click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Seahorse

Seahorse is the name given to 45 species of small marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. "Hippocampus" comes from the Ancient Greek hippokampos, itself from hippos meaning "horse" and kampos meaning "sea monster". Having a head and neck suggestive of a horse, seahorses feature segmented bony armour, an upright posture and a curled prehensile tail. Seahorses are found in shallow tropical and temperate salt water throughout the world, from about 45°S to 45°N, they live in sheltered areas such as seagrass beds, coral reefs, mangroves. Four species are found in Pacific waters from North America to South America. In the Atlantic, Hippocampus erectus ranges from Nova Scotia to Uruguay. H. zosterae, known as the dwarf seahorse, is found in the Bahamas. Colonies have been found in European waters such as the Thames Estuary. Three species live in the Mediterranean Sea: H. guttulatus, H. hippocampus, H. fuscus. These species form territories. Seahorses range in size from 1.5 to 35.5 cm. They are named for their equine appearance, with bent necks and long snouted heads and a distinctive trunk and tail.

Although they are bony fish, they do not have scales, but rather thin skin stretched over a series of bony plates, which are arranged in rings throughout their bodies. Each species has a distinct number of rings; the armor of bony plates protects them against predators, because of this outer skeleton, they no longer have ribs. Seahorses swim upright, propelling themselves using the dorsal fin, another characteristic not shared by their close pipefish relatives, which swim horizontally. Razorfish are the only other fish; the pectoral fins, located on either side of the head behind their eyes, are used for steering. They lack the caudal fin typical of fishes, their prehensile tail is composed of square-like rings that can be unlocked only in the most extreme conditions. They are adept at camouflage, can grow and reabsorb spiny appendages depending on their habitat. Unusually among fish, a seahorse has a well-defined neck, it sports a crown-like spine or horn on its head, termed a "coronet", distinct for each species.

Seahorses swim poorly fluttering a dorsal fin and using pectoral fins to steer. The slowest-moving fish in the world is H. zosterae, with a top speed of about 5 ft per hour. Since they are poor swimmers, they are most to be found resting with their prehensile tail wound around a stationary object, they have long snouts, which they use to suck up food, their eyes can move independently of each other like those of a chameleon. Anatomical evidence, supported by molecular and genetic evidence, demonstrates that seahorses are modified pipefish; the fossil record of seahorses, however, is sparse. The best known and best studied fossils are specimens of Hippocampus guttulatus, from the Marecchia River formation of Rimini Province, dating back to the Lower Pliocene, about 3 million years ago; the earliest known seahorse fossils are of two pipefish-like species, H. sarmaticus and H. slovenicus, from the coprolitic horizon of Tunjice Hills, a middle Miocene lagerstätte in Slovenia dating back about 13 million years.

Molecular dating finds. This has led to speculation that seahorses evolved in response to large areas of shallow water, newly created as the result of tectonic events; the shallow water would have allowed the expansion of seagrass habitats that selected for the camouflage offered by the seahorses' upright posture. These tectonic changes occurred in the western Pacific Ocean, pointing to an origin there, with molecular data suggesting two separate invasions of the Atlantic Ocean. In 2016, a study published in Nature found the seahorse genome to be the most evolving fish genome studied so far; the male seahorse is equipped with a pouch on the front-facing, side of the tail. When mating, the female seahorse deposits up to 1,500 eggs in the male's pouch; the male carries the eggs for 9 to 45 days until the seahorses emerge developed, but small. The young are released into the water, the male mates again within hours or days during the breeding season. Before breeding, seahorses may court for several days.

Scientists believe the courtship behavior synchronizes the animals' movements and reproductive states, so that the male can receive the eggs when the female is ready to deposit them. During this time, they may change color, swim side by side holding tails or grip the same strand of sea grass with their tails, wheel around in unison in what is known as a "predawn dance", they engage in a "true courtship dance" lasting about 8 hours, during which the male pumps water through the egg pouch on his trunk which expands and opens to display its emptiness. When the female's eggs reach maturity and her mate let go of any anchors and drift upward snout-to-snout, out of the sea grass spiraling as they rise, they interact for about 6 minutes, reminiscent of courtship. The female swims away until the next morning, the male returns to sucking up food through his snout; the female inserts her ovipositor into the male's brood pouch and deposits dozens to thousands of eggs. As the female releases her eggs, her body slims.

