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Scrying known by various names such as "seeing" or "peeping", is the practice of looking into a suitable medium in the hope of detecting significant messages or visions. The objective might be personal guidance, revelation, or inspiration, but down the ages, scrying in various forms has been a prominent means of divination or fortune-telling, it remains popular in occult circles, discussed in many media, both modern and centuries old. There is no definitive distinction between scrying and other aids to clairvoyance, augury, or divination, but speaking, scrying depends on fancied impressions of visions in the medium of choice. Ideally in this respect it differs from augury, which relies on interpretations of objectively observable objects or events. Clairvoyance in other words, is regarded as amounting in essence to extrasensory perception. Scrying is neither a single defined, nor formal discipline and there is no uniformity in the procedures and independently have been reinvented or elaborated in many ages and regions.

Furthermore and authors coin terminology so arbitrarily, artificially, that no one system of nomenclature can be taken as authoritative and definitive. Terms in use are Latinisations or Hellenisations of descriptions of the media or activities. Examples of names coined for crystal gazing include'crystallomancy','spheromancy', and'catoptromancy'; as an example of the looseness of such terms, catoptromancy should refer more to scrying by use of mirrors or other reflective objects rather than by crystal gazing. Other names that have been coined for the use of various scrying media include anthracomancy for glowing coals, turifumy for scrying into smoke, hydromancy for scrying into water. There is no clear limit to the application of such terms and media. Scrying has been practised in many cultures in the belief that it can reveal the past, present, or future; some practitioners assert that visions that come when one stares into the media are from the subconscious or imagination, while others say that they come from gods, devils, or the psychic mind, depending on the culture and practice.

There is neither any systematic body of empirical support for any such views in general however, nor for their respective rival merits. The media most used in scrying are reflective, translucent, or luminescent surfaces or objects such as crystals, stones, or glass in various shapes such as crystal balls, reflective black surfaces such as obsidian, water surfaces, fire, or smoke, but there is no special limitation on the preferences or prejudices of the scryer; some prefer shimmering mirages. Some close their eyes, notionally staring at the insides of their own eyelids, speak of "eyelid scrying". Scrying media either suggest images directly, or else they distort or reflect the observers' vision confusingly, in the manner to be seen in crystals or transparent balls; such fancies have long been satirised by sceptics, for example in Hamlet III.ii: Alternatively the medium might reduce visual stimuli to thresholds below which any clear impressions could interfere with fancied visions or free association.

Examples include plain shadow or darkness. One class of methods of scrying involves a self-induced trance, with or without the aid of a medium such as a crystal ball or via modern technology such as a smartphone among other things; some say. Many practitioners say that the scrying medium serves to focus attention, removing unwanted thoughts from the mind in much the same way as repetition of a mantra, concentration on a mandala, inducing the relaxation response, or by hypnosis. Once this stage is achieved, the scryer may begin free association with the perceived images; the technique of deliberately looking for and declaring these initial images aloud, however trivial or irrelevant they may seem to the conscious mind, attempts to deepen the trance state. In this state some scryers hear their own disassociated voices affirming what they see, in a mental feedback loop. Practitioners apply the process until they achieve a satisfactory state of perception in which rich visual images and dramatic stories seem to be projected within the medium itself, or in the mind's eye of the scryer.

They claim that the technique allows them to see relevant images within the chosen medium. Nostradamus practised scrying. Divination is mentioned in chapter 44 of the Book of Genesis. A silver chalice or cup is deliberately planted in Benjamin's sack when he leaves Egypt to be used as evidence of theft, it is revealed the cup belongs to Joseph, the vizier of Egypt, whose steward claimed was used for drinking and divination during the course of his accusation. This is mentioned to reinforce his disguise as an Egyptian nobleman; the Shahnameh, a 10th-century epic work narrating historical and mythological past of Persia, gives a d

