes a hobo and travels to the "biggest hobo joint in the universe". There he meets Helmut Spargel, a legendary cook who lost his TV show when a young, upcoming Elzar replaced him.
Spargel trains Bender. As a final test, Spargel challenges Bender to cook an edible meal. Spargel tries the food and tells Bender that it is "acceptable"; as a result of eating the food, his stomach explodes, he dies. With his dying breath, Spargel reveals the secret to perfect cooking: a vial of unknown liquid to use whenever he needs to spice up a food. Bender challenges Elzar to a cook-off on the TV show "Iron Cook"; the main ingredient used in this cook-off is Soylent Green. Bender applies the liquid that Spargel gave him and wins; as the loser, Elzar is forced to wash the dishes. During the contest, Fry is unable to pay for a commemorative turkey baster, having given the Professor his last $10. Zoidberg's guilt becomes unbearable, he publicly apologizes for framing Fry before trying to commit seppuku using the Chairman's ceremonial Wakizashi. Instead, his hard shell damages the $5000 sword, before running away, he falsely says it was Fry who did it; when the Professor examines the liquid in the bottle Spargel gave Bender, it turns out the liquid is ordinary water.
Fry says that all Spargel gave Bender was confidence, before the Professor adds that the water was laced with trace amounts of LSD. The episode closes with Bender proposing a meal for his co-workers; the characters are unsure, but when Bender adds that the meal will include plenty of "confidence", they joyfully accept. In its initial airing, the episode received a Nielsen rating of 3.0/6, placing it 90th among primetime shows for the week of April 8–15, 2002. The A. V. Club gave the episode a B; the 30% Iron Chef at The Infosphere. "The 30% Iron Chef" on IMDb "The 30% Iron Chef" at TV.com
Steven Dillingham was sworn in as the 25th Director of the United States Census Bureau on January 7, 2019. He was nominated by President Donald Trump in 2018 and was confirmed by the United States Senate in a unanimous vote on January 2, 2019. Dillingham is a career member of the Federal Senior Executive Service, with more than 25 years of statistical, senior management, legal experience in the federal government. Dillingham prior experience heading federal statistical service agencies includes his stint as Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Dillingham served as Director of the Peace Corps Office of Strategic Information and Planning. Other federal service includes directing research and planning for the Department of Justice's United States Trustee Program, directing surveys for the Office of Personnel Management. In addition, Dillingham was the Deputy Director for the National District Attorneys Association and Administrator of the American Prosecutors Research Institute.
Dillingham has served on the faculties of the University of South Carolina and George Mason University. He is a Senior Certified Professional with the Society for Human Resource Management. Katherine Wallman, Chief Statistician of the White House Office of Management and Budget when Dillingham led the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, said that he respects technical expertise and knows how to present technical information to a lay audience, noting: “I was pleased when I saw his name come up in the confirmation process..... I think that he understands and knows about and most respects the policies and principles that underlie the work of a fiscal agency in terms of its autonomy and its integrity.”During Dillingham’s confirmation hearings, Sen. Brian Schatz, was quoted as saying that Dillingham seemed “like a pro” and was “by all accounts a good choice and has the professional background and the credibility to make sure that we count everybody in America.” Several organizations, including the NAACP, the American Sociological Association, the American Statistical Association and several Native American groups, wrote a letter urging the Senate to confirm him and noting that Dillingham had pledged “to support a federal statistical agency culture of principles and practices grounded in relevance to policy issues, credibility among data users, trust among data providers, independence from improper influences.”
Dillingham graduated from Rock Hill High School in 1970. From 1970–1972 he attended the US Air Force Academy. Dillingham graduated from Winthrop University in 1973 with a bachelor's degree in political science, he received his J. D. M. P. A. and Ph. D. from the University of South Carolina, completed his M. B. A. at the George Washington University and LL. M. at Georgetown University. Media related to Steven Dillingham at Wikimedia Commons