Both animals sink back into the sea grass and she swims away. Seahorses exhibit four pha

Freedomland (novel)

Freedomland is a mystery novel by Richard Price. A woman staggers into a local hospital, too dazed to speak; as the doctors and police try to puzzle out her injuries, her story comes out. She was thrown to the ground and her car was stolen. And, in the back, was her four-year-old son; the town of Dempsey is in turmoil as the search for the child goes on and pressure builds up on all sides. An abandoned theme park, Freedomtown, is the site of a massive search and discovery, both for characters within the novel and relating to the crime; the secondary meaning refers to the freedoms that the citizens have that are restricted and reduced in special circumstances. Dempsey – A fictional city, predominantly African- American and poor, it borders Gannon. Gannon – A fictional middle-class city bordering Dempsey. Armstrong Housing Projects – A set of buildings in Dempsey in which the bulk of the novel takes place. Freedomtown is based loosely on the theme park Freedomland U. S. A. Brenda Martin walks into the hospital emergency room in a state of shock.

As doctors bandage her hands, they find out she is the victim of a carjacking near Armstrong. Detective Lorenzo Council meets with her, through her tears gets the story that her four-year-old son Cody was in the backseat of the car, she describes the assailant as being a young black man with a shaved head and scary eyes. Local reporter Jesse Haus follows up on this minor news story, is one of the first to learn about the kidnapping. After promising to write a story on Bump Rosen's son, she gets an inside chance to be next to Brenda; as the Gannon and Dempsey police blockade the crime area, Lorenzo works to get more details from Brenda, Jesse works on details for her story. Lorenzo has Jesse stay with Brenda so she is not alone, Jesse discovers Brenda's love of classic R&B music. Lorenzo, under a deadline to solve the case or lose it to the FBI, starts asking all of his contacts for any information. False or no information is the result, the residents of Armstrong are beginning to express outrage at the blockade.

George Howard is arrested in hopes of getting information from him, but his unfair arrest only pushes passions higher. In a last chance to elicit information from Brenda, Lorenzo takes her to the abandoned Freedomtown theme park and opens up to her, hoping that she will do the same in turn. Ben Haus brings in Karen Collucci and the Friends of Kent to speak to Brenda and organize a search party for Cody, they figure the most place to search would be an abandoned, overgrown mental hospital not too far from where the carjacking occurred. Understanding that the Friends of Kent have a hidden agenda, Jesse sticks close to Brenda and Elaine during the search. Lorenzo ends up in the hospital. After he is gone, the group arrives at a building. There, Brenda hears a child crying, confesses to knowing where Cody is. Days before, when Brenda had gone downstairs to meet her boyfriend Billy, she came back up and found Cody dead of a Benadryl overdose, she panicked and ran away, until she called Billy and told him what happened.

He went over and took Cody to Freedomtown and buried him in front of the Chicago Fire exhibit, as per a written request from Brenda. When Brenda returned, Cody was gone and the spot was cleaned up. While sitting next to the railroad and only half thinking about it, she jams her hands into the ground and makes her way to the hospital on foot; as the story comes out, Dempsey residents are outraged, Lorenzo feels a protest riot is in the air. That night, the feeling subsides; the next day, local leaders plan a march to demonstrate against the unfair treatment they received during the carjacking-kidnapping story. They march into Gannon with a police escort, back into Dempsey. At the end of the march, a fight breaks out and another resident is killed; the novel ends with a funeral for Cody, followed soon after by Brenda's suicide. This seems to end the saga, leaving the residents of both cities exhausted. Lorenzo Council – Detective with Dempsey Police Department. Brenda Martin – Mother of Cody Martin, sister to Danny Martin Karen Collucci – Leader of the Friends of Kent Cody Martin – Son of Brenda Martin Bump Rosen - Lorenzo's partner Danny Martin – Brother to Brenda Martin.