Gibson-Todd House

The Gibson-Todd House was the site of the hanging of John Brown, the abolitionist who led a raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia before the opening of the American Civil War. The property is located in Charles Town, West Virginia, includes a large Victorian style house built in 1891; the house was built by John Thomas Gibson, who led the first armed response to Harpers Ferry during Brown's raid as commander of the Virginia Militia in Jefferson County. Gibson went on to serve as an officer for the Confederacy. After the war he was mayor of Charles Town. Among those present at Brown's hanging were Stonewall Jackson, John McCausland, J. E. B. Stuart and John Wilkes Booth; when the old Jefferson County jail was demolished, Gibson saved stones from the building and built a monument to the event on the property. The house post-dates Brown's hanging; the house was designed by Thomas A. Mullett, son of Alfred B. Mullett. Mullett designed the New Opera House and the new Charles Town jail

Cross My Palm

Cross My Palm is the eleventh studio album by Japanese singer Akina Nakamori. It was released on 25 August 1987, under the Warner Pioneer label; the album includes English cover of single Blonde, written by same writer. It was Nakamori's first album to be released in the English. Cross My Palm is the second studio album to be recorded in the United States, for first time in 5 years after her debut album Prologue and the first studio album to be produced by western musicians and writers as David Batteau, Tony Humecke, Roger Daltrey, Julia Downes and Sandy Stewart. Nakamori come up with the inspiration of this album from the movies as Top Footloose. Modern Woman is the cover song of Femmes d'aujourd'hui by French singer Jeanne Mas and leading track Cross My Palm is cover of same title by British writer Chris Morris. Nakamori self-cover her single Blonde by the same writer, Sela under the title The Look That Kills; the single was released two months before this album release. While the melody line resembles to the original, she performs it in the higher key tune than original, arrangement is renewed and is sixteen seconds shorter.

Album track Modern Woman served as a television commercial for corporation Pioneer Corporation's mini component stereo system Private CD770D. On 21 December 1987, four months after the release of album was released music home video with the same title, Cross My Palm; the music video release is divided into mix leaps of storyline about heroine, starred by Nakamori herself who aims to be pro musician in the following audition with the music videoclips of eight songs based on the studio album. The movie was recorded in the New York and filming was realised between 13 and 24 April 1987; the image of the New York location conscious of the movie 9½ Weeks. No More includes new remixed intro, it had received an award at the AVA Digital Content Grand Prix in 1987. On 24 December, was released photo-book Nakamori Akina Shashinshuu Visual Book Cross My Palm. In Fuji TV music television program Yoru no Hit Studio, Nakamori performed Soft Touch broadcast in Paris in 1989. In TV Asahi music television program Music Station, Nakamori performed The Look That Kills in 1987.

Some tracks were performed in her live venue as well: in live tour A Hundred Days in 1987 she performed Soft Touch, Political Moves and The Look That Kills. The album reached at number 1 on the Oricon Album Weekly Chart and sold 347,700 copies; the album remained at number 19 on the Oricon Album Yearly Chart in 1987. The album was released in the United States in 1989 under recording label Atlantic Records, however the album didn't reach the success, debuted at number 90 on chart

Palestine grid

The British Mandate Palestine grid was the geographic coordinate system used in Mandatory Palestine. The system was chosen by the Survey Department of the Government of Palestine in 1922; the projection used was the Cassini-Soldner projection. The central meridian was chosen as that passing through a marker on the hill of Mar Elias Monastery south of Jerusalem; the false origin of the grid was placed 100 km to the south and west of the Ali el-Muntar hill that overlooks Gaza city. The unit length for the grid was the kilometre. At the time the grid was established, there was no intention of mapping the lower reaches of the Negev Desert, but this did not remain true; the fact that those southern regions would have negative north-south coordinate became a source of confusion, solved by adding 1000 to the northern coordinate in that case. For some military purposes, 1000 was added to the north-south coordinates of all locations, so that they ranged uniformly from about 900 to about 1300. During World War II, a Military Palestine Grid was used, similar to the Palestine Grid but used the transverse Mercator projection.