Officer with the Gannon Police Department. Billy Williams – Brenda's boyfriend Felicia Mitchell – Billy's girlfriend. Runs the Study Club. "...it is the story about race, perception and, as Price himself puts it when forced,'How people dehumanize each other.' " The setting of Dempsey and Gannon were seen in Price's novel Clockers. Freedomland hit bestseller lists from coast to coast, including those of the Boston Globe, USA Today and Los Angeles Times. Freedomland was turned into a major motion picture and released in 2006. 1998, U. S. Broadway Books, ISBN 0-7679-0024-3, Pub date 1 June 1998, Hardcover 2005, U. S. Delta, ISBN 0-385-33513-X, Pub date 29 November 2005, Paperback

Leadership for Healthy Communities

Based in Washington, D. C. Leadership for Healthy Communities is a $10-million national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation designed to engage and support local and state government leaders nationwide in their efforts to advance public policies that support healthier communities and prevent childhood obesity; the program places an emphasis on policies with the greatest potential for increasing sustainable opportunities for physical activity and healthy eating among children at highest risk for obesity, including African-American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian-American and Pacific Islander children living in lower-income communities. The foundation's primary goal is the reversal of the childhood obesity epidemic by 2015; the program awards grants to influential policy-maker organizations that provide technical assistance to state and local policy-makers who are poised to prevent childhood obesity through public policy levers. Current grantees of the national program include the American Association of School Administrators, International City/County Management Association, Local Government Commission, Council of State Governments, National Association of Counties, National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials Educational Fund, National Association of State Boards of Education, National Conference of State Legislatures, National League of Cities, National School Boards Association and the U.

S. Conference of Mayors. Leadership for Healthy Communities has worked with the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation and the National Congress of American Indians to address childhood obesity in the African-American and American Indian and Alaska Native communities. Leadership for Healthy Communities believes that policy action can help expand opportunities for physical activity and access to healthy foods in schools and communities; the guiding principle of this program is that initiatives led by policy-makers and community leaders at all levels play an important role in supporting healthy children. By highlighting policies and programs that can impact the health of children in schools and communities, Leadership for Healthy Communities and grantees of the program encourage policy-makers to collaborate to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic and create healthier environments. Since 2007, the Leadership for Healthy Communities national program has been led by Dr. Maya Rockeymoore Cummings.

She is the CEO of Global Policy Solutions. Known as Leadership for Active Living and Active Living Leadership, the Leadership for Healthy Communities national program started in 2002 and was managed at San Diego State University. Initial support during 2002-2003 focused on five states: California, Kentucky and Washington. At that time, the program was a partnership effort among the International City/County Management Association, the National Association of Counties, the Local Government Commission, the National Conference of State Legislatures, the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, the United States Conference of Mayors. Over the past four decades, obesity rates have increased among all age groups. Today, nearly one third of children and adolescents in the United States are either overweight or obese. According to a national poll, parents now rank childhood obesity as the number one potential threat to their children's health—topping drugs and tobacco use. Other studies have found that obese children and adolescents are much more to become obese adults.

In fact, an obese 4-year-old has a 20 percent chance of becoming an obese adult, an obese older teenager has up to an 80 percent chance of becoming an obese adult. In addition, obese children and adolescents are targets of social discrimination and at greater risk for a host of other serious illnesses, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes; as more children become obese, type 2 diabetes—a disease, once called "adult-onset diabetes" and can lead to blindness, loss of feeling and circulation in the extremities and death—is found in younger and younger age groups. The financial consequences are significant—obesity costs the United States $117 billion each year in direct medical expenses and indirect costs, such as lost productivity; the medical costs of obesity outweighs the cost of eating healthy, maintaining physical activity, educating the population for this increasing problem occurring in today's' society. Research has found that many children do not have regular opportunities to be physically active or access to healthy foods.

Moreover, the environmental barriers to healthy behaviors are larger in lower-income areas. Lower-income communities are less to have places where people can be physically active, such as parks, green spaces, bicycle paths and lanes, and although easy access to supermarkets that offer fresh fruits and vegetables is associated with lower body mass index, many neighborhoods in racial and ethnic minority, lower-income and rural areas tend to have more fast-food restaurants and convenience stores and fewer grocery stores than predominantly white, higher-income areas. Although obesity affects people of all demographics, the prevalence rates are more alarming for racial and ethnic minorities, lower-income families and people in the Southeast region of the United States. Other important factors that researchers say have contributed to the childhood obesity epidemic are fewer hours of physical activity and an increase of junk foods in schools. Fewer than 4 percent of elementary schools provide the weekly recommended 150 minutes o

Historical United States Census totals for Lincoln County, Maine

This article shows U. S. Census totals for Lincoln County, broken down by municipality, from 1900 to 2000. There are two types of incorporated municipalities in Maine and cities; the tables in the New England Historical U. S. Census Totals series differentiate between cities. Most areas of New England are divided into incorporated municipalities, with no unincorporated territory. In the three northern New England states, some unincorporated territory does exist in areas that are sparsely populated. Maine contains more unincorporated territory than the other states, with the bulk of it in interior and northern counties; some southern and coastal counties, including Lincoln County contain smaller amounts of unincorporated territory, however. Some unincorporated territory in Maine is organized into a third type of town-level municipality unique to Maine, called a plantation, while some is unorganized. Lincoln County contains one plantation, as well as a small amount of territory, unorganized. Separate sections with census totals for unincorporated areas follows the main tables below.

For any census, adding up the totals for each town-level municipality, including any plantations or unorganized entities, should yield the county total. Except for Monhegan and Hibberts Gore, all of Lincoln County is incorporated. For more information on the New England municipal system, see New England town. 1915 – New town of South Bristol formed from Bristol 1937 – Somerville disincorporated. County Total: 18,216 Waldoboro 2,656 Bristol 2,415 Boothbay Harbor 2,021 Boothbay 1,700 Wiscasset 1,287 Newcastle 1,066 Whitefield 1,056 Jefferson 1,030 Dresden 815 Nobleboro 775 Damariscotta 771 Bremen 550 Edgecomb 513 Alna 457 Southport 409 Somerville 291 Westport 284Unincorporated territory reported 120 residents, all in Monhegan Plantation. County Total: 15,976 Waldoboro 2,426 Boothbay Harbor 2,025 Boothbay 1,432 Bristol 1,419 Wiscasset 1,192 Newcastle 993 Jefferson 914 Whitefield 862 Damariscotta 849 Nobleboro 666 Dresden 620 South Bristol 581 Edgecomb 428 Bremen 423 Alna 320 Southport 272 Somerville 256 Westport 165Unincorporated territory reported 133 residents, all in Monhegan Plantation.

County Total: 15,498 Waldoboro 2,311 Boothbay Harbor 2,076 Bristol 1,413 Boothbay 1,345 Wiscasset 1,186 Newcastle 914 Whitefield 908 Jefferson 888 Damariscotta 825 Dresden 629 Nobleboro 599 South Bristol 563 Southport 412 Edgecomb 367 Bremen 322 Alna 294 Somerville 229 Westport 108Unincorporated territory reported 109 residents, all in Monhegan Plantation. County Total: 16,294 Waldoboro 2,497 Boothbay Harbor 2,121 Boothbay 1,370 Bristol 1,355 Wiscasset 1,231 Newcastle 994 Whitefield 962 Jefferson 938 Damariscotta 844 Nobleboro 665 Dresden 631 South Bristol 582 Edgecomb 411 Southport 405 Bremen 383 Alna 339 Westport 111Unincorporated territory reported 455 residents; this consisted of 381 residents in organized plantations, 74 residents in unorganized territory. County Total: 18,004 Waldoboro 2,536 Boothbay Harbor 2,290 Wiscasset 1,584 Boothbay 1,559 Bristol 1,476 Jefferson 1,215 Damariscotta 1,113 Whitefield 1,030 Newcastle 1,021 Dresden 729 Nobleboro 654 South Bristol 631 Edgecomb 447 Southport 435 Bremen 409 Alna 350 Westport 146Unincorporated territory reported 379 residents.