The difference between the two projections was only a few meters. After the establishment of the State of Israel, the Palestine grid continued to be used under the name of the Israel Grid or the Israeli Cassini Soldner grid, now called the "Old Israeli Grid", with 1000km added to the northing component to make the north-south range continuous, it was replaced by the Israeli Transverse Mercator grid in 1994. The Palestine grid is still used to specify locations in the historical and archaeological literature; the basic way of specifying a location on the Palestine grid is to write the east-west coordinate followed by the north-south coordinate using 3 digits each. For example, the Dome of the Rock is at 172132; this specifies the location within one kilometer. If more precision is required, extra digits can be added to each coordinate. Many authors separate the two coordinates with punctuation for readability purposes, for example 172-132 or 172/132. Mugnier, Clifford J.. Grids & Datums; the State of Israel, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 66, 2000, pp. 915-917, 933

Ekaterina Ryabova (figure skater)

Ekaterina Alexeyevna Ryabova is a Russian-Azerbaijani figure skater who represents Azerbaijan in ladies' singles. She is the 2019 CS Ice Star bronze medalist, the 2018 Ice Star champion, the 2019 Volvo Open Cup silver medalist. Ryabova was born on 27 March 2003 in Russia; as of January 2019, she is a high school student. Ryabova began learning to skate in 2006 as a three-year-old; as a child, she trained under Alexei Ryabov, at the Dynamo Moscow sports club. In 2015, she moved to Sambo 70 to be coached by Sergei Davydov, she changed coaches after a year, joining Alexander Volkov and Evgeni Plushenko at the Angels of Plushenko rink. Ryabova made no junior international appearances for Russia. Ryabova made her international debut for Azerbaijan in September 2018, at the ISU Junior Grand Prix in Kaunas, Lithuania, she finished 6th overall after placing 7th in both segments. She had the same final result at 2018 JGP Slovenia. Making her senior international debut, Ryabova won gold in October at the 2018 Minsk Arena Ice Star, outscoring the silver medalist, France's Léa Serna, by about nine points.

She 6th at the 2018 CS Golden Spin of Zagreb. In January 2019, Ryabova was named to Azerbaijan's team for the 2019 European Championships in Minsk, Belarus. Ranked 7th in the short program, she qualified to the free skate, she finished 12th overall. In March 2019, at the 2019 World Figure Skating Championships, Ryabova placed 17th in the short program and qualified to the free skate, she placed 13th in the free skate, 13th overall. Ryabova opened her first full senior season in September 2019 at the 2019 CS Ondrej Nepela Memorial where she placed fifth overall, she was fifth as well at the Denis Ten Memorial Challenge, before winning the bronze medal at the 2019 CS Ice Star and silver at the Volvo Open Cup. Making her Grand Prix debut at the 2019 Rostelecom Cup, she placed fifth there. Competing as a junior, Ryabova placed eighth at the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics in January 2020, she finished sixth at the 2020 European Championships in the month. GP: Grand Prix.

Tunisian cuisine

Tunisian cuisine, the cuisine of Tunisia, is a blend of Mediterranean and Berber cuisines. Its distinctive spiciness comes from the many civilizations which have ruled the land now known as Tunisia: Romans, Byzantines, Spanish, Italians and the native Punics-Berber people. Many of the cooking styles and utensils began to take shape. Nomadic people were limited in their cooking implements by what pots and pans they could carry with them; the Tunisian tagine, is different from the Algerian or Moroccan dish. It is a type of a pie dish, made out of eggs and vegetables, similar to the Italian frittata or the eggah. Like many countries in the Mediterranean basin, the Tunisian cuisine is based on olive oil, tomatoes and meat. Tunisian cuisine developed from ancient Carthage, the Arab conquest of the Maghreb, the Ottoman Empire; the cuisine has been influenced by French and Italian cooking. Unlike other North African cuisines, Tunisian food is quite spicy. A popular condiment and ingredient, used extensively in Tunisian cooking, harissa, is a mix of spices sold together as a paste.