This consisted of 302 residents in organized plantations, 77 residents in unorganized territory. County Total: 18,497 Waldoboro 2,882 Boothbay Harbor 2,252 Wiscasset 1,800 Boothbay 1,617 Bristol 1,441 Newcastle 1,101 Damariscotta 1,093 Whitefield 1,068 Jefferson 1,048 Dresden 766 Nobleboro 679 South Bristol 610 Edgecomb 453 Bremen 438 Southport 416 Alna 347 Westport 133Unincorporated territory reported 353 residents; this consisted of 319 residents in organized plantations, 34 residents in unorganized territory. County Total: 20,537 Waldoboro 3,146 Boothbay Harbor 2,320 Wiscasset 2,244 Boothbay 1,814 Bristol 1,721 Damariscotta 1,264 Jefferson 1,242 Whitefield 1,131 Newcastle 1,076 Nobleboro 850 Dresden 787 South Bristol 664 Edgecomb 549 Southport 473 Bremen 454 Alna 315 Westport Island 228Unincorporated territory reported 259 residents. All were in organized plantations. County Total: 25,691 Waldoboro 3,985 Wiscasset 2,832 Boothbay 2,308 Boothbay Harbor 2,207 Bristol 2,095 Jefferson 1,616 Whitefield 1,606 Damariscotta 1,493 Newcastle 1,227 Nobleboro 1,154 Dresden 998 Edgecomb 841 South Bristol 800 Bremen 598 Southport 598 Alna 425 Westport 420 Somerville 377Unincorporated territory reported 111 residents.

This consisted of 109 residents in an organized plantation, 2 residents in unorganized territory. County Total: 30,357 Waldoboro 4,601 Wiscasset 3,339 Boothbay 2,648 Boothbay Harbor 2,347 Bristol 2,326 Jefferson 2,111 Whitefield 1,931 Damariscotta 1,811 Newcastle 1,538 Nobleboro 1,455 Dresden 1,332 Edgecomb 993 South Bristol 825 Bremen 674 Westport 663 Southport 645 Alna 571 Somerville 458Unincorporated territory reported 89 residents; this consisted of 88 residents in an organized plantation, 1 resident in unorganized territory. County Total: 33,616 Waldoboro 4,916 Wiscasset 3,603 Boothbay 2,960 Bris

Campanas en la noche

Campanas en la noche is a 2019 Argentine telenovela created by Lily Ann Martin and Jessica Valls for Telefe. It premiered on January 14, 2019 and ended on May 15, 2019, it stars Esteban Lamothe, Calu Rivero and Federico Amador co-starring Rodrigo Guirao Díaz, Adrián Navarro, Mimí Ardú, Clara Alonso, Franco Masini, Máximo Ghione, Eugenia Guerty, Dalma Maradona, Azul Fernández, Bárbara Amaral, Nicolás García, Moro Anghileri, Germán de Silva and Romina Moretto with the antagonistic participations of Patricia Viggiano, Martín Slipak and Eugenia Tobal with the participation of Mariano Argento and Héctor Bidonde. Unjustly accused of the death of his wife, Luis Rolón escapes from Patagonia taking his baby daughter, Bruna. In Buenos Aires, Luis remakes his life. 14 years pass and Luis decides to fulfill an old promise he made to his daughter, finish high school. There, in the night school he finds love again in his teacher, none other than Luciana Cervantes, a young woman who saw him flee all those years ago.

His past, which he thought he had escaped, haunts him and puts everything he has in danger, including his daughter. Luciana is in a relationship with Vito Paternó, abusive and manipulative, she needs to wake up, open her eyes and empower herself, if she doesn't want to end up sunk and lost in a life bound by unhappiness. Two stories that are joined by love and that depend on each other to get out of the nightmare in which they are trapped. Only love can save them. Esteban Lamothe as Vito Paternó. Businessman. Boyfriend of Luciana, son of Lidia, brother of Alejandro. Murdered his ex-girlfriend Iracema and is the biological father of her daughter, Bruna. Has affairs with María Marta and Micaela. Murdered by Griselda. Calu Rivero as Luciana Cervantes. Photographer/Teacher. Girlfriend of Vito, daughter of María Marta and Flavio, sister of Florencia, aunt of Juani. In love with Omar. Federico Amador as Luis Rolón/Omar Pereyra. Carpenter. Widower of Iracema and adoptive father of Bruna, he is accused of murdering Iracema.