It is the most important ingredient in different sauces and gravies. Westernised harissa contains red chilies to replace "black cumin", different from standard cumin. Black cumin is available in the Mediterranean and middle east and there are many people that say harissa is only "real" if it contains black cumin rather than chilies, which are not native to the region. Other common spices include cumin or cumin seeds, caraway seeds, coriander seeds, paprika or smoked paprika. A recipe for the sauce includes red chili peppers and garlic, flavoured with coriander, olive oil and tomatoes. There is an old wives' tale that says a husband can judge his wife's affections by the amount of hot peppers she uses when preparing his food. If the food becomes bland a man may believe that his wife no longer loves him. However, when the food is prepared for guests the hot peppers are toned down to suit the more delicate palate of the visitor. Like harissa or chili peppers, the tomato is an ingredient integral to the cuisine of Tunisia.

Tuna, eggs and various varieties of pasta, cereals and spices are ingredients which are prominently used in Tunisian cooking. Tunisian culinary ingredients include the following typical elements: Condiments and flavorings: harissa, rose water, orange blossom water, jasmine water and geranium water. Eggs. Farm animals: lamb, beef and chicken. Fish and seafood: tuna, octopus, eel, mackerel, red snapper, sea bream, sea snails and sea bass. Fruits: lemon, figs, olives, apricots and quince. Herbs: parsley, mint, rosemary, bay leaves and thyme. Nuts: hazelnuts, chestnuts, pine nuts and peanuts. Spices: garlic, saffron, caraway, cumin, fenugreek, white pepper, black pepper, red pepper and cloves. Vegetables: onions, bell peppers, chickpeas, capers, turnips, chili peppers and eggplants. Other popular ingredients: honey. Tunisians produce grapes, wheat and orchard fruits, once fermented they become wines, as in Chateau Mornag, a staple Tunisian wine, beers and apple ciders. Scented waters with dark rose or blossom petals, similar to aguas frescas with flowers, have been called "scents from heaven".

Tabil, pronounced "tebel," is a word in Tunisian Arabic meaning "seasoning" and now refers to a particular Tunisian spice mix, although earlier it only meant ground coriander. Paula Wolfert makes the plausible claim that tabil is one of the spice mixes brought to Tunisia by Muslims coming from Andalusia in 1492 after the fall of Granada. Today, tabil associated with the cooking of Tunisia, features garlic, cayenne pepper, caraway seeds and coriander pounded in a mortar dried in the sun, it is used in cooking beef and game. Due to the long coastline and numerous fishing ports, seafood has a prominent place in Tunisian cuisine. Fish can be grilled, fried in olive oil, or stuffed and seasoned with cumin. Squid and octopus are served in hot crispy batter with slices of lemon, in a cooked salad, or stuffed and served with couscous. Tunisia has different regional aspects. Tunisian cuisine varies from north to south, from the coast to the Atlas Mountains, from urban areas to the countryside, along religious affiliations.

For instance, the original inhabitants of Tunis, do not use harissa much. Closer to the Atlas mountain range, game is favoured. A diet may be composed of quail, squabs, partridge and hare. In the Cap Bon, people enjoy tuna, sardines, sea bass and mackerels. On the island of Djerba, where there is a dense Maghrebim population, only Kosher food is consumed. In Hammamet, snails are enjoyed. Organs are traditionally staples of Tunisian cooking, such as tripe, lamb brains, beef liver and fish heads. Despite the strong presence of fast food and restaurants in Sfax, people from the city enjoy their traditional dishes more than anything else. Sfaxians tend to add their own touch to the Tunisian cuisine, they have staple regional dishes such as "The Marka" whic