In love with Luciana. Rodrigo Guirao Díaz as José Carabajal. Police officer. Investigating Iracema's murder and falls in love with Rita. Adrián Navarro as Nelson Amarante. Leader of the bumbaísta cult. João's father, Sonia's ex-husband. Killed by gangsters of Vito. Mimí Ardú as Guadalupe Iraola. Owner of the boarding house where Omar and Bruna live. Clara Alonso as Florencia "Flor" Cervantes. Luciana's sister, Juani's mother, Pablo's ex-wife. Mariano Argento as Flavio Cervantes. Husband of Maria Marta and father of Luciana and Florencia, he commits suicide after accidentally killing his boyfriend Gonzalo. Héctor Bidonde as Damián Rolón. Omar's grandfather. Dies of a heart attack. Eugenia Tobal as Griselda Ramos. Lawyer. Omar's friend, in love with him. Works with Vito to separate him from Luciana. Murders Yanina & Vito, she commits suicide after all of her wrongdoings. Franco Masini as Juan Ignacio "Juani" Ballesteros. Pablo and Florencia's Luciana's nephew. In love with Bruna. Patricia Viggiano as María Marta Cervantes.

Wife of Flavio, mother of Luciana and Florencia, Vito's lover. Martín Slipak as Alejandro Heredia. Half-brother of Vito, husband of Micaela, father of Abril. Does all of Vito's bidding. Ends up in prison. Eugenia Guerty as Jorgelina "La Jorgita" Gómez. One of the tenants of the boarding house. Azul Fernández as Bruna Rolón/Pereyra. Vito and Iracema's daughter, raised by Omar. In love with Juani and dates João. Romina Moretto as Susana Renzi; the director of the night school. Dalma Maradona as Sharon Tejedor. Night school student. Nicolás García as Wilmer Muñoz. One of the students at the night school. Germán de Silva as Raúl Mastandrea. Night school student. Máximo Ghione as Tony. Griselda's ex-boyfriend. Bárbara Amaral as Rita del Valle. Younger sister of Iracema and aunt of Bruna. Wants justice for Iracema's murder. Becomes involved with Nelson's cult. In love with José. Jean Pierre Noher as Enrico Ferrara. Godfather and biological father of Vito. Murdered by Alejandro. Diego Gentile as Pablo Ballesteros. Juani's father, Florencia's ex-husband.

Laura Laprida as Micaela Valente. Alejandro's mother of Abril. Has an affair with Vito. Murdered by Alejandro. Noemí Frenkel as Lidia Villegas. Vito's mother. Was institutionalized for many years. César Bordón as Bartolomé Navarro. Vito's lawyer. Esteban Pérez as Gonzalo Hernández. Flavio's lawyer and secret lover. Accidentally killed by Flavio. Thomas Lepera as João Amarante. Son of Nelson and Sonia. In love with Bruna. Federico Salles as Gabriel Amarante. Nelson's brother. Killed by Vito's gangsters. William Prociuk as Omar Pereyra. Griselda's husband whom she believed died after being in a coma for years. Dies after being poisoned by Griselda. Lola Banfi as Iracema del Valle. Deceased. Vito's ex-girlfriend, Omar's wife, Rita's sister, Bruna's mother. Killed by Vito. Gabriel Fernández as Norberto Estrada. Vito's ally. Framed for Iracema's murder. Killed by gangsters of Vito. Ailin Zaninovich as Yanina Gauna. Sharon's friend. Works as a prostitute and is hired by Vito who attacks her. Killed by Griselda after she discovers she is working with Vito.

Matías Barki as Jonatan "El Chori" Pedrozo. Omar's cellmate. Rito Fernández as Mono Garay. Inmate in the prison where Omar is transferred. Murdered by Jonatan "El Chori". Rubén Stella as Saldaña. Corrupt commissioner allied with Vito. Murdered by José. Patricio Aramburu as Felipe. History teacher at the night school and killer of Jimena. Camila Pizzo as Emilia. Juani's ex-girlfriend. Eliseo Barrionuevo

List of Kannada films of 2017

A list of Kannada language films produced in the Kannada film industry in India in 2017. Films are released every Friday or Festival Day In addition films can be released on specific festival days 64th National Film Awards 2016 Karnataka State Film Awards 64th Filmfare Awards South 6th South Indian International Movie Awards Suvarna Film Awards, by Suvarna channel. Udaya Film Awards, by Udaya Channel Bengaluru International Film Festival Bangalore Times Film Awards Kannada Movies of 2016 at Internet Movie Database